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#Exhibit of the Month

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Amphoras are massive vessels originating from the ancient Greek world, executed on the potter's wheel, in which Greek merchants, in the process of their trade with other territories and peoples, transported, in particular, Greek wine, olive oil, salted olives, paints, nuts, etc. The shape of the Greek commercial amphora, in the opinion of some researchers, vaguely recalls the female figure, having, probably, at the beginning, a sacred character. Among the main features of the amphorae are well-thought-out metric proportions. The full amphora, placed in a horizontal position, rested on the body and on the elongated foot in such a way that the upper part of the vessel and the high neck were permanently raised obliquely, so that the liquid would not spill. The sharp shape of the foot required special fixation, either on special supports, or the lower part of the body was buried in the ground or sand. The deep inner cavity of the leg did not allow the liquid in the vessel to become cloudy during the transport process, the sediments remaining stored inside the leg.

Among the dozens of city-states in ancient Greece, which practiced trade with the local populations of the Black Sea region (Euxine Bridge), there is also the city of Mende (Μένδη), located on the Kassandra arm (Κασσάνδρας) of the Halkidiki peninsula (Halkidiki - Χαλκιδική). It is considered that the foundation of the city of Mende took place in the century VIII BC. The main article of trade of this Greek polis was wine, considered of superior quality and even indicated by Hippocrates as a medicine in the treatment of certain diseases. Starting with the century 6th century BC, the city of Mende experienced economic growth, especially in the Circumpontian region, and in the V-IV BC Mendiot wine appears more and more frequently in the local markets of this region.

Even some barbarian tribes, according to the Greek tradition, often used wine amphorae in the funeral process, when they were placed, as an offering, in the graves, together with other objects, which were either brought as an offering to the gods, or were intended to serve the deceased in the afterlife.

Such a funerary complex was discovered by archaeologist Nicolae Chetraru in 1987 - the Scythian tumulus no. 45 from Dubăsari. The deceased was cremated, and three amphorae and a large bronze cauldron were placed in the grave. Among the amphorae (all belonging to Greek wine centers) was one from Mende, along with two others from Chios. Since the wines of Mende and Chios were considered expensive wines, as was the bronze cauldron, their presence in this mound was an indication of a privileged financial and social position of the person cremated here.

The Mende amphora from tomb 1 of mound 45 at Dubăsari is, at the moment, the only complete vessel from this center on the territory of the Republic. Moldova, although fragments of Mendiot amphorae have also been discovered in other archaeological sites in the country.

The vessel is made of a yellowish-brown paste with chewed sand and many particles of mica. The amphora has the following basic dimensions: height - 740 mm, depth - 610 mm, maximum diameter - 390 mm.

Virtual Tour


Exhibitions

"Dacia. The last frontier of Romanianness"

National History Museum of Romania

October 27, 2022 – March 2023

The exhibition "Dacia. The last frontier of Romanianness" is based on the exhibition concept materialized in a very successful project, "Archaeological treasures from Romania. Dacian and Roman roots", realized in 2021, at the prestigious National Museum of Archeology in Madrid. This is the largest synthetic exhibition dedicated to the civilization of the Getae and Dacians, the Romanian one, as well as those of the first migrants in this space, organized in the last 25 years, through an effort of 45 museum institutions from Romania and the Republic of Moldova, project coordinated by the National History Museum of Romania.

The exhibition project was designed and coordinated by the National History Museum of Romania, under the auspices of the Ministry of Culture, carried out in collaboration with the National Museum of History of Moldova - Chisinau, the National Museum of Transylvania History - Cluj Napoca, the National Museum Complex of Moldova - Iași, Neamț National Museum Complex - Piatra Neamț, "Iulian Antonescu" Museum Complex - Bacău, Bistrița Nasăud Museum Complex - Bistrița, "Curtea Domnească" National Museum Complex - Târgoviște, "Vasile Pârvan" Archeology Institute - Bucharest, Eco-Museum Research Institute "Simion Gavrilă" - Tulcea, Braila Museum "King Carol I" - Brăila, Dacian and Roman Civilization Museum - Deva, Gumelnița Civilization Museum - Oltenița, Prahova County Museum of History and Archeology - Ploiesti, Maramureș County Museum of History and Archeology - Baia Mare, National Union Museum - Alba Iulia, "Paul Păltânea" County Museum of History - Galati, Argeș County Museum - Pitesti, Mu Botoșani County Museum, Brașov County Museum of History, Buzău County Museum, Gorj "Alexandru Ștefulescu" County Museum - Târgu Jiu, Ialomița County Museum - Slobozia, Mureș County Museum - Târgu Mureș, Olt County Museum - Slatina, Satu Mare County Museum, Museum Teleorman County - Alexandria, Vâlcea County Museum "Aurelian Sacerdoțeanu" - Râmnicu Vâlcea, "Ștefan cel Mare" County Museum - Vaslui, Zalău County Museum of History and Art, Bucharest City Museum, Carei Municipal Museum, Banat National Museum - Timișoara, Museum National Museum of Bucovina - Suceava, Museum of National History and Archeology - Constanta, Museum of Oltenia - Craiova, Museum of the Iron Gates Region - Drobeta-Turnu Severin, Museum of Romanization - Caracal, Museum of the Country of Crișurilor - Oradea, Museum of the Country of Făgăraș "Valer Literat" - Făgăraș, "Vasile Pârvan" Museum - Bârlad, "Teodor Cincu" History Museum - Tecuci, Turda History Museum, Romanian History Museum, and History Museum "Petre Voivozeanu" - Roșiori de Vede. Done with the support of the "Friends of the Romanian History Museum" Foundation.

The exhibition is structured chronologically on six generic themes:

- The final stage of the first Iron Age and the connections of the locals with the Scythian worldꓽ ceramic pieces, weapons and ornaments, specific to the late Hallstatt cultures, are presented;
- Terra Dacorumꓽ is dedicated to the ancient civilizations that developed on the territory of Romania during the second iron age - La Tène. The central role belongs to the civilization developed by the Geto-Dacians, in the space defined by the western shore of the Black Sea, the Carpathian basin and the Danube River;
- At the gates of the Empireꓽ is dedicated to the communities in the space previously inhabited by the Geto-Dacians, the transformations they undergo in the context of the new realities generated by the presence of the empire and the coexistence of the free Dacians with the Germanic and Sarmatian tribes settled here in the first three centuries of the Christian era;
- Building Terra Christianaꓽ the period of the 4th - 7th centuries AD is characterized by three decisive historical milestones for this space: the withdrawal of the army and the administration from the Province of Dacia, the penetration of Christianity and the great migrations;
- The "Barbarians" and the Empire - The transformation of the Roman world - daily life and conflictꓽ browsing the writings of Late Antiquity about Dacia, the perception of the Danube as a political and symbolic border, one of the main landmarks of the political initiatives of the Empire or of some populations in migration, is outlined. At the same time, during the IV-VII centuries, the area north of the Lower Danube was also an area of continuity of the provincial Roman civilization and of cultural synthesis of its heritage with the cultures of various Germanic, Iranian, Slavic or Central Asian migrant populations.

The following pieces will be presented from the collection of the National History Museum of Romania: the golden helmet from Coțofenești, the Getic treasures from Stâncești, Agighiol, Peretu, the Getic princely treasure from Cucuteni-Băiceni, the inventory of the tomb of a Getic chieftain from Popești, the treasures of Dacian silver from Sâncrăieni, Herăstrău, Senereș, Vedea, two unknown hoards from S-W Romania, inscriptions mentioning the Dacian kings Tiamarkos, Burebista and Decebal, imperial portraits of Trajan, Antoninus Pius, Marcus Aurelius, Traianus Decius, Sarmatian hoards from Buzau county and Smârdan, the hoards from Pietroasele, Apahida and Histria (from the migration era).

From the collections of the partner museums we list: treasures dating from the era of migrations discovered in the tombs of some princesses, in Cluj-Polus and Turda (from the heritage of the National Museum of Transylvania and the Turda History Museum), the cache of weapons and Greek bronze objects from Olănești, as well and gold pieces from the tombs of a Sarmatian princess from Mocra, Republic of Moldova, from the heritage of the National Museum of History of Moldova in Chisinau, ceramic vessels, weapons, tools and ornaments from common metals that illustrate the evolution of civilizations that succeeded each other in space from the north of the Danube in the period between VII B.C.E. and the end of the century VII AD.

We invite you on a journey of over 1400 years, in time, in space, in the universe where the ancestors of the Geto-Dacians evolved towards what the ancient sources will call the Getae and Dacians, the civilization developed by them until the conquest and transformation of a part of Dacia in the Roman province, the integration of this space into the Roman world, the survival of the provincial Roman civilization after the abandonment of Dacia by the Roman army and administration and the cohabitation of the locals with the migratory populations. The guiding thread of the exhibition is that of the interweaving and mutual influence of civilizations, of profound transformations, of creative and adaptive turmoils that have as their finality the creation of a cultural identity, along a time path that lasts from the end of the first Iron Age to the dawn of the present of European civilization, in a space perceived by the contemporaries of the troubled dark millennium of migrations, as the "Last Frontier of Romanity", the place where the linguistic foundation laid by the Latin language and the name of the Romans have survived, despite all the vicissitudes, until today.

The exhibition will be open until March 2023 and can be visited from Wednesday to Sunday.


 




Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
9 – 30 November 2022
 
October 12 – November 30, 2022
 
May 18, 2022 – December 31, 2022
 
Over 2500 pieces made of precious metals with historic, artistic and symbolic value
  
Come to Museum! Discover the History!
  
Visit museum
Visit museum
Summer schedule: daily
10am – 6pm.

Winter schedule: daily
10am – 5pm.
Closed on Fridays.
Entrance fees:  adults - 10 MDL, pensioners, adults with moderate disabilities / disability of the 3rd degree, students - 5 MDL, school students - 2 MDL. Free access: enlisted men (...)

WiFi Free Wi-Fi Zone in the museum: In the courtyard of the National History Museum of Moldova there is Wi-Fi Internet access for visitors.






#Exhibit of the Month

Amphoras are massive vessels originating from the ancient Greek world, executed on the potter's wheel, in which Greek merchants, in the process of their trade with other territories and peoples, transported, in particular, Greek wine, olive oil, salted olives, paints, nuts, etc. The shape of the Greek commercial amphora, in the opinion of some researchers, vaguely recalls the female figure, having, probably, at the beginning, a sacred character. Among the main features of the amphorae are well-thought-out metric proportions...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC