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National Museum of History of Moldova
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#Exhibit of the Month

The item is the lower part of a leg of a festive table made of white and gray marble. In the upper part, it has a protrusion, similar to a Doric capital, on the horizontal platform of which a square recess is engraved, designed to fix the second part of the leg (upper). The lower part of the leg is made in an anthropomorphic style, and, in our opinion, there are two variants of identifying the depicted character. The first involves the image of the head of the young Heracles (Heracles - Ἡρακλῆς) (beardless), the most favorite hero of antiquity, wearing on his head the skin of the Nemean lion - Λέων της Νεμέας, a vicious monster from Greek mythology who lived in Nemea and was eventually killed by Heracles. The first labor of Heracles, of the twelve set by King Eurystheus (his cousin), was to kill the Nemean lion and bring his skin to the king. It is also known from Greek mythology that the lion of Nemea took the form of a beautiful woman in order to seduce the inhabitants of neighboring villages, who wanted to save the girl from danger. Upon entering the cave, a man saw the woman, who usually pretended to be wounded, and rushed to help her. When he approached her, the woman turned into a lion and killed him. Then the lion devoured the man, giving his bones to Hades - ᾍδης, the god of Hell, who lived in the kingdom of shadows. The second version of the anthropomorphic image interpretation suggests Alexander the Great, king of Macedonia in the second half of the 4th century BC, one of the most famous heroes of the Greek world, who sometimes is depicted as Hercules - wearing a lion's skin. Some researchers consider the custom of wearing the skin of a slain lion a sign of royal power. The word βασιλεύς itself, translated from ancient Greek, means "walking the path of the lion", that is, the king. This title was held by the Greek kings from the Homeric period, and later, starting from the 7th century AD - by the Byzantine emperors.

The item can be dated to the 5th-6th centuries AD, and, possibly, it originates from Asia Minor.

It is kept in the collection of the museum for about 10 years. The gray granite stand does not belong to the original item.

Metric characteristics: height 330 mm; width: 112 mm.


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National Museum of History of Moldova
 

Exhibitions

„Magic of the Old Carpet”

27 September - 31 December 2018

 
On the occasion of the European Heritage Days the National Museum of History of Moldova opened the exhibition "The Magic of the Old Carpet". The even took place on Thursday, September 27, 2018, at 15.00.

Moldovan carpets on display are dated with the end of the 18th - beginning of the 20th centuries and represent the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova. Some of them are exhibited for the first time.

The museum carpet collection has been formed in the last decades of the 20th century by acquisitions, donations and transfers, counting today more than 250 pieces of outstanding documentary and artistic value. The collection includes: traditional Moldovan carpets, contemporary carpets, carpets dedicated to special events in social-political life, carpets of memorial value, tapestries, etc.; woolen fabrics of different sizes and destinations.

The pieces reflect a multitude of motifs and ornamental compositions, specific to the Moldovan rug. The most widespread motives in ornamentation of woolen fabrics are vegetal and geometric, the representation of birds, man, tools, and so on.

Among the vegetal motifs, we find the tree of life, the vase and bouquets of flowers, branches, garlands, fruits, etc., all of which are stylized. The "Tree of Life" motive has various forms which embodies the fruitful force of the living nature or tree of wisdom, the tree of the nation. This particular ornamental motif is reproduced on an 18th-century wall rug presented in the exhibition, which is also the oldest wool fabric in the collection of the museum.

The most common geometric motifs are straight and curved transverse spars, triangles, diamonds, squares, stars, teeth, hooks, broken lines, and so on. "The Stars" rug is worked in the best traditions of the Moldovan carpet, dated to the first half of the 19th century. The light green central field décor consists of several rows of eight-pointed stars, and the dark red border is decorated with polychrome diamonds. The eight-pointed star symbolizes the time engine, the regenerative energy.

Often, along with geometric and vegetal figures is represented the face of women considered symbol of life and fertility.

On Moldovan carpets are often stylized birds - cocks, geese, ducks, peacocks; different insects - beetle, spider; monograms, signs and year of making. Many of these ornamental motifs, in various variants, can be seen on the pieces from the exhibition.

"The Magic of the Old Carpet" exhibition contributes to the promotion of national cultural values, which are part of the cultural heritage of humanity. It will be open to the public until December 31, 2018.




 




Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
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#Exhibit of the Month

The item is the lower part of a leg of a festive table made of white and gray marble. In the upper part, it has a protrusion, similar to a Doric capital, on the horizontal platform of which a square recess is engraved, designed to fix the second part of the leg (upper). The lower part of the leg is made in an anthropomorphic style, and, in our opinion, there are two variants of identifying the depicted character...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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