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#Exhibit of the Month

This is a challenge cup, which used to be awarded to the winners in sports competitions between the teams-members of the Dynamo Voluntary Sports Society, organized by the City Committee responsible for physical culture and sports in Chișinău.

The voluntary sports organizations (DSO: Dobrovol'noe sportivnoe obshhestvo) were created in the mid-30s of the twentieth century in the Soviet Union and over the years had spread in the socialist states. They brought together groups of amateur athletes from district, regional and republican enterprises and educational institutions based on the territorial principle. They were engaged in the education of the young generation in the field of physical culture, sports and tourism in order to solve the problems of the development of mass physical culture. The winners used to be awarded with diplomas, badges, sports medals of various categories and a multitude of sports cups.

The sports cup presented in this exhibition has the shape of a decorative vase and consists of three parts. The upper part, cylindrical in shape, consists of ten openwork components, the decor of which represents vines with bunches of grapes; it is topped with a hemispherical lid. The upper part is missing an element, usually a sculpture, symbolizing the field of athletics corresponding to the competition. The central part is shaped like a lidded bowl with richly ornamented handles. On its surface the inscription is engraved in Russian: City Committee for Physical Culture and Sports. Challenge prize in athletics among the teams of the Dynamo Voluntary Sports Society, Chișinău. 1948, 1949, 1950, 1951. The third part, which is the foot of the cup, has a band decorated in relief with stylized flowers and fruits with niello.

Accession: MNIM, FB-8736
Metal: silver-plated brass
Dimensions: 300 x 230 x 210 mm.


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National Museum of History of Moldova
 

Exhibitions

„Manhood and Faith” (Military awards from the collection of NMHM)

May 17, 2014 -May 17, 2015

The National Museum of History of Moldova holds a rich collection of military awards from the 18th - 21st centuries. This valuable collection is very little known to the large public, this serving as motive for the organization of the exhibition „Manhood and Faith".

To crate a broader image regarding the origin of the military awards to the visiting public, the presentation is done in progressive order of chronological and typological perspective, and brings together a selection of over 200 representative pieces from this collection.

The exhibition discourse begins with two Sarmatian phalerae dated with the 1st-2nd centuries AD. The historic, artistic and intrinsic value of these authentic jewels should be remarked as they are symbols of the respective authority.

The modern and contemporary periods are the golden age of the decoration awards; more precisely from the expansionist policy of Friedrich II's Prussia and Peter I's Russia. The maximum centers of interest in the exhibition are the west-European, Romanian and Russian orders and medals from the 18th-19th centuries: Order of St. Stanislav, 3rd degree. Russia, 1765; Order of St. Ana, 3rd degree. Russia, 1787; Order Virtuti Militari. Poland, 1792; Order of the Rising Sun, 5th degree. Japan, 1878. Among the pieces on display is remarkable the Order Star of Romania, the first Romanian order established by the law voted on May 10th, 1877.

The military distinctions from the tumultuous period of the Russian-Turkish wars are of special interest: Medal Battle from Cahul. Russia, 1770; Medal Peace from Kuciuk-Kainargi. Russia, 1774; Medal Peace with Turkey. Russia, 1791; Medal Sea battle from Česmen. Russia, 1770 etc.

The distinctions from the period of the Russian-Turkish wars alternate with those from the two World Wars (1914-1918; 1940-1945): The Iron Cross. Prussia, 1914; Medal Cross of Fire. Austria, 1914; The Cross St. George, 1st-4th degrees. Russia, 1914; Order of the White Cloud, Manchuria. 1932; Order of the Polar Star. Mongolia, 1937; Order Kutuzov, 1st degree. USSR, 1944; Order Suvorov, 2nd degree. USSR, 1944; Cross Grünwald. Poland, 1944; Medal Ushakov, 2nd degree. USSR, 1944; Order Za Vitezctvi. Czechoslovakia, 1945; Order Alexandr Nevski. USSR, 1944; Order Otečestvennaja Vojna, 1st-2nd degree. USSR, 1942.

The exhibition continues with a series of postwar orders and medals of the former socialist countries: Order Tudor Vladimirescu. Romania, 1966; Order Ian Žižca. Czechoslovakia, 1946; Medal Veteran Voorujionnyh Sil SSSR. USSR, 1976; Medal Za Otličie v voinskoj slujbe. USSR, 1974.

Some decorations are accompanied with patents with the name of the decorated person, the decree number and the reason for awarding the distinction.

The exhibition display ends with state military distinctions of the Republic of Moldova awarded for acts of heroism and cunning leadership of military operations. The highest distinction in this category is the Order of Ştefan cel Mare, established in 1992.

For a solemn and sober appearance, the exhibition is complemented with flags, banners, battle standards.

The exhibition Manhood and Faith distributes information about the past and awakens feelings of veneration towards the ancestors inspiring the desire to carry on their great goals.

 



 




Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
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#Exhibit of the Month

This is a challenge cup, which used to be awarded to the winners in sports competitions between the teams-members of the Dynamo Voluntary Sports Society, organized by the City Committee responsible for physical culture and sports in Chișinău. The voluntary sports organizations (DSO: Dobrovol'noe sportivnoe obshhestvo) were created in the mid-30s of the twentieth century in the Soviet Union and over the years had spread in the socialist states. They brought together groups of amateur athletes from district, regional and republican enterprises and educational institutions based on the territorial principle. They were engaged in the education of the young generation in the field of physical culture, sports and tourism in order to solve the problems of the development of mass physical culture. The winners used to be awarded with diplomas, badges, sports medals of various categories and a multitude of sports cups...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2021 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2021 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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