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#Exhibit of the Month

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Bronze cauldrons of the Scythian time are rare in the Northern Black Sea region, especially on its western borders. Therefore, those few items found on the territory of the Republic of Moldova occupy a worthy place in the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova (NMHM). In particular, in the archaeological exhibition, two bronze cauldrons are displayed, discovered near the village of Nicolscoe in 1988 in burial mounds no. 14 and 15. In addition, in 2020, two bronze cauldrons without any accompanying documents were found in the collection of NMHM; however, they were visually identified as coming from various excavations in the Low Dniester region, such as burial mound no. 45 near Dubăsari and burial mound no. 1 near the Răscăieții Noi village.

The object presented as the exhibit of the month is a little-known find discovered in 1979 in barrow 1 near the village of Răscăieții Noi in the Ștefan Vodă district. In addition to its outstanding size (about 10 m high), this mound is known for discovering a cast bronze finial in the Scythian animal style on its surface in 1953. However, by the beginning of excavations, the locals had damaged part of the mound and a Scythian cast bronze cauldron was found near it. The cauldron was seriously damaged by mechanical impact, as a result of which the rim was deformed, and the walls, with one preserved vertical handle, were bent inwards. Fragments in the upper part of the body and one handle have been lost. The total reconstructed height of the cauldron is 24 cm (excluding the handles), the reconstructed diameter of the hemispherical cauldron is 30 cm, and the weight is 6.5 kg. In 2020, data on the chemical composition of the bronze cauldron alloy were obtained, revealing that it was cast from an alloy of almost 95 per cent copper. Unfortunately, due to the loss of information on the context of the discovery of the cauldron at Răscăieții Noi, it is impossible to link its discovery with one or another Scythian burial of the barrow. Moreover, the grave goods of other Scythian burials of Barrow 1 do not allow them to date below the 4th century BC. However, the cauldron with vertical handles from Răscăieții Noi most likely belongs earlier. This may be indicated by a bronze finial from the first half of the 5th century BC, which was found on this barrow in 1953. In addition, burial 7 from the nearest excavated barrow 2 at Răscăieții Noi, containing a plaque depicting a rolled predator (a copy of which is also on display at the NMHM), belongs to the mid- 5th century BC. Thus, there is a high probability that the cauldron from Barrow 1 at Răscăieții Noi is associated with the late Middle Scythian period or the mid-5th century BC.

Scythian bronze cauldrons in the west area are concentrated in three main regions: Bukovina-Podolia, the Lower Danube, and the Lower Dniester. Some Scythian cauldrons have no reliable archaeological context. Nevertheless, in combination with the same "stray" finds like the Scythian statues, the finds of Scythian cauldrons mark the Scythian presence, most likely not earlier than the late 6th century or even the turn of the 6th-5th centuries BC. The cauldrons first appeared in Bukovina, where they have been known since the middle of the 7th century BC. Bronze cauldrons (with their carriers) entered the steppe region 150-200 years later, and the "military" burials that appeared in the western steppe regions were no earlier than the middle of the 5th century BC. Most burials with cauldrons (and, apparently, the stray finds) are dated back to the second half of the 5th century BC. Then, in the early 4th century BC, their quantity was reduced, and after the first quarter of the 4th century BC, they completely disappeared from the cultural practice of the population of the steppes of the North-Western Black Sea region.

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Exhibitions

"Memory Network - Identities, itineraries and museum confluences"

The Revolution Memorial in Timisoara

December 9, 2023 – January 15, 2024

Between December 9, 2023 and January 15, 2024, in Timișoara, the exhibition "Memory Network - Identities, itineraries and museum confluences" will be open to the public, an event carried out as part of the 10th edition of the workshop "Rețeaua Memoriei", organized by the Institute of Investigation of the Crimes of Communism, the Timisoara Revolution Memorial, and the Museum of the Horrors of Communism in Romania - MOCR.

Through the Memory Network - Identities, itineraries and museum confluences, we present for the first time, in a unified space and concept, to the general public: both the Timișoara and visitors to the cultural capital, the concerns and projects of institutions and specialists interested in the history of communism. These institutions with different profiles and administrative structures, operate all over the country through people with different occupations and interests, but all converging towards a common denominator: the activation, preservation and transmission of recent memory.

The history of the Network begins in 2015, when the Institute for the Investigation of the Crimes of Communism and the Memory of the Romanian Exile (IICCMER) launches a legally formalized structure of the majority of public and private initiatives to preserve and capitalize on places of memory, to organize museum spaces that address the period communist in Romania and the Republic of Moldova.

Members of the network participating in the exhibition: the Institute for the Investigation of the Crimes of Communism and Romanian Exile, the Museum of Horrors of Communism in Romania, the Revolution Memorial in Timișoara, the National Museum of History of Moldova, the University Museum of Bucharest, the National History Museum of Romania, the Bratianu National Museum, Oradea Crișurilor Country Museum, Arad Museum Complex, Constanța Museum of National History and Archeology, National Museum of Romanian Literature, Iaşi House of Museums, Open air museum complex in memory of the victims of political repression, Mereni from the Republic of Moldova, ProMemoria Institute of History in Chisinau, Avdarma UTA History Museum, Găgăuzia, Buzău County Museum, Zalău County Museum of History and Art, Iuliu Maniu Memorial House, Bădăcin, Museum of Memories of Communism, Brașov, Marton Aron Harghita Museum, Reșiţa Museum of Amateur Cinema, Memorial House of the Victims of the Communist Dictatorship from Romania, the Museum of Abandonment, the Romanian Condition Cultural Society, Petrila, the Petroșani Mining Museum, the Museum of Collectivization, Tămăşeni, Neamţ, the Center for Information and Documentation on Totalitarian Regimes, the Gh. Gheorghiu Dej Memorial House, Bârlad, the Museum of the Communist Consumer, the Cloth Museum and Povesti, Mîndra, Șara Făgăraşului, Braşov.

The exhibition was designed and developed by a team consisting of: dr. Irina Hasnaș Hubbard, museographer - exhibition design and graphics; arch. Adina Anghel and arch. Dan Ionescu - exhibition furniture design; Rado Gino, president of the Timişoara Revolution Memorial together with Alexandra Groza, MOCR manager - coordinators and Andreea Alexandra Dinu - communication manager.

The exhibition can be visited between December 9, 2023 and January 15, 2024, from Monday to Friday between 8:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m., and on Saturday and Sunday between 10:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m., at the Revolution Memorial in Timisoara, on str. Oituz no. 2B.

The 10th edition of the Memory Network workshop is the inaugural event of the Timisoara Revolution Memorial project, entitled "1945, from the Great Purge - to the Revolution of 1989", which in turn is part of the series of events "Timișoara - European Capital of Culture in the year 2023".


 




Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
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#Exhibit of the Month

Bronze cauldrons of the Scythian time are rare in the Northern Black Sea region, especially on its western borders. Therefore, those few items found on the territory of the Republic of Moldova occupy a worthy place in the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova (NMHM)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC