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#Exhibit of the Month

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The exposed object, an "askos" type ceramic vessel, comes from the tumulus necropolis near the village of Ciumai, Taraclia district. The vessel was discovered in 2015 in a cenotaph tomb attributed to the Jamnaja culture, dated to the early Bronze Age (ca. 3300-2600 BC).

The vessel, with an obviously asymmetrical configuration, is hand-moulded from quality clay paste, having a smooth brown surface with gray spots. The body of the vessel is provided with a pronounced protrusion and a truncated neck with a wider opening towards the mouth. The vessel has a stem and is ornamented with three pairs of symmetrically placed relief appliqués. The height of the bowl is 15.5 cm, the diameter of the mouth is 11.4 cm, the diameter of the body is 15 cm and the diameter of the base is 7.5 cm. Such vessels in the archaeological literature are known as "askos" vessels, the respective term being of ancient Greek origin, denoting one of the primitive containers of the period - the bellows made of animal skin.

In prehistoric times, among some peoples, the bellows was transposed into ceramics, in these cases the basic features of the archaic leather vessel were preserved, acquiring a prominent convex shape with a stem and a flat bottom. From the original appearance of the bellows, the asymmetric mouth corresponding to the animal's neck has been preserved, and sometimes three or four legs, corresponding to the appendages of the flayed skin from the animal's legs. These vessels have lost their original zoomorphic character, entering as a new form in the inventory of Neo-Eneolithic ceramics. The first vessels of this type are attested in Greece, in the early Neolithic (ca. 5000-4500 BC) having the shape of cups or cups. In the Neo-Eneolithic Carpatho-Balkan cultures, the type of Aegean askos of short or tall form, with or without legs and with a handle, is found. Less often, they are provided with two mouths (one for filling and one for emptying) or they are off-center and provided with strangely shaped mouths. In the space between the Carpathians and the Dnieper, only tall forms of simple askos, without zoomorphic elements, are known. Askos-type vessels are present in various prehistoric cultures, especially in Southeast Europe and Anatolia.

Being often discovered in association with cult inventory, askos vessels could be an important indicator of use in religious ritual practices. Along with the zoomorphic, anthropomorphic and rhyton-type vessels (roughly conical container from which, in some ceremonies, liquids were drunk or poured), the askos were included in the category of vessels intended for worship, being related to libations (ritual act that consisted of tasting and then pouring a cup of wine, milk, etc. as homage to the deity).

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Exhibitions

"The era of Stephen the Great reflected through the museum heritage on both banks of the Prut"

7 - 21 November 2023

Voivode Stephen the Great of Moldavia occupies a place of honor in world history, not only for his excellent qualities as a statesman, diplomat and military leader, but also for the fervor with which he defended Christianity. He understood then that the real power of Moldova is not given by the extent of the land nor by the abundance of its resources, but by work, moral principles and the seriousness with which a people shapes its destiny. Thus, he managed to make his country an important state power in the southeastern area of medieval Europe. That is why the era of Stephen the Great (1457-1504) represented the most fruitful period in the existence of the medieval Moldavian state, with an unprecedented political, economic, social and cultural-artistic development on both banks of the Prut.

At the same time, Stephen the Great strictly applied the clear principle that shows that "if you don't know how to build, don't tear down!", and his concrete work of dignity, wisdom, bravery and brilliant clairvoyance fully demonstrated this. It was a unique and extremely beneficial work for the country of Moldova. The great gentleman always paid due attention to the development of trade, crafts and the welfare of his people and was a true "country builder". He built fortresses and princely courts from Hotin, Soroca, Orhei to Cetatea Albă and Chilia, from Suceava, Botoșani, Iași to Neamţ, Roman and Bacău, from Iaşi and Vaslui to Bârlad and Berheci, but - more chosen - he founded the wonderful array of churches and monasteries, those real "burning candles and vigil lights and spiritual strength" from Voroneț, Humor, Putna, Suceava, Popăuți-Botoşani, Pătrăuți, Bălineşti, Arbore, Căpriana, Neamț, Războieni, Bacău, Borzești, Trotuș, Iasi, Hârlau, Dobrovăț, Vaslui, Huși and Bârlad. Thus, in an era of creative syntheses, Stefanian art and culture combined the wisdom of the word with the beauty of the image. A calm and luminous art, at the same time, in which the Orthodox faith and the specifically medieval life were twinned. The beauty of the art of Ştefan's era represents itself even now, simple and grand, enthroning mysteriously over time.

In this broad context, the "Ștefan cel Mare" Vaslui County Museum - as part of the "Ștefan cel Mare - common history, common heritage, Soroca-Vaslui" Project and having as partners the Soroca District Council and the Vaslui County Council - organizes together with the Museum National Museum of the History of Moldova in Chisinau, a traveling thematic exhibition that includes replica objects of the Stefanian heritage that it owns.

Although today there are few objects that are directly related to the person of Ştefan-Vodă and his family, the exhibition event tries to reconstruct the atmosphere of the era of Ştefan the Great and his cultural heritage. The exhibition reflects a flourishing material and spiritual culture of the Republic of Moldova of that period, especially by displaying replicas of weapons and battle objects, tiles, ornamental discs, cult pieces, ornamental and household ceramic objects, as well as objects and wooden and iron craft tools, to which are also added replicas of cavalry and harness pieces specific to the Stefanian era (the vast majority coming from the Church and Royal Court in Vaslui). There is no shortage of popular crafts, emblems of Moldova (flags, coat of arms), paftals or even musical instruments (whistles and horses), and the model of the Soroca Fortress is also on display.

Finally, the need to organize this exhibition event came from the lack of a strategy to raise awareness among potential culture lovers and tourists regarding the cultural-historical and touristic heritage related to the era of Stephen the Great both in Romania and in the Republic of Moldova.

This itinerant thematic exhibition aims to organize at national and international level a cultural and scientific event that will develop new audiences and promote education for the protection of the cultural and historical heritage from the period of Stephen the Great, as well as raise public awareness of the value indisputable of that era. The event will contribute to the development of a tourism network in the Republic of Moldova (CHIŞINĂU and SOROCA District) and Romania (VASLUI County), by increasing the attractiveness of the historical heritage related to the era of Stephen the Great and the cultural-tourist objectives in the interest areas of of the project, by highlighting the personality and historical facts of this great voivode of Moldova, in order to increase the awareness of potential tourists from the eligible area of the Program, thus responding to the achievement of the general objective of the project.


 




Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age
  
  

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#Exhibit of the Month

The exposed object, an "askos" type ceramic vessel, comes from the tumulus necropolis near the village of Ciumai, Taraclia district. The vessel was discovered in 2015 in a cenotaph tomb attributed to the Jamnaja culture, dated to the early Bronze Age (ca. 3300-2600 BC)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC