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National Museum of History of Moldova
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#Exhibit of the Month

Among the Greek mythological figures, there is a satyr (Ancient Greek: Σάτυρος), also called Silenus, a male spirit of nature and forest, known to be the companion of the gods Pan and Dionysus. Satyrs were imagined as dancing in the fields, drinking wine with Dionysus and chasing maenads and nymphs. According to the descriptions in myths, they had human-like upper part of the body and the horse-like or goat-like legs, and also a long and bushy tail.

Gradually, animalistic features in the image of a satyr recede, their lower limbs become human (legs, not hooves). The satyr Marsyas (Μάρσιας) plays a special role in Greek legends. Sometimes the god Pan is depicted in the guise of a satyr.

The historian Hesiod tells us about their origins, mentioning that satyrs are wine lovers, and legends also claim that it was the satyrs who saved Ariadne (Aριαδνη), the daughter of King Minos from Crete, who was abandoned by her lover Theseus (Θησεύς) on the island of Naxos (Νάξος).

It is believed that satyrs have tremendous strength and endurance, and also love music, and one of their main attributes is the flute. Also among the attributes of satyrs there are the thyrsus, vessels for wine, and wineskins.

The figurine of a satyr from the NMHM collection is unique. It is made of bronze and has a height of 17 cm. The figurine is made in a stylized manner, the character is presented in a standing position, as if he is holding something in his right hand, and his left hand is damaged. The left leg is also not completely preserved. Some researchers consider it to be the handle of a vessel (possibly of a cup). Certainly, the object had a symbolic character.

We assume that this artifact belongs to the period of Classical Greece and dates back to the 4th century BC.

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National Museum of History of Moldova
 

Exhibitions

“Weapons and Military Equipment – an Evolution throughout Centuries”

May 18, 2013 - May 18, 2021

The National Museum of History of Moldova has an impressive collection of weapons of technical, historical and artistic value able to illustrate the evolution of weapons in Europe. The collection, created in the second half of the 20th century through archaeological finds and donations, includes more than 3,000 artifacts from ancient times to the present, covering almost the entire typological range of armaments.

To create a more comprehensive picture of the entire mobile heritage related to the military side, the exhibition offers to the public all types of weapons from the museum collection – Western and Eastern, cold and fire, offensive and defensive – a large part of which is exhibited for the first time. The presentation is made in the evolutionary order in terms of chronology and typology, and brings together a selection of over 600 most representative pieces from this collection.

“Weapons and Military Equipment – an Evolution throughout Centuries”“Weapons and Military Equipment – an Evolution throughout Centuries”
“Weapons and Military Equipment – an Evolution throughout Centuries”
“Weapons and Military Equipment – an Evolution throughout Centuries”

From a chronological point of view in the exhibition there are presented weapons of prehistoric eras (Palaeolithic, Chalcolithic, Bronze Age, Early Iron Age), the ancient and Roman periods, Middle Ages, Modern and Contemporary times.

Typologically exhibits are divided into the following groups: cold arms (bladed, pole, and thrown), firearms (military, hunting, and civilian), protective gear.

In addition to weapons, the exhibition presents two dummy medieval knights in armor, pieces of military equipment (sword belts, bandoliers, and holsters of the 18th – 20th centuries), uniforms of the 19th – 20th centuries, reconstructed and authentic equipment and uniforms of Russian grenadier and cuirassier (mid-19th century), Romanian cavalry officer (1934), and an officer of the National Army of Republic of Moldova (1994). The exhibition is complemented with engravings, paintings, and photographs depicting soldiers in uniforms of different times, and battle scenes.

“Weapons and Military Equipment – an Evolution throughout Centuries”
“Weapons and Military Equipment – an Evolution throughout Centuries”“Weapons and Military Equipment – an Evolution throughout Centuries”
“Weapons and Military Equipment – an Evolution throughout Centuries”



 




Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

Among the Greek mythological figures, there is a satyr (Ancient Greek: Σάτυρος), also called Silenus, a male spirit of nature and forest, known to be the companion of the gods Pan and Dionysus. Satyrs were imagined as dancing in the fields, drinking wine with Dionysus and chasing maenads and nymphs. According to the descriptions in myths, they had human-like upper part of the body and the horse-like or goat-like legs, and also a long and bushy tail. Gradually, animalistic features in the image of a satyr recede, their lower limbs become human (legs, not hooves). The satyr Marsyas (Μάρσιας) plays a special role in Greek legends. Sometimes the god Pan is depicted in the guise of a satyr...

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