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#Exhibit of the Month

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Bronze cauldrons of the Scythian time are rare in the Northern Black Sea region, especially on its western borders. Therefore, those few items found on the territory of the Republic of Moldova occupy a worthy place in the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova (NMHM). In particular, in the archaeological exhibition, two bronze cauldrons are displayed, discovered near the village of Nicolscoe in 1988 in burial mounds no. 14 and 15. In addition, in 2020, two bronze cauldrons without any accompanying documents were found in the collection of NMHM; however, they were visually identified as coming from various excavations in the Low Dniester region, such as burial mound no. 45 near Dubăsari and burial mound no. 1 near the Răscăieții Noi village.

The object presented as the exhibit of the month is a little-known find discovered in 1979 in barrow 1 near the village of Răscăieții Noi in the Ștefan Vodă district. In addition to its outstanding size (about 10 m high), this mound is known for discovering a cast bronze finial in the Scythian animal style on its surface in 1953. However, by the beginning of excavations, the locals had damaged part of the mound and a Scythian cast bronze cauldron was found near it. The cauldron was seriously damaged by mechanical impact, as a result of which the rim was deformed, and the walls, with one preserved vertical handle, were bent inwards. Fragments in the upper part of the body and one handle have been lost. The total reconstructed height of the cauldron is 24 cm (excluding the handles), the reconstructed diameter of the hemispherical cauldron is 30 cm, and the weight is 6.5 kg. In 2020, data on the chemical composition of the bronze cauldron alloy were obtained, revealing that it was cast from an alloy of almost 95 per cent copper. Unfortunately, due to the loss of information on the context of the discovery of the cauldron at Răscăieții Noi, it is impossible to link its discovery with one or another Scythian burial of the barrow. Moreover, the grave goods of other Scythian burials of Barrow 1 do not allow them to date below the 4th century BC. However, the cauldron with vertical handles from Răscăieții Noi most likely belongs earlier. This may be indicated by a bronze finial from the first half of the 5th century BC, which was found on this barrow in 1953. In addition, burial 7 from the nearest excavated barrow 2 at Răscăieții Noi, containing a plaque depicting a rolled predator (a copy of which is also on display at the NMHM), belongs to the mid- 5th century BC. Thus, there is a high probability that the cauldron from Barrow 1 at Răscăieții Noi is associated with the late Middle Scythian period or the mid-5th century BC.

Scythian bronze cauldrons in the west area are concentrated in three main regions: Bukovina-Podolia, the Lower Danube, and the Lower Dniester. Some Scythian cauldrons have no reliable archaeological context. Nevertheless, in combination with the same "stray" finds like the Scythian statues, the finds of Scythian cauldrons mark the Scythian presence, most likely not earlier than the late 6th century or even the turn of the 6th-5th centuries BC. The cauldrons first appeared in Bukovina, where they have been known since the middle of the 7th century BC. Bronze cauldrons (with their carriers) entered the steppe region 150-200 years later, and the "military" burials that appeared in the western steppe regions were no earlier than the middle of the 5th century BC. Most burials with cauldrons (and, apparently, the stray finds) are dated back to the second half of the 5th century BC. Then, in the early 4th century BC, their quantity was reduced, and after the first quarter of the 4th century BC, they completely disappeared from the cultural practice of the population of the steppes of the North-Western Black Sea region.

Virtual Tour


Exhibitions

„World Press Photo – 2018”

November 21 – December 12, 2018

 
On Wednesday, November 21 at 15.00, the World Press Photo - 2018 exhibition, one of the world's most important photographic competition was opened at the National Museum of History of Moldova, returning to Chișinău for the second consecutive year. The event was organized by the World Press Photo Foundation in the Netherlands, in partnership with the Independent Journalism Center, with the support of the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

The event was attended by representatives of the diplomatic corps accredited in Chișinău, journalists, photographers, students. The audience was welcomed by H.E. Stella Ronner-Grubacic, the Ambassador of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to Chișinău, headquartered in Bucharest; Sanne Schim van der Loeff, World Press Photo Foundation, Netherlands; Nadine Gogu, executive director of the Center for Independent Journalism; Photojournalist Nicolae Pojoga.

Sanne Schim van der Loeff, in her speech, highlighted the fact that the exhibition has the title "History that Matters". "Every year, the World Press Photo Foundation encourages journalists to capture the events that happen all over the world. This is a form of freedom of expression, which has become a necessity, a right that can not be questioned. We urge journalists to come out and capture reality. The exhibition contains not only shocking images but also compelling images that demonstrate that regardless of the problems they face, people find ways to fight for happiness", said Sanne Schim van der Loeff.

The first edition of World Press Photo was held in 1955 when a group of Dutch photographers organized a competition to exhibit their work in front of an international audience, during the years became one of the most prestigious photo competitions and visual journalism in the world.

This year, at its 61st edition, the competition gathered around 5,000 photographers from 125 countries, which submitted over 73,000 images. The jury has awarded 45 photographers from 25 countries: Australia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, China, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, India, Iran, Italy, Pakistan, Philippines, Romania, Russia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Syria, New Zealand, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the USA. The World Photo of the Year award was awarded this year to Venezuelan photographer Ronaldo Schemidt for "The Crisis of Venezuela" photo. This is the image of a man in flames during the protests in Venezuela. The photo was also winner in the category Spot News Single and illustrates the arson of José Víctor Salazar Balza during violent clashes with police forces in a protest against President Nicolás Maduro in Caracas, Venezuela. Salazar got fire when the gas tank of a motorcycle exploded. He survived the incident with grade I and II burns.

The annual international exhibition "World Press Photo" is traveling all over the world. It is mounted in nearly 100 spaces in over 45 countries and is visited by about 4.5 million people each edition. Prior to arriving in Chișinău, the exhibition was organized in Amsterdam, Milan, Tokyo, Rome, Seville, Barcelona, Hamburg, Zurich, Dortmund, Berlin, Auckland, Ottawa, Santiago, Edinburgh, Copenhagen, Toronto, Madrid, Singapore, Islamabad, etc.

The World Press Photo - 2018 Exhibition, exhibited in Chișinău, includes 137 photographs that capture major realities and events that have marked the world, photos made throughout 2017 in different countries of the world.
We invite you to learn the life stories behind the photographs at the National Museum of History of Moldova from November 22 to December 12, 2018.


 




Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age
  
  

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#Exhibit of the Month

Bronze cauldrons of the Scythian time are rare in the Northern Black Sea region, especially on its western borders. Therefore, those few items found on the territory of the Republic of Moldova occupy a worthy place in the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova (NMHM)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC