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#Exhibit of the Month

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The exposed object, an "askos" type ceramic vessel, comes from the tumulus necropolis near the village of Ciumai, Taraclia district. The vessel was discovered in 2015 in a cenotaph tomb attributed to the Jamnaja culture, dated to the early Bronze Age (ca. 3300-2600 BC).

The vessel, with an obviously asymmetrical configuration, is hand-moulded from quality clay paste, having a smooth brown surface with gray spots. The body of the vessel is provided with a pronounced protrusion and a truncated neck with a wider opening towards the mouth. The vessel has a stem and is ornamented with three pairs of symmetrically placed relief appliqués. The height of the bowl is 15.5 cm, the diameter of the mouth is 11.4 cm, the diameter of the body is 15 cm and the diameter of the base is 7.5 cm. Such vessels in the archaeological literature are known as "askos" vessels, the respective term being of ancient Greek origin, denoting one of the primitive containers of the period - the bellows made of animal skin.

In prehistoric times, among some peoples, the bellows was transposed into ceramics, in these cases the basic features of the archaic leather vessel were preserved, acquiring a prominent convex shape with a stem and a flat bottom. From the original appearance of the bellows, the asymmetric mouth corresponding to the animal's neck has been preserved, and sometimes three or four legs, corresponding to the appendages of the flayed skin from the animal's legs. These vessels have lost their original zoomorphic character, entering as a new form in the inventory of Neo-Eneolithic ceramics. The first vessels of this type are attested in Greece, in the early Neolithic (ca. 5000-4500 BC) having the shape of cups or cups. In the Neo-Eneolithic Carpatho-Balkan cultures, the type of Aegean askos of short or tall form, with or without legs and with a handle, is found. Less often, they are provided with two mouths (one for filling and one for emptying) or they are off-center and provided with strangely shaped mouths. In the space between the Carpathians and the Dnieper, only tall forms of simple askos, without zoomorphic elements, are known. Askos-type vessels are present in various prehistoric cultures, especially in Southeast Europe and Anatolia.

Being often discovered in association with cult inventory, askos vessels could be an important indicator of use in religious ritual practices. Along with the zoomorphic, anthropomorphic and rhyton-type vessels (roughly conical container from which, in some ceremonies, liquids were drunk or poured), the askos were included in the category of vessels intended for worship, being related to libations (ritual act that consisted of tasting and then pouring a cup of wine, milk, etc. as homage to the deity).

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#Exhibit of the Month

July 2023

An accessory “with a human destiny”

In the context of July 6 - the Day of Commemoration of the Victims of Stalinism in the Republic of Moldova, we bring to the visitor's attention an exhibit that evokes the dramatic fate of one of the thousands of victims of the Stalinist deportations from the Moldavian SSR. The July exhibit is represented by the travel bag that the scientist Alexei Bârladeanu took with him on the night of July 6, 1949, when he was forcibly taken from Chisinau and, together with his wife and son Iulius, were sent to Siberia. The reason for their deportation, incriminated by the repression bodies, would have been "collaboration with the fascists". The travel bag, together with other objects used by the scientist during his deportation (pot, plate, spoon and knife), became part of the museum's heritage in 1994, having been donated by his daughter, Vera Bârlădeanu.

The travel bag - translated from French, "travel bag" - has its origins in America. In the middle of the 19th century, the construction of railways took off here. The availability of tickets caused great interest in travel. Consequently, there is an increased demand for practical, inexpensive means of transporting luggage. The first travel bags were made from pieces of old carpets, so called - carpet bags. They weren't very durable, but they were comfortable, the empty bag rolled easily and didn't take up much space. Such accessories were closed with a single lock. Later, bags began to be made of leather, with leather and metal handles, with reliable fasteners - which increased their durability and practicality, but at the same time the cost. From among simple items, travel bags have moved into the category of expensive, luxury items. It was in this role that the bag gradually took its place in the fashion world as an indispensable accessory for lawyers, doctors, businessmen, becoming in a way the "face" of a respectable person. Previously, these were travel bags that only men used.

The piece displayed in this showcase is made of black faux leather, lined inside with black satin. It has a rectangular shape, rounded edges, a metal plate and a short leather handle. It closes with three metal padlocks, the middle one can be locked with a key. It was manufactured in the Soviet Union, in the 40s of the 20th century. The mediocre state of preservation is evidence of its use in adverse circumstances.

The travel bag has a great memorial value. This accessory "with a human destiny" is a testimony of the iniquities that the scientist Alexei Bârlădeanu - pioneer of genetics and selection in Bessarabia - went through.

Alexei Bârladeanu was born in Comrat, Tighina county, on March 6, 1883, in the family of Gheorghe Bârladeanu and Elena Iordan. After graduating from the Royal High School in Comrat, in 1899, he became seriously ill with lungs and went to be treated in a sanatorium in Switzerland. In 1912, he graduated from the Faculty of Agronomy and Biology in Leipzig. He knew Romanian, French, German, Russian and Turkish perfectly. In 1920, he married Hilda, then a student at the School of Fine Arts in Zurich. In 1925, at her insistence to meet his parents, they come to Bessarabia, where he is actively involved among Bessarabian intellectuals. In 1932, he moved to Chisinau, continuing his research, working as an agronomist and breeder in the plant breeding laboratory of the Faculty of Agronomy in Chisinau.

The ordeal of the Bârlădeanu family begins as soon as Bessarabia is occupied. Hilda, his wife, was the first to fall prey to the Red Terror. She is arrested and escorted to the Kotlas and Verhneaia Tavda camps in the Urals. She was released later, and then in 1949, together with her husband and son, they were picked up and deported to the town of Barit, Gurievsk district, Kemerovo region. Alexei Bârlădeanu continued his research even in the unfavorable conditions of Siberia, but his work was not appreciated. Nor were the multiple requests to be rehabilitated. Returned to Chisinau in 1957, he lives in total poverty. Morally destroyed, old and sick, Alexei Bârlădeanu died on May 11, 1960, without knowing the joy of rehabilitation. It was not until July 17, 1991 that the Prosecutor's Office of the Republic of Moldova issued the rehabilitation document to his descendants.

In the picture: Alexei Bârlădeanu, with his wife and son Iulius, together with his daughter Vera (standing) arriving to visit Siberia, 1953.




 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age
  
  

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#Exhibit of the Month

The exposed object, an "askos" type ceramic vessel, comes from the tumulus necropolis near the village of Ciumai, Taraclia district. The vessel was discovered in 2015 in a cenotaph tomb attributed to the Jamnaja culture, dated to the early Bronze Age (ca. 3300-2600 BC)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC