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#Exhibit of the Month

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The exposed object, an "askos" type ceramic vessel, comes from the tumulus necropolis near the village of Ciumai, Taraclia district. The vessel was discovered in 2015 in a cenotaph tomb attributed to the Jamnaja culture, dated to the early Bronze Age (ca. 3300-2600 BC).

The vessel, with an obviously asymmetrical configuration, is hand-moulded from quality clay paste, having a smooth brown surface with gray spots. The body of the vessel is provided with a pronounced protrusion and a truncated neck with a wider opening towards the mouth. The vessel has a stem and is ornamented with three pairs of symmetrically placed relief appliqués. The height of the bowl is 15.5 cm, the diameter of the mouth is 11.4 cm, the diameter of the body is 15 cm and the diameter of the base is 7.5 cm. Such vessels in the archaeological literature are known as "askos" vessels, the respective term being of ancient Greek origin, denoting one of the primitive containers of the period - the bellows made of animal skin.

In prehistoric times, among some peoples, the bellows was transposed into ceramics, in these cases the basic features of the archaic leather vessel were preserved, acquiring a prominent convex shape with a stem and a flat bottom. From the original appearance of the bellows, the asymmetric mouth corresponding to the animal's neck has been preserved, and sometimes three or four legs, corresponding to the appendages of the flayed skin from the animal's legs. These vessels have lost their original zoomorphic character, entering as a new form in the inventory of Neo-Eneolithic ceramics. The first vessels of this type are attested in Greece, in the early Neolithic (ca. 5000-4500 BC) having the shape of cups or cups. In the Neo-Eneolithic Carpatho-Balkan cultures, the type of Aegean askos of short or tall form, with or without legs and with a handle, is found. Less often, they are provided with two mouths (one for filling and one for emptying) or they are off-center and provided with strangely shaped mouths. In the space between the Carpathians and the Dnieper, only tall forms of simple askos, without zoomorphic elements, are known. Askos-type vessels are present in various prehistoric cultures, especially in Southeast Europe and Anatolia.

Being often discovered in association with cult inventory, askos vessels could be an important indicator of use in religious ritual practices. Along with the zoomorphic, anthropomorphic and rhyton-type vessels (roughly conical container from which, in some ceremonies, liquids were drunk or poured), the askos were included in the category of vessels intended for worship, being related to libations (ritual act that consisted of tasting and then pouring a cup of wine, milk, etc. as homage to the deity).

Virtual Tour




The epic of a railroad: Bender (Tighina) – Galaţi

The epic of a railroad: Bender (Tighina) – Galaţi

Series “Albums” IV, Chisinau, 2021. 144 p.

This catalog was created in order to make public the most important values from the collections of the National Museum of History of Moldova, in particular, lesser-known cultural goods that are not included in the permanent exhibition. It is our duty to safeguard and manage the treasures of museum collections in a way that makes them more accessible and useful to those interested in cultural values and quality information about them, in order to help people better understand our cultural heritage. Thus, links can be created between heritage, education and culture, between the past and the present.

The importance of this work is that it makes available to a wide audience a set of photographs of special cultural and historical relevance, collected in a splendid old album "Bender - Galati Military Railway", that was created in the last quarter of the 19th century by photographer Joannis Antonopoulo. They say that history is more captivating when we see it in images. And the photos gathered between the covers of this album represent a unique source of documents on the construction of the Bender (Tighina) - Galati railway in nineteenth-century Bessarabia in a record time of only three months. The 112 old documentary photographs step by step show the process of creating a 305 km railway line that connected Tighina with the Danube port of Galati: the execution of earthworks, construction of bridges, railway stations and depots, pumping stations and water towers, etc. The value of the photographs is also associated with the name of Alexander Bernardazzi, a notorious figure of the second half of the 19th century and early 20th century, who participated in the construction of the Bender (Tighina) - Galaţi railway line as an architect of wooden buildings.

The album from the museum collection is little-known and notable for its rarity; only 32 photographs that can be found on its pages were presented at an anniversary exhibition1. This exhibition attracted the attention of the general public, as well as researchers, museographers and collectors from the country and abroad who took a particular interest in this precious documentary photographic source. It was their professional interest that prompted us to prepare and publish this catalog. The photographic images reflected in the catalog attract not only by the fact that they keep fragments of the chronicle of the 144-year-old railway object, but also by the level of photographic art that appeared just in the second half of the nineteenth century, expressive and reliably conveying reality, having the effect of spatiality and depth. Along with the rich illustrative material, the publication contains detailed information about the old album "Bender - Galati Military Railway" and its creator, photographer Joannis Antonopoulo, as well as a brief history of the construction of the Bender (Tighina) - Galaţi railway line, thus contributing to the history of the railways of the Republic Moldova.

The catalog "The epic of a railroad: Bender (Tighina) - Galaţi" is an illustrated travel guide into the past, to the origins of railway transport in the 19th century Bessarabia.




 

 

Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age
  
  

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#Exhibit of the Month

The exposed object, an "askos" type ceramic vessel, comes from the tumulus necropolis near the village of Ciumai, Taraclia district. The vessel was discovered in 2015 in a cenotaph tomb attributed to the Jamnaja culture, dated to the early Bronze Age (ca. 3300-2600 BC)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC