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Amphoras are massive vessels originating from the ancient Greek world, executed on the potter's wheel, in which Greek merchants, in the process of their trade with other territories and peoples, transported, in particular, Greek wine, olive oil, salted olives, paints, nuts, etc. The shape of the Greek commercial amphora, in the opinion of some researchers, vaguely recalls the female figure, having, probably, at the beginning, a sacred character. Among the main features of the amphorae are well-thought-out metric proportions. The full amphora, placed in a horizontal position, rested on the body and on the elongated foot in such a way that the upper part of the vessel and the high neck were permanently raised obliquely, so that the liquid would not spill. The sharp shape of the foot required special fixation, either on special supports, or the lower part of the body was buried in the ground or sand. The deep inner cavity of the leg did not allow the liquid in the vessel to become cloudy during the transport process, the sediments remaining stored inside the leg.

Among the dozens of city-states in ancient Greece, which practiced trade with the local populations of the Black Sea region (Euxine Bridge), there is also the city of Mende (Μένδη), located on the Kassandra arm (Κασσάνδρας) of the Halkidiki peninsula (Halkidiki - Χαλκιδική). It is considered that the foundation of the city of Mende took place in the century VIII BC. The main article of trade of this Greek polis was wine, considered of superior quality and even indicated by Hippocrates as a medicine in the treatment of certain diseases. Starting with the century 6th century BC, the city of Mende experienced economic growth, especially in the Circumpontian region, and in the V-IV BC Mendiot wine appears more and more frequently in the local markets of this region.

Even some barbarian tribes, according to the Greek tradition, often used wine amphorae in the funeral process, when they were placed, as an offering, in the graves, together with other objects, which were either brought as an offering to the gods, or were intended to serve the deceased in the afterlife.

Such a funerary complex was discovered by archaeologist Nicolae Chetraru in 1987 - the Scythian tumulus no. 45 from Dubăsari. The deceased was cremated, and three amphorae and a large bronze cauldron were placed in the grave. Among the amphorae (all belonging to Greek wine centers) was one from Mende, along with two others from Chios. Since the wines of Mende and Chios were considered expensive wines, as was the bronze cauldron, their presence in this mound was an indication of a privileged financial and social position of the person cremated here.

The Mende amphora from tomb 1 of mound 45 at Dubăsari is, at the moment, the only complete vessel from this center on the territory of the Republic. Moldova, although fragments of Mendiot amphorae have also been discovered in other archaeological sites in the country.

The vessel is made of a yellowish-brown paste with chewed sand and many particles of mica. The amphora has the following basic dimensions: height - 740 mm, depth - 610 mm, maximum diameter - 390 mm.

Virtual Tour




Heraldica Moldaviae, Vol. 2, 2019

Chişinău, 2019 (Tipogr. „Bons Offices”) – ISBN 978-9975-87-561-5. – 172 p.

Studies and papers


Lucian-Valeriu LEFTER

Hand and sun. Images and symbols of popular culture


Silviu ANDRIEŞ-TABAC

Why the validity of a coat of arms does not expire


Ana BOLDUREANU

Commercial lead for fabrics of the city of Zwickau discovered in the Republic of Moldova


Sorin IFTIMI

Coat of arms of Iacob Heraklide Despot after the diploma awarded by Carol V


Олег НАУМОВ

Letters to P.G.Gore to L.M.Savelov as a source on history heraldry and genealogy


Ana-Felicia DIACONU

Dionisie Pecurariu (March 1, 1876 - April 4, 1960). Bibliography


Tudor-Radu TIRON

Always on duty, under the blue sights. Order "Aeronautical Virtue" and "Aeronautical Medal" between 1941–1947


Silviu ANDRIEŞ-TABAC

Creating the heraldic identity of the Republic of Moldova: balances and directions of evolution


Silviu ANDRIEŞ-TABAC

The new symbols of Ghindeşti, Biruința, Cantemir


Reviews


Ana-Felicia DIACONU

Karl Aun, The Estonian Flag a hundred years of blue-black-white, translated by Peeter Tammisto, Winchester, Massachusetts, USA: Flag Heritage Foundation, 2010, 24 p.: il., (The Flag Heritage Foundation Monograph and Translation Series, Publication No. 1)


Silviu ANDRIEŞ-TABAC

David F. Phillips, Emblems of the Indian States, Winchester, Massachusetts, USA: Flag Heritage Foundation, 2011, (The Flag Heritage Foundation Monograph and Translation Series, Publication no. 2), 63 p.: il.


Silviu ANDRIEŞ-TABAC

David F. Phillips, The Double Eagle, Danvers, Massachusets, USA: Flag Heritage Foundation, 2014, (The Flag Heritage Foundation Monograph and Translation Series, Publication no. 4), 160 p.: il.


Lucian-Valeriu LEFTER

Silviu Andrieş-Tabac, Stemele şi drapelele raioanelor Republicii Moldova, Chişinău: Muzeul Naţional de Istorie a Moldovei, 2018, 230 p.: il.


Silviu ANDRIEŞ-TABAC

William M. Becker, Vatican flags. Keys & crowns since 1800: The flag of the Papal States and today’s Vatican = Raven: A Journal of Vexillology, North American Vexillological Association, volume 25, [Boston, USA], 2018, 164 p.: il.


Chronicle


Silviu ANDRIEŞ-TABAC

XIII Heraldry Symposium, Chisinau, April 24, 2019


 



 

 

Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
9 – 30 November 2022
 
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May 18, 2022 – December 31, 2022
 
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#Exhibit of the Month

Amphoras are massive vessels originating from the ancient Greek world, executed on the potter's wheel, in which Greek merchants, in the process of their trade with other territories and peoples, transported, in particular, Greek wine, olive oil, salted olives, paints, nuts, etc. The shape of the Greek commercial amphora, in the opinion of some researchers, vaguely recalls the female figure, having, probably, at the beginning, a sacred character. Among the main features of the amphorae are well-thought-out metric proportions...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

menu
The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC