EN RO
National Museum of History of Moldova
Read Mode















#Exhibit of the Month

It is said that the icons, by the divine grace they have, choose their own places from where they can manifest their powers of blessing and consolation. It so happened that one icon of the Mother of God has remained on our lands from the end of the 18th century, when the battles of the Russo-Turkish war of 1787-1791 took place here. The circumstances of the appearance of this icon in Bessarabia are confirmed by several historical references, from which it follows that the Russian officer N.A. Albaduev, a participant in the military campaign, brought this icon here with him, and after his death his relatives – the colonel’s wife or his mother – gave this icon to the monastery, where he suddenly died when he came there on Christmas to receive communion. The icon of the Mother of God was initially placed in the old wooden church, where the officer’s grave was located, and then was placed in the new Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin, built and consecrated in 1816.

Soon the icon became very popular, and its fame increased enormously thanks to the healings that occurred thanks to the intercession of the Mother of God; the names of the healed people, their place of residence and sufferings were described in periodicals. Archimandrite Seraphim, hegumen of the monastery in from 1805 to 1827, mentioned the special veneration of the icon of the Mother of God from the Hârbovăţ Monastery by Orthodox people who are always looking for help and intercession from this icon of the Empress of The World. Believers called it a wonder-making icon even before the Holy Synod issued Decree No. 526 of January 26, 1859, signed by Emperor Alexander II, proclaiming the icon of the Our Lady of Hârbovăţ as the Wonder-Making. Recognizing the miraculous properties of this icon, the Holy Synod also organized religious processions with the delivery of the icon to Chişinău on October 1 and its subsequent return to the monastery on April 23.

The icon of the Mother of God of Hârbovăţ is one of the earliest and most popular types of the Theotokos icons, that of Hodegetria. In this iconographic depiction, the Mother of God and the Child are presented in a frontal position, looking at the one who is praying. The Mother of God holds the Child on Her left hand, and with Her right hand points to Him, the Child blesses with His right hand, holding in His left hand a sacred scroll – a symbol of the Gospel. Regarding the images, it should be said that the icons of the Herbovets Mother of God differ from the traditional icons of the Hodegetria type in a special relationship between the characters, their mutual affection is expressed in poses, in the tilt of the heads, in the gentle expression of the Child’s face. We can say that in the iconography of the Mother of God of Hârbovăţ, features of two different types of Theotokos are harmoniously combined: the Mother of God Hodegetria, or Our Lady of the Way, and the Mother of God Eleusa, or the Virgin of Tenderness.

Exact copies of this icon are still kept in the summer church of the Noul Neamţ Monastery in the village of Chiţcani (Căuşeni), in the Intercession of the Blessed Virgin Church in the village of Sîrcova (Rezina), in the All Saints Church in Chişinău (early 20th century), in the Transfiguration Cathedral in Bolgrad, in the Transfiguration Monastery in Tatarbunary, in the Saint Paraskeva Church in the village of Furatovka (Odessa Oblast), in the Saint Archangel Michael Monastery in Odessa, in the Ascension Monastery in Teplodar (Ukraine), in the Holy Trinity Monastery in the village of Mramor, near Topolovgrad (Bulgaria), in the Holy Great Martyr Theodore Tyron Cathedral in Chişinău, in the Saint Prince Alexander Nevsky Cathedral in Ungheni, and other churches.

Click here for a Virtual Tour of the Museum

 
National Museum of History of Moldova
 

Publications Journal „Tyragetia"

Anuarul Muzeului Național de Istorie a Moldovei, nr. II

Anuarul Muzeului Național de Istorie a Moldovei, nr. II

Chișinău, 1995

I. Studii

• Nicolae Răileanu, Din istoria muzeului Regional al Basarabiei
• Grigore Jitaru, Blazonul Basarabilor. Secolul XIV
• A.I. Sâci, Imigrația românească în Canada, anii 1900-1939
• Grigore Bârsa, Narodnicismul lui C. Stere: între real și ipoteze
• Jipa Rotaru, Primele unități militare Naționale Basarabene în slujba unirii cu România
• lohan Engstrom, The Caroline Army

II. Istorie veche și arheologie

• Nicolae Chetraru, Contribuții la cunoașterea paleoliticului inferior în Moldova
• Nicolae Chetraru, Bobulesti VI - o stațiune de la începutul paleoliticului superior în Moldova
• Ilie Borziac, Podgori I - o nouă stațiune pluristratigrafică din paleolitul superior în bazinul Nistrului Mijlociu
• Natalia Golțeva, Considerații preliminare asupra stratigrafiei cultural-cronologice a cetățuei Hlinjeni II
• Natalia Golțeva, Toporul de piatră de la Şoldănești
• Natalia Mateevici, Toarte de amfore ștampilate în fondurile Muzeului

III. Istorie

• Vlad D. Ghimpu, O ctitorie domnească în Basarabia: mănăstirea Căpriana
• Mihai Onilă, File din istoria bisericii «Intrarea în biserica» din satul Râșcova, secolul XVIII
• Valeriu Bucarschi, O hartă a Moldovei din secolul XVIII
• Maria Hasnaș, Kazimiriștii în Basarabia
• Elena Ploșnița, Aspecte privind dezvoltarea presei de limbă în Basarabia
• Alexandru Roman, Rolul academicianului Dmitrie Onciul în istoria arhivelor din Basarabia
• И.В. Жалоба, Буковинский сплав леса Прутом и его притоками в XIX - начале XX вв.
• Irina Gonciarova, Arhitectul basarabean Cristofor Nicolaidi
• Antonina Cracan, Cantacuzinii în Basarabia. File istorice
• Maria Pripa, Din tezaurul spiritual al neamului. M.Berezovschi
• Aurelia Cornețchi, Liceul de fete din Comrat
• О.Ю. Щипакина, Коллективизация в СССР и ее последст­вия для Автономной Республики Молдавии 
• Elvira Vacula, Aspecte din activitatea societăților de bine­facere din Basarabia
• Nadejda Lavric, Din amintirile ostașilor basarabeni din armata română
• Д.А. Крупейников, Молдаване - Герои Советского Союза 
• Ala Robu, Represiile - mijloc de menținere a sistemu­lui administrativ de comandă
• И.Ф. Рыжова, Раскулачивание 1949 года в Молдавии  
• Л.И. Пасиковская, Операция «Север» 
• Vera Belous, Deportați din motive politice
• Elena Postică, File din istoria mișcării de eliberare Națională din Basarabia în anii postbelici
• Ю.А. Марчук, Из истории балканских войн 1871-1878 годов

IV. Muzeografie și arhivistică

• Mustafa ali Mehmed, Jipa Rotaru, Ion Deboveanu, Principatele Române în vâltoarea preliminărilor păcii Ruso-Turce de la București din 29 mai 1812

V. Recenzii

• Ilie Borziac, Nicolae Chetraru, Alexandru Păunescu. Ripiceni-Izvor. Paleolitic și mezolitic. Studiu monografic. București, 1993



 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
Come to Museum! Discover the History!
  
Visit museum
Visit museum
Summer schedule: daily
10am – 6pm.

Winter schedule: daily
10am – 5pm.
Closed on Fridays.
Entrance fees:  adults - 10 MDL, pensioners, adults with moderate disabilities / disability of the 3rd degree, students - 5 MDL, school students - 2 MDL. Free access: enlisted men (...)

WiFi Free Wi-Fi Zone in the museum: In the courtyard of the National History Museum of Moldova there is Wi-Fi Internet access for visitors.








Ask us a question now!






#Exhibit of the Month

It is said that the icons, by the divine grace they have, choose their own places from where they can manifest their powers of blessing and consolation. It so happened that one icon of the Mother of God has remained on our lands from the end of the 18th century, when the battles of the Russo-Turkish war of 1787-1791 took place here. The circumstances of the appearance of this icon in Bessarabia are confirmed by several historical references, from which it follows that the Russian officer N.A. Albaduev, a participant in the military campaign, brought this icon here with him, and after his death his relatives – the colonel’s wife or his mother – gave this icon to the monastery, where he suddenly died when he came there on Christmas to receive communion. The icon of the Mother of God was initially placed in the old wooden church, where the officer’s grave was located, and then was placed in the new Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin, built and consecrated in 1816..

Read More >>

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2020 National Museum of History of Moldova
31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

menu