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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations.

The oină or hoina game is considered a Romanian national sports game having a history of at least six centuries. The oina game is practiced continuously, according to the chronicles and deeds of the time at least from the 14th century, being mentioned for the first time in 1364, during the reign of Vlaicu Vodă. The game requires complex sports qualities (good running speed, fast reflexes in self-defense movements against the balls, accuracy in throwing and hitting the ball with a bat or stick). Oina is a sport that identifies us to the same extent as trânta, our national wrestling. The game becomes attractive among young people in the villages, enters the school curriculum through physical education lessons. Through the Education Reform of 1898, as well as through other ministerial decisions, Education Minister Spiru Haret introduces the compulsory oina lessons in all schools, as well as the annual oina competitions.

On May 9, 1899, in Bucharest, the first national oina championship was organized, the teams being made up of high school students. The winner was the team of Nicolae Bălcescu High School from Brăila.

In 1912, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society (Bucharest) was created, which consisted of 13 sports commissions including the oina commission.

After the Union of 1918, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society was reorganized in 1923, including the other oina sports commissions of Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia.

In 1932, the Romanian Oina Federation was founded.

 
National Museum of History of Moldova
 

Publications Journal „Tyragetia"

Anuarul Muzeului Național de Istorie a Moldovei, nr. II

Anuarul Muzeului Național de Istorie a Moldovei, nr. II

Chișinău, 1995

I. Studii

• Nicolae Răileanu, Din istoria muzeului Regional al Basarabiei
• Grigore Jitaru, Blazonul Basarabilor. Secolul XIV
• A.I. Sâci, Imigrația românească în Canada, anii 1900-1939
• Grigore Bârsa, Narodnicismul lui C. Stere: între real și ipoteze
• Jipa Rotaru, Primele unități militare Naționale Basarabene în slujba unirii cu România
• lohan Engstrom, The Caroline Army

II. Istorie veche și arheologie

• Nicolae Chetraru, Contribuții la cunoașterea paleoliticului inferior în Moldova
• Nicolae Chetraru, Bobulesti VI - o stațiune de la începutul paleoliticului superior în Moldova
• Ilie Borziac, Podgori I - o nouă stațiune pluristratigrafică din paleolitul superior în bazinul Nistrului Mijlociu
• Natalia Golțeva, Considerații preliminare asupra stratigrafiei cultural-cronologice a cetățuei Hlinjeni II
• Natalia Golțeva, Toporul de piatră de la Şoldănești
• Natalia Mateevici, Toarte de amfore ștampilate în fondurile Muzeului

III. Istorie

• Vlad D. Ghimpu, O ctitorie domnească în Basarabia: mănăstirea Căpriana
• Mihai Onilă, File din istoria bisericii «Intrarea în biserica» din satul Râșcova, secolul XVIII
• Valeriu Bucarschi, O hartă a Moldovei din secolul XVIII
• Maria Hasnaș, Kazimiriștii în Basarabia
• Elena Ploșnița, Aspecte privind dezvoltarea presei de limbă în Basarabia
• Alexandru Roman, Rolul academicianului Dmitrie Onciul în istoria arhivelor din Basarabia
• И.В. Жалоба, Буковинский сплав леса Прутом и его притоками в XIX - начале XX вв.
• Irina Gonciarova, Arhitectul basarabean Cristofor Nicolaidi
• Antonina Cracan, Cantacuzinii în Basarabia. File istorice
• Maria Pripa, Din tezaurul spiritual al neamului. M.Berezovschi
• Aurelia Cornețchi, Liceul de fete din Comrat
• О.Ю. Щипакина, Коллективизация в СССР и ее последст­вия для Автономной Республики Молдавии 
• Elvira Vacula, Aspecte din activitatea societăților de bine­facere din Basarabia
• Nadejda Lavric, Din amintirile ostașilor basarabeni din armata română
• Д.А. Крупейников, Молдаване - Герои Советского Союза 
• Ala Robu, Represiile - mijloc de menținere a sistemu­lui administrativ de comandă
• И.Ф. Рыжова, Раскулачивание 1949 года в Молдавии  
• Л.И. Пасиковская, Операция «Север» 
• Vera Belous, Deportați din motive politice
• Elena Postică, File din istoria mișcării de eliberare Națională din Basarabia în anii postbelici
• Ю.А. Марчук, Из истории балканских войн 1871-1878 годов

IV. Muzeografie și arhivistică

• Mustafa ali Mehmed, Jipa Rotaru, Ion Deboveanu, Principatele Române în vâltoarea preliminărilor păcii Ruso-Turce de la București din 29 mai 1812

V. Recenzii

• Ilie Borziac, Nicolae Chetraru, Alexandru Păunescu. Ripiceni-Izvor. Paleolitic și mezolitic. Studiu monografic. București, 1993



 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations...

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