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#Exhibit of the Month

From the early days of Christianity, the cross meant not only an instrument of torture, but also a symbol of victory over death, a symbol of salvation. The object is made of silver, having the shape of a Byzantine cross with trapezoidal edges of the arms. The side arms and the one at the bottom seem to be turned inside a vessel (chalice (?)) with the trapezoidal "foot". The arms of the cross and of the "chalice" were ended with a decorative element in the shape of a sphere (drop). The cross has a decoration in relief, executed in the technique of filigree and granulation, consisting of drops, double and triple cords, circles with a drop in the center, and trefoils (?). In the center of the cross, at the intersection of the arms, there is a round mount with a cord-like edge, in which the pomegranate fruit is located. However, the main decorative element is the images of four peacocks turned to the right, with a snake in the beak, arranged on all the arms of the cross. The image of the peacocks is rendered in an artistic way, and their tails are stylized in the shape of a palmette.
The peacock, originated from India, due to its luxurious fan-shaped tail, was considered a symbol of the Sun. In ancient Greece, they were considered the sacred birds of the goddess Hera, and in ancient Rome they were considered the sacred birds of the goddess Juno. In Kievan Rus', the peacock (the Firebird) also symbolized the Sun. In the West, the peacock was considered a snake killer, and the iridescent colors of its tail were attributed to its ability to turn snake venom into solar substance. Since snakes in Iranian symbolism were considered enemies of the sun, it was believed that the peacock killed snakes, in order to create "eyes" from their saliva, iridescent with a bronze-green and gold-blue color on the feathers of its tail. Due to the bright splendor of the male peacock's tail, it has been compared with immortal gods and, therefore, with immortality. Peacocks are known as an emblem of greatness, royal authority, spiritual superiority, ideal creation.

In the early period of Christianity, the peacock was a symbol of love, resurrection, immortality, beauty, eternity of the soul, the all-seeing eye of the Church, and the peacock feather was the emblem of Saint Barbara. The image of peacocks with snakes in their beaks on the cross is not at all accidental; it symbolizes the victory of Christ over evil.

On the back side of the cross, traces of fixing are preserved, probably of a pin (missing), so the object served as a brooch (fibula), which was probably attached to the fabric. The piece is presumably dated back to the 9th-12th centuries.

The object has the following dimensions: height - 125 mm; width - 86 mm; weight - 47 g.


 
National Museum of History of Moldova
 

Publications Journal „Tyragetia"

Tyragetia, nr. III

Tyragetia, nr. III

Chișinău, 1996

SUMAR (SOMMAIRE)

 

I. Studii

• Nicolae Răileanu, Din istoria Muzeelor Moldovei. Muzeul de Antichități al Nataliei Sicard din Vadul lui Vodă
• Grigore Jitaru, Blazoanele dinastice și stema de stat a Moldovei
• Vlad D. Ghimpu, Biserica Adormirii Maicii Domnului de la mănăstirea Căpriana
• Vasile Negruță, Dan Suruceanu, Creația Zugravului Gherasim șl sculptorului D. Ştefan la răscrucea secolelor XVIII-XIX
• Vasile Haheu, Cetățile traco-geto-daclce și elemente de urbanizare la tracii de nord
• Alexandru Levinschi, Atelierele de ceramică de la Soloncenl și unele probleme privind olăritul la purtătorii culturii Sântana da Mureș-Cerneahov

II. Arheologie și Istorie veche

• Ilie Borziac, Philip Allsworth, Nicolae Chetraru, Cercetări interdisciplinare în grotele paleolitice din Nord-Vestul Moldovei
• Serghei Covalenco, Nicolae Chetraru, Așezarea mezolltlcâ de la Sărăteni
• Oleg Levițki, Tatiana Demcenco, Tumuli din epoca fierului timpuriu de lângă satul Cotiujeni
• Serghei Agulnlcov, Cociulia - Cetățuie în codrii Tighecilor
• Natalia Mateevici, Piese arheologice provenite din colecția lui Ion Surucean
• Ilie Borziac, Alexei Zagaievschi, Cele mai vechi file din istoria satului Cosăuți

III. Istorie medievală

• Ion Hâncu, Rezultatele cercetărilor arheologice de la biserica cu pronaosul lărgit din Orheiul Vechi
• Pavel Bârnea, Despre soarta istorică a Orheiului Vechi
• Petre Beșliu, Contribuția universității săsești la consolidarea sistemului de fortificații din defileul Oltului
• Ana Boldureanu, Vera Paiul, Tezaurul monetar de la Gârbova
• Mihai Onilă, Eparhia Chișinăului și Hotinului (180 ani de la organizare)

IV . Istorie modernă și contemporană

• Măria Hasnaș, Cazimireștii în Basarabia. Ramura din Hotin
• Aurelia Cornețchi, Contribuții ta istoria Liceului de fete din Cetatea Albă
• Тамара Синхани, Из истории иконописания в Ново-Нямецком монастыре
• Ирина Гончарова, Сканные сумочки
• Liubovi Malahov, Colecția presei periodice din sec. XIX – începutul sec. XX
• Vitalie Juc, Valentin Tomuleț, Schiță din istoria satului Tabani
• Tamara Stamatov, Tehnici vechi românești de cusut în ornamentarea cămașelor femeiești
• Elvira Vacula, Societatea Națională de Cruce Roșie din Basarabia. Anii 1920-1930
• Nadejda Lavric, Din istoria documentelor puse în circulație în Basarabia interbelică
• Elena Postică, Deputații Sfatului Ţării represați în anul 1940
• Людмила Пасиковская, О раскулачивании и выселении в MACCP в 1930-1931

V. Muzeologie si memorialistică

• Elena Ploșnița, Unele aspecte din activitatea muzeografică a lui Nicolae Iorga
• Eugenia Borodac, Nicolae Dimo - savant cu renume în pedologie
• Любовь Репринцева, Судьба ученого Г.И. Пысларь
• Мария Евдокимова, Михаил Паутынский – ученый винодел и химик

VI. Recenzii

• Tudor Arnăut, Arheologul G.D. Smirnov și unele probleme de concepție privind mil. I î.e.n.
• Igor Cereteu, Sergiu Tabuncic. Şoldăneșii - localitate străveche din valea Ciornei
• Николай Тельнов, Nicolae Chetraru. Din istoria arheologiei Moldovei. Basarabia și Transnistria



 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
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#Exhibit of the Month

From the early days of Christianity, the cross meant not only an instrument of torture, but also a symbol of victory over death, a symbol of salvation. The object is made of silver, having the shape of a Byzantine cross with trapezoidal edges of the arms. The side arms and the one at the bottom seem to be turned inside a vessel (chalice (?)) with the trapezoidal "foot". The arms of the cross and of the "chalice" were ended with a decorative element in the shape of a sphere (drop). The cross has a decoration in relief, executed in the technique of filigree and granulation, consisting of drops, double and triple cords, circles with a drop in the center, and trefoils (?). In the center of the cross, at the intersection of the arms, there is a round mount with a cord-like edge, in which the pomegranate fruit is located...

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