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#Exhibit of the Month

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The exposed object, an "askos" type ceramic vessel, comes from the tumulus necropolis near the village of Ciumai, Taraclia district. The vessel was discovered in 2015 in a cenotaph tomb attributed to the Jamnaja culture, dated to the early Bronze Age (ca. 3300-2600 BC).

The vessel, with an obviously asymmetrical configuration, is hand-moulded from quality clay paste, having a smooth brown surface with gray spots. The body of the vessel is provided with a pronounced protrusion and a truncated neck with a wider opening towards the mouth. The vessel has a stem and is ornamented with three pairs of symmetrically placed relief appliqués. The height of the bowl is 15.5 cm, the diameter of the mouth is 11.4 cm, the diameter of the body is 15 cm and the diameter of the base is 7.5 cm. Such vessels in the archaeological literature are known as "askos" vessels, the respective term being of ancient Greek origin, denoting one of the primitive containers of the period - the bellows made of animal skin.

In prehistoric times, among some peoples, the bellows was transposed into ceramics, in these cases the basic features of the archaic leather vessel were preserved, acquiring a prominent convex shape with a stem and a flat bottom. From the original appearance of the bellows, the asymmetric mouth corresponding to the animal's neck has been preserved, and sometimes three or four legs, corresponding to the appendages of the flayed skin from the animal's legs. These vessels have lost their original zoomorphic character, entering as a new form in the inventory of Neo-Eneolithic ceramics. The first vessels of this type are attested in Greece, in the early Neolithic (ca. 5000-4500 BC) having the shape of cups or cups. In the Neo-Eneolithic Carpatho-Balkan cultures, the type of Aegean askos of short or tall form, with or without legs and with a handle, is found. Less often, they are provided with two mouths (one for filling and one for emptying) or they are off-center and provided with strangely shaped mouths. In the space between the Carpathians and the Dnieper, only tall forms of simple askos, without zoomorphic elements, are known. Askos-type vessels are present in various prehistoric cultures, especially in Southeast Europe and Anatolia.

Being often discovered in association with cult inventory, askos vessels could be an important indicator of use in religious ritual practices. Along with the zoomorphic, anthropomorphic and rhyton-type vessels (roughly conical container from which, in some ceremonies, liquids were drunk or poured), the askos were included in the category of vessels intended for worship, being related to libations (ritual act that consisted of tasting and then pouring a cup of wine, milk, etc. as homage to the deity).

Virtual Tour


Publications Journal „Tyragetia"


Tyragetia, nr. III

Tyragetia, nr. III

Chișinău, 1996

SUMAR (SOMMAIRE)

 

I. Studii

• Nicolae Răileanu, Din istoria Muzeelor Moldovei. Muzeul de Antichități al Nataliei Sicard din Vadul lui Vodă
• Grigore Jitaru, Blazoanele dinastice și stema de stat a Moldovei
• Vlad D. Ghimpu, Biserica Adormirii Maicii Domnului de la mănăstirea Căpriana
• Vasile Negruță, Dan Suruceanu, Creația Zugravului Gherasim șl sculptorului D. Ştefan la răscrucea secolelor XVIII-XIX
• Vasile Haheu, Cetățile traco-geto-daclce și elemente de urbanizare la tracii de nord
• Alexandru Levinschi, Atelierele de ceramică de la Soloncenl și unele probleme privind olăritul la purtătorii culturii Sântana da Mureș-Cerneahov

II. Arheologie și Istorie veche

• Ilie Borziac, Philip Allsworth, Nicolae Chetraru, Cercetări interdisciplinare în grotele paleolitice din Nord-Vestul Moldovei
• Serghei Covalenco, Nicolae Chetraru, Așezarea mezolltlcâ de la Sărăteni
• Oleg Levițki, Tatiana Demcenco, Tumuli din epoca fierului timpuriu de lângă satul Cotiujeni
• Serghei Agulnlcov, Cociulia - Cetățuie în codrii Tighecilor
• Natalia Mateevici, Piese arheologice provenite din colecția lui Ion Surucean
• Ilie Borziac, Alexei Zagaievschi, Cele mai vechi file din istoria satului Cosăuți

III. Istorie medievală

• Ion Hâncu, Rezultatele cercetărilor arheologice de la biserica cu pronaosul lărgit din Orheiul Vechi
• Pavel Bârnea, Despre soarta istorică a Orheiului Vechi
• Petre Beșliu, Contribuția universității săsești la consolidarea sistemului de fortificații din defileul Oltului
• Ana Boldureanu, Vera Paiul, Tezaurul monetar de la Gârbova
• Mihai Onilă, Eparhia Chișinăului și Hotinului (180 ani de la organizare)

IV . Istorie modernă și contemporană

• Măria Hasnaș, Cazimireștii în Basarabia. Ramura din Hotin
• Aurelia Cornețchi, Contribuții ta istoria Liceului de fete din Cetatea Albă
• Тамара Синхани, Из истории иконописания в Ново-Нямецком монастыре
• Ирина Гончарова, Сканные сумочки
• Liubovi Malahov, Colecția presei periodice din sec. XIX – începutul sec. XX
• Vitalie Juc, Valentin Tomuleț, Schiță din istoria satului Tabani
• Tamara Stamatov, Tehnici vechi românești de cusut în ornamentarea cămașelor femeiești
• Elvira Vacula, Societatea Națională de Cruce Roșie din Basarabia. Anii 1920-1930
• Nadejda Lavric, Din istoria documentelor puse în circulație în Basarabia interbelică
• Elena Postică, Deputații Sfatului Ţării represați în anul 1940
• Людмила Пасиковская, О раскулачивании и выселении в MACCP в 1930-1931

V. Muzeologie si memorialistică

• Elena Ploșnița, Unele aspecte din activitatea muzeografică a lui Nicolae Iorga
• Eugenia Borodac, Nicolae Dimo - savant cu renume în pedologie
• Любовь Репринцева, Судьба ученого Г.И. Пысларь
• Мария Евдокимова, Михаил Паутынский – ученый винодел и химик

VI. Recenzii

• Tudor Arnăut, Arheologul G.D. Smirnov și unele probleme de concepție privind mil. I î.e.n.
• Igor Cereteu, Sergiu Tabuncic. Şoldăneșii - localitate străveche din valea Ciornei
• Николай Тельнов, Nicolae Chetraru. Din istoria arheologiei Moldovei. Basarabia și Transnistria




 

 

Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age
  
  

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#Exhibit of the Month

The exposed object, an "askos" type ceramic vessel, comes from the tumulus necropolis near the village of Ciumai, Taraclia district. The vessel was discovered in 2015 in a cenotaph tomb attributed to the Jamnaja culture, dated to the early Bronze Age (ca. 3300-2600 BC)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

menu
The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC