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#Exhibit of the Month

Pottery, especially fired clay vessels, is the most common archaeological material found at the sites of the Thracian-Getae-Dacian civilization.

Specific to the Getae ceramics is the hand-shaping of vessels, without a potter's wheel, unknown, by the way, to our most distant ancestors in the 6th-3rd centuries BC.

Getae potters used a porous clay body made of clay mixed with various ingredients like crushed shards and shells, crushed limestone, coarse sand, and so on to make their wares. When fired in special kiln, wares acquired different colors and shades: from black to gray or yellowish-red. The richest collection of Getae vessels on the territory of the Republic of Moldova comes from the Getae fortress of Butuceni, where for the first time in 1946 the Russian archaeologist G. Smirnov discovered the remains of the fortress with the remains of stone walls and earthen ramparts, which he called a Scythian fortress (sic!). The subsequent excavations for 20 years, with more or less lasting interruptions, revealed traces of intense habitation that lasted more than three centuries at a promontory near the village of Butuceni (The Old Orhei Cultural and Natural Reserve), of the largest Getae fortress on the territory of the Republic of Moldova.

Among the vessels discovered by archaeologists, there are some gigantic (analogues of these samples of Getae ceramic ware are currently not known). They are considered vessels for storing supplies, especially grain (it is known that the Getae, the sedentary people of these lands, were engaged in agriculture, cattle breeding and various crafts). Among the cereals grown by the Geto-Dacians, there were wheat, millet, barley, oats, and rye; such products, necessary for the local cuisine, had to be stored for a longer period under special conditions. For these purposes, large vessels (chiups) were used, placed in special places, usually in the cellars.

The chiup vessel from Butuceni is one of the oldest Getae ceramics in the present territory of the Republic of Moldova, discovered during the excavations of G. Smirnov in 1947. The vessel has an ovoid body with a long neck expanding towards the top and a large lip bent outward; it is equipped with four knobs located on the line of the maximum diameter of the body. The chiup is decorated with relief ornaments, different in shape and size, located in different parts of its body: "commas" (schematic rhytons (?)) and wavy lines in the shape of a horseshoe or omega. The color of the vessel varies from dark gray to yellowish; the surface is carefully polished.

Dimensions of the vessel: H - 680 mm; D max - 430 mm; D of the lip - 340x360 mm; H of the neck - 170 mm; D of the bottom - 170 mm.


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National Museum of History of Moldova
 

Publications Journal „Tyragetia"

Tyragetia, nr. IV-V

Tyragetia, nr. IV-V

Chișinău, 1997

SUMAR (SOMMAIRE)

I. Studii (Etudes)

• Nicolae Răileanu, Instituțiile muzeale din Moldova: reflecții pe marginea unei realități (Des Institutions muséales de Moldova: quelques réflexions une réalité)
• Andrei Eșanu, Unele considerații privind problema culturii românești în epoca Renașterii (sec. XVI-XVII) (Certaines considérations concernant le problème de la culture roumaine à l'époque de la Renaissance (XVI-XVII s.s.)
• Vlad D. Ghimpu, Biserici și mănăstiri moldovenești în Basarabia anilor 1457-1600 (Eglises et monastères moldaves en Bessarabie des années 1457-1600)
• Valentin Tomuleț, Unele probleme de discuție privind includerea Basarabiei în sistemul pieței interne ruse (anii 1812-1868) (Certains problèmes de diacission concernant l'inclusion de la Bessarabie dans le systhème du marché intérieur russe (1812-1868)
• Elena Postică, Partidul Libertății (Le Parti de la Libération)

II. Arheologie și istorie (Archeologie et Histoire)

• Nicolae Chetraru, Serghei Covalenco, Așezări paleolitice de lângă orășelul Otaci (Les habitats paléolitiques auprès de Otaci)
• Vsevolod Marchevlci, Așezarea Cucuteniană Stânca lui Harascu (La station cucuténienne Cuconeștii Vechi – Stânca lui Harascu)
• Ecaterina Abâzov, Eugen Clocico, Tumulul nr. 1 din necropola tumulară Chirileni (La nécropole tumulaire près du village Chirileni)
• Nicolae Chetraru, Natalia Mateevici, Cercetările tumulului nr. 45 din raionul Dubăsari (Les recherches de la tumulte nr. 45 près de Dubăsari)
• Alexandru Levinschi, Despre un grup de necropole ale culturii Sântana de Mureș-Cerneahov din interfluviul Nistru-Prut (Au sujet d'un group de necropoles de la culture Sântana de Mureș-Cherneahov entre Nistrou- Prouth)
• Alexandru Levinschi, „O fibulă particulară germanică din epoca imperialo-romană găsită în Basarabia”: retrospecții la evaluarea savantului N. Moroșan („Une fibules particulière gérmanique de l'époque imperial - romaine trouvée en Bessarabie”: rétrospections aux evaluations du savant N. Moroșan)
• Nicolae Telnov, Tatiana Reaboi, Cercetarea orașului Hoardei de Aur Costești - Gârlea (Recherchs arhéologiques dans la viile de Horde d'Or Costești - Gârlea)
• Pavel Bârnea, Ecaterina Abâzov, Platoul de bronz de la Orheiul Vechi (Le plateau de bronze de Orheiul Vechi)
• Pavel Bârnea, Tatiana Reaboi, Obiecte de proveniență orientală la Orheiul Vechi (Objets de provenance orientale a Orheiul Vechi)
• Vlad D. Ghimpu, Cruci - encolpioane din colecția Muzeului Național de Istorie a Moldovei (Petites croix doubles reliquaires de collections du Musée National d'Histoire de Moldova)
• Grigore Cemârtan, Răspândirea, densitatea și variabilitatea cerbului nobil (cervus elaphus L.) pe teritoriul interfluviilor Nistru-Prut în holocen (La diffusion, la denslté et la variabilite du cervus elaphus (Lat) sur le territorie entre le Pruth-Nistru en holocène)
• Minai Onilă, File din istoria satului Isacova (Pages d'histoire du village Isacova)
• Serghei Klimovski, Ivan Movcean, Andrei Reutov, Urme ale volohilor pe dealul vechiului Kiev (Les traces des volohs sur la colline de l'Ancien Kiev)
• Valentina Eșanu, „Cazania” Mitropolitului Varlaam în Dobrogea (La „Casanie” du Mitropole Varlaam de Dobrogea)
• Irina Gonciarov, Moneda moldo-valahă de la 1771-1774 (La monnaie moldo-valah de 1771-1774)
• Maria Hasnaș, Unele considerații privind istoria fotografiei în Basarabia (Certains considérations concernant l'histoire de la photographie en Bessarabie)
• Aliona Niculiță, Organizarea judecătorească a Basarabiei conform legii din 1818 (L'organisatbn judiciaire en Bessarabie d'apris la loi de 1818)
• Maria Danilov, Istoricul tipăririi și arealul de răspândire a Bibliei românești de la Petersburg (1819) (L'historique de la publication et de l'aréale de la diffusion de la Bible Roumaine de Sanct-Petersburg 1819)
• Maria Danilov, Enigma unui manuscris (L'enigme d'un manuscrit)
• Ana Grițco, Din istoria poștei și mărcii poștale în Basarabia (De l'histoire de la poste et du timbre postal en Bessarabie)
• Ion Stratulat, Coloniile germane din sudul Basarabiei (Les provinces germaines de la Bessarabie du Sud)
• Valentin Tomuleț, Activitatea comercială a negustorilor armeni în Basarabia în prima treime a sec. XIX (L'activité commérciale des marchands arméniens en Bessarabie dans le premier tiers du XIX s.)
• Liubov Malahov, Societatea Istorico-Arheologică Bisericească din Basarabia (90 de ani de la inaugurare) (La societe Historique-Archeologique d'Eglise de Bessarabie (90 ans depuis son inaugurations)
• Elena Postică, Armata Neagră. Organizație patriotică de rezistență, sau „bandă teroristă antisovietică?" (L'Armee Noire - organisations patriotique de résistence ou „bande terroriste antisoviétique?"
• Aurelia Cornețchi, Din istoricul Liceului de fete din Soroca (Pages historiques du Lycée defilles de Soroca)
• Elvira Vacula, Activitatea Camerei de comerț și industrie din Chișinău în anii 1921-1930 (Contribution concernant l'activité de la Chambre Commérciale et Industrielle de Bessarabie)
• Tamara Gubcovschi, Familia Racoviță: o soartă vitregă (La familie Racovrță: un sort eruel)

III. Muzeografie și memorialistică (Museographie et memoriaux)

• Măria Hasnaș, Fotografia - document și exponat. Retrospectivă (La photographie - document et exponat. Rétrospective)
• Eugenia Borodac, Tamara Stamatov, Porțelanuri de Saxonia în colecția Muzeului Național de Istorie a Moldovei (Des porcelaines de Saxonie dans la collection du Musée National d'Histoire de Moldova)
• Liubov Reprințev, Colecția de ceasuri din fondurile MNIM (Collection de montres des fonds du Musée National d'Histoire de Moldova)
• Ludmila Năstase, Constantin Crăciunescu (file din biografia unui medic basarabean) (Constantin Crăciunescu. Pages biographiques d'un médicin bessarabien)
• Măria Evdochimov, Petru Ungurean - pagini din viață și activitate (Petru Ungurean - pages de la vie et son activité)

IV. Cronică. Recenzii (Chronique. Comptes - Rendus)

• Alexandru Levinschi, Un tezaur monetar de la Stolniceni (considerații preliminare) (Un tresor monnaitaire de Stolniceni (Information préliminaire)
• Ion Negrei, Anuarul Muzeului Național - o carte de istorie a Moldovei (L'Anuaire du Musée National - livre - d'histoire de Moldova)
• Vlad D. Ghimpu, Ion Tentiuc - Populația din Moldova Centrală în secolele Xl-XIII, Ed. Helios, lași, 1996, 280 p. (Ion Tentfuc - La population de la Moldavie Centrale pendant Ies XI - XIII siecles, Ed. Helios, lassy, 1996, 280 p.)



 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
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#Exhibit of the Month

Pottery, especially fired clay vessels, is the most common archaeological material found at the sites of the Thracian-Getae-Dacian civilization. Specific to the Getae ceramics is the hand-shaping of vessels, without a potter's wheel, unknown, by the way, to our most distant ancestors in the 6th-3rd centuries BC.Getae potters used a porous clay body made of clay mixed with various ingredients like crushed shards and shells, crushed limestone, coarse sand, and so on to make their wares. When fired in special kiln, wares acquired different colors and shades: from black to gray or yellowish-red. The richest collection of Getae vessels on the territory of the Republic of Moldova comes from the Getae fortress of Butuceni, where for the first time in 1946 the Russian archaeologist G. Smirnov discovered the remains of the fortress with the remains of stone walls and earthen ramparts, which he called a Scythian fortress (sic!)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2021 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2021 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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