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#Exhibit of the Month

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The word pafta is of Turkish origin and is used in almost identical forms in Romanian, Greek, Bulgarian, and Serbian languages and some Aromanian dialects, denoting clothing accessories of a functional and decorative use, which secure or catch one's girdle, sash or belt.
Such buckles are accessories of ceremonial and everyday costumes, they were worn by both prince's courtiers and commoners in the Romanian principalities during the reign of the Phanariots, when the influence of Greek culture increased.

Throughout the Balkan Peninsula, silversmiths' workshops produced buckles very different in size, alloys, technique, style, and decoration. Turkish buckles were usually lace-like, often gilded, with many stones, emphasizing opulence. At the Bulgarians and Aromanians, they are simpler, but have a specific model and symbolism. Greek buckles are mostly silver, elegantly shaped, decorated with corals and small coins. The difference between the West and the East in this regard lies in the ability of the Turks to combine other materials with precious stones. Another feature is the predominance of floral motifs over the representations of animals and birds. The peoples under Ottoman rule assimilated these features and integrated them into their own cultures.

The buckles exhibited testify to the presence of a jewelry workshop in the town of Orhei in Bessarabia in the second half of the 19th century, and the quality of workmanship, the fine processing of the details, the complex composition denote the mastery and skill of the craftsmen.

Similar in style, these three buckles are two-piece, germinating seed-shaped, with strongly pronounced tips. The border is decorated with a garland motif, which circumscribes floral decorative elements. Hook and loop fastening is covered with a decorative button. On the reverse side, both sides are equipped with two plus two vertical straps with which the belt was attached.

The buckles are made of silver, as evidenced by the metal fineness hallmark stamp "84", applied according to the regulations on both parts of the buckle, and the hallmark stamp of the jewelry workshop in Orhei - the symbol of oak in a stylized shield. The quality of the metal and workmanship is also certified by the stamp of the assayer, moreover, one of the buckles was expertized by Dmitry Tiunov and has a "ДТ" (DT) stamp on it. On both parts of the buckle, the year of manufacture 1858 and the stamp of the assayer "ПН" (PN) are stamped. The stamp on the second buckle, the initials "МИ" (MI), indicates only the craftsman who made the product. The third buckle, made in the Orhei workshop, does not have the hallmark stamps required by law on the back side, but retains the same hallmarks stamped on the side of the products: the symbol of oak, the metal fineness hallmark stamp "84", the year of manufacture - 1871, and the initials of the assayer "КС" (KS), identified as Klim Sergeev, who worked from 1868 to 1871.

Between the 1840s and 1870s, wearing buckles became obsolete, and women's fashion completely adopted Western cuts and colors. These accessories came back into fashion around 1870 thanks to Princess Elisabeth, the future Queen of Romania. She introduced at court the fashion for the Romanian national costume, decorated with buckles. Her example was followed by the female elite of that time until the eve of the First World War. And her successor, Queen Maria, with her usual elegance and refinement, continued this fashionable tradition with in the interwar period.

Virtual Tour


Publications Journal „Tyragetia"


Tyragetia, nr. VIII

Tyragetia, nr. VIII

Chișinău, 1999

SUMAR (SOMMAIRE)

I. Arheologie și istorie (Archeologie et Histoire)

• Ilie Borziac, Vasile Chirica, Unele considerații referitoare la Gravetianul dintre Nistru și Carpații Orientali (Certaines considérations sur le Gravetien d'entre Nistrou et Ies Carpates Orientals)
• Serghei Covalenco, Nicolae Chetraru, Bazele tipologice de individualizare a complexelor mezoliticedin Moldova (Les bases typologiques de l'individualisation des complexes mésolithiques)
• Nicolae Chetraru, Serghei Covalenco, Bădragii Vechi - complex mezolitic de tip Kukrek din regiunea Prutului de Mijloc (Bădragii Vechi - Complexe mésolithique du type Kukrek de la région Prouthoul de Mijloc)
• Ecaterina Abâzov, Eugen Clocico, Necropola tumulară de lângă s. Chirileni (La nécropole tumulaire Chirileni-Ungheni (II))
• Alexandru Levinschi, Olga Şcipachin, Ghenadie Dulea, Rezervația istorico-naturală "Saharna" - primele investigații (La réservation historico-naturelle "Saharna" - Ies premières investigations)
• Alexandru Popa, Sticla de geam din perioada romană târzie în Basarabia (La verre de la période romane-tardive en Bassarabie)
• Ion Dron, Peresecina (reevaluări și contribuții istorico-etimologice) (Peresecina - reévaluations et contributions istorico-etimologiques)
• Liuba Bârsan, Acest Vlaicu Galeș! (Ce Vlaicu Galeș!)
• Eduard Baidaus, Considerente privind premisele politice ale războiului de la Hotin din anul 1621 (Considérations visant Ies premises politiques de la guerre de Hotin de 1621)
• Mihai Onilă, Un boier de țară - Mihalcea Hâncu (300 de ani de la moarte) (Un boyard du pays - Mihalcea Hâncu)
• Nicolae Răileanu, Carol al Xll-lea după bătălia de la Poltava. Calea spre Bender (Tighina) (Carol XII aprés la bataille de Poltava. Les chemins vers Bender (Tighina))
• Alexei Zagaievschi, Mănăstirea Cosăuți în negura timpului (Le monastère Cosăuți dans Ies tenebres du temps)
• Maria Danilov, Ana Grițco, Acte în limba română tipărite în Basarabia (1812-1830. Partea a ll-a (Actes en roumain imprimés en Bessarabie (1812-1830))
• Silvia Corlăteanu-Granciuc, Contribuții documentare la istoricul colonizărilor sârbești în teritoriile dintre Prut și Nistru în primul pătrar al sec. al XIX-lea (Contributions documentaires â l'istorique des colonisations serbes sur le territoire d'entre Prouth et Nistrou dans le premier quart du XlX-e siècle)
• Liubov Malahov, Revista Kișinevskie Eparhialinâe Vedomosti (1867-1917) în colecția MNIM (La revue Bulletin diocèse de Chișinău 1867-1917 en collection du MNIM)
• Silviu Andrieș-Tabac, Noua stemă și noul drapel ale orașului Rezina (Le nouveau blazon et le nouveau drapeau de la viile Rezina)
• Lidia Volânschi, Din istoria mișcării cercetașilor din Basarabia în perioada interbelică (De l'histoire du mouvement de éclaireurs de la Bessarabie dans la période d'entre Ies guerres)
• Maria Praporșcic, Poziția autorităților RASSM față de Basarabia (1924-1929) (La position des autorités RASSM à l'egard de la Bessarabie)
• Elena Postică, Martiri ai rezistenței antitotalitariste din Basarabia (Les martires de la résistance antitotalitaire de Bessarabie)
• Maria Evdochimov, F.N. Tifaniuc-unul din organizatorii industriei de vinificație din Moldova (în baza colecțiilor muzeale) (F.N. Tifaniuc - un des organisateurs de ('industrie vinicole de Moldova (en vertu des collections du musée)
II. Muzeografie, etnografie, numizmatica (Museographie, ethnographie, numismatique)

• Grigore Cemârtan, Vânatul și creșterea animalelor domestice la triburile neolitice și eneolitice de pe teritoriul Republicii Moldova (La chlasse et l'élevage chez Ies tribus néolithiques et énéolithiques sur le territoire de la Républicque Moldova)
• Vera Paiul, Tezaurul monetar din secolele XVI-XVII descoperit la Milești (Nisporeni) (Le trésor monétaire des XVI-e-XVII-e siècles de Milești, district Nisporeni)
• Eugenia Borodac, Tamara Stamatov, Mostre de porțelanuri europene în colecția MNIM (Des échantillon de porcelaine europene dans la colection du Musée National d’Histoire de Moldova)
• Irina Gonciarov, Însemne ale persoanelor din administrația țărănească din sec. al XlX-lea în colecția MNIM (Insignes des personnes de l'administration paysanne du XlX-e siècle dans la collection du Musée d’Histoire de Moldova)         
• Elena Ploșnița, Muzeul de istorie al Basarabiei - un deziderat al Comisiei Guberniale Ştiințifice a Arhivelor (Le Musée d’Histoire de la Bessarabie - un désidérat de la Commission Goubernielle Scientifique des Archives)         
• Ecaterina Bondarenco, Restaurarea unui păretar de la sfârșitul sec. al XlX-lea (La restauration d’un tapis mural de la fin du XlX-e siècle)
• Alexandru Furtună, Unele considerente privind păstoritul transhumant și implicațiile lui în Basarabia, Transnistria, Crimeea, Caucaz și Asia Mijlocie (sfârșitul sec. al XlX-lea - începutul sec. al XlX-lea) (Certaines considérations concernant la bergerie transhumante et son implication en Bessarabie, Transnistria, Crimée, Caucase et l'Assie Moyenne (fin du XlX-e s. comm. du XX-e siècle)
• Diana Nicoglo, Aspecte simbolice ale mesei nupțiale găgăuzești din sec. al XlX-lea - începutul sec al XX-lea (Les aspects symboliques de la table nuptiale gagauze du XlX-e s. - au debut du XX-e s.)
• Olga Luchianeț, Considerații privind percepția colectivă reciprocă a etniilor conlocuitoare din Moldova (Des considérations concernant la perception collective réciproque des étnies cohabitantes de Moldova)

III. Cultură, artă, învățământ (Culture, art, enseignement)

• Rodica Blanovschi, Chipul Sfintei Parascheva în iconografia ortodoxă (sec. XIV-XVII) (L'image de Sainte Parascheva dans l'iconographie ortodoxe (XIV-XVII siècle)
• Vlad D. Ghimpu, Biserici din târgul Orheiului (Les églises de la viile Orhei)
• Nicolai Dâmcenko, Andrei Zenkin, Moștenirea culturală a tipografului Mihail Strilbițchi (L'héritage culturel du typographe Mihail Strilbitschi)
• Ludmila Năstase, Creionări la portretul de creație al arhitectului A.l. Bernardazzi (Des croyonnages au portrait de création de l'architecte A.l. Bernardazzi)
• Nicolae Crețu, Unele considerații asupra dezvoltării învățământului în Basarabia în sec. al XlX-lea (Certaines considérations sur le développement de l'enseignement en Bessarabie du XlX-e siècle)
• Ion Chirtoagă, Valentina Chirtoagă, Mărturii despre învățământul primar în coloniile germane din Basarabia (sec. al XlX-lea - începutul sec. al XX-lea) (Des témoignages sur l'enseignement primaire dans Ies colonies allemandes de la Bessarabie (XlX-e s. – corn du XX-e siècle)
• Aurelia Cornețchi, Liceul de fete Regina Maria din Bolgrad. Pagini de istorie (Le Lycee de filles Régina Maria de Bolgrad. Pages d’histoire)
• Liubov Reprințev, Creația lui Boris Nesvedov în colecția MNIM (către aniversarea a 95-a de la naștere) (L'oeuvre du peintre B. Nesvedov dans Ies collections du musée (à l'aniversaire de 95-ème année de sa nyissance)

IV. Recenzii, omagii (Comptes-rendus, hommages)

• Corpus des römichen Funde im Europäischen Barbaricum (A. Popa)
• Monumenta Romaniae Vaticana (A. Hâncu-Tentiuc, l. Tentiuc)
• Revista Arheologică, 2, Chișinău, 1998 (V. Ghimpu)    
• Simion Gavrilă, reputat arheolog și muzeograf român. La 70 de ani (Simion Gavrilă, renommé archeolog et muzeographe roumain. À 70 ans) (l. Niculiță)

V. Cronică muzeală (Chronique museale)

• A. Cornețchi, Activitatea cultural-științifică a Muzeului Național de Istorie a Moldovei (L'activité culturelle - scientifique du Musée National d'Histoire de Moldova, 1998)
• N. Dâmcenko, 40 de ani ai Muzeului din Tiraspol (40 ans du Musée de Tiraspol)




 

 

Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

The word pafta is of Turkish origin and is used in almost identical forms in Romanian, Greek, Bulgarian, and Serbian languages and some Aromanian dialects, denoting clothing accessories of a functional and decorative use, which secure or catch one's girdle, sash or belt...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

menu
The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC