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#Exhibit of the Month

Pottery, especially fired clay vessels, is the most common archaeological material found at the sites of the Thracian-Getae-Dacian civilization.

Specific to the Getae ceramics is the hand-shaping of vessels, without a potter's wheel, unknown, by the way, to our most distant ancestors in the 6th-3rd centuries BC.

Getae potters used a porous clay body made of clay mixed with various ingredients like crushed shards and shells, crushed limestone, coarse sand, and so on to make their wares. When fired in special kiln, wares acquired different colors and shades: from black to gray or yellowish-red. The richest collection of Getae vessels on the territory of the Republic of Moldova comes from the Getae fortress of Butuceni, where for the first time in 1946 the Russian archaeologist G. Smirnov discovered the remains of the fortress with the remains of stone walls and earthen ramparts, which he called a Scythian fortress (sic!). The subsequent excavations for 20 years, with more or less lasting interruptions, revealed traces of intense habitation that lasted more than three centuries at a promontory near the village of Butuceni (The Old Orhei Cultural and Natural Reserve), of the largest Getae fortress on the territory of the Republic of Moldova.

Among the vessels discovered by archaeologists, there are some gigantic (analogues of these samples of Getae ceramic ware are currently not known). They are considered vessels for storing supplies, especially grain (it is known that the Getae, the sedentary people of these lands, were engaged in agriculture, cattle breeding and various crafts). Among the cereals grown by the Geto-Dacians, there were wheat, millet, barley, oats, and rye; such products, necessary for the local cuisine, had to be stored for a longer period under special conditions. For these purposes, large vessels (chiups) were used, placed in special places, usually in the cellars.

The chiup vessel from Butuceni is one of the oldest Getae ceramics in the present territory of the Republic of Moldova, discovered during the excavations of G. Smirnov in 1947. The vessel has an ovoid body with a long neck expanding towards the top and a large lip bent outward; it is equipped with four knobs located on the line of the maximum diameter of the body. The chiup is decorated with relief ornaments, different in shape and size, located in different parts of its body: "commas" (schematic rhytons (?)) and wavy lines in the shape of a horseshoe or omega. The color of the vessel varies from dark gray to yellowish; the surface is carefully polished.

Dimensions of the vessel: H - 680 mm; D max - 430 mm; D of the lip - 340x360 mm; H of the neck - 170 mm; D of the bottom - 170 mm.


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National Museum of History of Moldova
 

Publications Journal „Tyragetia"

Tyragetia, nr. VIII

Tyragetia, nr. VIII

Chișinău, 1999

SUMAR (SOMMAIRE)

I. Arheologie și istorie (Archeologie et Histoire)

• Ilie Borziac, Vasile Chirica, Unele considerații referitoare la Gravetianul dintre Nistru și Carpații Orientali (Certaines considérations sur le Gravetien d'entre Nistrou et Ies Carpates Orientals)
• Serghei Covalenco, Nicolae Chetraru, Bazele tipologice de individualizare a complexelor mezoliticedin Moldova (Les bases typologiques de l'individualisation des complexes mésolithiques)
• Nicolae Chetraru, Serghei Covalenco, Bădragii Vechi - complex mezolitic de tip Kukrek din regiunea Prutului de Mijloc (Bădragii Vechi - Complexe mésolithique du type Kukrek de la région Prouthoul de Mijloc)
• Ecaterina Abâzov, Eugen Clocico, Necropola tumulară de lângă s. Chirileni (La nécropole tumulaire Chirileni-Ungheni (II))
• Alexandru Levinschi, Olga Şcipachin, Ghenadie Dulea, Rezervația istorico-naturală "Saharna" - primele investigații (La réservation historico-naturelle "Saharna" - Ies premières investigations)
• Alexandru Popa, Sticla de geam din perioada romană târzie în Basarabia (La verre de la période romane-tardive en Bassarabie)
• Ion Dron, Peresecina (reevaluări și contribuții istorico-etimologice) (Peresecina - reévaluations et contributions istorico-etimologiques)
• Liuba Bârsan, Acest Vlaicu Galeș! (Ce Vlaicu Galeș!)
• Eduard Baidaus, Considerente privind premisele politice ale războiului de la Hotin din anul 1621 (Considérations visant Ies premises politiques de la guerre de Hotin de 1621)
• Mihai Onilă, Un boier de țară - Mihalcea Hâncu (300 de ani de la moarte) (Un boyard du pays - Mihalcea Hâncu)
• Nicolae Răileanu, Carol al Xll-lea după bătălia de la Poltava. Calea spre Bender (Tighina) (Carol XII aprés la bataille de Poltava. Les chemins vers Bender (Tighina))
• Alexei Zagaievschi, Mănăstirea Cosăuți în negura timpului (Le monastère Cosăuți dans Ies tenebres du temps)
• Maria Danilov, Ana Grițco, Acte în limba română tipărite în Basarabia (1812-1830. Partea a ll-a (Actes en roumain imprimés en Bessarabie (1812-1830))
• Silvia Corlăteanu-Granciuc, Contribuții documentare la istoricul colonizărilor sârbești în teritoriile dintre Prut și Nistru în primul pătrar al sec. al XIX-lea (Contributions documentaires â l'istorique des colonisations serbes sur le territoire d'entre Prouth et Nistrou dans le premier quart du XlX-e siècle)
• Liubov Malahov, Revista Kișinevskie Eparhialinâe Vedomosti (1867-1917) în colecția MNIM (La revue Bulletin diocèse de Chișinău 1867-1917 en collection du MNIM)
• Silviu Andrieș-Tabac, Noua stemă și noul drapel ale orașului Rezina (Le nouveau blazon et le nouveau drapeau de la viile Rezina)
• Lidia Volânschi, Din istoria mișcării cercetașilor din Basarabia în perioada interbelică (De l'histoire du mouvement de éclaireurs de la Bessarabie dans la période d'entre Ies guerres)
• Maria Praporșcic, Poziția autorităților RASSM față de Basarabia (1924-1929) (La position des autorités RASSM à l'egard de la Bessarabie)
• Elena Postică, Martiri ai rezistenței antitotalitariste din Basarabia (Les martires de la résistance antitotalitaire de Bessarabie)
• Maria Evdochimov, F.N. Tifaniuc-unul din organizatorii industriei de vinificație din Moldova (în baza colecțiilor muzeale) (F.N. Tifaniuc - un des organisateurs de ('industrie vinicole de Moldova (en vertu des collections du musée)
II. Muzeografie, etnografie, numizmatica (Museographie, ethnographie, numismatique)

• Grigore Cemârtan, Vânatul și creșterea animalelor domestice la triburile neolitice și eneolitice de pe teritoriul Republicii Moldova (La chlasse et l'élevage chez Ies tribus néolithiques et énéolithiques sur le territoire de la Républicque Moldova)
• Vera Paiul, Tezaurul monetar din secolele XVI-XVII descoperit la Milești (Nisporeni) (Le trésor monétaire des XVI-e-XVII-e siècles de Milești, district Nisporeni)
• Eugenia Borodac, Tamara Stamatov, Mostre de porțelanuri europene în colecția MNIM (Des échantillon de porcelaine europene dans la colection du Musée National d’Histoire de Moldova)
• Irina Gonciarov, Însemne ale persoanelor din administrația țărănească din sec. al XlX-lea în colecția MNIM (Insignes des personnes de l'administration paysanne du XlX-e siècle dans la collection du Musée d’Histoire de Moldova)         
• Elena Ploșnița, Muzeul de istorie al Basarabiei - un deziderat al Comisiei Guberniale Ştiințifice a Arhivelor (Le Musée d’Histoire de la Bessarabie - un désidérat de la Commission Goubernielle Scientifique des Archives)         
• Ecaterina Bondarenco, Restaurarea unui păretar de la sfârșitul sec. al XlX-lea (La restauration d’un tapis mural de la fin du XlX-e siècle)
• Alexandru Furtună, Unele considerente privind păstoritul transhumant și implicațiile lui în Basarabia, Transnistria, Crimeea, Caucaz și Asia Mijlocie (sfârșitul sec. al XlX-lea - începutul sec. al XlX-lea) (Certaines considérations concernant la bergerie transhumante et son implication en Bessarabie, Transnistria, Crimée, Caucase et l'Assie Moyenne (fin du XlX-e s. comm. du XX-e siècle)
• Diana Nicoglo, Aspecte simbolice ale mesei nupțiale găgăuzești din sec. al XlX-lea - începutul sec al XX-lea (Les aspects symboliques de la table nuptiale gagauze du XlX-e s. - au debut du XX-e s.)
• Olga Luchianeț, Considerații privind percepția colectivă reciprocă a etniilor conlocuitoare din Moldova (Des considérations concernant la perception collective réciproque des étnies cohabitantes de Moldova)

III. Cultură, artă, învățământ (Culture, art, enseignement)

• Rodica Blanovschi, Chipul Sfintei Parascheva în iconografia ortodoxă (sec. XIV-XVII) (L'image de Sainte Parascheva dans l'iconographie ortodoxe (XIV-XVII siècle)
• Vlad D. Ghimpu, Biserici din târgul Orheiului (Les églises de la viile Orhei)
• Nicolai Dâmcenko, Andrei Zenkin, Moștenirea culturală a tipografului Mihail Strilbițchi (L'héritage culturel du typographe Mihail Strilbitschi)
• Ludmila Năstase, Creionări la portretul de creație al arhitectului A.l. Bernardazzi (Des croyonnages au portrait de création de l'architecte A.l. Bernardazzi)
• Nicolae Crețu, Unele considerații asupra dezvoltării învățământului în Basarabia în sec. al XlX-lea (Certaines considérations sur le développement de l'enseignement en Bessarabie du XlX-e siècle)
• Ion Chirtoagă, Valentina Chirtoagă, Mărturii despre învățământul primar în coloniile germane din Basarabia (sec. al XlX-lea - începutul sec. al XX-lea) (Des témoignages sur l'enseignement primaire dans Ies colonies allemandes de la Bessarabie (XlX-e s. – corn du XX-e siècle)
• Aurelia Cornețchi, Liceul de fete Regina Maria din Bolgrad. Pagini de istorie (Le Lycee de filles Régina Maria de Bolgrad. Pages d’histoire)
• Liubov Reprințev, Creația lui Boris Nesvedov în colecția MNIM (către aniversarea a 95-a de la naștere) (L'oeuvre du peintre B. Nesvedov dans Ies collections du musée (à l'aniversaire de 95-ème année de sa nyissance)

IV. Recenzii, omagii (Comptes-rendus, hommages)

• Corpus des römichen Funde im Europäischen Barbaricum (A. Popa)
• Monumenta Romaniae Vaticana (A. Hâncu-Tentiuc, l. Tentiuc)
• Revista Arheologică, 2, Chișinău, 1998 (V. Ghimpu)    
• Simion Gavrilă, reputat arheolog și muzeograf român. La 70 de ani (Simion Gavrilă, renommé archeolog et muzeographe roumain. À 70 ans) (l. Niculiță)

V. Cronică muzeală (Chronique museale)

• A. Cornețchi, Activitatea cultural-științifică a Muzeului Național de Istorie a Moldovei (L'activité culturelle - scientifique du Musée National d'Histoire de Moldova, 1998)
• N. Dâmcenko, 40 de ani ai Muzeului din Tiraspol (40 ans du Musée de Tiraspol)



 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
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#Exhibit of the Month

Pottery, especially fired clay vessels, is the most common archaeological material found at the sites of the Thracian-Getae-Dacian civilization. Specific to the Getae ceramics is the hand-shaping of vessels, without a potter's wheel, unknown, by the way, to our most distant ancestors in the 6th-3rd centuries BC.Getae potters used a porous clay body made of clay mixed with various ingredients like crushed shards and shells, crushed limestone, coarse sand, and so on to make their wares. When fired in special kiln, wares acquired different colors and shades: from black to gray or yellowish-red. The richest collection of Getae vessels on the territory of the Republic of Moldova comes from the Getae fortress of Butuceni, where for the first time in 1946 the Russian archaeologist G. Smirnov discovered the remains of the fortress with the remains of stone walls and earthen ramparts, which he called a Scythian fortress (sic!)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2021 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2021 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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