EN RO















#Exhibit of the Month

>>>

The exposed object, an "askos" type ceramic vessel, comes from the tumulus necropolis near the village of Ciumai, Taraclia district. The vessel was discovered in 2015 in a cenotaph tomb attributed to the Jamnaja culture, dated to the early Bronze Age (ca. 3300-2600 BC).

The vessel, with an obviously asymmetrical configuration, is hand-moulded from quality clay paste, having a smooth brown surface with gray spots. The body of the vessel is provided with a pronounced protrusion and a truncated neck with a wider opening towards the mouth. The vessel has a stem and is ornamented with three pairs of symmetrically placed relief appliqués. The height of the bowl is 15.5 cm, the diameter of the mouth is 11.4 cm, the diameter of the body is 15 cm and the diameter of the base is 7.5 cm. Such vessels in the archaeological literature are known as "askos" vessels, the respective term being of ancient Greek origin, denoting one of the primitive containers of the period - the bellows made of animal skin.

In prehistoric times, among some peoples, the bellows was transposed into ceramics, in these cases the basic features of the archaic leather vessel were preserved, acquiring a prominent convex shape with a stem and a flat bottom. From the original appearance of the bellows, the asymmetric mouth corresponding to the animal's neck has been preserved, and sometimes three or four legs, corresponding to the appendages of the flayed skin from the animal's legs. These vessels have lost their original zoomorphic character, entering as a new form in the inventory of Neo-Eneolithic ceramics. The first vessels of this type are attested in Greece, in the early Neolithic (ca. 5000-4500 BC) having the shape of cups or cups. In the Neo-Eneolithic Carpatho-Balkan cultures, the type of Aegean askos of short or tall form, with or without legs and with a handle, is found. Less often, they are provided with two mouths (one for filling and one for emptying) or they are off-center and provided with strangely shaped mouths. In the space between the Carpathians and the Dnieper, only tall forms of simple askos, without zoomorphic elements, are known. Askos-type vessels are present in various prehistoric cultures, especially in Southeast Europe and Anatolia.

Being often discovered in association with cult inventory, askos vessels could be an important indicator of use in religious ritual practices. Along with the zoomorphic, anthropomorphic and rhyton-type vessels (roughly conical container from which, in some ceremonies, liquids were drunk or poured), the askos were included in the category of vessels intended for worship, being related to libations (ritual act that consisted of tasting and then pouring a cup of wine, milk, etc. as homage to the deity).

Virtual Tour


Publications Journal „Tyragetia"


Tyragetia, nr. X

Tyragetia, nr. X

Chișinău, 2001

SUMAR (CONTENTS)

I. Muzeologie (Museology)

• Nicolae Răileanu, Considerații privind activitatea muzeelor din SUA (Some Considerations Concerned Museums' in USA)
• Elena Prus, Cezar Secrieru, Muzeul ca spațiu de receptare a valorilor spirituale (Museum as a Receptacle of Spiritual Values)
• Aliona Duplei, Expoziția - formă de expresie a muzeului (Exhibition as a Form of Expression in a Museum)
• Lucia Tonu, De la muzeul satului la ecomuzeu (From the VillageMuseum to an Eco-Museum)
• Marina Tanașciuc, Scurtă istorie a evoluției vocației educative a instituției muzeale (History of Evolution of a Museum Educative Mission)
• Eugenia Borodac, Tamara Stamatov, Criterii privind determinarea porțelanurilor (Some Criteria of Determination of China Articles Authenticity)
• Natalia Kalașnikova, La aniversarea a 100 ani de la inaugurarea Muzeului Etnografic Rus din Sankt-Petersburg (By the 100th Anniversary of the Russian Museum of Ethnography from Sankt-Petersburg)
• Lilia Calughin, Andrei Tetercev, Sistemul Automatizat de Evidență a Patrimoniului Muzeului Național de Istorie a Moldovei (The Museum Funds Registration Automatized System of the NationalMuseum of History)

II. Arheologie șl istorie (Archaeology and history)

• Maher Wanli, Ilie Borziac, Cultura Stânca ori preaurignacian? (The Stânca Culture or the Aurignacian One?)
• Nicolae Chetraru, Serghei Covalenco, Considerații privind vârsta relativă a stațiunii din paleoliticul superior Rașcov VII (Considerations Concerned the Relative Age of the Upper Paleolithic Site Rașcov VII)
• Victor Sorochin, Relațiile între culturile Precucuteni-Tripolie A și Bolgrad-Aldeni (Relations between the Precucuteni-Tripolie A and the Bolgrad-Aldeni Cultures)
• Natalia Mateevici, Ştampile amforistice grecești din colecția de antichități a lui Victor Borșevici (Stamps on the Greek Amphorae from the V. Borshchevich Collection of Antiquities)
• NicolaeTelnov, Alexandru Levinschi,Dacii liberi - o nouă cultură arheologică în Republica Moldova(Free Dacians - a New Archaeological Culture of the Republic of Moldova)
• Alexandru Levinschi, Date preliminare privind datarea complexelor getice "Saharna - La Revechin" (Preliminary Data Concerning the Age of the Getian Site Settlement "Saharna - La Revekin" Complexes)
• Ion Dron, Tyras (Turla/Nistru) - mărturie incontestabilă a autohtonizmului daco-getic (românesc) (Tyras (Turla/Nistru) - an Uncontestable Evidence of Geto-Dacian (Romanian) Primordial Territory)
• Liviu Vacarciuc, Vestigii Antice despre dezvoltarea horticulturii (Vestiges Concerned Development of Horticulture)
• Ion Tentiuc, Particularități și semnificații ale ritului și ritualului funerar în spațiul est-carpatic în secolele XI-XIII (Particularitys of a Funeral Rite on the Territory Situated to the East of the Carpathian Mountains in 11th-13th Centuries)
• Dinu Poștarenco, Trecerea armatelor rusești pe la Soroca în 1711 (Russian Army's Crossing the Dniester by Soroca in 1711)
• Vladimir Mischevca, Biserica "Acoperământul Maicii Domnului" din Rașcov (The Virgin's IntercessionChurch from Rașcov)
• Vlad D. Ghimpu, Săpături arheologice medievale Lăpușna-2000 (Archaeological Excavations Lăpușna – 2000)
• Vlad D. Ghimpu, Biserici creștine aflate în târgurile Moldovei administrate de otomani (ChristianChurches in the Moldavian Boroughs Ruled by Ottomans)
• Ion Chirtoagă, Pătrunderea ideilor de modernizare în Europa de Sud-Est, în prima jumătate a sec. al XVIII-lea (The Penetration of the Ideas of Modernization into South Eastern Europe in the 1st Half of the 18th Century)
• Nadejda Botea, Cartea religioasă de la Rîmnic în sec. XVIII. Din colecția Muzeului Național de Istorie a Moldovei (Religious Book of the 18m Century from Râmnic from the NationalMuseum of History of Moldova Collection)
• Ala Melniciuc, Din istoria Eparhiei din Herson. Primii păstori
• Mihai Onilă, Mazilii din ținutul Orhei - Lăpușna conform recensământului din 1774 (Mazils from the Orhei - Lăpușna District According to the Census of 1774)
• Silvia Corlăteanu-Granciuc, Contribuții documentare la istoria comunității grecești din Basarabia în secolul al XlX-lea (Documentary Contributions to the History of the Greek Community from Bessarabia in the 19th century)
• Angela Bușilă, Considerații istoriografice despre obiceiul înmormântării din Basarabia (mijlocul sec. al XlX-lea - prima jumătate a sec. al XX-lea) (Historiographer's Materials Concerned the Funeral Customsfrom Bessarabia (the Middle of 19th - the First Half of 20th Centuries))
• Ana Grițco, File din istoria orfelinatului Balș (Pages from the History of the Balș Orphanage)
• Irina Ijboldina, Olga Nacco. File biografice (Olga Nacco: Biographical Essay)
• Elena Ploșnița, Cartea în Muzeul Basarabean (1889-1940) (A Book in the BessarabianMuseum)
• Aurelia Cornețchi, Contribuții la istoria Liceului de fete Maria Doamnă din Orhei (1907-1944) (Contributions to the History of the Girls' Lyceum from Orhei)
• Diana Iepure, Pianul în ambianța cultă basarabeană (a doua jumătate a secolului XIX - începutul secolului XX) (The piano in the Bessarabian Society)
• Vera Stăvilă, Documente inedite cu referință la minoritățile etnice din Basarabia interbelică (Unpublished Documents Concerning the Ethnic Minorities Bessarabia in the Inter-War Period)
• Maria Danilov, Eminescu și Basarabia (Eminescu and Bessarabia)
• Elena Postică, Basarabeni în refugiu: Sergiu Grossu (Bessarabians in Exile: Sergiu Grossu)
• Rodica Solovei, Trecerea Nistrului de către Armata Română (1941) -o decizie controversată (Crossing the Dniester River by the Romanian Army (1941): a Controversial Decision)
• Serghei Digol, Situația etno-demografică a regiunii transnistrene în primii ani postbelici (1945-1950) (Ethnic-Demographic Situation in the Region Situated Across the Dniester River (Transnistria) (1945-1950))
• Ludmila Toma, Viața și opera lui Vasile Toma (1937-1984) (Life and Creative Work of Vasili Toma (1937-1984))
• Andrei Zenkin, A.V. Suvorov în faleristica, filatelia și arta regională (din fondurile Muzeului din Tiraspol)
• Silviu Andrieș-Tabac, Comisia Națională de heraldică a Republicii Moldova la 5 ani de activitate (The National Heraldic Committee of the Republic of Moldova:Five Years of Activity)
• Ecaterina Bondarenco, Formarea cadrelor de conservare-restaurare - imperative al timpului (Dictates of Time: Restorers' Training)
• Svetlana Speranschi, Colecția de icoane din patrimoniul Muzeului Național de Istorie a Moldovei (General Analysis of Icons' Collection from the NationalMuseum of History of Moldova)
• Nicolae Dâmcenco, Expozițiile de arte plastice în muzeele din Tiraspol

III. Omagii șl recenzii (Homages and reviews)

• Nicolae Răileanu, Serghei Covalenco,Constanta vieții
• Alexandru Levinschi, A 70-a aniversare - Nicolae Chetraru
• Paraschiva Victoria Batarciuc, Cahle din Moldova medievală în secolele XIV-XVIl, Editura Istros, Suceava, 1999, 314 p. (Pavel Bârnea, Anatol Gorodenco)

IV. Cronică muzeală (Museums’ chronicle)

• Aurelia Cornețchi, Cronica activității Muzeului Național de Istorie a Moldovei, anul 2000




 

 

Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age
  
  

Come to Museum! Discover the History!
  
Visit museum
Visit museum
Summer schedule: daily
10am – 6pm.

Winter schedule: daily
10am – 5pm.
Closed on Fridays.
Entrance fees:  adults - 10 MDL, pensioners, adults with moderate disabilities / disability of the 3rd degree, students - 5 MDL, school students - 2 MDL. Free access: enlisted men (...)

WiFi Free Wi-Fi Zone in the museum: In the courtyard of the National History Museum of Moldova there is Wi-Fi Internet access for visitors.


#Exhibit of the Month

The exposed object, an "askos" type ceramic vessel, comes from the tumulus necropolis near the village of Ciumai, Taraclia district. The vessel was discovered in 2015 in a cenotaph tomb attributed to the Jamnaja culture, dated to the early Bronze Age (ca. 3300-2600 BC)...

Read More >>

































The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

menu
The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC