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The word pafta is of Turkish origin and is used in almost identical forms in Romanian, Greek, Bulgarian, and Serbian languages and some Aromanian dialects, denoting clothing accessories of a functional and decorative use, which secure or catch one's girdle, sash or belt.
Such buckles are accessories of ceremonial and everyday costumes, they were worn by both prince's courtiers and commoners in the Romanian principalities during the reign of the Phanariots, when the influence of Greek culture increased.

Throughout the Balkan Peninsula, silversmiths' workshops produced buckles very different in size, alloys, technique, style, and decoration. Turkish buckles were usually lace-like, often gilded, with many stones, emphasizing opulence. At the Bulgarians and Aromanians, they are simpler, but have a specific model and symbolism. Greek buckles are mostly silver, elegantly shaped, decorated with corals and small coins. The difference between the West and the East in this regard lies in the ability of the Turks to combine other materials with precious stones. Another feature is the predominance of floral motifs over the representations of animals and birds. The peoples under Ottoman rule assimilated these features and integrated them into their own cultures.

The buckles exhibited testify to the presence of a jewelry workshop in the town of Orhei in Bessarabia in the second half of the 19th century, and the quality of workmanship, the fine processing of the details, the complex composition denote the mastery and skill of the craftsmen.

Similar in style, these three buckles are two-piece, germinating seed-shaped, with strongly pronounced tips. The border is decorated with a garland motif, which circumscribes floral decorative elements. Hook and loop fastening is covered with a decorative button. On the reverse side, both sides are equipped with two plus two vertical straps with which the belt was attached.

The buckles are made of silver, as evidenced by the metal fineness hallmark stamp "84", applied according to the regulations on both parts of the buckle, and the hallmark stamp of the jewelry workshop in Orhei - the symbol of oak in a stylized shield. The quality of the metal and workmanship is also certified by the stamp of the assayer, moreover, one of the buckles was expertized by Dmitry Tiunov and has a "ДТ" (DT) stamp on it. On both parts of the buckle, the year of manufacture 1858 and the stamp of the assayer "ПН" (PN) are stamped. The stamp on the second buckle, the initials "МИ" (MI), indicates only the craftsman who made the product. The third buckle, made in the Orhei workshop, does not have the hallmark stamps required by law on the back side, but retains the same hallmarks stamped on the side of the products: the symbol of oak, the metal fineness hallmark stamp "84", the year of manufacture - 1871, and the initials of the assayer "КС" (KS), identified as Klim Sergeev, who worked from 1868 to 1871.

Between the 1840s and 1870s, wearing buckles became obsolete, and women's fashion completely adopted Western cuts and colors. These accessories came back into fashion around 1870 thanks to Princess Elisabeth, the future Queen of Romania. She introduced at court the fashion for the Romanian national costume, decorated with buckles. Her example was followed by the female elite of that time until the eve of the First World War. And her successor, Queen Maria, with her usual elegance and refinement, continued this fashionable tradition with in the interwar period.

Virtual Tour


Publications Journal „Tyragetia"


Tyragetia, nr. XII

Tyragetia, nr. XII

Chișinău, 2003

Decret pentru promulgarea Legii muzeelor. Legea muzeelor

I. Arheologie și istorie

• llie Borziac, Nicolae Telnov, Stațiunea paleolitică Scoc
• Sergiu Covalenco, Stațiunea mezolitică Bilicenii Vechi - 12
• Eugen Ușurelu, Două noi depozite de bronzuri
• Serghei Agulnicov, Un tumul schitic din sec. V î.e.n.
• Alexandru Levinschii, Mărturii privind prelucrarea metalelor la geți în sec. VI-IV î.e.n.
• Vlad Vornic, Sergiu Musteță, Un mormânt din sec. IV de la Cozanjic
• Nicolae Telnov, Vlad Vornic, Valeriu Bubulici, Ceramica din așezarea dacilor liberi de la Pruteni
Simina Stane, Luminița Bejenaru, Analiza unor eșantioane arheozoologice (jud. Suceava și Botoșani)
• Luminița Bejenaru, Ludmila Bacumenco, Simina Stane, Date arheozoologice privind complexul Orheiul Vechi
• Ecaterina Abâzova, Svetlana Reabțeva, O piesă de unicat din așezarea medievală Costești
• Sergiu Bodean, Contribuții la repertoriul arheozoologic al Republicii Moldova
• Ludmila Gurdiș, Contribuții privind evoluția econografiei tabloului votiv în sec. XV-XVI în Moldova medievală
• Andrei Eșanu, Valentina Eșanu, Etnici greci pârcălabi de Hotin (sec. XV-XVIII)
• Lilia Zabolotnaia, Rolul “diplomației de mariaj în relațiile moldo-polone în sec. XV-XVIII”
• Ion Chirtoagă, Localitatea și fortificația Pererâta
• Ion Dron, Proveniența numelui topic Vulcănești din sudul Basarabiei
• Eduard Baidaus, Retrospectiva unei domnii - 350 de ani de la detronarea lui Vasie Lupu
• Ion Tentiuc, Contribuții la istoria mănăstirii Hâncu
• Nicolae Raileanu, Campania și pacea de la Prut din 1711 în viziunea istoricului turc Akdes Nimet Kurat
• Vlad D. Ghimpu, Destinul istoric al târgului Lăpușna
• Ana Grițco, Circulația monetară în Basarabia la începutul sec. XlX-lea
• Emanuil Brihuneț, Biserica “Adormirea Maicii Domnului” din com. Rădeni, jud. Chișinău
• Valentina Chirtoagă, Învățământul în colonia germană Arțiz în sec. XIX -începutul sec. XX
• Mihai Onilă, Gospodăria satului Isacova, jud. Orhei sec. XIX -începutul sec. XX
• Dinu Poștarencu, Precizări și completări la biografiile unor membri ai Sfatului Ţării
• Ion Şpac, Documentariști de la “Arhivele Basarabiei”
• Sergiu Digol, Populația Transnistriei și operațiunea “Sud”
• Elena Postică, “Dezghețul” hrușciovist și ascensiunea naționalismului cultural în RSSM
• Adela Soroceanu-Guțu, Aspecte din activitatea studioului “Moldova film” 50 de ani de la fondare
• Liviu Vacarciuc, 160 de ani de la întemeierea școlii Basarabeane de oenologie

II. Muzeografie și muzeologie

• Eugenia Borodac, Tamara Stamatov, Piese de coifură în colecția MNIM (din antichitate până în sec. XIX)
• Maria Evdochimov, Eticheta - izvor de informație
• Ecaterina Bondarenco, Restaurarea unui costum teatral din patrimoniul MNIM
• Nadejda Boțea, Mașini de scris din sec. XIX -XX în colecția MNIM
• Natalia Chișcă, Icoana de la obiect de cult - la obiect expozițional
• Lucia Tonu, Muzeul Skansen de la tradițional la modern
• Elena Ploșnița, Câteva considerații despre Muzeul Național

III. Etnografie

• Alexandru Furtună, Considerații privind simbolismul cămășii și al brâului la români
• Maria Ciocanu, Obiceiurile de cumpărare-vânzare a miresei în cadrul nunții moldovenești
• Varvara Buzilă, Obiceiul înmormântării moașelor

IV. Personalități

• Claudia Slutu-Grama, Sergiu Cujba - student al facultății de drept la Universitatea din București (1895-1900)
• Aurelia Cornețchi, Contribuții la biografia unui profesor basarabean - Marcu Valută Serghei
• Ludmila Năstase, Şciusev - cercetător în agronomie și pedologie
• Natalia Şalaghinova,Pictorul basarabean Gheorghe Ceglocoff
• Elena Pereteatcu, Activitatea științifică a lui Anton Ablov (în baza colecției MNIM)
• Vera Stăvilă, Actorul și regizorul Sandri Ion Şcurea
• Elena Postică, Olga Şcipachin, Itinerariile unui destin. Nicolae Testemițeanu -75 de ani de la naștere

V. Omagieri

• Elena Ploșnița

VI. Viața științifică și recenzii

• Aurelia Cornețchi, Activitatea Muzeului Național de Istorie a Moldovei în anul 2002
• Lucia Tonu, Expoziția "Dimitrie Cantemir - filosof între regi și rege între filosofi"
• Natalia Mateevici, Conferința arheologică de la Tiraspol
• Silviu Andrieș-Tabac, Societatea de genealogie, Heraldică și artistică "Paul Gore" la cinci ani de activitate
• Silviu Andrieș-Tabac, Simpozioanele de studii Cuhureștene
• Nicolae Răileanu, Măria Danilov, Ana Grițco, Liubovi Malahov. Cartea românească în colecțiile Muzeului Național de Istorie a Moldovei (1683-1918)
• Ana Boldureanu, Eugen Nicolae. Moneda otomană în țările române în perioada 1451-1512




 

 

Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

The word pafta is of Turkish origin and is used in almost identical forms in Romanian, Greek, Bulgarian, and Serbian languages and some Aromanian dialects, denoting clothing accessories of a functional and decorative use, which secure or catch one's girdle, sash or belt...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

menu
The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC