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#Exhibit of the Month

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The exposed object, an "askos" type ceramic vessel, comes from the tumulus necropolis near the village of Ciumai, Taraclia district. The vessel was discovered in 2015 in a cenotaph tomb attributed to the Jamnaja culture, dated to the early Bronze Age (ca. 3300-2600 BC).

The vessel, with an obviously asymmetrical configuration, is hand-moulded from quality clay paste, having a smooth brown surface with gray spots. The body of the vessel is provided with a pronounced protrusion and a truncated neck with a wider opening towards the mouth. The vessel has a stem and is ornamented with three pairs of symmetrically placed relief appliqués. The height of the bowl is 15.5 cm, the diameter of the mouth is 11.4 cm, the diameter of the body is 15 cm and the diameter of the base is 7.5 cm. Such vessels in the archaeological literature are known as "askos" vessels, the respective term being of ancient Greek origin, denoting one of the primitive containers of the period - the bellows made of animal skin.

In prehistoric times, among some peoples, the bellows was transposed into ceramics, in these cases the basic features of the archaic leather vessel were preserved, acquiring a prominent convex shape with a stem and a flat bottom. From the original appearance of the bellows, the asymmetric mouth corresponding to the animal's neck has been preserved, and sometimes three or four legs, corresponding to the appendages of the flayed skin from the animal's legs. These vessels have lost their original zoomorphic character, entering as a new form in the inventory of Neo-Eneolithic ceramics. The first vessels of this type are attested in Greece, in the early Neolithic (ca. 5000-4500 BC) having the shape of cups or cups. In the Neo-Eneolithic Carpatho-Balkan cultures, the type of Aegean askos of short or tall form, with or without legs and with a handle, is found. Less often, they are provided with two mouths (one for filling and one for emptying) or they are off-center and provided with strangely shaped mouths. In the space between the Carpathians and the Dnieper, only tall forms of simple askos, without zoomorphic elements, are known. Askos-type vessels are present in various prehistoric cultures, especially in Southeast Europe and Anatolia.

Being often discovered in association with cult inventory, askos vessels could be an important indicator of use in religious ritual practices. Along with the zoomorphic, anthropomorphic and rhyton-type vessels (roughly conical container from which, in some ceremonies, liquids were drunk or poured), the askos were included in the category of vessels intended for worship, being related to libations (ritual act that consisted of tasting and then pouring a cup of wine, milk, etc. as homage to the deity).

Virtual Tour


Publications Journal „Tyragetia"


Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. XIII [XXVIII], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. XIII [XXVIII], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică

Chișinău, 2019

I. Researches


Михаил Видейко
The channel kilns in Trypillia Culture and development of pottery

Наталья Бурдо
Spindle whorls of Trypillia-Cucuteni cultural unity

Florin Gogâltan
About the Absolute Chronology of the Late Bronze in the Eastern Carpathian Basin

II.    Papers and surveys


Оксана Олих, Алексей Данильченко, Елена Ревина
Mar’eva Gora in the northeastern Sea of Azov region – a Unique Archaeological Site

Александр Колесник, Никита Манько
On the typology of hammerstones from Neo-Eneolithic workshops of Donbass

Eugen Mistreanu
Settlements of Gumelniţa culture in the Prut-Dniester area (catalog)

Игорь Сапожников, Майя Кашуба
«Corpus of antiques and archaeological findings in Bessarabia» by N. Mogilyansky and Ya. Ebergardt

Виктор Мерц
Copper vessel from from Krivinka 1 settlement

Салтанат Амирова, Мильяна Радивоевич
Copper vessel from from Krivinka 1 settlement. Compositional and metallographic analysis

Елена Избицер
Wagon burials in pits of the Middle Bronze Age in the Don River basin

Виктор Гребенников
Settlements of the epoch late bronze of the left-bank Tiligul Lyman and the basin of r. Berezan (materials for the archaeological map of the Northern Black Sea Coast)

Тудор Сорочянy, Кэтэлин Добринеску, Сорин Айлинкэй, Виталие Бодоликэ, Тибериу Сава
Die Coslogeni-Fundgrube 121 von Cernavodă-„Autobahn 2, km. 152“ (Kr. Constanţa, Rumänien): Treffpunkt hervorragender osteuropäischer Bronzen und Keramik an der westlichen Schwarzmeerküste

Mariana Sîrbu, Sergiu Popovici, Vlad Vornic
The hoard of bronze artifacts discovered near village Haragîş (Cantemir district)

Margareta Simina Stanc, Daniel Ioan Malaxa, Sorin-Cristian Ailincăi
The analysis of faunal remains in Early Iron Age settlement at Enisala-Palanca (Sarichioi Commune, Tulcea County, South-Eastern Romania)

Ion Niculiţă, Aurel Zanoci, Mihail Băţ, Victor Dulgher
Archaeological investigations at the Saharna Mare / „Dealul Mănăstirii” site, Rezina district (2017-2019)

Tatiana Nagacevschi, Angela Simalcsik, Vitalie Sochircă, Margareta Simina Stanc
Interdisciplinary research at Saharna Mare / „Dealul Mănăstirii” site

Natalia Mateevici
Emblems representing deities on Sinope amphora stamps (based on the Tyras collection)

Иван Снытко, Андрей Бондаренко
Coin segments used as weights in the Olbia Polis in the 4th-3rd centuries BC

Aurel Mototolea, Tiberiu Potârniche, Simina Margareta Stanc
Recent Archaeological Investigations on the Tomitan Acropolis (2017-2018). Preliminary Study

Vasile Iarmulschi
On the chronology of the La Tène cemetery at Cammer (Lkr. Potsdam-Mittelmark)

Boris A. Raev
Roman bronzes and door knockers from the Black Sea cities of Central Anatolia. An ethnographic etude

Иван Власенко
Early medieval bone handles of knives with annular notches as one of the possible signs of ethnic attribution of the Tivertsi

Ion Tentiuc, Valeriu Bubulici
The hoard of early medieval tools and weapons found at Sadova-Călăraşi, the Republic of Moldova

Вячеслав Крыжановский
Traces of bronze casting production on the western outskirts of ancient Kyiv

Octavian Munteanu, Angela Simalcsik
Une tombe médiévale avec d’anneaux à boucles decouverte à Butuceni, la région d’Orhei (notes préliminaires)

Mariana Gugeanu, Gheorghe Postică
The research, preservation and restoration of textiles discovered during the archaeological excavations undertaken at the Căpriana Monastery

Ana Boldureanu
Chronicle of coin finds (XII-XIII)

III. Paper and book review


Ana Boldureanu
Александр Владимирович Пачкалов, Золотая Орда по данным нумизматических источников. Монография, Москвa: Кнорус, 2018, 180 pp., ISBN 978-5-4365-2528-0

IV. Scientific events


Zvezdana Dode, Dale Carolyn Gluckman
The 4th Annual Symposium of the International Association for the Study of Silk Road Textiles

V. Homage


Tudor Soroceanu
Wojciech Blajer. Oder: Die Kraft der Ruhe

Florin Gogâltan
Tudor Soroceanu şi cercetarea epocii bronzului

Sergiu Matveev
Profesorul Ion Niculiţă la 80 de ani

 



 

 

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#Exhibit of the Month

The exposed object, an "askos" type ceramic vessel, comes from the tumulus necropolis near the village of Ciumai, Taraclia district. The vessel was discovered in 2015 in a cenotaph tomb attributed to the Jamnaja culture, dated to the early Bronze Age (ca. 3300-2600 BC)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

menu
The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC