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#Exhibit of the Month

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The exposed object, an "askos" type ceramic vessel, comes from the tumulus necropolis near the village of Ciumai, Taraclia district. The vessel was discovered in 2015 in a cenotaph tomb attributed to the Jamnaja culture, dated to the early Bronze Age (ca. 3300-2600 BC).

The vessel, with an obviously asymmetrical configuration, is hand-moulded from quality clay paste, having a smooth brown surface with gray spots. The body of the vessel is provided with a pronounced protrusion and a truncated neck with a wider opening towards the mouth. The vessel has a stem and is ornamented with three pairs of symmetrically placed relief appliqués. The height of the bowl is 15.5 cm, the diameter of the mouth is 11.4 cm, the diameter of the body is 15 cm and the diameter of the base is 7.5 cm. Such vessels in the archaeological literature are known as "askos" vessels, the respective term being of ancient Greek origin, denoting one of the primitive containers of the period - the bellows made of animal skin.

In prehistoric times, among some peoples, the bellows was transposed into ceramics, in these cases the basic features of the archaic leather vessel were preserved, acquiring a prominent convex shape with a stem and a flat bottom. From the original appearance of the bellows, the asymmetric mouth corresponding to the animal's neck has been preserved, and sometimes three or four legs, corresponding to the appendages of the flayed skin from the animal's legs. These vessels have lost their original zoomorphic character, entering as a new form in the inventory of Neo-Eneolithic ceramics. The first vessels of this type are attested in Greece, in the early Neolithic (ca. 5000-4500 BC) having the shape of cups or cups. In the Neo-Eneolithic Carpatho-Balkan cultures, the type of Aegean askos of short or tall form, with or without legs and with a handle, is found. Less often, they are provided with two mouths (one for filling and one for emptying) or they are off-center and provided with strangely shaped mouths. In the space between the Carpathians and the Dnieper, only tall forms of simple askos, without zoomorphic elements, are known. Askos-type vessels are present in various prehistoric cultures, especially in Southeast Europe and Anatolia.

Being often discovered in association with cult inventory, askos vessels could be an important indicator of use in religious ritual practices. Along with the zoomorphic, anthropomorphic and rhyton-type vessels (roughly conical container from which, in some ceremonies, liquids were drunk or poured), the askos were included in the category of vessels intended for worship, being related to libations (ritual act that consisted of tasting and then pouring a cup of wine, milk, etc. as homage to the deity).

Virtual Tour


Publications Journal „Tyragetia"


Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. XV [XXX], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. XV [XXX], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie

Chişinău, 2021

Researches


Maria Trawińska
Les rudiments de Polonais ancien dans les registres de justice

Viorel Bolduma
Attempts of emigration of the population from Khotyn Uyezd to the Far East and Siberia in 1894-1900

Lucia Marinescu-Tonu
The interpretive dimension of museum exhibitions

Papers and surveys


Игорь Прохненко, Мария Жиленко, Виталий Калиниченко
The castles of Transcarpathia of the second half of 13th - first half of 14th centuries

Elena Arcuş-Jantovan
Russian coins in the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova (first half of the 18th century)

Виктор Цвиркун
Anna Cantacuzino-Sheremeteva: Unknown pages of biography

Olga Kladchenko
The Evidence of the Ottoman Period at the “Diluch” compound in Anapa

Valentin Tomuleţ
Mazils, rupts et routes dans la Principauté de Moldova (seconde moitié du 18e siècle - début du 19e siècle)

Valentin Tomuleţ, Adriana Butnaru
Références historiographiques concernant les relations commerciales de Bessarabie avec la Principauté de Moldavie (1812-1859)

Andrei Emilciuc
Export of livestock from Bessarabia to the Habsburg Empire (1812-1861)

Игорь Сапожников, Майя Кашуба
“We have the honor to declare that we’ve found a treasure”: Treasure hunters in the southern Bessarabia in the end of 19th c. - beginning of the 20th c.

Felicia Aneta Oarcea
Romanian Intellectual elite of the Great Union generation between nobility and oblivion. Highlights from Arad

Игорь Сапожников
Outlines on the cartography and ancient fortification of the area of the Danube crossing near Lake of Kartal

Alexandru Mitru
Romanian school after the war. 1918-1920

Nicolae Fuştei
Use of special services in the fight against religion

Лилия Заболотная
Dmitry Lazarevich Tumarkin: Labyrinths of Fate. Pages from the history of the outstanding medical dynasty of the Tumarkins

Сергей Пилипецкий
Maria Сebotari in the operas by W.A. Mozart

Liliana Rotaru
Establishment of the soviet higher education system in MSSR (1940-1941)

Александр Стыкалин
“This country in good hands could become a pearl ...” Romania of early summer of 1945 seen by the members of the delegation of the Soviet intelligentsia

Marius Tărîţă
The Communist Party staff education in Moldavian SSR (1953-1960)

Helena Krasowska
Polish speech in Bukovina – intangible cultural heritage

Лариса Додхудоева
Museums of the Tajikistan National Academy of Sciences

Elena Ploşniţa
The contribution of the scientist Teodor Porucic to the history of Bessarabian museography

Anatolie Povestca
Pistols and revolvers from the collections of the National Museum of History of Moldova: from the 16th century to the beginning of World War II

Adelaida Chiroşca
The 18th century three-part folding icon from the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova

Ana Griţco
The founders of the modernization of Chisinau (second half of the 19th c. - early 20th c.). Documentary materials from the collections of the National Museum of History of Moldova

Vera Serjant
Petru Ungurean – an outstanding figure in the field of viticulture and winemaking (on the collections of the National Museum of History of Moldova)

Vera Stăvilă
Female images on Soviet posters from the collections of the National Museum of History of Moldova

Silviu Andrieş-Tabac
Rural heraldic symbols adopted in the Republic of Moldova in 2018-2020

Paper and book review


Мария Осокина-Городецкая
Пятницкий Ю.А., Епископ Порфирий (Успенский) и его участие в экспедициях П.И. Севастьянова на Афон в 1858-1860 годах. Москва: «Индрик», 2020. 656 с., илл., ISBN: 9785916745009

 



 

 

Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age
  
  

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#Exhibit of the Month

The exposed object, an "askos" type ceramic vessel, comes from the tumulus necropolis near the village of Ciumai, Taraclia district. The vessel was discovered in 2015 in a cenotaph tomb attributed to the Jamnaja culture, dated to the early Bronze Age (ca. 3300-2600 BC)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

menu
The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC