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#Exhibit of the Month

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The exposed object, an "askos" type ceramic vessel, comes from the tumulus necropolis near the village of Ciumai, Taraclia district. The vessel was discovered in 2015 in a cenotaph tomb attributed to the Jamnaja culture, dated to the early Bronze Age (ca. 3300-2600 BC).

The vessel, with an obviously asymmetrical configuration, is hand-moulded from quality clay paste, having a smooth brown surface with gray spots. The body of the vessel is provided with a pronounced protrusion and a truncated neck with a wider opening towards the mouth. The vessel has a stem and is ornamented with three pairs of symmetrically placed relief appliqués. The height of the bowl is 15.5 cm, the diameter of the mouth is 11.4 cm, the diameter of the body is 15 cm and the diameter of the base is 7.5 cm. Such vessels in the archaeological literature are known as "askos" vessels, the respective term being of ancient Greek origin, denoting one of the primitive containers of the period - the bellows made of animal skin.

In prehistoric times, among some peoples, the bellows was transposed into ceramics, in these cases the basic features of the archaic leather vessel were preserved, acquiring a prominent convex shape with a stem and a flat bottom. From the original appearance of the bellows, the asymmetric mouth corresponding to the animal's neck has been preserved, and sometimes three or four legs, corresponding to the appendages of the flayed skin from the animal's legs. These vessels have lost their original zoomorphic character, entering as a new form in the inventory of Neo-Eneolithic ceramics. The first vessels of this type are attested in Greece, in the early Neolithic (ca. 5000-4500 BC) having the shape of cups or cups. In the Neo-Eneolithic Carpatho-Balkan cultures, the type of Aegean askos of short or tall form, with or without legs and with a handle, is found. Less often, they are provided with two mouths (one for filling and one for emptying) or they are off-center and provided with strangely shaped mouths. In the space between the Carpathians and the Dnieper, only tall forms of simple askos, without zoomorphic elements, are known. Askos-type vessels are present in various prehistoric cultures, especially in Southeast Europe and Anatolia.

Being often discovered in association with cult inventory, askos vessels could be an important indicator of use in religious ritual practices. Along with the zoomorphic, anthropomorphic and rhyton-type vessels (roughly conical container from which, in some ceremonies, liquids were drunk or poured), the askos were included in the category of vessels intended for worship, being related to libations (ritual act that consisted of tasting and then pouring a cup of wine, milk, etc. as homage to the deity).

Virtual Tour


Publications Journal „Tyragetia"


Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. XVI [XXXI], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. XVI [XXXI], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică

Chişinău, 2022

Researches


Иван Снытко, Евгений Туровский
To the problem of the formation of the Olbian state in the process of the Greek colonization of the Lower Bug territory in the 7th century and the beginning of the 5th century BC

Ion Tentiuc, Octavian Munteanu
The connections of the East Carpathian region with the world of the Vikings: new find of the chape of the scabbard of an early medieval sword in the territory of Moldova

Papers and surveys


Irina Rusu
Neolithic and Early Eneolithic settlements in the Delia River basin

Игорь Манзура, Владислав Петренко
The Usatovo kurgan cemetery II (excavation 1984)

Игорь Сапожников, Майя Кашуба
A.A. Matveev’s works in 1890 in the vicinity of Akkerman at the instruction of Imperial Archaeological Commission: surveys, excavations, investigation of the ancient plate with a Latin inscription

Eugen Mistreanu
About the batch of clay “breadcakes” found at the Cucoara I site (from the collections of the National Museum of History of Moldova)

Mariana Sîrbu
Complementing the data on the collection of stone artifacts found at the first studied settlement of the Noua culture on the territory of the Republic of Moldova

Nana Khakhutaishvili, Revaz Papuashvili, Guram Chkhatarashvili
Colchis – the Ancient Center of Iron Metallurgy

Aurel Zanoci, Andrei Asăndulesei, Mihail Băţ, Vitalie Sochircă, Tatiana Nagacevschi, Adrian-Felix Tencariu, Victor Dulgher
Step by step. Interdisciplinary research at the Iron Age site of Saharna “Rude” in the Middle Dniester Basin

Александр Могилов, Сергей Диденко
On the issue of the northern boundaries of the Scythian circle sites distribution in the Ukrainian forest-steppe (a burial mound near the Ladyzhichi Village in the lower reaches of the Prypiat River

Natalia Mateevici
New Greek amphora stamps found at Argamum/Orgame (excavations 1999-2000)

George-Dan Hânceanu
The Getic settlement from Roşiori (Neamţ County). Celtic iron objects

Aurel Zanoci, Mihail Băţ, Vitalie Sochircă, Victor Dulgher, Vladimir Chitic, Daniel Cuculescu
The Getic habitation in the area of Socola village (Șoldăneşti district, Republic of Moldova)

Игорь Сапожников, Майя Кашуба
(“Royal Tomb” of the necropolis of Tyras, discovered in 1895: documental evidence of the Imperial Archaeological Commission Archives and cartography data

Radu Ota, Ilie Lascu
A votive bronze Statuette of Jupiter recently found at Apulum, Roman Dacia

Octavian Munteanu, Vasile Iarmulschi, Nicolae Batog
Two Almgren 69 brooches discovered at Mîrzoaia, Republic of Moldova (reconfirming the presence of sedentary communities in the Prut-Dniester area at the beginning of the 1st millennium AD)

Vasile Mărculeţ
Campaign of Emperor Nikephoros I to Bulgaria (811). Considerations on some controversial issues

Игорь Возный
Ranged hand weapon of the 10th - 13th centuries from the area between the Upper Siret and the Middle Dniester

Иван Синчук, Вячеслав Родин
The hoard of Polish copper shillings of the Kingdom of Poland of the 1660s

Иван Синчук
About the plot of the scene on a plate from the collection of the National Museum in Warsaw

Elena Arcuş-Jantovan
Russian coins from the collections of the National Museum of History of Moldova (2nd half of the 18th century)

Paper and book review


Юрий Пятницкий
Е.И. Арсентьева, О.В. Горская, Античные ювелирные изделия из частных собраний. Кольца и перстни. Каталог коллекции. Государственный Эрмитаж. Санкт-Петербург: Издательство Государственного Эрмитажа, 2019, 196 стр., ил., ISBN: 9785935728779

 



 

 

Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age
  
  

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#Exhibit of the Month

The exposed object, an "askos" type ceramic vessel, comes from the tumulus necropolis near the village of Ciumai, Taraclia district. The vessel was discovered in 2015 in a cenotaph tomb attributed to the Jamnaja culture, dated to the early Bronze Age (ca. 3300-2600 BC)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC