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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations.

The oină or hoina game is considered a Romanian national sports game having a history of at least six centuries. The oina game is practiced continuously, according to the chronicles and deeds of the time at least from the 14th century, being mentioned for the first time in 1364, during the reign of Vlaicu Vodă. The game requires complex sports qualities (good running speed, fast reflexes in self-defense movements against the balls, accuracy in throwing and hitting the ball with a bat or stick). Oina is a sport that identifies us to the same extent as trânta, our national wrestling. The game becomes attractive among young people in the villages, enters the school curriculum through physical education lessons. Through the Education Reform of 1898, as well as through other ministerial decisions, Education Minister Spiru Haret introduces the compulsory oina lessons in all schools, as well as the annual oina competitions.

On May 9, 1899, in Bucharest, the first national oina championship was organized, the teams being made up of high school students. The winner was the team of Nicolae Bălcescu High School from Brăila.

In 1912, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society (Bucharest) was created, which consisted of 13 sports commissions including the oina commission.

After the Union of 1918, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society was reorganized in 1923, including the other oina sports commissions of Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia.

In 1932, the Romanian Oina Federation was founded.

 
National Museum of History of Moldova
 

Publications Journal „Tyragetia"   vol. I [XVI], nr. 1

Contributions apres des tombes Jamnaja dans Muntenia.Recherches archéologiques
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Contributions apres des tombes Jamnaja dans Muntenia.Recherches archéologiques

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. I [XVI], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică

Les tombes tumulaires et planes ont été catalogués maintes fois par le syntagme „les tombes à ocre” parce que l’ocre apparaît dépose sur ou prés de défunt dans les tombes tumulaires et planes. Le terme “culture de tombes à ocre” utilisé souvent pour ce type des complexes archéologique, a été usé excessivement et impropre, eu égard à le fait que l’ocre apparaît constantement dans l’inventaire de tombes du bronze âge dans des diverses cultures, mais aussi au final de l’énéolithique et la période de transition vers l’époque de bronze. La présence exclusive de l’ocre dans l’inventaire de certaines tombes détermine un encadrement culturel difficile de celles-ci. Au fi l de temps dans le département de Prahova, ont été cherchés des tumulus à Ploiești-Triaj, Blejoi et Ariceștii-Rahtivani. La coïncidence fait que ces recherches aient un caractère de sauvegarde bien qu’elles se déroulent à un intervalle du temps de 50 années.

L’année 2005, à Ariceștii-Rahtivani, une tombe funéraire a été examinée. Trois tombes ont été découvertes et conventionnellement notes M1, M2, M3. Conformément à l’inventaire et rite de l’enterrement on croit que le monument tumulaire a été construit dans un horizon culturel Jamnaja, plus probable la phase classique.

Le complexe funéraire de Ariceștii-Rahtivani est parte d’une phénomène culturel qui se manifeste pleinement en même temps que le fi n de l’époque énéolithique sur le territoire de Muntenia. Les populations Jamnaja sont déplacés vers l’ouest ou sont assimilés par les populations pénétrés du côté de l’est à cause des phénomènes complexes aux communautés “gumelnitene”. En même temps que ces pénétrations des populations allogènes, les premiers tombes tumulaires font leur apparition en marquant le début des certaines changements socioculturels, implicitement ethnique.

Le stade de la recherche de ces complexes détermine le fait que le niveau de la connaissance de ces phénomènes culturels en Muntenia soit réduit. Ceci marque plus tôt un niveau subjectif de la connaissance qu’une image objective concernant ces manifestations culturelles.



 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations...

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