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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations.

The oină or hoina game is considered a Romanian national sports game having a history of at least six centuries. The oina game is practiced continuously, according to the chronicles and deeds of the time at least from the 14th century, being mentioned for the first time in 1364, during the reign of Vlaicu Vodă. The game requires complex sports qualities (good running speed, fast reflexes in self-defense movements against the balls, accuracy in throwing and hitting the ball with a bat or stick). Oina is a sport that identifies us to the same extent as trânta, our national wrestling. The game becomes attractive among young people in the villages, enters the school curriculum through physical education lessons. Through the Education Reform of 1898, as well as through other ministerial decisions, Education Minister Spiru Haret introduces the compulsory oina lessons in all schools, as well as the annual oina competitions.

On May 9, 1899, in Bucharest, the first national oina championship was organized, the teams being made up of high school students. The winner was the team of Nicolae Bălcescu High School from Brăila.

In 1912, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society (Bucharest) was created, which consisted of 13 sports commissions including the oina commission.

After the Union of 1918, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society was reorganized in 1923, including the other oina sports commissions of Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia.

In 1932, the Romanian Oina Federation was founded.

 
National Museum of History of Moldova
 

Publications Journal „Tyragetia"

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. I [XVI], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. I [XVI], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică

Chișinău, 2007

I. Researches


Вячеслав М. Бикбаев
Petreni “Towers” (from archaeological interpretation of aerial photographs to reconstruction of the Cucuteni-Tripolye settlements life)

Ion Niculiță, Aurel Zanoci, Tudor Arnăut
Fortifications of the Early Iron Age settlement Saharna Mare

Valeriu Banaru
Zur Verbreitung rotfi guriger Keramik im Nordwesten des Pontos Euxeinos (Bemerkungen zu einem Buch über Handel und Gebrauch attischer Gefäße im pontischen Raum)

Валерия П. Былкова
Late Scythian Settlements in the Lower Dnieper Region: chronology and attribution

Adrian Husar
State and Church in the Later Roman Empire: Valentinian I, Valens and the Arian crisis

II. Papers and surveys


Nicolae Chetraru
Early Paleolith site Bobulești V

Ilie Borziac, Vitalie Burlacu
Epipaleolithic Svider in the Carpathian-Dniester area

Ilie Borziac, Nicolae Chetraru
Cucuteni stone articles treasure found at Costești village

Сергей М. Агульников, Евгения Ф. Редина
The burial cemetery “Zmeinaya Balka”, near village of Kosary, Odessa district

Alin Frînculeasa
Contributions apres des tombes Jamnaja dans Muntenia.Recherches archéologiques

Татьяна И. Демченко
Kurgans on the left bank of the Middle Prut (excavations of 1982 and 1984)

Сергей М. Агульников
The Belozerka culture horizon from the settlement Kriničnoe

Ion Niculiță, Andrei Nicic
Archaeological research conducted at the settlement Saharna-Dealul Mănăstirii

Viorel Stoian
Babadag inventory pieces from Siliștea, Brăila county

Иван Власенко
Hallstatt cultural-chronological horizons of multilevel settlement Ivancea II

Dragoș Măndescu
The sling – a less known weapon of the Getes

Alexandru Levinschi
Preliminary data about initial period of getian settlement in fortified Saharna Mare

Octavian Munteanu, Vasile Iarmulschi
Pilot excavations at Horodca Mică fortification

Aurel Zanoci, Mihail Băț
Archeological researches conducted in 2006 at the Thracian-Getian settlement Saharna „La Şanț”

Evgeniya Redina, Natalia Mateevici
Sinope amphorae at Košary site, Odessa district, Ukraine

Marius Alexianu
Un aspect de l’économie thrace: esclaves contre sel

Octavian Bounegru
The expedition of Histrian admiral Hegesagoras to western Black Sea

Marek Żyromski
Power, legitimization and propaganda in Imperial Rome

Florian Matei-Popescu, Alexander Falileyev
A Note on ISM V, 115

Larisa Ciobanu
Les vestiges de la culture Sântana de Mureș-Černjachov de Sîngerei

Petre Mocanu
Christianity North of the Balkans in light of the archaeological materials (4th - 6th c. AD)

Ion Tentiuc
Aspects of funeral rite and ritual in the Prut-Dniester region in the early Middle Ages (The Molești-Ialoveni necropolis)

Iulia Postică
Public archaeology of museum complex Orheiul Vechi

Ana Boldureanu
Monetary finds chronicle (I)

III. Paper and book review


Игорь Манзура
Дергачев В.А. О скипетрах. Этюды в защиту миграционной концепции М. Гимбутас. Revista arheologică. vol. I. Nr. 2. Chișinău, 2005, 166 стр. ISSN 1857-016X.

Victor Cojocaru
Heinz Heinen, Antike am Rande der Steppe. Der nördliche Schwarzmeerraum als Forschungsaufgabe (Antichitatea la marginea stepei. Spațiul nord-pontic ca temă de cercetare), Franz Steiner Verlag, Stuttgart, 2006, 91 p., 23 fig.

Mihaela Paraschiv
O exegeză a psihologiei fricii. Alexander Rubel, Cetatea înspăimântată. Religie și politică la Atena în timpul războiului peloponesiac, Editura Universității „Alexandru Ioan Cuza" Iași, 2006, 404 p.

Vlad Vornic
Octavian Liviu Şovan, Necropola de tip Sântana de Mureș-Černjachov de la Mihălășeni (județul Botoșani), Editura „Cetatea de Scaun", Târgoviște, 2005, 354 p.+390 pl., ISBN 973-7925-51-3

Ion Ursu
Adrian Ioniță, Spațiul dintre Carpații Meridionali și Dunărea Superioară în secolele XI-XIII, Editura Academiei Române, București, 2005, 228 p.+56 pl., ISBN 973-27-1215-5

Sergiu Popovici
Aurel Vîlcu, Theodor Isvoranu, Eugen Nicolae, Les Monnaies d'or de l'Institut d'Arheologie de Bucarest, Moneta, Wetteren 2006, 253 p., abrevieri, indice de catalog, 32 planșe, 884 fi g., 1 hartă, ISBN 90-77297-29-4

 


 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations...

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