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#Exhibit of the Month

From the early days of Christianity, the cross meant not only an instrument of torture, but also a symbol of victory over death, a symbol of salvation. The object is made of silver, having the shape of a Byzantine cross with trapezoidal edges of the arms. The side arms and the one at the bottom seem to be turned inside a vessel (chalice (?)) with the trapezoidal "foot". The arms of the cross and of the "chalice" were ended with a decorative element in the shape of a sphere (drop). The cross has a decoration in relief, executed in the technique of filigree and granulation, consisting of drops, double and triple cords, circles with a drop in the center, and trefoils (?). In the center of the cross, at the intersection of the arms, there is a round mount with a cord-like edge, in which the pomegranate fruit is located. However, the main decorative element is the images of four peacocks turned to the right, with a snake in the beak, arranged on all the arms of the cross. The image of the peacocks is rendered in an artistic way, and their tails are stylized in the shape of a palmette.
The peacock, originated from India, due to its luxurious fan-shaped tail, was considered a symbol of the Sun. In ancient Greece, they were considered the sacred birds of the goddess Hera, and in ancient Rome they were considered the sacred birds of the goddess Juno. In Kievan Rus', the peacock (the Firebird) also symbolized the Sun. In the West, the peacock was considered a snake killer, and the iridescent colors of its tail were attributed to its ability to turn snake venom into solar substance. Since snakes in Iranian symbolism were considered enemies of the sun, it was believed that the peacock killed snakes, in order to create "eyes" from their saliva, iridescent with a bronze-green and gold-blue color on the feathers of its tail. Due to the bright splendor of the male peacock's tail, it has been compared with immortal gods and, therefore, with immortality. Peacocks are known as an emblem of greatness, royal authority, spiritual superiority, ideal creation.

In the early period of Christianity, the peacock was a symbol of love, resurrection, immortality, beauty, eternity of the soul, the all-seeing eye of the Church, and the peacock feather was the emblem of Saint Barbara. The image of peacocks with snakes in their beaks on the cross is not at all accidental; it symbolizes the victory of Christ over evil.

On the back side of the cross, traces of fixing are preserved, probably of a pin (missing), so the object served as a brooch (fibula), which was probably attached to the fabric. The piece is presumably dated back to the 9th-12th centuries.

The object has the following dimensions: height - 125 mm; width - 86 mm; weight - 47 g.


 
National Museum of History of Moldova
 

Publications Journal „Tyragetia"

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. I [XVI], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. I [XVI], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică

Chișinău, 2007

I. Researches


Вячеслав М. Бикбаев
Petreni “Towers” (from archaeological interpretation of aerial photographs to reconstruction of the Cucuteni-Tripolye settlements life)

Ion Niculiță, Aurel Zanoci, Tudor Arnăut
Fortifications of the Early Iron Age settlement Saharna Mare

Valeriu Banaru
Zur Verbreitung rotfi guriger Keramik im Nordwesten des Pontos Euxeinos (Bemerkungen zu einem Buch über Handel und Gebrauch attischer Gefäße im pontischen Raum)

Валерия П. Былкова
Late Scythian Settlements in the Lower Dnieper Region: chronology and attribution

Adrian Husar
State and Church in the Later Roman Empire: Valentinian I, Valens and the Arian crisis

II. Papers and surveys


Nicolae Chetraru
Early Paleolith site Bobulești V

Ilie Borziac, Vitalie Burlacu
Epipaleolithic Svider in the Carpathian-Dniester area

Ilie Borziac, Nicolae Chetraru
Cucuteni stone articles treasure found at Costești village

Сергей М. Агульников, Евгения Ф. Редина
The burial cemetery “Zmeinaya Balka”, near village of Kosary, Odessa district

Alin Frînculeasa
Contributions apres des tombes Jamnaja dans Muntenia.Recherches archéologiques

Татьяна И. Демченко
Kurgans on the left bank of the Middle Prut (excavations of 1982 and 1984)

Сергей М. Агульников
The Belozerka culture horizon from the settlement Kriničnoe

Ion Niculiță, Andrei Nicic
Archaeological research conducted at the settlement Saharna-Dealul Mănăstirii

Viorel Stoian
Babadag inventory pieces from Siliștea, Brăila county

Иван Власенко
Hallstatt cultural-chronological horizons of multilevel settlement Ivancea II

Dragoș Măndescu
The sling – a less known weapon of the Getes

Alexandru Levinschi
Preliminary data about initial period of getian settlement in fortified Saharna Mare

Octavian Munteanu, Vasile Iarmulschi
Pilot excavations at Horodca Mică fortification

Aurel Zanoci, Mihail Băț
Archeological researches conducted in 2006 at the Thracian-Getian settlement Saharna „La Şanț”

Evgeniya Redina, Natalia Mateevici
Sinope amphorae at Košary site, Odessa district, Ukraine

Marius Alexianu
Un aspect de l’économie thrace: esclaves contre sel

Octavian Bounegru
The expedition of Histrian admiral Hegesagoras to western Black Sea

Marek Żyromski
Power, legitimization and propaganda in Imperial Rome

Florian Matei-Popescu, Alexander Falileyev
A Note on ISM V, 115

Larisa Ciobanu
Les vestiges de la culture Sântana de Mureș-Černjachov de Sîngerei

Petre Mocanu
Christianity North of the Balkans in light of the archaeological materials (4th - 6th c. AD)

Ion Tentiuc
Aspects of funeral rite and ritual in the Prut-Dniester region in the early Middle Ages (The Molești-Ialoveni necropolis)

Iulia Postică
Public archaeology of museum complex Orheiul Vechi

Ana Boldureanu
Monetary finds chronicle (I)

III. Paper and book review


Игорь Манзура
Дергачев В.А. О скипетрах. Этюды в защиту миграционной концепции М. Гимбутас. Revista arheologică. vol. I. Nr. 2. Chișinău, 2005, 166 стр. ISSN 1857-016X.

Victor Cojocaru
Heinz Heinen, Antike am Rande der Steppe. Der nördliche Schwarzmeerraum als Forschungsaufgabe (Antichitatea la marginea stepei. Spațiul nord-pontic ca temă de cercetare), Franz Steiner Verlag, Stuttgart, 2006, 91 p., 23 fig.

Mihaela Paraschiv
O exegeză a psihologiei fricii. Alexander Rubel, Cetatea înspăimântată. Religie și politică la Atena în timpul războiului peloponesiac, Editura Universității „Alexandru Ioan Cuza" Iași, 2006, 404 p.

Vlad Vornic
Octavian Liviu Şovan, Necropola de tip Sântana de Mureș-Černjachov de la Mihălășeni (județul Botoșani), Editura „Cetatea de Scaun", Târgoviște, 2005, 354 p.+390 pl., ISBN 973-7925-51-3

Ion Ursu
Adrian Ioniță, Spațiul dintre Carpații Meridionali și Dunărea Superioară în secolele XI-XIII, Editura Academiei Române, București, 2005, 228 p.+56 pl., ISBN 973-27-1215-5

Sergiu Popovici
Aurel Vîlcu, Theodor Isvoranu, Eugen Nicolae, Les Monnaies d'or de l'Institut d'Arheologie de Bucarest, Moneta, Wetteren 2006, 253 p., abrevieri, indice de catalog, 32 planșe, 884 fi g., 1 hartă, ISBN 90-77297-29-4

 


 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
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#Exhibit of the Month

From the early days of Christianity, the cross meant not only an instrument of torture, but also a symbol of victory over death, a symbol of salvation. The object is made of silver, having the shape of a Byzantine cross with trapezoidal edges of the arms. The side arms and the one at the bottom seem to be turned inside a vessel (chalice (?)) with the trapezoidal "foot". The arms of the cross and of the "chalice" were ended with a decorative element in the shape of a sphere (drop). The cross has a decoration in relief, executed in the technique of filigree and granulation, consisting of drops, double and triple cords, circles with a drop in the center, and trefoils (?). In the center of the cross, at the intersection of the arms, there is a round mount with a cord-like edge, in which the pomegranate fruit is located...

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