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#Exhibit of the Month

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The exposed object, an "askos" type ceramic vessel, comes from the tumulus necropolis near the village of Ciumai, Taraclia district. The vessel was discovered in 2015 in a cenotaph tomb attributed to the Jamnaja culture, dated to the early Bronze Age (ca. 3300-2600 BC).

The vessel, with an obviously asymmetrical configuration, is hand-moulded from quality clay paste, having a smooth brown surface with gray spots. The body of the vessel is provided with a pronounced protrusion and a truncated neck with a wider opening towards the mouth. The vessel has a stem and is ornamented with three pairs of symmetrically placed relief appliqués. The height of the bowl is 15.5 cm, the diameter of the mouth is 11.4 cm, the diameter of the body is 15 cm and the diameter of the base is 7.5 cm. Such vessels in the archaeological literature are known as "askos" vessels, the respective term being of ancient Greek origin, denoting one of the primitive containers of the period - the bellows made of animal skin.

In prehistoric times, among some peoples, the bellows was transposed into ceramics, in these cases the basic features of the archaic leather vessel were preserved, acquiring a prominent convex shape with a stem and a flat bottom. From the original appearance of the bellows, the asymmetric mouth corresponding to the animal's neck has been preserved, and sometimes three or four legs, corresponding to the appendages of the flayed skin from the animal's legs. These vessels have lost their original zoomorphic character, entering as a new form in the inventory of Neo-Eneolithic ceramics. The first vessels of this type are attested in Greece, in the early Neolithic (ca. 5000-4500 BC) having the shape of cups or cups. In the Neo-Eneolithic Carpatho-Balkan cultures, the type of Aegean askos of short or tall form, with or without legs and with a handle, is found. Less often, they are provided with two mouths (one for filling and one for emptying) or they are off-center and provided with strangely shaped mouths. In the space between the Carpathians and the Dnieper, only tall forms of simple askos, without zoomorphic elements, are known. Askos-type vessels are present in various prehistoric cultures, especially in Southeast Europe and Anatolia.

Being often discovered in association with cult inventory, askos vessels could be an important indicator of use in religious ritual practices. Along with the zoomorphic, anthropomorphic and rhyton-type vessels (roughly conical container from which, in some ceremonies, liquids were drunk or poured), the askos were included in the category of vessels intended for worship, being related to libations (ritual act that consisted of tasting and then pouring a cup of wine, milk, etc. as homage to the deity).

Virtual Tour


Publications Journal „Tyragetia"


Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. I [XVI], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. I [XVI], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică

Chișinău, 2007

I. Researches


Вячеслав М. Бикбаев
Petreni “Towers” (from archaeological interpretation of aerial photographs to reconstruction of the Cucuteni-Tripolye settlements life)

Ion Niculiță, Aurel Zanoci, Tudor Arnăut
Fortifications of the Early Iron Age settlement Saharna Mare

Valeriu Banaru
Zur Verbreitung rotfi guriger Keramik im Nordwesten des Pontos Euxeinos (Bemerkungen zu einem Buch über Handel und Gebrauch attischer Gefäße im pontischen Raum)

Валерия П. Былкова
Late Scythian Settlements in the Lower Dnieper Region: chronology and attribution

Adrian Husar
State and Church in the Later Roman Empire: Valentinian I, Valens and the Arian crisis

II. Papers and surveys


Nicolae Chetraru
Early Paleolith site Bobulești V

Ilie Borziac, Vitalie Burlacu
Epipaleolithic Svider in the Carpathian-Dniester area

Ilie Borziac, Nicolae Chetraru
Cucuteni stone articles treasure found at Costești village

Сергей М. Агульников, Евгения Ф. Редина
The burial cemetery “Zmeinaya Balka”, near village of Kosary, Odessa district

Alin Frînculeasa
Contributions apres des tombes Jamnaja dans Muntenia.Recherches archéologiques

Татьяна И. Демченко
Kurgans on the left bank of the Middle Prut (excavations of 1982 and 1984)

Сергей М. Агульников
The Belozerka culture horizon from the settlement Kriničnoe

Ion Niculiță, Andrei Nicic
Archaeological research conducted at the settlement Saharna-Dealul Mănăstirii

Viorel Stoian
Babadag inventory pieces from Siliștea, Brăila county

Иван Власенко
Hallstatt cultural-chronological horizons of multilevel settlement Ivancea II

Dragoș Măndescu
The sling – a less known weapon of the Getes

Alexandru Levinschi
Preliminary data about initial period of getian settlement in fortified Saharna Mare

Octavian Munteanu, Vasile Iarmulschi
Pilot excavations at Horodca Mică fortification

Aurel Zanoci, Mihail Băț
Archeological researches conducted in 2006 at the Thracian-Getian settlement Saharna „La Şanț”

Evgeniya Redina, Natalia Mateevici
Sinope amphorae at Košary site, Odessa district, Ukraine

Marius Alexianu
Un aspect de l’économie thrace: esclaves contre sel

Octavian Bounegru
The expedition of Histrian admiral Hegesagoras to western Black Sea

Marek Żyromski
Power, legitimization and propaganda in Imperial Rome

Florian Matei-Popescu, Alexander Falileyev
A Note on ISM V, 115

Larisa Ciobanu
Les vestiges de la culture Sântana de Mureș-Černjachov de Sîngerei

Petre Mocanu
Christianity North of the Balkans in light of the archaeological materials (4th - 6th c. AD)

Ion Tentiuc
Aspects of funeral rite and ritual in the Prut-Dniester region in the early Middle Ages (The Molești-Ialoveni necropolis)

Iulia Postică
Public archaeology of museum complex Orheiul Vechi

Ana Boldureanu
Monetary finds chronicle (I)

III. Paper and book review


Игорь Манзура
Дергачев В.А. О скипетрах. Этюды в защиту миграционной концепции М. Гимбутас. Revista arheologică. vol. I. Nr. 2. Chișinău, 2005, 166 стр. ISSN 1857-016X.

Victor Cojocaru
Heinz Heinen, Antike am Rande der Steppe. Der nördliche Schwarzmeerraum als Forschungsaufgabe (Antichitatea la marginea stepei. Spațiul nord-pontic ca temă de cercetare), Franz Steiner Verlag, Stuttgart, 2006, 91 p., 23 fig.

Mihaela Paraschiv
O exegeză a psihologiei fricii. Alexander Rubel, Cetatea înspăimântată. Religie și politică la Atena în timpul războiului peloponesiac, Editura Universității „Alexandru Ioan Cuza" Iași, 2006, 404 p.

Vlad Vornic
Octavian Liviu Şovan, Necropola de tip Sântana de Mureș-Černjachov de la Mihălășeni (județul Botoșani), Editura „Cetatea de Scaun", Târgoviște, 2005, 354 p.+390 pl., ISBN 973-7925-51-3

Ion Ursu
Adrian Ioniță, Spațiul dintre Carpații Meridionali și Dunărea Superioară în secolele XI-XIII, Editura Academiei Române, București, 2005, 228 p.+56 pl., ISBN 973-27-1215-5

Sergiu Popovici
Aurel Vîlcu, Theodor Isvoranu, Eugen Nicolae, Les Monnaies d'or de l'Institut d'Arheologie de Bucarest, Moneta, Wetteren 2006, 253 p., abrevieri, indice de catalog, 32 planșe, 884 fi g., 1 hartă, ISBN 90-77297-29-4

 



 

 

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#Exhibit of the Month

The exposed object, an "askos" type ceramic vessel, comes from the tumulus necropolis near the village of Ciumai, Taraclia district. The vessel was discovered in 2015 in a cenotaph tomb attributed to the Jamnaja culture, dated to the early Bronze Age (ca. 3300-2600 BC)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC