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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations.

The oină or hoina game is considered a Romanian national sports game having a history of at least six centuries. The oina game is practiced continuously, according to the chronicles and deeds of the time at least from the 14th century, being mentioned for the first time in 1364, during the reign of Vlaicu Vodă. The game requires complex sports qualities (good running speed, fast reflexes in self-defense movements against the balls, accuracy in throwing and hitting the ball with a bat or stick). Oina is a sport that identifies us to the same extent as trânta, our national wrestling. The game becomes attractive among young people in the villages, enters the school curriculum through physical education lessons. Through the Education Reform of 1898, as well as through other ministerial decisions, Education Minister Spiru Haret introduces the compulsory oina lessons in all schools, as well as the annual oina competitions.

On May 9, 1899, in Bucharest, the first national oina championship was organized, the teams being made up of high school students. The winner was the team of Nicolae Bălcescu High School from Brăila.

In 1912, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society (Bucharest) was created, which consisted of 13 sports commissions including the oina commission.

After the Union of 1918, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society was reorganized in 1923, including the other oina sports commissions of Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia.

In 1932, the Romanian Oina Federation was founded.

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Publications Journal „Tyragetia"   vol. X [XXV], nr. 1

Objets de la période médiévale de la bourgade de Roman (le point Cuptor)
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Objets de la période médiévale de la bourgade de Roman (le point Cuptor)

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. X [XXV], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică

Mots clef: la bourgade de Roman, outils, faucille, bêche, hache, couteau, chignoles, couteaux, brides, manilles.

Résumé: Le Musée d'Histoire de Roman a reçu en 1989 un lot d'objets en fer de la période médiévale découverts sur la rue Unirii près du centre historique de la ville. Après une série d'activités administratives de la municipalité on a découvert un four et quelques objets en métal. Une fois arrivés au musée à la suite d'une donation, les objets sont restés dans les dépôts de l'institution muséale jusqu'en 2015 quand ils nous ont retenu notre attention. En conséquence on a choisi un nombre de 27 objets pour les restaurer. Du point de vue archéologique et historique il est important de présenter ces objets en tenant compte de l'ensemble des découvertes provenant des bourgades médiévales - premièrement il s'agit des outils, pièces importantes quand on cherche d'établir une typologie génrale et puis la location d'où viennent les objets, c'est à dire le centre de la bourgade.

Le contexte de la découverte, près d'un four, et la typologie des objets, outils agricoles et de l'artisanat, éléments provenant des portes et pièces utilisables dans les constructions, nous indiquent l'inventaire d'une habitation. L'absence de la céramique et des autres objets spécifiques pour les artisans démontre qu'on se trouve dans la présence d'un four simple (et pas d'un four de potier ou d'un artisan). Les caractéristiques des outils mais aussi la présence d'un récipient céramique de type maïolique découvert dans le même lieu en 1980 nous ont permis de dater ces artefacts dans la seconde partie du XVIème siècle et le début du XVIIème siècle.

Liste des illustrations:
Fig. 1. Outils en fer: 1 - faucille; 2 - bêche fragmentaire.
Fig. 2. Outils en fer: 1 - bêche / grattoir pour le métier de cuir; 2 - 5 - manche provenant d'un couteau court; 3 - douille d'une pelle; 4 - chignole.
Fig. 3. Outils en fer: 1 - hache; 2-7 - couteaux en fer fragmentaires.
Fig. 4. Objets en fer: 1 - échappatoire d'une poêle; 2 - charnière; 3 - élément de décoration d'une porte.
Fig. 5. Objets en fer: 1-4 - éléments de liaison; 5, 6 - brides et manilles; 7-9 - clous.



 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations...

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