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National Museum of History of Moldova

Publications Journal „Tyragetia"   vol. I [XVI], nr. 2

The Consequences of the Munich pact for Romano-Bulgarian relations
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

The Consequences of the Munich pact for Romano-Bulgarian relations

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. I [XVI], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie Chișinău, 2007

The relations between Romania and Bulgaria in 1938-1940 were complicated by Bulgarian revisionism, especially by Bulgarian territorial claims against Romania. Bulgarian territorial claims became more aggressive after Germany and Hungary annexed territories of Czechoslovakia. Bulgarian diplomacy sought a “peacefully restitution of Southern Dobroudja to Bulgaria”. How? Not by war, but by diplomatic pressure of Greater Powers on Romania. Indeed, all the Greater Powers, Germany, Italy, USSR, USA, Great Britain, and also Hungary, Turkey and Yugoslavia supported Bulgarian claims for Southern Dobroudja, a fact underlined by Bulgarian Historiography. Why? Hitler and Mussolini were interested in maintaining their alliance with Bulgaria. France and Great Britain, Turkey and Yugoslavia wanted to attract Bulgaria towards them and towards Balkan Entante, by paying the price: Southern Dobroudja from Romania. USSR and Hungary had territorial claims against Romania. Stalin, Hitler and Mussolini competed for attracting Sofia as an allied state. They all decisively supported Bulgaria in the claim for Southern Dobroudja. Finally, on the 31st of July 1940, Hitler ordered Romania to leave Southern Dobroudja. Romania obeyed and signed the treaty of Craiova on the 7th of September 1940, according to which Southern Dobroudja became a part of Bulgaria.



Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age


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