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#Exhibit of the Month

Deer antlers, as well as bones, teeth and shells of mollusks, belong to the category of hard materials of animal origin, which for a long time served as raw materials for prehistoric and protohistoric communities to make tools, weapons, containers, handles, as well as objects of prestige (sceptres) or adornments (necklaces, pendants, clothing accessories), certainly bearing a symbolic load.

The National Museum of History of Moldova has a valuable collection of products made of deer antler, the chronological framework of which covers a very wide period of time, from the Paleolithic era to the late Middle Ages. Based on this, and also taking into account the significance of the beginning of May (May 1 – International Labor Day), we present to our visitors a revolutionary type of tool, very useful, which is directly related to the development of agriculture and prehistoric societies. Antler pickaxes are the tools that contributed to what we call the Neolithic revolution, when there was a transition from hunter-gatherer hominids to sedentary people, agriculturists and cattle breeders, depending on the specifics of the region. Cucuteni agricultural human communities have a long tradition of exploiting Cervus elaphus (deer) resources, especially antlers.

The object comes from the Brânzeni III – Țiganca settlement (Edineț district), a site discovered in 1968 by the archaeologist Nicolae Chetraru, attributed to stage CII of the Tripolye culture. An unaffected part of the site was completely explored in 1970-1972 by Vsevolod Markevich; during the research 37 surface dwellings with platforms were found, revealing a new cultural aspect within the Cucuteni culture – Brânzeni, a cultural and chronological phenomenon that marks the beginning of the final stage of the Eneolithic era, the end of the 4th millennium BC.

The pickaxe hammer, dual-functional product made of the basal part of the main axis of the antler, cleaned and polished, without traces of the basal part, without rosettes and other secondary horn beams. The surface with traces of cuts is polished, in some places with strong luster. The object has a round transverse hole, slightly oblique, with a cylindrical section, located in the middle, and has a pronounced bluntness, chips and a longitudinal crack from antiquity. The active parts – the head and slightly oblique tip, completely kept – are relatively well preserved, with traces of wear and cracks in places due to intensive use.

These traces give us a history of this object, which was originally, most likely, an axe hammer, intended to split, cut, and strike, but with the wear of its blade turned into a pickaxe hammer, used both for percussion activities and for loosening the earth. The object was used as a working tool, but most likely also as a weapon.

Dimensions: L.: 113 mm; W.: 56 mm; thickness: 44 mm: Hole diameter: 20x22 mm.

Virtual Tour


Publications Journal „Tyragetia"


Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. I [XVI], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. I [XVI], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie

Chișinău, 2007

I. Researches


Gheorghe Postică
Orhei fortress in the strategy of Ştefan cel Mare

Ion Tentiuc, Anastasia Hâncu-Tentiuc
Aspects of interrelation of Christian folk beliefs and funeral ritual of in the Early Middle Ages in central and south-eastern Europe

Sergius Ciocanu
Monasteries Vișnevăț and Căpriana – two different ecclesial establishments. „Poiana” and „prisaca”

Valentin Tomuleț
Jewish component in the ethnical structure of the commercial bourgeoisie in Bessarabia (1812-1868)

Maria Danilov
Pedagogical literature of Bessarabia: editions, impressions and imposed models (1814-1918)

II. Papers and surveys


Sergiu Matveev
The reflection of the ethno-cultural processes from the 2nd-14th centuries between Prut and Nistru in the soviet ethno-folck studies

Igor Sava
Le droit de la fondation dans les Pays Roumains à la fin du XIVème – XVIème siècles: traditions byzantines et particularités locales

Лилия Дергачева
Deponierung Alexanders der Guten in Belgorod-Dnestrovsk

Екатерина Абызова, Светлана Рябцева
Buckles from the collection of the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova

Lilia Zabolotnaia
The conditions of the marriage concluding in the Middle Ages. Comparative study

Анна Никулицэ
Silverware and coins from the two medieval hoards

Alina Felea
La population de la ville Soroca (XVI-XIX siècles)

Виктор Филатов
Lamellar armour from the reserves of the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova

Emanuil Brihuneț
First documentary attestations of Mileștii Mici village, Ialoveni district

Maxim Melinti
Influence of the Holy Mount Athos on the spiritual and cultural life of Moldova

Ирина Гончарова
G. Haupt Medal “Battle of Kalish” (1706) from the collection of the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova

Ion Gumenâi
Dynamics of number of the old believers’ population in Bessarabia 1812-1835

Nicolae Fuștei
The Metropolitan Gavriil Bănulescu-Bodoni. Administrative activities at Kiev Bishopric

Valeriu Bubulici, Mihai Onilă
Curchi monastery. Its history and results of the archaeological salvage operations conducted in 2006

Adelaida Chiroșca
Lockets with the image of the Holy Virgin from the collection of the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova

Vlad D. Ghimpu
St. George’s Church in Chișinău (1819)

Andrei Emilciuc
The role of land transport in Bessarabian commerce (1812-1853)

Maria Maftei
A survey of cereal trade in Bessarabia through the ports of Reni and Ismail in 1812-1856

Natalia Timohina
Economical Situation of Bessarabia before the Crimean War

Ludmila Coadă
The Manifestation of the National Factor in the Bessarabian Zemstvo

Lucia Sava
Les modalités d’organiser le loisir à Chișinău au début du XXème siècle

Dinu Poștarencu
Mihail Ozmidov, the first architect and land surveyor of the tsarist Bessarabia

Vasile Dobrescu
„Tovărășia” (1906-1911) – periodical with co-operative profile of Romanians from Transylvania

Lucia Sava
Le milieu de vie des habitants de la ville Chișinău au début du XXème siècle

Marian Petcu
Bribery, cheating and blackmail: Romanian media

Lidia Pădureac
The activity of Romanian diplomacy in the context of the Soviet-British relationship (1924-1926)

Vera Stăvilă
Contribution to the study of the activity of the Chișinău orphanage “Children’s home”

Maria Costea
The Consequences of the Munich pact for Romano-Bulgarian relations

Ana Grițco
Requisition as a way of sovietisation of Bessarabian peasants

Iulia Postică
Museum exhibition – a means to valorize the archaeological heritage

Olga Şcipachin, Dragoș Toma
Museum jubilee exhibition (80th anniversary of Academician S. Rădăuțanu)

Elena Postică
Independent Moldova seen through a museum exhibition

Sergiu Apostol
Reformation of higher education in the Republic of Moldova (1991-2006)

Elena Ploșnița
National Museum of Archaeology and History – from utopia to reality

III. Paper and book review


Ion Eremia
Ioan Horga, Sorin Şipoș, De la „Mica" la „Marea Europă". Mărturii franceze de la sfârșitul secolului al XIX-lea despre frontiera răsăriteană a Europei. Studii și documente. Traducerea textelor Delia-Maria Radu. Oradea, Editura Universității din Oradea, 2006

Ludmila Bacumenco
Michel Mollat du Jourdin, Europa și marea, traducere și note de Gabriela Ciubuc, Iași, Editura Polirom, 2003, 281 p., ISBN 973-681-432-7

Maria Danilov
Axentie Stadnițchi, Mitropolit G. Bănulescu-Bodoni, Chișinău, 2004, 224 p. (Sau cum nu trebuie editate cărțile noastre vechi...)

Valentina Eșanu, Andrei Eșanu
Ana Grițco, Popas în timp. Catalog de carte poștală ilustrată, Casa editorial-poligrafică Bons Offices, Chișinău, 2006, 268 p., ISBN 978-9975-9818-3-5

IV. Homage


Elena Postică
Cu drag despre un Om drag: la aniversarea Doamnei Aurelia Cornețchi

 


 

 

Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
May 18, 2022 – December 31, 2022
 
Over 2500 pieces made of precious metals with historic, artistic and symbolic value
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

Deer antlers, as well as bones, teeth and shells of mollusks, belong to the category of hard materials of animal origin, which for a long time served as raw materials for prehistoric and protohistoric communities to make tools, weapons, containers, handles, as well as objects of prestige (sceptres) or adornments (necklaces, pendants, clothing accessories), certainly bearing a symbolic load...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

menu
The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC