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National Museum of History of Moldova
 

Publications :: Journal „Tyragetia" :: vol. I [XVI], nr. 2

Aspects of interrelation of Christian folk beliefs and funeral ritual of in the Early Middle Ages in central and south-eastern Europe
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Aspects of interrelation of Christian folk beliefs and funeral ritual of in the Early Middle Ages in central and south-eastern Europe

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. I [XVI], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie Chișinău, 2007

The article examines aspects of interaction and confrontation between Christianity on the one hand and folk beliefs and common traditions on the other. Examples of clashes between Christian doctrine with folk beliefs (customs and superstitions), and the attacks of the former on the latter are offered. Attempts to extirpate these beliefs by verbal exposure, by church decrees, epistles and decretals, other state legislations in the West and East could not solve the problem. Pre-Christian beliefs and ceremonies were still in use at the periphery of the Christian world during the early and late Middle Ages.

Modern ethnographic research confirms the survival of pre-Christian traditions in different spheres of the material and spiritual life of the population of the south-eastern Europe. Conflicting opinions of various scholars (archaeologists, historians, ethnographers, anthropologists and others) concerning the reasons of such a stable and long preservation of pagan beliefs are summarized.

The most vivid signs of the so called “orthodox paganism” are revealed in the funeral rituals and customs of the population in Central and South-Eastern Europe. Funeral rituals by cremation were still in use at the end of the I - beginning of the II millennium in Central and South-Eastern Europe including territories inhabited by Romanized population to the East of the Carpathian Mountains. Opinions explaining such phenomenon by poly-ethnic population to the East of the Carpathian Mountains. Opinions explaining such phenomenon by poly-ethnic structure of the population of the Carpathian region during the early Middle Ages are refuted. A comprehensive analysis reveals a presence of insignificant share of heterogeneous elements in the material culture and also certain stabilization in the funeral rites by the beginning of the II millennium which is connected with a nearly complete Christianization of populations of the Central and South-Eastern Europe and creation of centralized states and churches.



 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

 



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