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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations.

The oină or hoina game is considered a Romanian national sports game having a history of at least six centuries. The oina game is practiced continuously, according to the chronicles and deeds of the time at least from the 14th century, being mentioned for the first time in 1364, during the reign of Vlaicu Vodă. The game requires complex sports qualities (good running speed, fast reflexes in self-defense movements against the balls, accuracy in throwing and hitting the ball with a bat or stick). Oina is a sport that identifies us to the same extent as trânta, our national wrestling. The game becomes attractive among young people in the villages, enters the school curriculum through physical education lessons. Through the Education Reform of 1898, as well as through other ministerial decisions, Education Minister Spiru Haret introduces the compulsory oina lessons in all schools, as well as the annual oina competitions.

On May 9, 1899, in Bucharest, the first national oina championship was organized, the teams being made up of high school students. The winner was the team of Nicolae Bălcescu High School from Brăila.

In 1912, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society (Bucharest) was created, which consisted of 13 sports commissions including the oina commission.

After the Union of 1918, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society was reorganized in 1923, including the other oina sports commissions of Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia.

In 1932, the Romanian Oina Federation was founded.

 
National Museum of History of Moldova
 

Publications Journal „Tyragetia"   vol. I [XVI], nr. 2

The Manifestation of the National Factor in the Bessarabian Zemstvo
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

The Manifestation of the National Factor in the Bessarabian Zemstvo

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. I [XVI], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie Chișinău, 2007

From the very moment of the annexation of Bessarabia by the Russian Empire, a number of Moldovan boyars, not willing to accept the act of Old Moldova’s division, have combined forces to fight for the country’s best interests, for preserving the people’s language and its traditions. In the 60’s of the XIX-th Century, for example, there is a movement of young people, most having been brought up in Moldovan boyar families and who had dreams of a Great Romania. Brothers Cotruță were the leaders of the young people’s movement, amongst its members also being the brothers Casso, Cazimir, etc. – all of whom will, later on, take active part in Bessarabia’s Zemstva. Amongst the personalities that the zemstva takes pride in and that have been determined in their pledge for preserving Romanian Moldovans national rights, the nobleman Pavel Dicescu is worth to mention, as one who has been particularly active in Zemstvas from the moment that they have been created, until around middle 80’s, also having been the president of the Orhei Zemstva Council. The list of the Bessarabia’s Zemstva’s counselors, that have, by all possible means, promoted national interests and values and that have contributed to solving a number of problems that the people of Bessarabia were struggling with, can be continued to include I.V.Cristi, the Baron A.F.Stuart etc.

The representatives of the above-mentioned Zemstva have risen the issue of education in Romanian, and that more than once, as it was also the language spoken by the majority of Bessarabia’s population. The Bessarabian Zemstva’s 1903-1904’s attempts to require the right to be taught in school in Romanian and to have the divine sevices in the same language have been to no avail and failed because of local „carrier-men”, who put their own personal interests above all others. Still, the Zemstva continued to insist in its demands. In 1917, the Bessarabian Gubernial Zemstva has finally voted for the Romanian to be taught in schools, as well as the other subjects being taught in the same language, it being the mother language of most of the people.

The idea of a Bessarabia united with Romania is another aspect – considerable enough that was of concern for some of the counselors of the Bessarabian Zemstva’s. The most active district zemstvas have been Soroca and Bălți, as they have stated their desire in favor of a Integration with Romania in March 1918. The Integration itself has been first proclaimed by the Bălți’s District Zemstva on March 3rd, and later on March 13, by the Soroca Zemstva. To conclude, we would like to affirm that the Bessarabian Zemstva, despite the difficulties that it had to confront along the way, and the flaws that it has encountered, has included a number of promoters of the nation’s interests and has opted, even though only by the end of its activity, for the restoration of the Romanian language and the locals’ other national rights.


 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations...

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