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#Exhibit of the Month

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The exposed object, an "askos" type ceramic vessel, comes from the tumulus necropolis near the village of Ciumai, Taraclia district. The vessel was discovered in 2015 in a cenotaph tomb attributed to the Jamnaja culture, dated to the early Bronze Age (ca. 3300-2600 BC).

The vessel, with an obviously asymmetrical configuration, is hand-moulded from quality clay paste, having a smooth brown surface with gray spots. The body of the vessel is provided with a pronounced protrusion and a truncated neck with a wider opening towards the mouth. The vessel has a stem and is ornamented with three pairs of symmetrically placed relief appliqués. The height of the bowl is 15.5 cm, the diameter of the mouth is 11.4 cm, the diameter of the body is 15 cm and the diameter of the base is 7.5 cm. Such vessels in the archaeological literature are known as "askos" vessels, the respective term being of ancient Greek origin, denoting one of the primitive containers of the period - the bellows made of animal skin.

In prehistoric times, among some peoples, the bellows was transposed into ceramics, in these cases the basic features of the archaic leather vessel were preserved, acquiring a prominent convex shape with a stem and a flat bottom. From the original appearance of the bellows, the asymmetric mouth corresponding to the animal's neck has been preserved, and sometimes three or four legs, corresponding to the appendages of the flayed skin from the animal's legs. These vessels have lost their original zoomorphic character, entering as a new form in the inventory of Neo-Eneolithic ceramics. The first vessels of this type are attested in Greece, in the early Neolithic (ca. 5000-4500 BC) having the shape of cups or cups. In the Neo-Eneolithic Carpatho-Balkan cultures, the type of Aegean askos of short or tall form, with or without legs and with a handle, is found. Less often, they are provided with two mouths (one for filling and one for emptying) or they are off-center and provided with strangely shaped mouths. In the space between the Carpathians and the Dnieper, only tall forms of simple askos, without zoomorphic elements, are known. Askos-type vessels are present in various prehistoric cultures, especially in Southeast Europe and Anatolia.

Being often discovered in association with cult inventory, askos vessels could be an important indicator of use in religious ritual practices. Along with the zoomorphic, anthropomorphic and rhyton-type vessels (roughly conical container from which, in some ceremonies, liquids were drunk or poured), the askos were included in the category of vessels intended for worship, being related to libations (ritual act that consisted of tasting and then pouring a cup of wine, milk, etc. as homage to the deity).

Virtual Tour


Publications Journal „Tyragetia"


Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. XI [XXVI], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. XI [XXVI], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică

Chișinău, 2017

I. Researches


Denis Topal, Martin Golec
Vekerzug culture and new finds of Scythian akinakai in Moravia

Akinobu Kuroda
Why and How Did Silver Dominate across Eurasia Late-13th through Mid-14th Century? Historical Backgrounds of the Silver Bars Unearthed from Orheiul Vechi

II. Papers and surveys


Наталья Бурдо
Interpretation of the cultural layer of the early Trypillian site of Bernashevka I

Михаил Видейко, Рене Улрау, Евгений Слесарев, Мария Видейко
New investigations at the Trypillia BI-II site of Kolomyitsiv Yar

Юрий Рассамакин
A unique find of a cast of a nose from a grave of the Pit Grave culture, the Molochnaya River region (Ukraine)

Дмитрий Тесленко
A Catacomb grave with wagon near the village of Voikovo

Elena Izbitser
Novokorsunskaya 2/18, A Grave with a Wagon: work on mistakes

Александр Колесник
Non-utilitarian context of the burnt flint artifacts from the Bronze Age settlements in the Seversky Donets River region

Mariana Sîrbu, Stanislav Țerna
Stolniceni II – a new settlement with “ash lenses” discovered in the northern zone of the Republic of Moldova

Octavian Munteanu, Livia Sîrbu, Ghenadie Sîrbu
Discoveries with cult significance from the Late Bronze Age settlement of Ulmu

Игорь Прохненко
Hillforts of the Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age in the Transcarpathian Region of Ukraine

Mihail Băț
Early Iron Age settlement in Ţahnăuţi, Rezina District

Иван Власенко
Multi-layered settlement Rudi XX (excavations in 1982)

Aurel Zanoci, Natalia Mateevici
Collection of ceramic items from Butuceni in the National Museum of History of Moldova

Dumitru Boghian, Alexandru Berzovan, Sergiu-Constantin Enea
The Getic fortress from Criveşti Strunga Commune, Iaşi County

Сергей Курчатов
Pre-Chernyakhov horizon of the multilayer settlement of Chernitsa I

Игорь Сапожников
Ancient defensive walls and roads around the Danube crossing near Lake Kartal: Experience of cartographic stratigraphy

Vasile Mărculeț
Posible quaestor Justinianus exercitus: Germanus, son of Dorotheus

Стелла Дончева
Metric systems and principles of dimensioning in early Christian architecture

Vlad D. Ghimpu
Basarabi-Murfatlar and Corbii de Piatră – about the Crimean influence on the architecture of the Romanian churches of the early Middle Ages

Борис Раев, Максим Белов, Анна Жадаева
A grave of a Cuman noble woman in the Kislyakovsky 13 kurgan cemetery (Krasnodar kray)

Юрий Пятницкий
Exhibition “Byzantium through the Centuries” at the State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg

Ana Boldureanu
Chronicle of coin findings (XI)

III. Paper and book review


Ludmila Bacumenco-Pîrnău
George Bilavschi, Unelte agricole din Moldova medievală, Brăila: Editura Istros, 2016, 488 p. ISBN: 978-606-654-222-7

 



 

 

Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age
  
  

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#Exhibit of the Month

The exposed object, an "askos" type ceramic vessel, comes from the tumulus necropolis near the village of Ciumai, Taraclia district. The vessel was discovered in 2015 in a cenotaph tomb attributed to the Jamnaja culture, dated to the early Bronze Age (ca. 3300-2600 BC)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC