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#Exhibit of the Month

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The exposed object, an "askos" type ceramic vessel, comes from the tumulus necropolis near the village of Ciumai, Taraclia district. The vessel was discovered in 2015 in a cenotaph tomb attributed to the Jamnaja culture, dated to the early Bronze Age (ca. 3300-2600 BC).

The vessel, with an obviously asymmetrical configuration, is hand-moulded from quality clay paste, having a smooth brown surface with gray spots. The body of the vessel is provided with a pronounced protrusion and a truncated neck with a wider opening towards the mouth. The vessel has a stem and is ornamented with three pairs of symmetrically placed relief appliqués. The height of the bowl is 15.5 cm, the diameter of the mouth is 11.4 cm, the diameter of the body is 15 cm and the diameter of the base is 7.5 cm. Such vessels in the archaeological literature are known as "askos" vessels, the respective term being of ancient Greek origin, denoting one of the primitive containers of the period - the bellows made of animal skin.

In prehistoric times, among some peoples, the bellows was transposed into ceramics, in these cases the basic features of the archaic leather vessel were preserved, acquiring a prominent convex shape with a stem and a flat bottom. From the original appearance of the bellows, the asymmetric mouth corresponding to the animal's neck has been preserved, and sometimes three or four legs, corresponding to the appendages of the flayed skin from the animal's legs. These vessels have lost their original zoomorphic character, entering as a new form in the inventory of Neo-Eneolithic ceramics. The first vessels of this type are attested in Greece, in the early Neolithic (ca. 5000-4500 BC) having the shape of cups or cups. In the Neo-Eneolithic Carpatho-Balkan cultures, the type of Aegean askos of short or tall form, with or without legs and with a handle, is found. Less often, they are provided with two mouths (one for filling and one for emptying) or they are off-center and provided with strangely shaped mouths. In the space between the Carpathians and the Dnieper, only tall forms of simple askos, without zoomorphic elements, are known. Askos-type vessels are present in various prehistoric cultures, especially in Southeast Europe and Anatolia.

Being often discovered in association with cult inventory, askos vessels could be an important indicator of use in religious ritual practices. Along with the zoomorphic, anthropomorphic and rhyton-type vessels (roughly conical container from which, in some ceremonies, liquids were drunk or poured), the askos were included in the category of vessels intended for worship, being related to libations (ritual act that consisted of tasting and then pouring a cup of wine, milk, etc. as homage to the deity).

Virtual Tour


Publications Journal „Tyragetia"


Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. XII [XXVII], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. XII [XXVII], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie

Chișinău, 2018

Researches


Valentin Tomuleţ
Lists of the population and official statistics of the Russian Empire as important sources for studying the modern history of Bessarabia

Gherghina Boda
Museum education as a form of non-formal education

Papers and surveys


Katarzyna Niemczyk
Antemurale christianitatis? Anti-Turkish propaganda and the true goal of Johannes Olbracht’s crusade

Şarolta Solcan
The perception of women based on the witchcraft trials from Transylvania between the 16th and the 18th centuries

Cătălina Chelcu
Punitive Methods for Unfulfilled Taxes in Moldavia (the second half of the 17th and the first half of the 18th century)

Arnaud Parent
Vivre en bonne intelligence sur les deux rives du Dniestr: les relations diplomatiques entre la Principaute de Moldavie et la Republique des Deux Nations (1757-1763)

Игорь Сапожников
Simeon’s cave monastery near the Rogi village on the Dniester river

Sergius Ciocanu
New information on the construction of the Ascension Church in Chişinău and on its precursor – the Church of the Holy Apostles Peter and Paul

Maria Danilov
The Bessarabian manuscript of the Anthim’s sermons

Anatolie Leşcu
Providing the Russian army with vehicles during its location in Bessarabia (1832-1853)

Andrei Emilciuc
Agents of guild merchants in Bessarabia: legal framework and entrepreneurship sphere (1812-1853)

Lilia Zabolotnaia
The strength and weakness of Alexandra Osipovna Smirnova-Rosset (on the history of the origins of one of the women of the Pushkin era)

Eugen-Tudor Sclifos
Great Britain and the issue of Southern Bessarabia in 1856-1857

Cosmin-Ştefan Dogaru
Courses de chevaux et courses d’automobiles: les clubs exclusivistes roumains entre la fin du XIXe siecle et le debut du XXe siecle

Cristina Tănase
Participation of the inhabitants of Braşov in the Austro-Hungarian patriotic efforts. The action “Gold gab ich fur Eisen” (“I give gold for iron”)

Anatolie Povestca
The legitimacy of the presence of Romanian troops in Bessarabia and the reaction of the native population to it (December 1917 - March 1918)

Elena Ploşniţa
“Golgotha” of the Monument to the Union in Chişinău

Cristina Tănase
Clock on the Tower of the Council House in Braşov: Pages of history

Lilia Crudu
The cadre policy of the top echelon of Moldavian Communist Party apparatus in 1940-1941/1944)

Nicolae Fuştei
Activity of the Romanian Orthodox Mission in Transnistria (1941-1944)

Marko Katić
The proskynetarion icon in the private collection

Дмитрий Гуревич
Neo-Byzantine liturgical set of the Russian Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna, Duchess of Edinburgh

Ana Griţco
Eminescu’s literary works and Leonard Salmen’s drawings. Research in the field of deltiology

Adelaida Chiroşca
Icons “Jesus praying in the Garden of Gethsemane” from the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova

Ana Griţco
An exhibition that stopped time

Unification of 1918 in museum collections


Elena Ploşniţa
The events preceding the Union of 1918 reflected in the Luminătorul Magazine

Elena Postică
From the archives of the former KGB to the possession of the museum. History of one collection

Vera Stavilă
The fighters for the unification in the collections of the National Museum of History of Moldova: Constantin Stere

Elena Postică
Anniversary exhibition “Centenary of Great Romania”

Vera Serjant
Medals from the collections of the National Museum of History of Moldova, dedicated to the event of the Great Union

Anatolie Povestca
Daniel Ciugureanu (1885-1950), a distinguished personality of the Romanian people

Paper and book review


Andrei Prohin
Andrei Timotin, Profeţii bizantine şi postbizantine în Ţările Române (secolele al XVII-lea - al XIX-lea). Bucureşti: Editura Academiei Române, 2015, 208 p. ISBN: 978-973-27-2586-3

Вячеслав Степанов
История жизни Марии Кантемир в письмах и документах, автор-составитель Лилия Заболотная. Кишинэу: «Lexon Prim», 2018, 270 с. ISBN 978-9975-139-44-1

Lilia Zabolotnaia
Helena Krasowska, The Polish Minority in South-Eastern Ukraine. Warsaw: Institute of Slavic Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences, 2017, 389 p. ISBN: 978-83-64031-65-6

 



 

 

Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age
  
  

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#Exhibit of the Month

The exposed object, an "askos" type ceramic vessel, comes from the tumulus necropolis near the village of Ciumai, Taraclia district. The vessel was discovered in 2015 in a cenotaph tomb attributed to the Jamnaja culture, dated to the early Bronze Age (ca. 3300-2600 BC)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC