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#Exhibit of the Month

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This is a case for needles, unusually large in size. It was used in the Stone Age as a container for storing and preserving small and fragile items. The case was discovered by the famous researcher Ilie Borziac in 1996 during archaeological excavations at a multi-layered Upper Paleolithic site in the village of Cosauți, Soroca district. The artifact was found at a depth of 9.7-9.85 m in a loess-like occupation layer, among the remains of a seasonal deer hunter camp (in the so-called occupation layer 5). The occupation layer was dated by radiocarbon method to 18140 ± 180. The object is 17.6 cm long and 1.5 cm in diameter. It was made of a thin-walled tubular bone, probably of a large bird (eagle, bustard or gull). The ends of the object were cut across. A round hole 5 mm in diameter with carefully polished edges was made at one of the ends.

The entire surface of the product is polished to a shine. It is ornamented with notches. The notches are applied rhythmically around the entire perimeter. They, without a doubt, indicate that the work was made by human hands. The length of the notches is 3-3.5 mm. They are located transversely, grouped in three rows. The number of notches in the rows is 8/8, 16/10, 14/7, with an average distance between notches of 4 mm.

The researchers who addressed the issue of the functionality of this rare archaeological piece, put forward several hypotheses. One of them is that the artifact probably had a multifunctional practical utility. According to one hypothesis, the presence of a hole at one end of the object indicates that it is a flute. This opinion was called into question due to the identification of only one obvious hole on the surface of the artifact. Most likely, the presence of the hole indicates that a thread was passed through it to hang the case with needles in order to protect and secure it. On the other hand, the relatively large size of this object also allows it to be used as a coupling. According to another version, this kind of vestiges could be used by hunters to remove skins from hunted animals, as a tube for pumping air under the skin of small animals in the process of skinning them. This not only greatly facilitated the removal of the skin, but also kept the subcutaneous fat intact.

Specimens of equally large sizes, similar to the one found at the ford on the Dniester, made of tubular bone with cut off epiphyses, were discovered at several Neolithic sites in Yakutia. Here they were used as needle cases. Some of them were found with needles inside, which confirmed their practical functionality.

Virtual Tour


Publications Journal „Tyragetia"


Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. XIV [XXIX], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. XIV [XXIX], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie

Chişinău, 2020

Researchers


Raimonda Ragauskienė
The Evangelical Environment of Voivode of Vilnius Mikolaj the Black Radziwill (1515-1565) during Iacob’s Heraclid vizite in Vilnius

Lilia Zabolotnaia
The bounds of the private in the life of Antiochus Cantemir: Myths, speculations and realness regarding his secret family in Paris

Aurelia Corneţchi
Digital technologies: a modern way to preserve and promote museum collections

Papers and surveys


Надежда Нижник
Marriage union: a variety of ways to create it in the Old Russian state

Vazha Kiknadze
East-West cultural dialogue in Georgia during the Queen Tamar’s Reign

Şarolta Solcan
Witchcraft at Romanians: Documents of witchcraft trials in Transylvania of the 16th-17th centuries)

Costin Croitoru
Contributions to the history of the Romanian vocabulary: names of Polish coins that circulated in Moldova. II. Poltorac / Polturac / Potor

Александр Пономарёв
The Wallachian family of Corbea (Korbe) in Ukraine-Hetmanate in the 18th century

Игорь Сапожников
Isaccea and ferry across the Danube in the 1770s - 1870s according to cartography and iconography

Valentin Tomuleţ
The social status of Bessarabian boierinaşi in the first half of the 19th century

Игорь Сапожников, Майя Кашуба
German names of the burial mounds of Budjak in the 19th and first half of 20th century

Andrei Emilciuc
Representatives of Bessarabia at commodity exhibitions in the Russian Empire and in Western Europe (1829-1869)

Viorel Bolduma
Emigration of the population from Bassarabia to the Caucasus, the Crimea and the Northern Black Sea Region (1870s-1890s)

Francis Conte
Les «parisiennes d’Odessa» et l’art de l’émigration russe en France (autournant du XXe siècle)

Marius Tărîţă
The wine industry of Besarabia as reflected in Polish consular reports (1924-1931)

Nicolae Fuştei
Moscow – Orthodox Vatican: a failed project

Elena Postică
The famine of 1946-1947 from Moldova in official documents and testimonies of survivors

Liliana Rotaru
“I think there is only one language!” Linguistic contradictions in the Chişinău Pedagogical Institute)

Marcel Revenco
Foreign trade relations of the Republic of Moldova: historiographic aspects

Gherghina Boda
Exhibitions as they appear in the press of the time (1902-1905)

Elena Ploşniţa
The system of legislative acts on cultural institutions of Romania after the Great Unification. Museum aspects

Vera Serjant
The legacy of Vasile Stroescu

Anatolie Povestca
Firearms from the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova

Vera Stăvilă
Post-war social poster as a means of public information (from the collections of the National Museum of History of Moldova)

Юрий Пятницкий
Georgian Art in the Hermitage Museum: the History and Study of the Collection

Adelaida Chiroşca
Multi-part icons in the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova. Visual hagiography

Ana Griţco
Imprinted stamps and postal pieces dedicated to the National Day of the Romanian Language

Lucia Marinescu-Tonu
Techniques for interpreting cultural heritage in the provinces of Trento and Ferrara

Silviu Andrieş-Tabac
Rural heraldic symbols adopted in the Republic of Moldova in 2017-2018

Recenzii şi prezentări de carte


Anatol Povestca
Anatol Petrencu, Rusia, 2019: „acesta a fost un an greu...” [“это был тяжелый год...”]. Chişinău: Balacron, 2020, 296 p., ISBN:978-9975-66-689-3

In memoriam


Aurelia Corneţchi
Un maestru al cuvintelor. În amintirea lingvistului Vlad Pohilă

In memoriam Evgheni Gansinskii

Adelaida Chiroşca
O lumânare aprinsă pentru Iurie Caminschi

 



 

 

Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

This is a case for needles, unusually large in size. It was used in the Stone Age as a container for storing and preserving small and fragile items. The case was discovered by the famous researcher Ilie Borziac in 1996 during archaeological excavations at a multi-layered Upper Paleolithic site in the village of Cosauți, Soroca district...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

menu
The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC