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#Exhibit of the Month

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The great ruler Stephen the Great, outstanding army commander and diplomat, was also concerned during his life with the economic prosperity of the country, supporting the development of crafts, trade and fairs. During his reign, groși and half groși minted in the dinar system were issued, a monetary system introduced in Moldova during the last reign of Petru Aron (1455-1457).

The coins were minted from silver of superior title, those that reflect stability in the economic life of the country at that time. Their masterful execution at the Suceava mint is among the beautiful artistic achievements during the reign of Stephen the Great.

During his reign, two types of issues were minted, for the two denominations: groși and half groși.

Type I issues have a split shield on the obverse; in the first quarter appears a rose surmounted by a cross and three fascias, in the second quarter. For the epigraph issues (groși), the image is accompanied by the circular legend with the name of the issuer: + STEFANVS VOIEVODA. On the other side appears the bour's head with a star between the horns accompanied by the heraldic furniture - the rose and the contoured crescent, placed to the right and left of the bour's head; circular legend: MOLDAVIE COIN.

On type II coins in the shield on the obverse appears a patriarchal cross (double) and the legend STEFANVSVOIEVOD or abbreviated STEFANVSVOIE. On the reverse, as in type I, the bour's head with heraldic attributes is preserved: rose right/crescent left and crescent right/rose left. A star or rose appears between the ox's horns. The legend accompanying the face with the bour head is MONETAMOLDAVI or abbreviated MONETAMOLDA.

The dating of Stephen the Great's coins is still under discussion. According to one opinion, type I issues were minted between 1457-1476, and type II between 1480/1481-1505 (Octavian Iliescu), and another 1465/1467-1475/1476 for type I and 1476/1479-1497 for type II (Ernest Oberländer-Târnoveanu).

The coins in this showcase were discovered during the archaeological excavations at Orheiul Vechi (Trebujeni, Orhei district) in the 6th and 7th decades of the 20th century:

1. Type I money issues, groși, silver
2. Type II money issues, groși, silver
3. Type II coin issue, half groși, silver

Virtual Tour


Exhibitions

"Whisper of harmony..." 100 years since birth of the plastic artist Igor Vieru (1923-1988)

August 17 – September 26, 2023

December 23, 2023 marks the 100th anniversary of the birth of the renowned plastic artist Igor Vieru (1923-1988). On this occasion, within the framework of the National holidays of the Republic of Moldova: Independence Day and National "Our Language" Day, the National Museum of History of Moldova, in partnership with the Vieru family, organizes the exhibition with the title "Whisper of harmony..." 100 years of at the birth of the painter Igor Vieru (1923-2023).

The exhibition includes a series of paintings and book illustrations signed by Igor Vieru, as well as personal objects of the painter, kept in the heritage of the National History Museum of Moldova. Part of the artist's works of art were exhibited as part of Igor Vieru's largest personal exhibition, hosted by the Museum between May and September 1988, the opening of which he was not allowed to arrive alive, dying from life on May 24, 1988. But it was spent on the last particular road of that exhibition, surrounded by his creation, family, friends and Museum visitors. The personal objects from the exhibition are presented to the general public for the first time, with a series of photos provided for the exhibition by Igor Vieru's family.

The generic of the current exhibition was taken from the essay Thoughts on the threshold of the house, signed by Igor Vieru in 1981, where, among other things, the painter meditating on the contemporary trends of desecrating the harmony of colors, specific to the old barks, mentions that the whisper of their harmony has become a scream irritating, thus wanting to emphasize the importance and necessity of preserving our ancestral art unaltered.

In 2004, another exhibition dedicated to the great painter was set up at the National Museum of History of Moldova: "Igor Vieru - unknown", organized and financially supported by the artist's son - Roland Vieru, in which more than 800 pieces of painting and graphics, found in the family collection.
The exhibition is structured in two compartments: personal items and photographs, paintings and graphic drawings by the painter Igor Vieru.

In the first compartment are displayed the state and departmental decorations of the USSR and the Moldovan SSR, given to the painter in recognition of his merits and their certificates, photographs, in which scenes from the life and work of Igor Vieru are reproduced, several personal objects, such as the hat his straw saddle, the violin he played on, the painting suitcase, a palette of colors, a dish for washing brushes, a family rug, etc. A central place is occupied by Igor Vieru's easel, on which the painter's "Self-Portrait", created in 1968, is displayed.

In the second compartment, a series of works are on display, including oil paintings on cardboard such as "Childhood Memories" by Ion Creangă, the portrait of Ion Creangă, the bojdeuca of Ion Creangă from Iași, gouache illustrations on paper for the textbook "Abecedar" from 1968, on which he worked together with the poet Grigore Vieru; graphic designs for Mihai Eminescu's book "Călin", sets for the film "Bridges" by Vasile Pascaru from 1979, as well as illustrations for children's books "Guguță, capitan de corabie", "Mother-in-law with three daughters" by I. Creangă, from 1955, "The Story of Snowflakes" by Grigore Vieru, from 1956, etc.

The exhibition can be visited by the general public starting from August 17, 2023 and until September 26, 2023, in the upstairs hall of the National Museum of History of Moldova, 31 August 1989 street, 121A.



 




Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age
  
  

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#Exhibit of the Month

The great ruler Stephen the Great, outstanding army commander and diplomat, was also concerned during his life with the economic prosperity of the country, supporting the development of crafts, trade and fairs. During his reign, groși and half groși minted in the dinar system were issued, a monetary system introduced in Moldova during the last reign of Petru Aron (1455-1457)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC