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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations.

The oină or hoina game is considered a Romanian national sports game having a history of at least six centuries. The oina game is practiced continuously, according to the chronicles and deeds of the time at least from the 14th century, being mentioned for the first time in 1364, during the reign of Vlaicu Vodă. The game requires complex sports qualities (good running speed, fast reflexes in self-defense movements against the balls, accuracy in throwing and hitting the ball with a bat or stick). Oina is a sport that identifies us to the same extent as trânta, our national wrestling. The game becomes attractive among young people in the villages, enters the school curriculum through physical education lessons. Through the Education Reform of 1898, as well as through other ministerial decisions, Education Minister Spiru Haret introduces the compulsory oina lessons in all schools, as well as the annual oina competitions.

On May 9, 1899, in Bucharest, the first national oina championship was organized, the teams being made up of high school students. The winner was the team of Nicolae Bălcescu High School from Brăila.

In 1912, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society (Bucharest) was created, which consisted of 13 sports commissions including the oina commission.

After the Union of 1918, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society was reorganized in 1923, including the other oina sports commissions of Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia.

In 1932, the Romanian Oina Federation was founded.

 
National Museum of History of Moldova
 

Publications Journal „Tyragetia"   vol. IV [XIX], nr. 1

Archaeological research in the north-eastern part of the Horodca Mare site, Ialoveni district, field season 2008
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Archaeological research in the north-eastern part of the Horodca Mare site, Ialoveni district, field season 2008

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. IV [XIX], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică

The field season 2008 archaeological investigation has been carried out in the north-eastern part of the Horodca Mare site, Ialoveni District, called „La Cetate”. The stratigraphical analysis revealed cultural layers as follows: the antique layer (it is represented by Getic pottery, one piece of Greek amphora, and a fragment of black-lacquered pottery), and the Eneolithic layer (containing artifacts of the Cucuteni-Tripolie Culture). Statistical analysis supports the obtained results. The discovered archaeological artifacts from the site do not indicate any archaeological complexes. The composition of the discoveries is similar to finds from the central part of the settlement, excavated during the field season 2007.

List of illustrations:
Tab. 1. Horodca Mare 2008. S II. Discoveries statistics. Layer I. A1-A11.
Tab. 2. Horodca Mare 2008. S II. Discoveries statistics. Layer I. B1-F1.
Tab. 3. Horodca Mare 2008. S II. Discoveries statistics. Layer II. A1-A11.
Tab. 4. Horodca Mare 2008. S II. Discoveries statistics. Layer II. B1-F1.
Tab. 5. Horodca Mare 2008. S II. Discoveries statistics. Layer III. A1-A11.
Fig. 1. Horodca Mare 2008. S II. Plan and profile. Layer I. A1-A6.
Fig. 2. Horodca Mare 2008. S II. Plan and profile. Layer I. A7-A11.
Fig. 3. Horodca Mare 2008. S II. Plan and profile. Layer II. A1-A6.
Fig. 4. Horodca Mare 2008. S II. Plan and profile. Layer II. A7-A11.
Fig. 5. Horodca Mare 2008. S II. Plan and profile. Layer III. A1-A6.
Fig. 6. Horodca Mare 2008. S II. Plan and profile. Layer III. A7-A11.
Fig. 7. Horodca Mare 2008. S II. Plan and profile. Layer I-II. B1-F1.
Fig. 8. Horodca Mare 2008. S II. Cucuteni ceramics discovered in section II.
Fig. 9. Horodca Mare 2008. S II. Ceramics discovered in section II.
Fig. 10. Horodca Mare 2008. S II. Inventory pieces (photo): 1 - head of burned flint arrow; 2 - head of flint arrow; 3 - fragment of processed bone; 4 - metal object.


 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations...

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