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#Exhibit of the Month

From the early days of Christianity, the cross meant not only an instrument of torture, but also a symbol of victory over death, a symbol of salvation. The object is made of silver, having the shape of a Byzantine cross with trapezoidal edges of the arms. The side arms and the one at the bottom seem to be turned inside a vessel (chalice (?)) with the trapezoidal "foot". The arms of the cross and of the "chalice" were ended with a decorative element in the shape of a sphere (drop). The cross has a decoration in relief, executed in the technique of filigree and granulation, consisting of drops, double and triple cords, circles with a drop in the center, and trefoils (?). In the center of the cross, at the intersection of the arms, there is a round mount with a cord-like edge, in which the pomegranate fruit is located. However, the main decorative element is the images of four peacocks turned to the right, with a snake in the beak, arranged on all the arms of the cross. The image of the peacocks is rendered in an artistic way, and their tails are stylized in the shape of a palmette.
The peacock, originated from India, due to its luxurious fan-shaped tail, was considered a symbol of the Sun. In ancient Greece, they were considered the sacred birds of the goddess Hera, and in ancient Rome they were considered the sacred birds of the goddess Juno. In Kievan Rus', the peacock (the Firebird) also symbolized the Sun. In the West, the peacock was considered a snake killer, and the iridescent colors of its tail were attributed to its ability to turn snake venom into solar substance. Since snakes in Iranian symbolism were considered enemies of the sun, it was believed that the peacock killed snakes, in order to create "eyes" from their saliva, iridescent with a bronze-green and gold-blue color on the feathers of its tail. Due to the bright splendor of the male peacock's tail, it has been compared with immortal gods and, therefore, with immortality. Peacocks are known as an emblem of greatness, royal authority, spiritual superiority, ideal creation.

In the early period of Christianity, the peacock was a symbol of love, resurrection, immortality, beauty, eternity of the soul, the all-seeing eye of the Church, and the peacock feather was the emblem of Saint Barbara. The image of peacocks with snakes in their beaks on the cross is not at all accidental; it symbolizes the victory of Christ over evil.

On the back side of the cross, traces of fixing are preserved, probably of a pin (missing), so the object served as a brooch (fibula), which was probably attached to the fabric. The piece is presumably dated back to the 9th-12th centuries.

The object has the following dimensions: height - 125 mm; width - 86 mm; weight - 47 g.


 
National Museum of History of Moldova
 

Publications Journal „Tyragetia"

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. IV [XIX], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. IV [XIX], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică

Chișinău, 2010

I. Researches


Valeriu Cavruc
Some aspects regarding exchange of salt in 6th - 2nd millennia BC in the Carpatho-Danubian area

Игорь Манзура
Copper Age burials with “extended” skeletons in the Carpathian-Dniester region

Maja Kașuba, Aurel Zanoci
Der Wohnungsbau im hallstattzeitlichen Milieu der ostkarpatischen Region im 12. - 8. Jh. v. u. Z. (Traditionen, kulturelle Unterschiede und die Aussichten einer Vergleichsstudie)

Valeriu Banaru
Zur Anfangsphase der Verbreitung attischer rotfiguriger Keramik im Nordwesten des Pontos Euxeinos

III. Paper and book review


Galina Bodareu
Archaeological research in the north-eastern part of the Horodca Mare site, Ialoveni district, field season 2008

Дмитрий Куштан
Deposit of Flint Raw Material from the Late Tripolian Settlement Sharin III

Jurgita Alvarez Romero
Populația culturii topoarelor de luptă din estul Mării Baltice, Lituania

Владимир Белозор, Александр Могилов, Сергей Скорый
Early Iron Age complexes near Kozlov village in the Middle Dniester area

Florea Costea
Încă o fibulă hallstattiană descoperită în fortificația de la Racoș-Piatra Detunată

Octavian Munteanu, Vasile Iarmulschi, Veronica Perju, Livia Ermurachi
The first building-phase of the fortification at Horodca Mică

Viorel Stoian
Roman imports discovered at the Brăilița archaeological site

Сергей Агульников, Валерий Бубулич
Sarmatian stela with tamga found near Taraclia

David Schwarcz, Zsuzsa Varga
METALWORK IN THE EARLY AVAR PERIOD: GRANULATION, FILIGREE - IMITATION

Ion Tentiuc
About horse rider pendants from the early Medieval period in the Prut-Dniester area

Иван Власенко
Defensive system of citadel Mereșeuca-Cetățuie

Светлана Рябцева
On some ornaments and clothing accessories of the populations from the Carpathian-Danubian space in the 14th-17th centuries

Andrei Corobcean
Some aspects of the problem of reflection of ethnic distinctions in stylistic variations of artefacts

Ana Boldureanu
Chronicle of monetary discoveries (IV)

Sergiu Musteață
Манаджемент археологического насследия и кража древностей в Республике Молдова

III. Paper and book review


Михаил Аникович, Николай К. Анисюткин
Н.А. Кетрару, Г.В. Григорьева, С.И. Коваленко, Верхнепалеолитическая стоянка Рашков VII. Кишинев, 2007, 185 с.

Ion Tentiuc
Sergiu Matveev, Procesele etno-culturale din spațiul carpato-nistrean în secolele II-XIV. Istoriografia sovietică. Chișinău: Pontos, 2009, 230 p. text + 5 tabele

Ana Boldureanu
Олександр Огуй, Монетнi знахiдки на Буковинi. Системно-квантитативне зiставлення. Чернiвцi, ЧНУ, 2008, 252 p. + 4 hărți + 4 pl. ISBN 978-966-423-018-3

Larisa Noroc
Liliana Condraticova, Arta bijuteriilor din Moldova. Iași: Editura Lumen, 2010, 286 p.

IV. In memoriam


Rodica Ursu-Naniu
Omul Cetății. In memoriam Gavrilă Simion



 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
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#Exhibit of the Month

From the early days of Christianity, the cross meant not only an instrument of torture, but also a symbol of victory over death, a symbol of salvation. The object is made of silver, having the shape of a Byzantine cross with trapezoidal edges of the arms. The side arms and the one at the bottom seem to be turned inside a vessel (chalice (?)) with the trapezoidal "foot". The arms of the cross and of the "chalice" were ended with a decorative element in the shape of a sphere (drop). The cross has a decoration in relief, executed in the technique of filigree and granulation, consisting of drops, double and triple cords, circles with a drop in the center, and trefoils (?). In the center of the cross, at the intersection of the arms, there is a round mount with a cord-like edge, in which the pomegranate fruit is located...

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