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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations.

The oină or hoina game is considered a Romanian national sports game having a history of at least six centuries. The oina game is practiced continuously, according to the chronicles and deeds of the time at least from the 14th century, being mentioned for the first time in 1364, during the reign of Vlaicu Vodă. The game requires complex sports qualities (good running speed, fast reflexes in self-defense movements against the balls, accuracy in throwing and hitting the ball with a bat or stick). Oina is a sport that identifies us to the same extent as trânta, our national wrestling. The game becomes attractive among young people in the villages, enters the school curriculum through physical education lessons. Through the Education Reform of 1898, as well as through other ministerial decisions, Education Minister Spiru Haret introduces the compulsory oina lessons in all schools, as well as the annual oina competitions.

On May 9, 1899, in Bucharest, the first national oina championship was organized, the teams being made up of high school students. The winner was the team of Nicolae Bălcescu High School from Brăila.

In 1912, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society (Bucharest) was created, which consisted of 13 sports commissions including the oina commission.

After the Union of 1918, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society was reorganized in 1923, including the other oina sports commissions of Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia.

In 1932, the Romanian Oina Federation was founded.

 
National Museum of History of Moldova
 

Publications Journal „Tyragetia"

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. IV [XIX], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. IV [XIX], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică

Chișinău, 2010

I. Researches


Valeriu Cavruc
Some aspects regarding exchange of salt in 6th - 2nd millennia BC in the Carpatho-Danubian area

Игорь Манзура
Copper Age burials with “extended” skeletons in the Carpathian-Dniester region

Maja Kașuba, Aurel Zanoci
Der Wohnungsbau im hallstattzeitlichen Milieu der ostkarpatischen Region im 12. - 8. Jh. v. u. Z. (Traditionen, kulturelle Unterschiede und die Aussichten einer Vergleichsstudie)

Valeriu Banaru
Zur Anfangsphase der Verbreitung attischer rotfiguriger Keramik im Nordwesten des Pontos Euxeinos

III. Paper and book review


Galina Bodareu
Archaeological research in the north-eastern part of the Horodca Mare site, Ialoveni district, field season 2008

Дмитрий Куштан
Deposit of Flint Raw Material from the Late Tripolian Settlement Sharin III

Jurgita Alvarez Romero
Populația culturii topoarelor de luptă din estul Mării Baltice, Lituania

Владимир Белозор, Александр Могилов, Сергей Скорый
Early Iron Age complexes near Kozlov village in the Middle Dniester area

Florea Costea
Încă o fibulă hallstattiană descoperită în fortificația de la Racoș-Piatra Detunată

Octavian Munteanu, Vasile Iarmulschi, Veronica Perju, Livia Ermurachi
The first building-phase of the fortification at Horodca Mică

Viorel Stoian
Roman imports discovered at the Brăilița archaeological site

Сергей Агульников, Валерий Бубулич
Sarmatian stela with tamga found near Taraclia

David Schwarcz, Zsuzsa Varga
METALWORK IN THE EARLY AVAR PERIOD: GRANULATION, FILIGREE - IMITATION

Ion Tentiuc
About horse rider pendants from the early Medieval period in the Prut-Dniester area

Иван Власенко
Defensive system of citadel Mereșeuca-Cetățuie

Светлана Рябцева
On some ornaments and clothing accessories of the populations from the Carpathian-Danubian space in the 14th-17th centuries

Andrei Corobcean
Some aspects of the problem of reflection of ethnic distinctions in stylistic variations of artefacts

Ana Boldureanu
Chronicle of monetary discoveries (IV)

Sergiu Musteață
Манаджемент археологического насследия и кража древностей в Республике Молдова

III. Paper and book review


Михаил Аникович, Николай К. Анисюткин
Н.А. Кетрару, Г.В. Григорьева, С.И. Коваленко, Верхнепалеолитическая стоянка Рашков VII. Кишинев, 2007, 185 с.

Ion Tentiuc
Sergiu Matveev, Procesele etno-culturale din spațiul carpato-nistrean în secolele II-XIV. Istoriografia sovietică. Chișinău: Pontos, 2009, 230 p. text + 5 tabele

Ana Boldureanu
Олександр Огуй, Монетнi знахiдки на Буковинi. Системно-квантитативне зiставлення. Чернiвцi, ЧНУ, 2008, 252 p. + 4 hărți + 4 pl. ISBN 978-966-423-018-3

Larisa Noroc
Liliana Condraticova, Arta bijuteriilor din Moldova. Iași: Editura Lumen, 2010, 286 p.

IV. In memoriam


Rodica Ursu-Naniu
Omul Cetății. In memoriam Gavrilă Simion



 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations...

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