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#Exhibit of the Month

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The exposed object, an "askos" type ceramic vessel, comes from the tumulus necropolis near the village of Ciumai, Taraclia district. The vessel was discovered in 2015 in a cenotaph tomb attributed to the Jamnaja culture, dated to the early Bronze Age (ca. 3300-2600 BC).

The vessel, with an obviously asymmetrical configuration, is hand-moulded from quality clay paste, having a smooth brown surface with gray spots. The body of the vessel is provided with a pronounced protrusion and a truncated neck with a wider opening towards the mouth. The vessel has a stem and is ornamented with three pairs of symmetrically placed relief appliqués. The height of the bowl is 15.5 cm, the diameter of the mouth is 11.4 cm, the diameter of the body is 15 cm and the diameter of the base is 7.5 cm. Such vessels in the archaeological literature are known as "askos" vessels, the respective term being of ancient Greek origin, denoting one of the primitive containers of the period - the bellows made of animal skin.

In prehistoric times, among some peoples, the bellows was transposed into ceramics, in these cases the basic features of the archaic leather vessel were preserved, acquiring a prominent convex shape with a stem and a flat bottom. From the original appearance of the bellows, the asymmetric mouth corresponding to the animal's neck has been preserved, and sometimes three or four legs, corresponding to the appendages of the flayed skin from the animal's legs. These vessels have lost their original zoomorphic character, entering as a new form in the inventory of Neo-Eneolithic ceramics. The first vessels of this type are attested in Greece, in the early Neolithic (ca. 5000-4500 BC) having the shape of cups or cups. In the Neo-Eneolithic Carpatho-Balkan cultures, the type of Aegean askos of short or tall form, with or without legs and with a handle, is found. Less often, they are provided with two mouths (one for filling and one for emptying) or they are off-center and provided with strangely shaped mouths. In the space between the Carpathians and the Dnieper, only tall forms of simple askos, without zoomorphic elements, are known. Askos-type vessels are present in various prehistoric cultures, especially in Southeast Europe and Anatolia.

Being often discovered in association with cult inventory, askos vessels could be an important indicator of use in religious ritual practices. Along with the zoomorphic, anthropomorphic and rhyton-type vessels (roughly conical container from which, in some ceremonies, liquids were drunk or poured), the askos were included in the category of vessels intended for worship, being related to libations (ritual act that consisted of tasting and then pouring a cup of wine, milk, etc. as homage to the deity).

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Publications Journal „Tyragetia"   vol. VIII [XXIII], nr. 1


Bronze objects found in the settlements of Noua-Sabatinovka type in the Prut-Dniester area
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Bronze objects found in the settlements of Noua-Sabatinovka type in the Prut-Dniester area

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. VIII [XXIII], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică

This article summarizes the metal objects that have been discovered within the settlements of Noua-Sabatinovka cultural complex in the Prut-Dniester area from 1950s to the present. In comparison with other typical for these cultures objects made of other materials (bone, stone, clay), the number of bronze objects is smaller. This situation is quite natural, given the scarcity and cost of bronze during the Late Bronze Age.

According to archaeological research conducted in the Prut-Dniester area up to now, there are known 112 objects of bronze : needles - 38, owls - 23, rods - 8 , sickles - 8 , bracelets - 6, plaques - 5, pendants - 5, chain links - 5, wires with one end twisted in spiral - 4, plates - 3, daggers - 2, arrowheads - 2, celts - 1, chisel - 1, battle axe - 1.

List of illustrations:

Fig. 1. Map of the Noua-Sabatinovka type settlements, in which bronze objects were discovered: 1 - Ostrivec; 2 - Čertivec; 3 - Stecivka; 4 - Mahala; 5 - Slobozia-Șireuți; 6 - Odaia-Miciurin; 7 - Petrușeni; 8 - Ghindești; 9 - Roșieticii Vechi; 10 - Cobîlnea; 11 - Grigoreuca; 12 - Bălăbănești; 13 - Hansca; 14 - Mereni; 15 - Gura Galbenei; 16 - Cucoara; 17 - Novoselica; 18 - Pivdenne.
Fig. 2. Tools. Celt: 1 - Pivdenne (after Черняков 1966, рис. 5). Chisel: 2 - Mahala (after Балагурi 1971, рис. 111/8). Sickles: 3 - Hansca (after Дергачев 1986, рис. 45/15); 4 - Mahala (after Смирнова 1969, 15, рис. 7/I 28); 5 - Roșieticii Vechi (after Мелюкова 1958, табл. XXVIII/1); 6-10 - Stecivka (after Крушельницка 2006, рис. 29/7-11).
Fig. 3. Utensils. Simple needles: 1, 4, 12 - Ghindești (after Мелюкова 1961, рис. 12/ 9, 10, 11,); 2, 3, 6, 7, 9 - Odaia-Miciurin (after Сава, Кайзер 2011, рис. 72/5, 7, 8, 15, 16); 5, 11 - Ostrivec (after Балагурi 1968, рис. 3/3, 4);
8 - Petrușeni (after Sava 1994, fi g. 5/28); 10, 13 - Cucoara (Sava 1994, fi g. 6/28, 33). Awl/chisel: 14, 15, 17, 20, 27 - Odaia-Miciurin (after Сава, Кайзер 2011, рис. 72/1, 6, 9, 17, 18); 19 - Cocoara (after Бейлекчи 1974, рис. 4/4). Awls: 16 - Bălăbănești (after Никулицэ 1983, рис. 5/20); 18 - Odaia-Miciurin (after Сава, Кайзер 2011, рис. 72/20); 21 - Cobâlnea (after Демченко, Левицкий 1992, рис. 3/5); 22 - Ghindești (after Мелюкова 1961, рис. 12/1); 23, 24, 28 - Ostrivec (after Балагурi 1968, рис. 3/6, 14, 20); 25 - Stecivka (after Крушельницка 2006, рис. 21/12); 26 - Gura Galbenei (after Дергачев 1986, рис. 51/4), 29 - Petrușeni (after Sava 1994, fig. 5/30).
Fig. 4. Adornments. Hairpins: 1, 15, 22 - Odaia-Miciurin (after Сава, Кайзер 2011, рис. 72/2, 3); 2, 4, 17, 25 - Ghindești (after Мелюкова 1961, рис. 12/2, 3, 5-7); 3, 16 - Mahala (Смирнова 1957, рис. 39/8, Смирнова 1976, рис. 2/5); 5, 6 8-10, 19, 23, 24 - Ostrivec (after Балагурi 1968, рис. 3/1, 2, 7-13); 7 - Gura Galbenă (after Дергачев 1986, рис. 51/3); 11 - Hansca (after Каврук 1985, рис. 3/1); 12 - Bălăbănești (after Никулица 1983, рис. 5/21); 13 - Petrușeni (after Sava 1994, fig. 5/29); 14 - Slobozia-Şireuți (after Deргачев 1969, таб. 3/17); 18 - Roșieticii Vechi (after Мелюкова 1961, рис. 12/3); 26 - Čertivec (Крушельницка 2006, рис. 17/10).
Fig. 5. Adornments. Plaques: 1 - Ghindești (after Мелюкова 1961, рис. 12/4); 2 - Ostrivec (after Балагурi 1968, рис. 3/19); 3 - Cobâlnea (after Демченко, Левицкий 1992, рис. 2/12) 4 - Odaia-Miciurin (after Сава, Кайзер 2011, рис. 72/25). Pendants: 5, 7 - Ghindești (after Дергачев 2012b, илл. 8/23, 24); 6 - Ostrivec (after Балагурi 1968, рис. 3/8); 8 - Mahala (after Смирнова 1969, 15, рис. 7/I 21); 9 - Odaia-Miciurin (after Сава, Кайзер 2011, рис. 72/26). Bracelets: 10, 13 - Ostrivec (after Балагурi 1968, рис. 3/15, 16); 14 - Ghindești (after Мелюкова 1961, рис. 12/12); 15 - Roșieticii Vechi (after Мелюкова 1961, рис. 12/8). Ornaments: 11 - Odaia-Miciurin (after Сава, Кайзер 2011, рис. 72/27); 12 - Ostivec (after Балагурi 1968, рис. 3/22).
Fig. 6. Weapons. Arrowheads: 1 - Cocoara (Sava 1994, fi g. 6/30); 2 - Novoselica (after Тощев, Черняков 1986, 128, рис. 6/4); 3 - Mahala (after Смирнова 1969, рис. 7/I, 24). Daggers: 4 - Mereni (after Sava 2002, fi g. 3/8); 5 - Mahala (after Смирнова 1969, рис. 7/I, 29). Battle axe: 6 - Stecivka (after Крушельницка 2006, рис. 29/6).

Mariana Sîrbu, Stanislav Țerna
Stolniceni II – a new settlement with “ash lenses” discovered in the northern zone of the Republic of Moldova
Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. XI [XXVI], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică
Regina Uhl, Mariana Vasilache-Curoșu, Veaceslav Bicbaev, Mariana Sîrbu, Livia Sîrbu
Bericht über die archäologischen Arbeiten in Petreni, Republik Moldau
Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. X [XXV], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică
Mariana Sîrbu
The hoard of the late Bronze Age from the village of Antonești (the Cantemir District, Republic of Moldova
Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. VII [XXII], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică
Mariana Sîrbu, Denis Topal, Eugen Sava, Lazar Dermenji
Bronze items discovered on the settlements of the Noua-Sabatinovka cultures from the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova
Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. XIV [XXIX], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică, Chişinău, 2020
Mariana Sîrbu
Manufacture of items of hard materials of animal origin during the Late Bronze Age (the Noua-Sabatinovka cultural complex)
Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. V [XX], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică



 

 

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#Exhibit of the Month

The exposed object, an "askos" type ceramic vessel, comes from the tumulus necropolis near the village of Ciumai, Taraclia district. The vessel was discovered in 2015 in a cenotaph tomb attributed to the Jamnaja culture, dated to the early Bronze Age (ca. 3300-2600 BC)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

menu
The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC