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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations.

The oină or hoina game is considered a Romanian national sports game having a history of at least six centuries. The oina game is practiced continuously, according to the chronicles and deeds of the time at least from the 14th century, being mentioned for the first time in 1364, during the reign of Vlaicu Vodă. The game requires complex sports qualities (good running speed, fast reflexes in self-defense movements against the balls, accuracy in throwing and hitting the ball with a bat or stick). Oina is a sport that identifies us to the same extent as trânta, our national wrestling. The game becomes attractive among young people in the villages, enters the school curriculum through physical education lessons. Through the Education Reform of 1898, as well as through other ministerial decisions, Education Minister Spiru Haret introduces the compulsory oina lessons in all schools, as well as the annual oina competitions.

On May 9, 1899, in Bucharest, the first national oina championship was organized, the teams being made up of high school students. The winner was the team of Nicolae Bălcescu High School from Brăila.

In 1912, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society (Bucharest) was created, which consisted of 13 sports commissions including the oina commission.

After the Union of 1918, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society was reorganized in 1923, including the other oina sports commissions of Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia.

In 1932, the Romanian Oina Federation was founded.

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Publications Journal „Tyragetia"   vol. VIII [XXIII], nr. 1

Bronze objects found in the settlements of Noua-Sabatinovka type in the Prut-Dniester area
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Bronze objects found in the settlements of Noua-Sabatinovka type in the Prut-Dniester area

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. VIII [XXIII], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică

This article summarizes the metal objects that have been discovered within the settlements of Noua-Sabatinovka cultural complex in the Prut-Dniester area from 1950s to the present. In comparison with other typical for these cultures objects made of other materials (bone, stone, clay), the number of bronze objects is smaller. This situation is quite natural, given the scarcity and cost of bronze during the Late Bronze Age.

According to archaeological research conducted in the Prut-Dniester area up to now, there are known 112 objects of bronze : needles - 38, owls - 23, rods - 8 , sickles - 8 , bracelets - 6, plaques - 5, pendants - 5, chain links - 5, wires with one end twisted in spiral - 4, plates - 3, daggers - 2, arrowheads - 2, celts - 1, chisel - 1, battle axe - 1.

List of illustrations:

Fig. 1. Map of the Noua-Sabatinovka type settlements, in which bronze objects were discovered: 1 - Ostrivec; 2 - Čertivec; 3 - Stecivka; 4 - Mahala; 5 - Slobozia-Șireuți; 6 - Odaia-Miciurin; 7 - Petrușeni; 8 - Ghindești; 9 - Roșieticii Vechi; 10 - Cobîlnea; 11 - Grigoreuca; 12 - Bălăbănești; 13 - Hansca; 14 - Mereni; 15 - Gura Galbenei; 16 - Cucoara; 17 - Novoselica; 18 - Pivdenne.
Fig. 2. Tools. Celt: 1 - Pivdenne (after Черняков 1966, рис. 5). Chisel: 2 - Mahala (after Балагурi 1971, рис. 111/8). Sickles: 3 - Hansca (after Дергачев 1986, рис. 45/15); 4 - Mahala (after Смирнова 1969, 15, рис. 7/I 28); 5 - Roșieticii Vechi (after Мелюкова 1958, табл. XXVIII/1); 6-10 - Stecivka (after Крушельницка 2006, рис. 29/7-11).
Fig. 3. Utensils. Simple needles: 1, 4, 12 - Ghindești (after Мелюкова 1961, рис. 12/ 9, 10, 11,); 2, 3, 6, 7, 9 - Odaia-Miciurin (after Сава, Кайзер 2011, рис. 72/5, 7, 8, 15, 16); 5, 11 - Ostrivec (after Балагурi 1968, рис. 3/3, 4);
8 - Petrușeni (after Sava 1994, fi g. 5/28); 10, 13 - Cucoara (Sava 1994, fi g. 6/28, 33). Awl/chisel: 14, 15, 17, 20, 27 - Odaia-Miciurin (after Сава, Кайзер 2011, рис. 72/1, 6, 9, 17, 18); 19 - Cocoara (after Бейлекчи 1974, рис. 4/4). Awls: 16 - Bălăbănești (after Никулицэ 1983, рис. 5/20); 18 - Odaia-Miciurin (after Сава, Кайзер 2011, рис. 72/20); 21 - Cobâlnea (after Демченко, Левицкий 1992, рис. 3/5); 22 - Ghindești (after Мелюкова 1961, рис. 12/1); 23, 24, 28 - Ostrivec (after Балагурi 1968, рис. 3/6, 14, 20); 25 - Stecivka (after Крушельницка 2006, рис. 21/12); 26 - Gura Galbenei (after Дергачев 1986, рис. 51/4), 29 - Petrușeni (after Sava 1994, fig. 5/30).
Fig. 4. Adornments. Hairpins: 1, 15, 22 - Odaia-Miciurin (after Сава, Кайзер 2011, рис. 72/2, 3); 2, 4, 17, 25 - Ghindești (after Мелюкова 1961, рис. 12/2, 3, 5-7); 3, 16 - Mahala (Смирнова 1957, рис. 39/8, Смирнова 1976, рис. 2/5); 5, 6 8-10, 19, 23, 24 - Ostrivec (after Балагурi 1968, рис. 3/1, 2, 7-13); 7 - Gura Galbenă (after Дергачев 1986, рис. 51/3); 11 - Hansca (after Каврук 1985, рис. 3/1); 12 - Bălăbănești (after Никулица 1983, рис. 5/21); 13 - Petrușeni (after Sava 1994, fig. 5/29); 14 - Slobozia-Şireuți (after Deргачев 1969, таб. 3/17); 18 - Roșieticii Vechi (after Мелюкова 1961, рис. 12/3); 26 - Čertivec (Крушельницка 2006, рис. 17/10).
Fig. 5. Adornments. Plaques: 1 - Ghindești (after Мелюкова 1961, рис. 12/4); 2 - Ostrivec (after Балагурi 1968, рис. 3/19); 3 - Cobâlnea (after Демченко, Левицкий 1992, рис. 2/12) 4 - Odaia-Miciurin (after Сава, Кайзер 2011, рис. 72/25). Pendants: 5, 7 - Ghindești (after Дергачев 2012b, илл. 8/23, 24); 6 - Ostrivec (after Балагурi 1968, рис. 3/8); 8 - Mahala (after Смирнова 1969, 15, рис. 7/I 21); 9 - Odaia-Miciurin (after Сава, Кайзер 2011, рис. 72/26). Bracelets: 10, 13 - Ostrivec (after Балагурi 1968, рис. 3/15, 16); 14 - Ghindești (after Мелюкова 1961, рис. 12/12); 15 - Roșieticii Vechi (after Мелюкова 1961, рис. 12/8). Ornaments: 11 - Odaia-Miciurin (after Сава, Кайзер 2011, рис. 72/27); 12 - Ostivec (after Балагурi 1968, рис. 3/22).
Fig. 6. Weapons. Arrowheads: 1 - Cocoara (Sava 1994, fi g. 6/30); 2 - Novoselica (after Тощев, Черняков 1986, 128, рис. 6/4); 3 - Mahala (after Смирнова 1969, рис. 7/I, 24). Daggers: 4 - Mereni (after Sava 2002, fi g. 3/8); 5 - Mahala (after Смирнова 1969, рис. 7/I, 29). Battle axe: 6 - Stecivka (after Крушельницка 2006, рис. 29/6).


 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations...

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