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#Exhibit of the Month

The hoard was found in 1957 during the agricultural works near the village. At first, the hoard was in the collection of the National Museum of Ethnography and Natural History and later was transferred to the National Museum of History (Accession: FB: 12 576 - 12650; N: 12 658 - 12 732). It consists of 75 silver coins from the thaler category issued by the Kingdom of Poland, the United Provinces and the Holy Roman Empire in 1612-1648.

THE KINGDOM OF POLAND
Sigismund II Vasa (1586-1632)
Crown, thaler: 1628 (1).
Gdańsk, orts: 1612 (1), 1613 (1*), 1614 (1), 1615 (7), 1616 (8), 1617 (16), 1618 (4), 1619 (2), 161 (1), 1620 (2), 1621 (8).

THE UNITED PROVINCES OF THE NETHERLANDS
Lion thalers (leeuwendaalder)
Gelderland: 1641 (1), 1647 (2), 1649 (1).
West Frisia: 1648 (1).
Utrecht: 1643 (1), 1646 (1), 1647 (2), 1648 (1).

THE HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE
Kampen: halve leeuwendaalder 1646 (1), 1647 (1); leeuwendaalder 1647 (3), 1649 (1).
Zwolle: leeuwendaalder 1633 (1), 1637 (3), 1644 (1), 1646 (2), 1648 (1).

This hoard by its composition confirms the presence of silver coins from the thaler category in the Principality of Moldavia monetary circulation.

Thalers were first minted in 1486 in Sankt-Joachimsthal, today the Czech Republic, "thaler" being an abbreviation of "Joachimsthaler", meaning coin issued in Sankt-Joachimsthal. In the 16th and 17th centuries, thalers were issued in very large quantities, especially by state entities that were part of the Holy Roman Empire and the Habsburg Empire. Thus, thalers can be considered a quintessentially popular coin; there are thalers of several types, such as Austrian thalers, Polish thalers, Russian thalers, Turkish thalers, Venetian thalers, also called scuzi, "reichsthalers", also called imperials, löwenthalers or lion thalers, and Spanish thalers, also called piastre. In the Romanian principalities, thalers spread widely towards the end of the 16th century, and in the following centuries their circulation became very abundant, the thaler being in circulation until the second half of the 19th century. This money was a huge success, so it is also called: daalder / daler in the Netherlands, talar in Poland, dahlar in Scandinavia, tallaro / tallero in Italy, talari in Ethiopia, dollar in America. A special category is the Dutch thaler, leeuwendaalder, löwenthaler, which means "lion thaler", also called "lion" due to the coat of arms on the reverse, which is a shield with a crown, with a lion inside; it is a silver coin minted in Netherlands, where in 1575 it was decided to mint a new coin based on the scuzi. In the Romanian principalities the lion thaler appears in the last quarter of the 16th century. These lion thaler gave the name to the currency of Romania, the Republic of Moldova (leu), and Bulgaria (leva).

Orts are also silver coins from the thaler category, equal to 1/4 thaler. A quarter thaler was originally called "ortstaler", a name that was later reduced to the form "ort" (in Old German "ort" means "a quarter"). The coin circulated in Europe in the Middle Ages, including the Romanian principalities, being met in the 18th century as Polish, Turkish and German orts. The term "ort" is preserved in the Romanian expression "to give an ort to a priest" (which means "to die"), which dates back to the ancient pagan custom of placing a coin on the little finger of the deceased's right hand so that he could pay for the passage to the afterlife; With the same coin, the priest was paid for the funeral service: the family of the deceased "gave an ort to the priest" to observe church traditions.

 
National Museum of History of Moldova
 

Publications Journal „Tyragetia"   vol. VIII [XXIII], nr. 1

Bronze objects found in the settlements of Noua-Sabatinovka type in the Prut-Dniester area
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Bronze objects found in the settlements of Noua-Sabatinovka type in the Prut-Dniester area

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. VIII [XXIII], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică

This article summarizes the metal objects that have been discovered within the settlements of Noua-Sabatinovka cultural complex in the Prut-Dniester area from 1950s to the present. In comparison with other typical for these cultures objects made of other materials (bone, stone, clay), the number of bronze objects is smaller. This situation is quite natural, given the scarcity and cost of bronze during the Late Bronze Age.

According to archaeological research conducted in the Prut-Dniester area up to now, there are known 112 objects of bronze : needles - 38, owls - 23, rods - 8 , sickles - 8 , bracelets - 6, plaques - 5, pendants - 5, chain links - 5, wires with one end twisted in spiral - 4, plates - 3, daggers - 2, arrowheads - 2, celts - 1, chisel - 1, battle axe - 1.

List of illustrations:

Fig. 1. Map of the Noua-Sabatinovka type settlements, in which bronze objects were discovered: 1 - Ostrivec; 2 - Čertivec; 3 - Stecivka; 4 - Mahala; 5 - Slobozia-Șireuți; 6 - Odaia-Miciurin; 7 - Petrușeni; 8 - Ghindești; 9 - Roșieticii Vechi; 10 - Cobîlnea; 11 - Grigoreuca; 12 - Bălăbănești; 13 - Hansca; 14 - Mereni; 15 - Gura Galbenei; 16 - Cucoara; 17 - Novoselica; 18 - Pivdenne.
Fig. 2. Tools. Celt: 1 - Pivdenne (after Черняков 1966, рис. 5). Chisel: 2 - Mahala (after Балагурi 1971, рис. 111/8). Sickles: 3 - Hansca (after Дергачев 1986, рис. 45/15); 4 - Mahala (after Смирнова 1969, 15, рис. 7/I 28); 5 - Roșieticii Vechi (after Мелюкова 1958, табл. XXVIII/1); 6-10 - Stecivka (after Крушельницка 2006, рис. 29/7-11).
Fig. 3. Utensils. Simple needles: 1, 4, 12 - Ghindești (after Мелюкова 1961, рис. 12/ 9, 10, 11,); 2, 3, 6, 7, 9 - Odaia-Miciurin (after Сава, Кайзер 2011, рис. 72/5, 7, 8, 15, 16); 5, 11 - Ostrivec (after Балагурi 1968, рис. 3/3, 4);
8 - Petrușeni (after Sava 1994, fi g. 5/28); 10, 13 - Cucoara (Sava 1994, fi g. 6/28, 33). Awl/chisel: 14, 15, 17, 20, 27 - Odaia-Miciurin (after Сава, Кайзер 2011, рис. 72/1, 6, 9, 17, 18); 19 - Cocoara (after Бейлекчи 1974, рис. 4/4). Awls: 16 - Bălăbănești (after Никулицэ 1983, рис. 5/20); 18 - Odaia-Miciurin (after Сава, Кайзер 2011, рис. 72/20); 21 - Cobâlnea (after Демченко, Левицкий 1992, рис. 3/5); 22 - Ghindești (after Мелюкова 1961, рис. 12/1); 23, 24, 28 - Ostrivec (after Балагурi 1968, рис. 3/6, 14, 20); 25 - Stecivka (after Крушельницка 2006, рис. 21/12); 26 - Gura Galbenei (after Дергачев 1986, рис. 51/4), 29 - Petrușeni (after Sava 1994, fig. 5/30).
Fig. 4. Adornments. Hairpins: 1, 15, 22 - Odaia-Miciurin (after Сава, Кайзер 2011, рис. 72/2, 3); 2, 4, 17, 25 - Ghindești (after Мелюкова 1961, рис. 12/2, 3, 5-7); 3, 16 - Mahala (Смирнова 1957, рис. 39/8, Смирнова 1976, рис. 2/5); 5, 6 8-10, 19, 23, 24 - Ostrivec (after Балагурi 1968, рис. 3/1, 2, 7-13); 7 - Gura Galbenă (after Дергачев 1986, рис. 51/3); 11 - Hansca (after Каврук 1985, рис. 3/1); 12 - Bălăbănești (after Никулица 1983, рис. 5/21); 13 - Petrușeni (after Sava 1994, fig. 5/29); 14 - Slobozia-Şireuți (after Deргачев 1969, таб. 3/17); 18 - Roșieticii Vechi (after Мелюкова 1961, рис. 12/3); 26 - Čertivec (Крушельницка 2006, рис. 17/10).
Fig. 5. Adornments. Plaques: 1 - Ghindești (after Мелюкова 1961, рис. 12/4); 2 - Ostrivec (after Балагурi 1968, рис. 3/19); 3 - Cobâlnea (after Демченко, Левицкий 1992, рис. 2/12) 4 - Odaia-Miciurin (after Сава, Кайзер 2011, рис. 72/25). Pendants: 5, 7 - Ghindești (after Дергачев 2012b, илл. 8/23, 24); 6 - Ostrivec (after Балагурi 1968, рис. 3/8); 8 - Mahala (after Смирнова 1969, 15, рис. 7/I 21); 9 - Odaia-Miciurin (after Сава, Кайзер 2011, рис. 72/26). Bracelets: 10, 13 - Ostrivec (after Балагурi 1968, рис. 3/15, 16); 14 - Ghindești (after Мелюкова 1961, рис. 12/12); 15 - Roșieticii Vechi (after Мелюкова 1961, рис. 12/8). Ornaments: 11 - Odaia-Miciurin (after Сава, Кайзер 2011, рис. 72/27); 12 - Ostivec (after Балагурi 1968, рис. 3/22).
Fig. 6. Weapons. Arrowheads: 1 - Cocoara (Sava 1994, fi g. 6/30); 2 - Novoselica (after Тощев, Черняков 1986, 128, рис. 6/4); 3 - Mahala (after Смирнова 1969, рис. 7/I, 24). Daggers: 4 - Mereni (after Sava 2002, fi g. 3/8); 5 - Mahala (after Смирнова 1969, рис. 7/I, 29). Battle axe: 6 - Stecivka (after Крушельницка 2006, рис. 29/6).


 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
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#Exhibit of the Month

The hoard was found in 1957 during the agricultural works near the village. At first, the hoard was in the collection of the National Museum of Ethnography and Natural History and later was transferred to the National Museum of History (Accession: FB: 12 576 - 12650; N: 12 658 - 12 732). It consists of 75 silver coins from the thaler category issued by the Kingdom of Poland, the United Provinces and the Holy Roman Empire in 1612-1648...

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