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#Exhibit of the Month

The item is the lower part of a leg of a festive table made of white and gray marble. In the upper part, it has a protrusion, similar to a Doric capital, on the horizontal platform of which a square recess is engraved, designed to fix the second part of the leg (upper). The lower part of the leg is made in an anthropomorphic style, and, in our opinion, there are two variants of identifying the depicted character. The first involves the image of the head of the young Heracles (Heracles - Ἡρακλῆς) (beardless), the most favorite hero of antiquity, wearing on his head the skin of the Nemean lion - Λέων της Νεμέας, a vicious monster from Greek mythology who lived in Nemea and was eventually killed by Heracles. The first labor of Heracles, of the twelve set by King Eurystheus (his cousin), was to kill the Nemean lion and bring his skin to the king. It is also known from Greek mythology that the lion of Nemea took the form of a beautiful woman in order to seduce the inhabitants of neighboring villages, who wanted to save the girl from danger. Upon entering the cave, a man saw the woman, who usually pretended to be wounded, and rushed to help her. When he approached her, the woman turned into a lion and killed him. Then the lion devoured the man, giving his bones to Hades - ᾍδης, the god of Hell, who lived in the kingdom of shadows. The second version of the anthropomorphic image interpretation suggests Alexander the Great, king of Macedonia in the second half of the 4th century BC, one of the most famous heroes of the Greek world, who sometimes is depicted as Hercules - wearing a lion's skin. Some researchers consider the custom of wearing the skin of a slain lion a sign of royal power. The word βασιλεύς itself, translated from ancient Greek, means "walking the path of the lion", that is, the king. This title was held by the Greek kings from the Homeric period, and later, starting from the 7th century AD - by the Byzantine emperors.

The item can be dated to the 5th-6th centuries AD, and, possibly, it originates from Asia Minor.

It is kept in the collection of the museum for about 10 years. The gray granite stand does not belong to the original item.

Metric characteristics: height 330 mm; width: 112 mm.


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Publications Journal „Tyragetia"   vol. VI [XXI], nr. 2

Building of the Hârbovăț Community of Nurses in Chișinău (late 19th - early 20th centuries): the image and history
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Building of the Hârbovăț Community of Nurses in Chișinău (late 19th - early 20th centuries): the image and history

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. VI [XXI], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie

Cultural and historical heritage of Chișinău consists of the monuments of history and art. Many of them took the form of an illustrated postcard that has become an important source of information, and author of the picture became a “field” correspondent, who transmitted the public authentic images. Such are the three photographic postcards from the collection of the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova with the image of the building of the Hârbovăț Community of Nurses in Chișinău, located at the intersection of Sinadinovskaya and Fontannaya streets (now Vlaicu Pârcălab and Veronica Micle). The earliest of them was released before 1917 by the G. Sheinberg’s Book and Stationery Store in Chișinău; the other two date from the interwar period, bear the same image and differ only in the inscriptions.

This paper is a continuation of the deltiological study of museum collections and addresses the history of the building, as well as the activities of the Community.

This is one of the few buildings of that time, partly preserved in the architecture and functional use. Charitable complex was built in 1907-1912 and includes three two-storey and five one-storey buildings. The author of the project is a provincial architect A. Asvadurov (first floor), the second floor was designed by an engineer M. Chekerul- Kush, and the interior has been arranged for the British model by Bessarabian doctor T. Ciorba. Over the years, this charitable medical institution developed from a ten-bed inpatient to 40 beds, outpatient clinic served about 250 patients a day (for free), and there was a well-trained staff and well-equipped consulting rooms.

After 1918 the building became the property of the Ministry of Health and Social Protection of Romania, and in 1920 there was opened the “Regina Maria” Children’s Hospital, in honor of the visit of the royal family to Chișinău from 19 to 22 May 1920.

The complex was built by the Bessarabian Red Cross Society. The first building was consecrated on May 20, 1907, having received the patronage of the thaumaturgical icon of Our Lady from the Hârbovăț Monastery. At the head of the Community there was the committee of ladies of the Chișinău high society headed by the wives of governors of Bessarabia. A special role in the history of the Community belongs to the wives of governors Urusov, Kharuzin, and Kankrin, who laid the foundation of this medical center. As a branch of the Russian Red Cross Society, the Hârbovăț Community of Nurses provided active assistance to the wounded during World War II. From 1914 to1916 at the hospital there was functioning a school of nursing, which had two issues.

After 1918, the Chișinău Red Cross becomes the branch of the Bucharest Red Cross and was headed by Florica Niță, and then by Maria Pelivan.

After 1944, this building housed the 4th Sanatorium Department 4, and later converted to the Republican Sanatorium Clinic. Today, the part of the building is occupied by the Polyclinic of the Government Apparatus, and the “central” block houses the Coordinating Council for Television and Radio of the Republic of Moldova.

List of Illustrations:
1. Illustrated postcard “ Chișinău. Hârbovăț Community “, early XX century. Released by the Book and Stationery Store G. B. Sheinberg and Son, Chișinău. Black and white image; was not in circulation.
2. Illustrated postcard “ Chișinău. Sinadinovskaya Street. Hârbovăț Community”. Color image, circulated in 1909.
3. Ad unit of the Book and Stationery Store G. B. Sheinberg and Son in Chișinău (Nashe Ob’yedinenie 1911, 33).
4. Illustrated postcard “Chișinău. “Regina Maria” Hospital”. Published in the interwar period. Black and white image, was not in circulation.
5. Advertisement of the “Regina Maria” Hospital located in the building of the Hârbovăț Community (Anuarul 1940, 111).


 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
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#Exhibit of the Month

The item is the lower part of a leg of a festive table made of white and gray marble. In the upper part, it has a protrusion, similar to a Doric capital, on the horizontal platform of which a square recess is engraved, designed to fix the second part of the leg (upper). The lower part of the leg is made in an anthropomorphic style, and, in our opinion, there are two variants of identifying the depicted character...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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