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#Exhibit of the Month

The history of silverware goes back over 5,000 years, but only in the 3rd millennium BC, in Mesopotamia and Anatolia, the first pieces of processed silver were made. From there, the art of working with silver spread to Persia and to Europe, where already in Roman and Greek antiquity it reached a high level of skill. Many of the techniques used then, such as casting, embossing and engraving, are still used today.

The National Museum of History of Moldova possesses a rich collection of silver items, which in a special way reflects the everyday life of people of the 18th-20th centuries. The typological range of objects that make up the collection includes both secular and ecclesiastical silverware: fruit vases, bonbonnieres, cutlery, tea and coffee preparation and serving sets, salt-cellars, handbags, snuffboxes and cigarette cases, candelabra, as well as icon cases, chalices, pectoral crosses, candlesticks, and so on.

Products of renowned jewelers, such as Fabergé, Khlebnikov, Sazikov in Russia, Elkington in England, Christofle in France or Norblin and Fraget in Poland stand out for their special quality and luxury. A significant item in the museum's silverware collection is the teapot on a stand with a spirit lamp (bouillotte), made in the Christofle workshop in France.

The Christofle workshop was founded in Paris in 1830 by Charles Christofle. The workshop, which was the court supplier of the Emperor of France Napoleon III, the Emperor of Mexico and the Tsar of Russia, created decorative and household pieces of rare beauty. It was also highly appreciated by the Royal House of Romania, which granted the workshop a supplier patent. In 1842, Charles Christofle bought a patent for electroplating, a technique that involved first coating a metal base with copper and then with nickel and silver. It was this technique that allowed him to mass-produce silver tea sets, which were very popular at the time. Tea, brought to Europe in 1610 by the East India Company, was an expensive commodity that gradually gained popularity. The oldest preserved teapots, dating from the 1670s, were small. As tea gained popularity, larger teapots began to be produced, shaped to match the fashion of the time.

According to Christofle catalogs, the model was produced in 1868 and fascinates with its elegance and refinement. The teapot has a complex design including a pear-shaped container, the surface of which is ornamented with guilloché in the Louis XVI style of the late 1780s. In the upper and lower parts of the body it is decorated with a border with tulips on protrusions, and in the center, it has an escutcheon with an engraved double frame. The teapot is equipped with a folding basket-like handle decorated with triple rings, and a lid with a knob. There are two rivets on the teapot for attaching it to the stand. A spirit lamp with a straight handle and a device for lifting the wick is fixed in the middle of the stand. The item has the Christofle stamp and is made of nickel silver.

The teapot on a stand with a spirit lamp, made in the Christofle workshop, harmoniously combines the value of a unique object and a sample of a large industrial series.

Dimensions: H.: 43 cm; W.: 24 cm.

Virtual Tour


Publications Journal „Tyragetia"   vol. VI [XXI], nr. 2


Les armoiries et les drapeaux des villes Anenii Noi, Cimișlia, Fălești, Leova, Nisporeni
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Les armoiries et les drapeaux des villes Anenii Noi, Cimișlia, Fălești, Leova, Nisporeni

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. VI [XXI], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie

Le processus d’élaboration, d’introduction et de vulgarisation des symboles territoriaux locaux de la République de Moldova, sous les auspices de la Commission Nationale d’Héraldique, est en plein développement. Après une longue pause, durant depuis 2004, l’auteur reprend le cycle de présentations de nouveaux insignes introduits dans l’usage, accompagnés de la documentation qui a servi de base à leur approbation. Cette communication présente les armoiries et les drapeaux des villes–résidences des districts moldaves (raion) Anenii Noi (approuvés dans 2005), Cimișlia (2010), Fălești (2010), Leova (2008), Nisporeni (2005). Les symboles urbains appartenant à ces villes respectent la tradition historique et la nouvelle tradition héraldique de la République de Moldova.

Liste des illustrations:
Fig. 1-2. Les armoiries et le drapeau de la ville d’Anenii Noi, 2005. Auteur Silviu Andrieș-Tabac, peintre Ştefan Donciu.
Fig. 3-4. Les armoiries et le drapeau de la ville de Cimișlia, 2009-2010. Auteur Silviu Andrieș-Tabac, peintre Victor Hristov.
Fig. 5-6. Les projets des armoiries et du drapeau de la ville de Cimișlia, conçu par le professeur de géographie Eremei Lavric, le gagnant du concours annoncé par le Conseil municipal, 2008.
Fig. 7. Le projet des armoiries de la ville de Cimișlia, conçu par le peintre Victor Hristov, participant au concours annoncé par le Conseil municipal, 2008.
Fig. 8. Le projet initial du drapeau de la ville de Cimișlia, conçu par l’auteur (décembre 2008) et accepté par la Commission Nationale d’Héraldique (18 juin 2009), peintre Victor Hristov.
Fig. 9. Le projet du drapeau de la ville de Cimișlia, approuvé par le Conseil municipal le 4 février 2010.
Fig. 10. Les premières armoiries de la ville de Fălești, district de Bălți, 1936. Auteur la Commission Consultative d’Héraldique du Royaume de Roumanie, peintre Dionisie Pecurariu.
Fig. 11-14. Les projets de drapeau de la ville de Fălești, recommandés par la Commission Nationale d’Héraldique le 26 mai 2010.
Fig. 15-16. Les armoiries et le drapeau de la ville de Fălești, 2010. Auteurs la Commission Consultative d’Héraldique du Royaume de Roumanie (les armoiries), Silviu Andrieș-Tabac (le drapeau), peintre Iurie Caminschi.
Fig. 17-18. Les armoiries et le drapeau de la ville de Léova, 2008. Auteurs la Commission Consultative d’Héraldique du Royaume de Roumanie et Silviu Andrieș-Tabac (les armoiries), Silviu Andrieș-Tabac (le drapeau), peintre Sergius Ciocanu.
Fig. 19-20. Les armoiries et le drapeau de la ville de Nisporeni, 2005. Auteur Silviu Andrieș-Tabac, peintre Iurie Caminschi.

Silviu Andrieș-Tabac
Studii de muzeologie (I). Responsabil de ediție Elena Ploșnița, Chișinău: Bons Offices SRL, 2008, (Biblioteca „Tyragetia”, XVI), 196 p.
Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. III [XVIII], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie
Silviu Andrieș-Tabac
Les symboles héraldiques de la commune de Lipnic, district d’Ocnița
Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. VII [XXII], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie
Silviu Andrieș-Tabac
Muzeul Național de Istorie a Moldovei. The National Museum of History of Moldova. Национальный музей истории Молдовы. 1983-2003: [album]. Volum elaborat de Eugen Sava, Aurelia Cornețchi, Elena Postică, Elena Ploșnița, Chișinău: Casa Editorial-Poligra
Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. VIII [XXIII], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie
Silviu Andrieș-Tabac
La tradition mythique dans l’historiographie roumaine sur l’origine des armoiries du Pays Moldave
Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. III [XVIII], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie
Silviu Andrieș-Tabac
The flags derived from the state flag of Republic of Moldova
Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. V [XX], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie


 

 

Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

The history of silverware goes back over 5,000 years, but only in the 3rd millennium BC, in Mesopotamia and Anatolia, the first pieces of processed silver were made. From there, the art of working with silver spread to Persia and to Europe, where already in Roman and Greek antiquity it reached a high level of skill. Many of the techniques used then, such as casting, embossing and engraving, are still used today...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

menu
The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC