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#Exhibit of the Month

The item is the lower part of a leg of a festive table made of white and gray marble. In the upper part, it has a protrusion, similar to a Doric capital, on the horizontal platform of which a square recess is engraved, designed to fix the second part of the leg (upper). The lower part of the leg is made in an anthropomorphic style, and, in our opinion, there are two variants of identifying the depicted character. The first involves the image of the head of the young Heracles (Heracles - Ἡρακλῆς) (beardless), the most favorite hero of antiquity, wearing on his head the skin of the Nemean lion - Λέων της Νεμέας, a vicious monster from Greek mythology who lived in Nemea and was eventually killed by Heracles. The first labor of Heracles, of the twelve set by King Eurystheus (his cousin), was to kill the Nemean lion and bring his skin to the king. It is also known from Greek mythology that the lion of Nemea took the form of a beautiful woman in order to seduce the inhabitants of neighboring villages, who wanted to save the girl from danger. Upon entering the cave, a man saw the woman, who usually pretended to be wounded, and rushed to help her. When he approached her, the woman turned into a lion and killed him. Then the lion devoured the man, giving his bones to Hades - ᾍδης, the god of Hell, who lived in the kingdom of shadows. The second version of the anthropomorphic image interpretation suggests Alexander the Great, king of Macedonia in the second half of the 4th century BC, one of the most famous heroes of the Greek world, who sometimes is depicted as Hercules - wearing a lion's skin. Some researchers consider the custom of wearing the skin of a slain lion a sign of royal power. The word βασιλεύς itself, translated from ancient Greek, means "walking the path of the lion", that is, the king. This title was held by the Greek kings from the Homeric period, and later, starting from the 7th century AD - by the Byzantine emperors.

The item can be dated to the 5th-6th centuries AD, and, possibly, it originates from Asia Minor.

It is kept in the collection of the museum for about 10 years. The gray granite stand does not belong to the original item.

Metric characteristics: height 330 mm; width: 112 mm.


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Publications Journal „Tyragetia"   vol. VI [XXI], nr. 2

Les armoiries et les drapeaux des villes Anenii Noi, Cimișlia, Fălești, Leova, Nisporeni
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Les armoiries et les drapeaux des villes Anenii Noi, Cimișlia, Fălești, Leova, Nisporeni

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. VI [XXI], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie

Le processus d’élaboration, d’introduction et de vulgarisation des symboles territoriaux locaux de la République de Moldova, sous les auspices de la Commission Nationale d’Héraldique, est en plein développement. Après une longue pause, durant depuis 2004, l’auteur reprend le cycle de présentations de nouveaux insignes introduits dans l’usage, accompagnés de la documentation qui a servi de base à leur approbation. Cette communication présente les armoiries et les drapeaux des villes–résidences des districts moldaves (raion) Anenii Noi (approuvés dans 2005), Cimișlia (2010), Fălești (2010), Leova (2008), Nisporeni (2005). Les symboles urbains appartenant à ces villes respectent la tradition historique et la nouvelle tradition héraldique de la République de Moldova.

Liste des illustrations:
Fig. 1-2. Les armoiries et le drapeau de la ville d’Anenii Noi, 2005. Auteur Silviu Andrieș-Tabac, peintre Ştefan Donciu.
Fig. 3-4. Les armoiries et le drapeau de la ville de Cimișlia, 2009-2010. Auteur Silviu Andrieș-Tabac, peintre Victor Hristov.
Fig. 5-6. Les projets des armoiries et du drapeau de la ville de Cimișlia, conçu par le professeur de géographie Eremei Lavric, le gagnant du concours annoncé par le Conseil municipal, 2008.
Fig. 7. Le projet des armoiries de la ville de Cimișlia, conçu par le peintre Victor Hristov, participant au concours annoncé par le Conseil municipal, 2008.
Fig. 8. Le projet initial du drapeau de la ville de Cimișlia, conçu par l’auteur (décembre 2008) et accepté par la Commission Nationale d’Héraldique (18 juin 2009), peintre Victor Hristov.
Fig. 9. Le projet du drapeau de la ville de Cimișlia, approuvé par le Conseil municipal le 4 février 2010.
Fig. 10. Les premières armoiries de la ville de Fălești, district de Bălți, 1936. Auteur la Commission Consultative d’Héraldique du Royaume de Roumanie, peintre Dionisie Pecurariu.
Fig. 11-14. Les projets de drapeau de la ville de Fălești, recommandés par la Commission Nationale d’Héraldique le 26 mai 2010.
Fig. 15-16. Les armoiries et le drapeau de la ville de Fălești, 2010. Auteurs la Commission Consultative d’Héraldique du Royaume de Roumanie (les armoiries), Silviu Andrieș-Tabac (le drapeau), peintre Iurie Caminschi.
Fig. 17-18. Les armoiries et le drapeau de la ville de Léova, 2008. Auteurs la Commission Consultative d’Héraldique du Royaume de Roumanie et Silviu Andrieș-Tabac (les armoiries), Silviu Andrieș-Tabac (le drapeau), peintre Sergius Ciocanu.
Fig. 19-20. Les armoiries et le drapeau de la ville de Nisporeni, 2005. Auteur Silviu Andrieș-Tabac, peintre Iurie Caminschi.


 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
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#Exhibit of the Month

The item is the lower part of a leg of a festive table made of white and gray marble. In the upper part, it has a protrusion, similar to a Doric capital, on the horizontal platform of which a square recess is engraved, designed to fix the second part of the leg (upper). The lower part of the leg is made in an anthropomorphic style, and, in our opinion, there are two variants of identifying the depicted character...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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