EN RO















#Exhibit of the Month

>>>

One of the great technical achievements that revolutionized the idea of time and space, opening a new era in the history of communication, is telegraphy. It is based on the transmission of electrical signals through a cable over long distances, allowing people to communicate instantly. The telegraph spread very quickly and a network of wires stretched around the world.

In 1837, the American painter and physicist Samuel Morse invented the first electromagnetic device for telegraphy, patented in 1840. To send messages by wire, Morse developed in 1838 a simple code of dots and dashes, which represented the letters of the alphabet, known as "Morse code ".

Both Morse code and the telegraph machine were improved over time, with the telegraph becoming the most widespread system of communication and information transmission for more than a century, until the advent of the Internet. The telegraph system consisted of a series of stations repeaters along the transmission line route. Each station had an operator who received and transmitted messages by telegraph. The Morse machine transmitted about 25 words per minute, which were recorded in code on a paper tape. The operator in charge of transmitting the message would decode it and write it on paper using a special typewriter.

In Bessarabia, the telegraph entered in 1860: on April 8, the Bender telegraph station began its activity, and on April 24, the one in Chisinau, following the construction of the first Odesa-Chisinau-Leova telegraph line. Currently, telegraph services have been discontinued. The only ones who still use coded communication are radio amateurs.

The Morse telegraph machine shown comes from the Osinoostrovsky electrotechnical plant, Soviet Union, and dates back to 1934. The exhibit was restored by Mihail Culașco.

Virtual Tour


Publications Journal „Tyragetia"   vol. VI [XXI], nr. 2


Les armoiries et les drapeaux des villes Anenii Noi, Cimișlia, Fălești, Leova, Nisporeni
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Les armoiries et les drapeaux des villes Anenii Noi, Cimișlia, Fălești, Leova, Nisporeni

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. VI [XXI], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie

Le processus d’élaboration, d’introduction et de vulgarisation des symboles territoriaux locaux de la République de Moldova, sous les auspices de la Commission Nationale d’Héraldique, est en plein développement. Après une longue pause, durant depuis 2004, l’auteur reprend le cycle de présentations de nouveaux insignes introduits dans l’usage, accompagnés de la documentation qui a servi de base à leur approbation. Cette communication présente les armoiries et les drapeaux des villes–résidences des districts moldaves (raion) Anenii Noi (approuvés dans 2005), Cimișlia (2010), Fălești (2010), Leova (2008), Nisporeni (2005). Les symboles urbains appartenant à ces villes respectent la tradition historique et la nouvelle tradition héraldique de la République de Moldova.

Liste des illustrations:
Fig. 1-2. Les armoiries et le drapeau de la ville d’Anenii Noi, 2005. Auteur Silviu Andrieș-Tabac, peintre Ştefan Donciu.
Fig. 3-4. Les armoiries et le drapeau de la ville de Cimișlia, 2009-2010. Auteur Silviu Andrieș-Tabac, peintre Victor Hristov.
Fig. 5-6. Les projets des armoiries et du drapeau de la ville de Cimișlia, conçu par le professeur de géographie Eremei Lavric, le gagnant du concours annoncé par le Conseil municipal, 2008.
Fig. 7. Le projet des armoiries de la ville de Cimișlia, conçu par le peintre Victor Hristov, participant au concours annoncé par le Conseil municipal, 2008.
Fig. 8. Le projet initial du drapeau de la ville de Cimișlia, conçu par l’auteur (décembre 2008) et accepté par la Commission Nationale d’Héraldique (18 juin 2009), peintre Victor Hristov.
Fig. 9. Le projet du drapeau de la ville de Cimișlia, approuvé par le Conseil municipal le 4 février 2010.
Fig. 10. Les premières armoiries de la ville de Fălești, district de Bălți, 1936. Auteur la Commission Consultative d’Héraldique du Royaume de Roumanie, peintre Dionisie Pecurariu.
Fig. 11-14. Les projets de drapeau de la ville de Fălești, recommandés par la Commission Nationale d’Héraldique le 26 mai 2010.
Fig. 15-16. Les armoiries et le drapeau de la ville de Fălești, 2010. Auteurs la Commission Consultative d’Héraldique du Royaume de Roumanie (les armoiries), Silviu Andrieș-Tabac (le drapeau), peintre Iurie Caminschi.
Fig. 17-18. Les armoiries et le drapeau de la ville de Léova, 2008. Auteurs la Commission Consultative d’Héraldique du Royaume de Roumanie et Silviu Andrieș-Tabac (les armoiries), Silviu Andrieș-Tabac (le drapeau), peintre Sergius Ciocanu.
Fig. 19-20. Les armoiries et le drapeau de la ville de Nisporeni, 2005. Auteur Silviu Andrieș-Tabac, peintre Iurie Caminschi.

Silviu Andrieș-Tabac
La tradition mythique dans l’historiographie roumaine sur l’origine des armoiries du Pays Moldave
Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. III [XVIII], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie
Silviu Andrieș-Tabac
Territorial symbols registered in the General Armorial of the Republic of Moldova in 2022
Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. XVII [XXXII], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie
Silviu Andrieș-Tabac
Les symboles héraldiques de la commune de Lipnic, district d’Ocnița
Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. VII [XXII], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie
Silviu Andrieș-Tabac
The flags derived from the state flag of Republic of Moldova
Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. V [XX], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie
Silviu Andrieș-Tabac
Emblems of justice in the contemporary Moldavian heraldry
Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. XI [XXVI], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie



 

 

Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age
  
  

Come to Museum! Discover the History!
  
Visit museum
Visit museum
Summer schedule: daily
10am – 6pm.

Winter schedule: daily
10am – 5pm.
Closed on Mondays.
Entrance fees:  adults - 10 MDL, pensioners, adults with moderate disabilities / disability of the 3rd degree, students - 5 MDL, school students - 2 MDL. Free access: enlisted men (...)

WiFi Free Wi-Fi Zone in the museum: In the courtyard of the National History Museum of Moldova there is Wi-Fi Internet access for visitors.


#Exhibit of the Month

One of the great technical achievements that revolutionized the idea of time and space, opening a new era in the history of communication, is telegraphy. It is based on the transmission of electrical signals through a cable over long distances, allowing people to communicate instantly...

Read More >>

































The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

menu
The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC