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#Exhibit of the Month

The item is the lower part of a leg of a festive table made of white and gray marble. In the upper part, it has a protrusion, similar to a Doric capital, on the horizontal platform of which a square recess is engraved, designed to fix the second part of the leg (upper). The lower part of the leg is made in an anthropomorphic style, and, in our opinion, there are two variants of identifying the depicted character. The first involves the image of the head of the young Heracles (Heracles - Ἡρακλῆς) (beardless), the most favorite hero of antiquity, wearing on his head the skin of the Nemean lion - Λέων της Νεμέας, a vicious monster from Greek mythology who lived in Nemea and was eventually killed by Heracles. The first labor of Heracles, of the twelve set by King Eurystheus (his cousin), was to kill the Nemean lion and bring his skin to the king. It is also known from Greek mythology that the lion of Nemea took the form of a beautiful woman in order to seduce the inhabitants of neighboring villages, who wanted to save the girl from danger. Upon entering the cave, a man saw the woman, who usually pretended to be wounded, and rushed to help her. When he approached her, the woman turned into a lion and killed him. Then the lion devoured the man, giving his bones to Hades - ᾍδης, the god of Hell, who lived in the kingdom of shadows. The second version of the anthropomorphic image interpretation suggests Alexander the Great, king of Macedonia in the second half of the 4th century BC, one of the most famous heroes of the Greek world, who sometimes is depicted as Hercules - wearing a lion's skin. Some researchers consider the custom of wearing the skin of a slain lion a sign of royal power. The word βασιλεύς itself, translated from ancient Greek, means "walking the path of the lion", that is, the king. This title was held by the Greek kings from the Homeric period, and later, starting from the 7th century AD - by the Byzantine emperors.

The item can be dated to the 5th-6th centuries AD, and, possibly, it originates from Asia Minor.

It is kept in the collection of the museum for about 10 years. The gray granite stand does not belong to the original item.

Metric characteristics: height 330 mm; width: 112 mm.


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Publications Journal „Tyragetia"   vol. II [XVII], nr. 2

Les contacts et les relations entre les Roumains et les Russes kiéviens aux IX-ième et X-ième siècles
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Les contacts et les relations entre les Roumains et les Russes kiéviens aux IX-ième et X-ième siècles

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. II [XVII], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie

Suite à l’analyse des sources écrites et historiographiques portant sur le territoire de l’Est des Carpates et des habitants de cet espace, on peut constater leur habitation par les Roumains spécifiés par une onomastique ruralisée, claire et avec une hydronymie particulière, ayant différentes occupations et fonctions, surtout militaires. Leur interaction avec les Russes kiéviens a eu un caractère disparate, étant attestés dans les confrontations avec le prince Oleg par le nom de Tivertzi encore en 885. Le siècle suivant, à côté des effectifs russes, ils vont participer aux campagnes de guerre contre le Byzance dans les années 907 (911) et 944, caractérisés aussi par le terme de Tolkoviny. En construisant des forteresses sur la rive droite du Dniestr, certaines d’entre elles bâties avec l’aide du tribu slave des Ulici, ils se sont opposés à l’imposition de la domination du prince de Kiev. Après la campagne au sud du Danube du prince Svjatoslav en 971, les Roumains sont identifiés parmi les effectifs des Petchenègues par de fonction de direction, en attaquant les forces russes pendant leur retour aux Seuils du Dniepr lors duquel le prince kiévien sera tué. La découverte d’une inscription parmi les Petchenègues touraniens certifie l’utilisation et l’imposition de l’écriture slavone, ou bien du grec ou latin, probablement par les Roumains qui cohabitaient avec les Nomades au Dniestr ou au Bas du Danube.

De façon plus générale, les relations entre les Roumains et les voisins du nord sont présentées sous quelques aspects de cohabitation. En premier chef, par le contact avec les tribus des Slaves de l’Est où les Roumains étaient nommés par le terme géographique Tivertzi, comme métathèse du mot tirevtzi, dérivé du hydronyme de l’antique Tyras. En même temps ce mot signifie une relation de voisinage – la plus ancienne chronique russe Povest’ vremennych let ignorait le rivière Prout et d’autres fleuves de l’Ouest du Dniestr. Ultérieurement, avec l’apparition des Scandinaves qui lançaient des campagnes de guerre vers Constantinople et vu la nécessité de les utiliser en tant qu’interprètes, les Roumains étaient appelés Tolkoviny. La variante précoce de l’ethnonyme Volohi a été reprise dans la Chronique russe de Nestor à la lumière d’une source de Grande Moravie écrite en latin et désignait de la sorte les Roumains du milieu du Danube et de Pannonie, conformément à la perception des Slaves d’Ouest.


 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
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#Exhibit of the Month

The item is the lower part of a leg of a festive table made of white and gray marble. In the upper part, it has a protrusion, similar to a Doric capital, on the horizontal platform of which a square recess is engraved, designed to fix the second part of the leg (upper). The lower part of the leg is made in an anthropomorphic style, and, in our opinion, there are two variants of identifying the depicted character...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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