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#Exhibit of the Month

Deer antlers, as well as bones, teeth and shells of mollusks, belong to the category of hard materials of animal origin, which for a long time served as raw materials for prehistoric and protohistoric communities to make tools, weapons, containers, handles, as well as objects of prestige (sceptres) or adornments (necklaces, pendants, clothing accessories), certainly bearing a symbolic load.

The National Museum of History of Moldova has a valuable collection of products made of deer antler, the chronological framework of which covers a very wide period of time, from the Paleolithic era to the late Middle Ages. Based on this, and also taking into account the significance of the beginning of May (May 1 – International Labor Day), we present to our visitors a revolutionary type of tool, very useful, which is directly related to the development of agriculture and prehistoric societies. Antler pickaxes are the tools that contributed to what we call the Neolithic revolution, when there was a transition from hunter-gatherer hominids to sedentary people, agriculturists and cattle breeders, depending on the specifics of the region. Cucuteni agricultural human communities have a long tradition of exploiting Cervus elaphus (deer) resources, especially antlers.

The object comes from the Brânzeni III – Țiganca settlement (Edineț district), a site discovered in 1968 by the archaeologist Nicolae Chetraru, attributed to stage CII of the Tripolye culture. An unaffected part of the site was completely explored in 1970-1972 by Vsevolod Markevich; during the research 37 surface dwellings with platforms were found, revealing a new cultural aspect within the Cucuteni culture – Brânzeni, a cultural and chronological phenomenon that marks the beginning of the final stage of the Eneolithic era, the end of the 4th millennium BC.

The pickaxe hammer, dual-functional product made of the basal part of the main axis of the antler, cleaned and polished, without traces of the basal part, without rosettes and other secondary horn beams. The surface with traces of cuts is polished, in some places with strong luster. The object has a round transverse hole, slightly oblique, with a cylindrical section, located in the middle, and has a pronounced bluntness, chips and a longitudinal crack from antiquity. The active parts – the head and slightly oblique tip, completely kept – are relatively well preserved, with traces of wear and cracks in places due to intensive use.

These traces give us a history of this object, which was originally, most likely, an axe hammer, intended to split, cut, and strike, but with the wear of its blade turned into a pickaxe hammer, used both for percussion activities and for loosening the earth. The object was used as a working tool, but most likely also as a weapon.

Dimensions: L.: 113 mm; W.: 56 mm; thickness: 44 mm: Hole diameter: 20x22 mm.

Virtual Tour


Publications Journal „Tyragetia"


Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. II [XVII], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. II [XVII], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie

Chișinău, 2008

I. Researches


Ion Eremia
One Moscow historian’s view on the Relations of the Danube Principalities with the Ottoman Empire and with Russia

Lilia Zabolotnaia
The Movileshti and its descendants. Unknown pages

Valentin Tomuleț
The protests and the revindications of the Bessarabian people in the first decades after the annexation of the territories between the Prut and Dniester rivers to Russia (years 1812-1828)

Alexandra Zbuchea
Marketing as a key element in achieving museum’s mission

II. Papers and surveys


Vlad D. Ghimpu
Les contacts et les relations entre les Roumains et les Russes kiéviens aux IX-ième et X-ième siècles

Anatol P. Gorodenco
South Moldova in the second part of XIV century

Ana Niculiță
Regarding two medieval coin hoards from Florești district, Republic of Moldova

Adelaida Chiroșca
17th c. coin hoard discovered in Ciocilteni village, Orhei district

Janusz Skoczylas, Marek Żyromski
The stonemasons’ signs in the social and political context

Nicolae Fuștei
Books of metropolitan Dosoftei kept in various European collections

Alina Felea
Some dates of family Imbault

Sergius Ciocanu
Orhei district Peștera hermitage and Peștera estate. From the first mentions to the 19th century

Igor Cereteu
The Transylvanien printings from Basarabia (from the second half of XVIIIth and the first decades of XXth centuries

Ирина Гончарова
Medals by Carl Leberecht in the collections of the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova

Emanuil Brihuneț
Late medieval commemorative monuments from the Prut-Dniester space

Dinu Poștarencu
Transfer of Soroca town from private property to state property

Teodor Candu
Contribution at the research of the abuses of submitted monasteries abbot from Moldova (1806-1812): the case of Daniil vs. Theodorit from Floreshti Monastery

Lucia Argint
Historiographical thoughts over the particularities of the Russian and Moldavian administrative system at the beginning of the 19th century

Andrei Emilciuc
Commercial navigation on the Dniester River (1812-1853)

Maria Danilov
The Biblical movement in Bessarabia. Imperial context and local specifics

Silvia Corlăteanu-Granciuc
Documentary returns. A church register of avowal from the 19th century

Maria Maftei
The economic situation in Cahul county during 30ies - 50ies of the 19th century

Natalia Timohina
The relationships between Russian armies and native populations of the Moldavian and Romanian kingdoms in the ears of the Crimean war (1853-1856)

Tatiana Chicaroș
L’évolution de l’enseignement de lycée en Bessarabie sous la domination tsariste (1833-1917)

Vera Serjant
First “advertisements” in the Bessarabian press (1854-1899)

Silviu Andrieș-Tabac
Les Symboles de la République Démocratique Moldave (1917-1918). Interprétation sémantique

Sorin Trîncă
Interconfessional relations (orthodox-greek-catholic) during return to orthodoxy in 1918-1928. On the example of Transilvaniya)

Elena Postică
Bessarabian prominent figures in the Romanian governments during the inter-war period

Vera Stăvilă
The history of the Bessarabian Belle Arte School and Society

Ольга Щипакина
History of the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic civil air forces formation (1944-1957)

Octavian Zelinski
Considérations sur la situation économique dans le secteur agraire de la République Socialiste Soviétique de Moldavie dans la seconde moitié des années ‘80 du XX-ème siécle

Elena Ploșnița
Some considerations regarding the designing of a permanent exposition of the history museum

III. Paper and book review


Ion Eremia
Documente Bucovinene, vol. VII / Teodor Balan, Iași, TAIDA, 2005, XX p. + 318 p.; vol VIII, XVI p. +234 p. - vol. IX, Iași, TAIDA, 2006, XII p. + 164 p.

Ion Eremia
Valentina Eșanu, Andrei Eșanu, Bogdan al II-lea și Maria Oltea – părinții lui Ştefan cel Mare și Sfânt. Chișinău, Prut Internațional, 2007, 160 p. +Anexă: Voievozii Ţării Moldovei de la Bogdan I până la Ştefan cel Mare și Sfânt și urmașii lui

Silvia Corlăteanu-Granciuc
Gheorghe Nicolaev, Sergiu Tabuncic, Ţara Moldovei în timpul domniei lui Ştefan cel Mare și Sfânt. Ţinuturi, orașe, cetăți, ctitorii, așezări rurale atestate documentar, Centrul Editorial Integritas, 2007. Planșă

Ion Eremia
Antoine François Le Clerc, Memoriu Topografi c și Statistic asupra Basarabiei, Valahiei și Moldovei, Provincii ale Turciei în Europa. Ediție îngrijită, studiu introductiv, note și comentarii de Ioan-Aurel Pop și Sorin Şipoș. Traducere din limba franceză de Delia-Maria Radu; însoțită de reproducerea manuscrisului original. Institutul Cultural Român. Cluj-Napoca, 2004. LII +90 p.

Valentin Tomuleț
Maria Danilov, Cenzura sinodală și cartea religioasă în Basarabia. 1812-1918 (între tradiție și politica țaristă), Biblioteca Tyragetia XIII. – Chișinău, 2007 (Tipogr. „Bons Offi ces”), 264 p.



 

 

Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
May 18, 2022 – December 31, 2022
 
Over 2500 pieces made of precious metals with historic, artistic and symbolic value
  
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WiFi Free Wi-Fi Zone in the museum: In the courtyard of the National History Museum of Moldova there is Wi-Fi Internet access for visitors.






#Exhibit of the Month

Deer antlers, as well as bones, teeth and shells of mollusks, belong to the category of hard materials of animal origin, which for a long time served as raw materials for prehistoric and protohistoric communities to make tools, weapons, containers, handles, as well as objects of prestige (sceptres) or adornments (necklaces, pendants, clothing accessories), certainly bearing a symbolic load...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

menu
The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC