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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations.

The oină or hoina game is considered a Romanian national sports game having a history of at least six centuries. The oina game is practiced continuously, according to the chronicles and deeds of the time at least from the 14th century, being mentioned for the first time in 1364, during the reign of Vlaicu Vodă. The game requires complex sports qualities (good running speed, fast reflexes in self-defense movements against the balls, accuracy in throwing and hitting the ball with a bat or stick). Oina is a sport that identifies us to the same extent as trânta, our national wrestling. The game becomes attractive among young people in the villages, enters the school curriculum through physical education lessons. Through the Education Reform of 1898, as well as through other ministerial decisions, Education Minister Spiru Haret introduces the compulsory oina lessons in all schools, as well as the annual oina competitions.

On May 9, 1899, in Bucharest, the first national oina championship was organized, the teams being made up of high school students. The winner was the team of Nicolae Bălcescu High School from Brăila.

In 1912, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society (Bucharest) was created, which consisted of 13 sports commissions including the oina commission.

After the Union of 1918, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society was reorganized in 1923, including the other oina sports commissions of Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia.

In 1932, the Romanian Oina Federation was founded.

 
National Museum of History of Moldova
 

Publications Journal „Tyragetia"

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. II [XVII], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. II [XVII], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie

Chișinău, 2008

I. Researches


Ion Eremia
One Moscow historian’s view on the Relations of the Danube Principalities with the Ottoman Empire and with Russia

Lilia Zabolotnaia
The Movileshti and its descendants. Unknown pages

Valentin Tomuleț
The protests and the revindications of the Bessarabian people in the first decades after the annexation of the territories between the Prut and Dniester rivers to Russia (years 1812-1828)

Alexandra Zbuchea
Marketing as a key element in achieving museum’s mission

II. Papers and surveys


Vlad D. Ghimpu
Les contacts et les relations entre les Roumains et les Russes kiéviens aux IX-ième et X-ième siècles

Anatol P. Gorodenco
South Moldova in the second part of XIV century

Ana Niculiță
Regarding two medieval coin hoards from Florești district, Republic of Moldova

Adelaida Chiroșca
17th c. coin hoard discovered in Ciocilteni village, Orhei district

Janusz Skoczylas, Marek Żyromski
The stonemasons’ signs in the social and political context

Nicolae Fuștei
Books of metropolitan Dosoftei kept in various European collections

Alina Felea
Some dates of family Imbault

Sergius Ciocanu
Orhei district Peștera hermitage and Peștera estate. From the first mentions to the 19th century

Igor Cereteu
The Transylvanien printings from Basarabia (from the second half of XVIIIth and the first decades of XXth centuries

Ирина Гончарова
Medals by Carl Leberecht in the collections of the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova

Emanuil Brihuneț
Late medieval commemorative monuments from the Prut-Dniester space

Dinu Poștarencu
Transfer of Soroca town from private property to state property

Teodor Candu
Contribution at the research of the abuses of submitted monasteries abbot from Moldova (1806-1812): the case of Daniil vs. Theodorit from Floreshti Monastery

Lucia Argint
Historiographical thoughts over the particularities of the Russian and Moldavian administrative system at the beginning of the 19th century

Andrei Emilciuc
Commercial navigation on the Dniester River (1812-1853)

Maria Danilov
The Biblical movement in Bessarabia. Imperial context and local specifics

Silvia Corlăteanu-Granciuc
Documentary returns. A church register of avowal from the 19th century

Maria Maftei
The economic situation in Cahul county during 30ies - 50ies of the 19th century

Natalia Timohina
The relationships between Russian armies and native populations of the Moldavian and Romanian kingdoms in the ears of the Crimean war (1853-1856)

Tatiana Chicaroș
L’évolution de l’enseignement de lycée en Bessarabie sous la domination tsariste (1833-1917)

Vera Serjant
First “advertisements” in the Bessarabian press (1854-1899)

Silviu Andrieș-Tabac
Les Symboles de la République Démocratique Moldave (1917-1918). Interprétation sémantique

Sorin Trîncă
Interconfessional relations (orthodox-greek-catholic) during return to orthodoxy in 1918-1928. On the example of Transilvaniya)

Elena Postică
Bessarabian prominent figures in the Romanian governments during the inter-war period

Vera Stăvilă
The history of the Bessarabian Belle Arte School and Society

Ольга Щипакина
History of the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic civil air forces formation (1944-1957)

Octavian Zelinski
Considérations sur la situation économique dans le secteur agraire de la République Socialiste Soviétique de Moldavie dans la seconde moitié des années ‘80 du XX-ème siécle

Elena Ploșnița
Some considerations regarding the designing of a permanent exposition of the history museum

III. Paper and book review


Ion Eremia
Documente Bucovinene, vol. VII / Teodor Balan, Iași, TAIDA, 2005, XX p. + 318 p.; vol VIII, XVI p. +234 p. - vol. IX, Iași, TAIDA, 2006, XII p. + 164 p.

Ion Eremia
Valentina Eșanu, Andrei Eșanu, Bogdan al II-lea și Maria Oltea – părinții lui Ştefan cel Mare și Sfânt. Chișinău, Prut Internațional, 2007, 160 p. +Anexă: Voievozii Ţării Moldovei de la Bogdan I până la Ştefan cel Mare și Sfânt și urmașii lui

Silvia Corlăteanu-Granciuc
Gheorghe Nicolaev, Sergiu Tabuncic, Ţara Moldovei în timpul domniei lui Ştefan cel Mare și Sfânt. Ţinuturi, orașe, cetăți, ctitorii, așezări rurale atestate documentar, Centrul Editorial Integritas, 2007. Planșă

Ion Eremia
Antoine François Le Clerc, Memoriu Topografi c și Statistic asupra Basarabiei, Valahiei și Moldovei, Provincii ale Turciei în Europa. Ediție îngrijită, studiu introductiv, note și comentarii de Ioan-Aurel Pop și Sorin Şipoș. Traducere din limba franceză de Delia-Maria Radu; însoțită de reproducerea manuscrisului original. Institutul Cultural Român. Cluj-Napoca, 2004. LII +90 p.

Valentin Tomuleț
Maria Danilov, Cenzura sinodală și cartea religioasă în Basarabia. 1812-1918 (între tradiție și politica țaristă), Biblioteca Tyragetia XIII. – Chișinău, 2007 (Tipogr. „Bons Offi ces”), 264 p.



 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations...

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