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#Exhibit of the Month

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The exposed object, an "askos" type ceramic vessel, comes from the tumulus necropolis near the village of Ciumai, Taraclia district. The vessel was discovered in 2015 in a cenotaph tomb attributed to the Jamnaja culture, dated to the early Bronze Age (ca. 3300-2600 BC).

The vessel, with an obviously asymmetrical configuration, is hand-moulded from quality clay paste, having a smooth brown surface with gray spots. The body of the vessel is provided with a pronounced protrusion and a truncated neck with a wider opening towards the mouth. The vessel has a stem and is ornamented with three pairs of symmetrically placed relief appliqués. The height of the bowl is 15.5 cm, the diameter of the mouth is 11.4 cm, the diameter of the body is 15 cm and the diameter of the base is 7.5 cm. Such vessels in the archaeological literature are known as "askos" vessels, the respective term being of ancient Greek origin, denoting one of the primitive containers of the period - the bellows made of animal skin.

In prehistoric times, among some peoples, the bellows was transposed into ceramics, in these cases the basic features of the archaic leather vessel were preserved, acquiring a prominent convex shape with a stem and a flat bottom. From the original appearance of the bellows, the asymmetric mouth corresponding to the animal's neck has been preserved, and sometimes three or four legs, corresponding to the appendages of the flayed skin from the animal's legs. These vessels have lost their original zoomorphic character, entering as a new form in the inventory of Neo-Eneolithic ceramics. The first vessels of this type are attested in Greece, in the early Neolithic (ca. 5000-4500 BC) having the shape of cups or cups. In the Neo-Eneolithic Carpatho-Balkan cultures, the type of Aegean askos of short or tall form, with or without legs and with a handle, is found. Less often, they are provided with two mouths (one for filling and one for emptying) or they are off-center and provided with strangely shaped mouths. In the space between the Carpathians and the Dnieper, only tall forms of simple askos, without zoomorphic elements, are known. Askos-type vessels are present in various prehistoric cultures, especially in Southeast Europe and Anatolia.

Being often discovered in association with cult inventory, askos vessels could be an important indicator of use in religious ritual practices. Along with the zoomorphic, anthropomorphic and rhyton-type vessels (roughly conical container from which, in some ceremonies, liquids were drunk or poured), the askos were included in the category of vessels intended for worship, being related to libations (ritual act that consisted of tasting and then pouring a cup of wine, milk, etc. as homage to the deity).

Virtual Tour


Publications Journal „Tyragetia"


Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. II [XVII], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. II [XVII], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie

Chișinău, 2008

I. Researches


Ion Eremia
One Moscow historian’s view on the Relations of the Danube Principalities with the Ottoman Empire and with Russia

Lilia Zabolotnaia
The Movileshti and its descendants. Unknown pages

Valentin Tomuleț
The protests and the revindications of the Bessarabian people in the first decades after the annexation of the territories between the Prut and Dniester rivers to Russia (years 1812-1828)

Alexandra Zbuchea
Marketing as a key element in achieving museum’s mission

II. Papers and surveys


Vlad D. Ghimpu
Les contacts et les relations entre les Roumains et les Russes kiéviens aux IX-ième et X-ième siècles

Anatol P. Gorodenco
South Moldova in the second part of XIV century

Ana Niculiță
Regarding two medieval coin hoards from Florești district, Republic of Moldova

Adelaida Chiroșca
17th c. coin hoard discovered in Ciocilteni village, Orhei district

Janusz Skoczylas, Marek Żyromski
The stonemasons’ signs in the social and political context

Nicolae Fuștei
Books of metropolitan Dosoftei kept in various European collections

Alina Felea
Some dates of family Imbault

Sergius Ciocanu
Orhei district Peștera hermitage and Peștera estate. From the first mentions to the 19th century

Igor Cereteu
The Transylvanien printings from Basarabia (from the second half of XVIIIth and the first decades of XXth centuries

Ирина Гончарова
Medals by Carl Leberecht in the collections of the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova

Emanuil Brihuneț
Late medieval commemorative monuments from the Prut-Dniester space

Dinu Poștarencu
Transfer of Soroca town from private property to state property

Teodor Candu
Contribution at the research of the abuses of submitted monasteries abbot from Moldova (1806-1812): the case of Daniil vs. Theodorit from Floreshti Monastery

Lucia Argint
Historiographical thoughts over the particularities of the Russian and Moldavian administrative system at the beginning of the 19th century

Andrei Emilciuc
Commercial navigation on the Dniester River (1812-1853)

Maria Danilov
The Biblical movement in Bessarabia. Imperial context and local specifics

Silvia Corlăteanu-Granciuc
Documentary returns. A church register of avowal from the 19th century

Maria Maftei
The economic situation in Cahul county during 30ies - 50ies of the 19th century

Natalia Timohina
The relationships between Russian armies and native populations of the Moldavian and Romanian kingdoms in the ears of the Crimean war (1853-1856)

Tatiana Chicaroș
L’évolution de l’enseignement de lycée en Bessarabie sous la domination tsariste (1833-1917)

Vera Serjant
First “advertisements” in the Bessarabian press (1854-1899)

Silviu Andrieș-Tabac
Les Symboles de la République Démocratique Moldave (1917-1918). Interprétation sémantique

Sorin Trîncă
Interconfessional relations (orthodox-greek-catholic) during return to orthodoxy in 1918-1928. On the example of Transilvaniya)

Elena Postică
Bessarabian prominent figures in the Romanian governments during the inter-war period

Vera Stăvilă
The history of the Bessarabian Belle Arte School and Society

Ольга Щипакина
History of the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic civil air forces formation (1944-1957)

Octavian Zelinski
Considérations sur la situation économique dans le secteur agraire de la République Socialiste Soviétique de Moldavie dans la seconde moitié des années ‘80 du XX-ème siécle

Elena Ploșnița
Some considerations regarding the designing of a permanent exposition of the history museum

III. Paper and book review


Ion Eremia
Documente Bucovinene, vol. VII / Teodor Balan, Iași, TAIDA, 2005, XX p. + 318 p.; vol VIII, XVI p. +234 p. - vol. IX, Iași, TAIDA, 2006, XII p. + 164 p.

Ion Eremia
Valentina Eșanu, Andrei Eșanu, Bogdan al II-lea și Maria Oltea – părinții lui Ştefan cel Mare și Sfânt. Chișinău, Prut Internațional, 2007, 160 p. +Anexă: Voievozii Ţării Moldovei de la Bogdan I până la Ştefan cel Mare și Sfânt și urmașii lui

Silvia Corlăteanu-Granciuc
Gheorghe Nicolaev, Sergiu Tabuncic, Ţara Moldovei în timpul domniei lui Ştefan cel Mare și Sfânt. Ţinuturi, orașe, cetăți, ctitorii, așezări rurale atestate documentar, Centrul Editorial Integritas, 2007. Planșă

Ion Eremia
Antoine François Le Clerc, Memoriu Topografi c și Statistic asupra Basarabiei, Valahiei și Moldovei, Provincii ale Turciei în Europa. Ediție îngrijită, studiu introductiv, note și comentarii de Ioan-Aurel Pop și Sorin Şipoș. Traducere din limba franceză de Delia-Maria Radu; însoțită de reproducerea manuscrisului original. Institutul Cultural Român. Cluj-Napoca, 2004. LII +90 p.

Valentin Tomuleț
Maria Danilov, Cenzura sinodală și cartea religioasă în Basarabia. 1812-1918 (între tradiție și politica țaristă), Biblioteca Tyragetia XIII. – Chișinău, 2007 (Tipogr. „Bons Offi ces”), 264 p.




 

 

Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age
  
  

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#Exhibit of the Month

The exposed object, an "askos" type ceramic vessel, comes from the tumulus necropolis near the village of Ciumai, Taraclia district. The vessel was discovered in 2015 in a cenotaph tomb attributed to the Jamnaja culture, dated to the early Bronze Age (ca. 3300-2600 BC)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

menu
The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC