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#Exhibit of the Month

The history of silverware goes back over 5,000 years, but only in the 3rd millennium BC, in Mesopotamia and Anatolia, the first pieces of processed silver were made. From there, the art of working with silver spread to Persia and to Europe, where already in Roman and Greek antiquity it reached a high level of skill. Many of the techniques used then, such as casting, embossing and engraving, are still used today.

The National Museum of History of Moldova possesses a rich collection of silver items, which in a special way reflects the everyday life of people of the 18th-20th centuries. The typological range of objects that make up the collection includes both secular and ecclesiastical silverware: fruit vases, bonbonnieres, cutlery, tea and coffee preparation and serving sets, salt-cellars, handbags, snuffboxes and cigarette cases, candelabra, as well as icon cases, chalices, pectoral crosses, candlesticks, and so on.

Products of renowned jewelers, such as Fabergé, Khlebnikov, Sazikov in Russia, Elkington in England, Christofle in France or Norblin and Fraget in Poland stand out for their special quality and luxury. A significant item in the museum's silverware collection is the teapot on a stand with a spirit lamp (bouillotte), made in the Christofle workshop in France.

The Christofle workshop was founded in Paris in 1830 by Charles Christofle. The workshop, which was the court supplier of the Emperor of France Napoleon III, the Emperor of Mexico and the Tsar of Russia, created decorative and household pieces of rare beauty. It was also highly appreciated by the Royal House of Romania, which granted the workshop a supplier patent. In 1842, Charles Christofle bought a patent for electroplating, a technique that involved first coating a metal base with copper and then with nickel and silver. It was this technique that allowed him to mass-produce silver tea sets, which were very popular at the time. Tea, brought to Europe in 1610 by the East India Company, was an expensive commodity that gradually gained popularity. The oldest preserved teapots, dating from the 1670s, were small. As tea gained popularity, larger teapots began to be produced, shaped to match the fashion of the time.

According to Christofle catalogs, the model was produced in 1868 and fascinates with its elegance and refinement. The teapot has a complex design including a pear-shaped container, the surface of which is ornamented with guilloché in the Louis XVI style of the late 1780s. In the upper and lower parts of the body it is decorated with a border with tulips on protrusions, and in the center, it has an escutcheon with an engraved double frame. The teapot is equipped with a folding basket-like handle decorated with triple rings, and a lid with a knob. There are two rivets on the teapot for attaching it to the stand. A spirit lamp with a straight handle and a device for lifting the wick is fixed in the middle of the stand. The item has the Christofle stamp and is made of nickel silver.

The teapot on a stand with a spirit lamp, made in the Christofle workshop, harmoniously combines the value of a unique object and a sample of a large industrial series.

Dimensions: H.: 43 cm; W.: 24 cm.

Virtual Tour


Publications Journal „Tyragetia"   vol. VII [XXII], nr. 1


Textiles from Scythian burial complexes
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Textiles from Scythian burial complexes

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. VII [XXII], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică

Текстиль из погребальных комплексов скифов

В степях Северного Причерноморья раскопано более 3 тысяч скифских курганов. В исследованных погребениях обнаружено большое количество артефактов, однако изделия из кожи и текстиля сохраняются в единичных случаях. О костюме скифов некоторое представление дают произведения греческих мастеров. Прежде всего, это произведения торевтики - парадные металлические чаши, украшения горитов, нашивные бляшки и др. На них видны различные детали костюма. Иногда они настолько детализированы, что можно предположить материал и крой одежды. Однако, как правило, на этих предметах изображен костюм мужчин-воинов или амазонок. Повседневный костюм скифских женщин оставался без внимания мастеров.

В этой связи чрезвычайно важен погребальный комплекс 4 в. до н.э., открытый в кургане Вишневая Могила (Запорожская обл., Украина). В грунтовом склепе не потревоженным сохранилось захоронение де- вочки-скифянки. Уникальная сохранность текстильных и кожаных остатков позволила реконструировать весь многокомпонентный костюм скифянки. Он состоял из шести родов одежды: нательной, набедренной, плечевой, настопной, головного убора и съемных украшений. Различные части одежды сделаны из разных материалов, это: белая полотняная ткань, оранжевая атласная ткань, красновато-коричневая шерсть, черное сукно, мех, красная кожа.

Это единственный в Северном Причерноморье палеокостюмологический комплекс, являющийся в настоящее время эталонным примером женского костюма ранних номадов этого региона.

Список иллюстраций:

Рис. 1. Костюм скифского мужчины-воина на произведениях торевтики.

Рис. 2. Изображения женщин на произведениях искусства: 1, 2 - амазонки; 3, 4 - божества.

Рис. 3. Фрагменты различных тканей из скифских могил: 1 - курган Близнец-2; 2, 3 - Рыжановский курган.

Рис. 4. Курган Толстая Могила: 1 - золотые аппликации костюма на полу камеры; 2 - реконструкция парадного костюма (по Л. Клочко).

Рис. 5. Склеп №620 из Усть-Альминского некрополя: 1 - план погребальной камеры (фрагмент); 2 - реконструкция костюмного ансамбля (по Т. Крупе).

Рис. 6. Курган Вишневая Могила: 1 - план погребальной камеры (фрагмент); 2 - реконструкция плетеного гробовища (по Я. Прилипко и Ю. Болтрику).

Рис. 7. Курган Вишневая Могила. Детали костюма скифской девочки: 1-2 - безрукавка; 3, 4 - юбка-обгортка; 5-7 - нательная рубаха (по Я. Прилипко).

Рис. 8. Курган Вишневая Могила. Выкройка и реконструкция кожаных башмачков (по Я. Прилипко).

Рис. 9. Реконструкция костюмного ансамбля девочки из Вишневой Могилы (по Я. Прилипко и Ю. Болтрику).

Рис. 10. Реконструкция вертикального ткацкого станка из раскопок Бельского городища (по А. Щербаню).

Елена Фиалко
The armed women of Early Iron Age in the Northern Pontic: social aspects
Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. VI [XXI], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică
Елена Фиалко
Panoply of Scythian Female Warriors
Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. V [XX], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică


 

 

Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

The history of silverware goes back over 5,000 years, but only in the 3rd millennium BC, in Mesopotamia and Anatolia, the first pieces of processed silver were made. From there, the art of working with silver spread to Persia and to Europe, where already in Roman and Greek antiquity it reached a high level of skill. Many of the techniques used then, such as casting, embossing and engraving, are still used today...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

menu
The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC