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#Exhibit of the Month

The item is the lower part of a leg of a festive table made of white and gray marble. In the upper part, it has a protrusion, similar to a Doric capital, on the horizontal platform of which a square recess is engraved, designed to fix the second part of the leg (upper). The lower part of the leg is made in an anthropomorphic style, and, in our opinion, there are two variants of identifying the depicted character. The first involves the image of the head of the young Heracles (Heracles - Ἡρακλῆς) (beardless), the most favorite hero of antiquity, wearing on his head the skin of the Nemean lion - Λέων της Νεμέας, a vicious monster from Greek mythology who lived in Nemea and was eventually killed by Heracles. The first labor of Heracles, of the twelve set by King Eurystheus (his cousin), was to kill the Nemean lion and bring his skin to the king. It is also known from Greek mythology that the lion of Nemea took the form of a beautiful woman in order to seduce the inhabitants of neighboring villages, who wanted to save the girl from danger. Upon entering the cave, a man saw the woman, who usually pretended to be wounded, and rushed to help her. When he approached her, the woman turned into a lion and killed him. Then the lion devoured the man, giving his bones to Hades - ᾍδης, the god of Hell, who lived in the kingdom of shadows. The second version of the anthropomorphic image interpretation suggests Alexander the Great, king of Macedonia in the second half of the 4th century BC, one of the most famous heroes of the Greek world, who sometimes is depicted as Hercules - wearing a lion's skin. Some researchers consider the custom of wearing the skin of a slain lion a sign of royal power. The word βασιλεύς itself, translated from ancient Greek, means "walking the path of the lion", that is, the king. This title was held by the Greek kings from the Homeric period, and later, starting from the 7th century AD - by the Byzantine emperors.

The item can be dated to the 5th-6th centuries AD, and, possibly, it originates from Asia Minor.

It is kept in the collection of the museum for about 10 years. The gray granite stand does not belong to the original item.

Metric characteristics: height 330 mm; width: 112 mm.


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Publications Journal „Tyragetia"   vol. X [XXV], nr. 2

Ion Ungureanu, a destiny enlightened by the Morning Star
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Ion Ungureanu, a destiny enlightened by the Morning Star

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. X [XXV], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie

Keywords: Ion Ungureanu, director, minister, drama, Morning Star.

Abstract: On September 8th, 2015, the National Museum of History of Moldova hosted an exceptional cultural event dedicated to the celebration of the 80th anniversary of prominent cultural figure - Ion Ungureanu, actor and director, ex-Minister of Culture of the Republic of Moldova, Artist of the People, Laureate of the National Award, holder of the Order of the Republic.

The event began with the opening of the exhibition "Ion Ungureanu, a destiny lightened by the Morning Star" bringing together more than 230 photos, documents, books, theater programs and posters, prizes, awards and other relics that reflect important aspects of the life and work of one of the most prominent figures of the national culture.

The artistic activity of actor and director Ion Ungureanu includes 13 roles in theatre plays, 21 roles in radio shows and 27 roles in "Moldova-film" and "Mosfilm" productions. He staged 26 plays in theatre and 8 plays in television.

Theseus, Malvolio, Dr. Dorn, von Walter; "Birds of our Youth", "Holy of Holies" and "White Church" by I. Druță, "Minodora" by A. Strâmbeanu, "Nameless Star" by M. Sebastian, "Radu Stefan, the First and the Last" by A. Bu-
suioc - these are just some of the roles and performances that glorified this wonderful actor and director.

In 1970s famous Russian actor Mikhail Ulyanov considered Ion Ungureanu in line with such the greatest directors of the Soviet theater as Georgy Tovstonogov, Iury Liubimov, Anatoly Efros and Oleg Efremov.

The exhibition is a first attempt to valorise through exhibition the cultural and political work of the actor, director and public person Ion Ungureanu. The phenomenon of Ungureanu is yet to be studied, and the lesson of dignity and verticality given by this outstanding personality is yet to be assumed by contemporaries and generations to come.

List of illustrations:
1. The exhibition poster.
2. Debut on the stage of Kremlin Theatre and Vahtangov Theatre. Ion Ungureanu as Alexandru Damian in the play "Wild Flowers" by C. Condrea, 1960.
3. Ion Ungureanu (poet Boris Grădinaru) and Vladimir Zaychuk (driver Toader) in the film "When a person is not in his place", "Moldova-film", 1958.
4. Ion Ungureanu playing inspector Lodze in the film "Favorite", "Moldova-film", 1976.
5. Minister of Culture and Cults Ion Ungureanu at the event of re-opening of the monument to Stefan the Great after its restoration and relocation, August 31, 1990.
6. Sequence from the opening of the exhibition "Ion Ungureanu, a destiny enlightened by the Morning Star".
7. Fragment of the festive event dedicated to the anniversary of the actor and director Ion Ungureanu, National Museum of History of Moldova, September 8, 2015.



 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
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#Exhibit of the Month

The item is the lower part of a leg of a festive table made of white and gray marble. In the upper part, it has a protrusion, similar to a Doric capital, on the horizontal platform of which a square recess is engraved, designed to fix the second part of the leg (upper). The lower part of the leg is made in an anthropomorphic style, and, in our opinion, there are two variants of identifying the depicted character...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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