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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations.

The oină or hoina game is considered a Romanian national sports game having a history of at least six centuries. The oina game is practiced continuously, according to the chronicles and deeds of the time at least from the 14th century, being mentioned for the first time in 1364, during the reign of Vlaicu Vodă. The game requires complex sports qualities (good running speed, fast reflexes in self-defense movements against the balls, accuracy in throwing and hitting the ball with a bat or stick). Oina is a sport that identifies us to the same extent as trânta, our national wrestling. The game becomes attractive among young people in the villages, enters the school curriculum through physical education lessons. Through the Education Reform of 1898, as well as through other ministerial decisions, Education Minister Spiru Haret introduces the compulsory oina lessons in all schools, as well as the annual oina competitions.

On May 9, 1899, in Bucharest, the first national oina championship was organized, the teams being made up of high school students. The winner was the team of Nicolae Bălcescu High School from Brăila.

In 1912, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society (Bucharest) was created, which consisted of 13 sports commissions including the oina commission.

After the Union of 1918, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society was reorganized in 1923, including the other oina sports commissions of Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia.

In 1932, the Romanian Oina Federation was founded.

 
National Museum of History of Moldova
 

Publications Journal „Tyragetia"

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. X [XXV], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. X [XXV], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie

Chișinău, 2016

I. Researches


Lilia Zabolotnaia, Sorin Iftimi
Portrait of Maria (Lupu) Radziwill in the works of the Polish painter Korneli Szlegiel (1851)

Victor Țvircun
Dimitrie Cantemir's posthumous mystery

II. Papers and surveys


Vasile Mărculeț
The Bulgarian-Wallachian Empire and the Crusaders during the reign of the Tsar Boril Asen (1207-1218). From armed conflict to the political and military collaboration

Игорь Прохненко, Мария Жиленко
Korolevo Castle of Nyalab in possession of descendants of Moldavian Voivode Szasz

Евгения Куйкина
„Proskynitarion of the Holy Mountain Athos" by John Komnenos Molivd in Slavonic translation by hierodeacon Damaskin (1701)

Игорь Сапожников
From the history of fortification and mapping of Bessarabia and Moldova: F. Kauffer's works in 1793-1797

Игорь Сапожников
Materials for the study of Bessarabian fortresses of 1807-1820s

Irina Cereș
Imports from the Russian Empire into the Principality of Moldavia at the end of the 18th century - the beginning of the 19th century

Alina Felea
From the history of a family in Bessarabia of the early 19th century: the husband's inability to perform the conjugal duty

Valentin Tomuleț
Historiographical considerations regarding the status of ruptashi in Bessarabia under Tsarist domination (1812-1847)

Valentin Tomuleț, Angela Baxan
On the question of competence of the Supreme Council of Bessarabian Oblast (August 28, 1816 - February 29, 1828)

Sergius Ciocanu
Buildings of the Capriana monastery in the first two decades of the 19th century

Cristina Gherasim
Aspects of influence of the tsarist legislation on the status of the Bessarabian nobility in the 1st half of the 19th century

Eugen-Tudor Sclifos
Bessarabian question reflected in the reports of the French ambassador in Petersburg Charles Auguste de Morny (1856-1857)

Maria Danilov
Unique manuscript from the archive of Paul Gore (1860)

Andrei Emilciuc
Preparation and implementation of the notarial reform of April 14, 1866 in Bessarabia

Lăcrămioara Manea
Notes and the ex-libris of Archimandrite Dosoftei Crihană. Case study

Alexandru Argint
Creation of rural primary schools in Bessarabia at the end of 1860s

Cristina Tănase
Statutes and decisions on the concession on omnibuses and fiacres in the Brașov County

Svetlana Suveică
"Filled with Sense of Duty"?! On the Loyalty of the Bessarabian Public Servants in 1940

Nicolae Fuștei
Institution for communication between the Soviet government and religious cults - the Council for Religious Cults Affairs under the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union (1944-1965)

Юрий А. Пятницкий
Coptic textile from Count Alexey Bobrinsky's collection in the State Hermitage: the history of one mistake

Татьяна Исаченко
About Milescu-Spătaru's manuscript from the collections of the National Museum of History of Moldova (to the 380th anniversary of the scholar)

Adelaida Chiroșca
Eucharistic icons of Jesus Christ in the collections of the National Museum of History of Moldova

Vera Stăvilă
Soviet propaganda posters of the Second World War in collections of the National Museum of History of Moldova

Андрей Крупенко, Юрий А. Пятницкий
Restoration and attribution of The Virgin of Tenderness (a new acquisition of the Byzantine collection of the Hermitage Museum)

Vera Serjant
The exhibition "Advertisements in Bessarabia"

Elena Postică
Ion Ungureanu, a destiny enlightened by the Morning Star

Elena Ploșnița
On museumification of the historical site Camp of Swedish King Charles XII at Varnița

III. Paper and book review


Вячеслав Степанов
Zabolotnaia Lilia, Dreptul la proprietate și la moștenire al femeilor din Moldova și țările vecine (secolele XIV-XVII). Studii și documente. Istoria la feminin. Chișinău: Cardidact, 2015, 351 p. ISBN 978-9975-9609-7-7

Ioan Opriș
Elena Ploșnița, Muzeul și publicul. Istorie și realități. Chișinău: Bons Offices, 2015, 252 p. ISBN 978-9975-87-047-4

 


 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations...

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