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#Exhibit of the Month

The item is the lower part of a leg of a festive table made of white and gray marble. In the upper part, it has a protrusion, similar to a Doric capital, on the horizontal platform of which a square recess is engraved, designed to fix the second part of the leg (upper). The lower part of the leg is made in an anthropomorphic style, and, in our opinion, there are two variants of identifying the depicted character. The first involves the image of the head of the young Heracles (Heracles - Ἡρακλῆς) (beardless), the most favorite hero of antiquity, wearing on his head the skin of the Nemean lion - Λέων της Νεμέας, a vicious monster from Greek mythology who lived in Nemea and was eventually killed by Heracles. The first labor of Heracles, of the twelve set by King Eurystheus (his cousin), was to kill the Nemean lion and bring his skin to the king. It is also known from Greek mythology that the lion of Nemea took the form of a beautiful woman in order to seduce the inhabitants of neighboring villages, who wanted to save the girl from danger. Upon entering the cave, a man saw the woman, who usually pretended to be wounded, and rushed to help her. When he approached her, the woman turned into a lion and killed him. Then the lion devoured the man, giving his bones to Hades - ᾍδης, the god of Hell, who lived in the kingdom of shadows. The second version of the anthropomorphic image interpretation suggests Alexander the Great, king of Macedonia in the second half of the 4th century BC, one of the most famous heroes of the Greek world, who sometimes is depicted as Hercules - wearing a lion's skin. Some researchers consider the custom of wearing the skin of a slain lion a sign of royal power. The word βασιλεύς itself, translated from ancient Greek, means "walking the path of the lion", that is, the king. This title was held by the Greek kings from the Homeric period, and later, starting from the 7th century AD - by the Byzantine emperors.

The item can be dated to the 5th-6th centuries AD, and, possibly, it originates from Asia Minor.

It is kept in the collection of the museum for about 10 years. The gray granite stand does not belong to the original item.

Metric characteristics: height 330 mm; width: 112 mm.


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National Museum of History of Moldova
 

Publications Journal „Tyragetia"   vol. X [XXV], nr. 2

Unique manuscript from the archive of Paul Gore (1860)
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Unique manuscript from the archive of Paul Gore (1860)

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. X [XXV], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie

Keywords: Principality of Moldavia, Bessarabia, cultural history, manuscript, Paul Gore, Gheorghe Gore.

Abstract: The archive of Paul Gore, scattered over time on various private and public collections, always aroused the interest of researchers in many fields: genealogy, heraldry, sociology, cultural history or history of Bessarabia, especially under Tsarist domination. The most valuable collections of documents are kept in the Bucharest archives (Central National Historical Archives in Bucharest - ANICB), where there are 96 documents from Gore's family archive (1579-1945).

A significant part of the collection consists of documents containing different historical information about the life and work of Gheorghe Gore (1839-1909). The activities of Paul Gore on the cultural arena of Bessarabia (the 2nd half of the 19th century) are well known. Less known are his writings, which remained for the most part in the manuscripts. Among Paul Gore's works we can distinguish a unique manuscript - "The public life of Moldavia until 1812: Gheorghe Gore's reasoning" (1860). The work contains 93 pages (in the notebook), and is in fact one of the first Bessarabian historical writings on land law of the Principality of Moldavia until 1812.

List of illustrations:
Fig. 1. The title page of the manuscript "The public life of Moldavia until 1812: Gheorghe Gore's reasoning", Moscow, 1860 (ANICB, Fond Paul Gore, file no. 4, fascicle no. 2).
Fig. 2. The first page of the manuscript "The public life of Moldavia until 1812: Gheorghe Gore's reasoning", Moscow, 1860 (ANICB, Fond Paul Gore, file no. 4, fascicle no. 2).
Fig. 3. The title page of the manuscript "The public life of Moldavia until 1812: Gheorghe Gore's reasoning", translated into Romanian (ANICB, Fond Paul Gore, file no. 4).
Fig. 4. Gheorghe Gore (seated), a law student at the University of Moscow in 1857-1861 (National Archives of the Republic of Moldova, iconographic collection).



 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
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#Exhibit of the Month

The item is the lower part of a leg of a festive table made of white and gray marble. In the upper part, it has a protrusion, similar to a Doric capital, on the horizontal platform of which a square recess is engraved, designed to fix the second part of the leg (upper). The lower part of the leg is made in an anthropomorphic style, and, in our opinion, there are two variants of identifying the depicted character...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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