EN RO















#Exhibit of the Month

>>>

The exposed object, an "askos" type ceramic vessel, comes from the tumulus necropolis near the village of Ciumai, Taraclia district. The vessel was discovered in 2015 in a cenotaph tomb attributed to the Jamnaja culture, dated to the early Bronze Age (ca. 3300-2600 BC).

The vessel, with an obviously asymmetrical configuration, is hand-moulded from quality clay paste, having a smooth brown surface with gray spots. The body of the vessel is provided with a pronounced protrusion and a truncated neck with a wider opening towards the mouth. The vessel has a stem and is ornamented with three pairs of symmetrically placed relief appliqués. The height of the bowl is 15.5 cm, the diameter of the mouth is 11.4 cm, the diameter of the body is 15 cm and the diameter of the base is 7.5 cm. Such vessels in the archaeological literature are known as "askos" vessels, the respective term being of ancient Greek origin, denoting one of the primitive containers of the period - the bellows made of animal skin.

In prehistoric times, among some peoples, the bellows was transposed into ceramics, in these cases the basic features of the archaic leather vessel were preserved, acquiring a prominent convex shape with a stem and a flat bottom. From the original appearance of the bellows, the asymmetric mouth corresponding to the animal's neck has been preserved, and sometimes three or four legs, corresponding to the appendages of the flayed skin from the animal's legs. These vessels have lost their original zoomorphic character, entering as a new form in the inventory of Neo-Eneolithic ceramics. The first vessels of this type are attested in Greece, in the early Neolithic (ca. 5000-4500 BC) having the shape of cups or cups. In the Neo-Eneolithic Carpatho-Balkan cultures, the type of Aegean askos of short or tall form, with or without legs and with a handle, is found. Less often, they are provided with two mouths (one for filling and one for emptying) or they are off-center and provided with strangely shaped mouths. In the space between the Carpathians and the Dnieper, only tall forms of simple askos, without zoomorphic elements, are known. Askos-type vessels are present in various prehistoric cultures, especially in Southeast Europe and Anatolia.

Being often discovered in association with cult inventory, askos vessels could be an important indicator of use in religious ritual practices. Along with the zoomorphic, anthropomorphic and rhyton-type vessels (roughly conical container from which, in some ceremonies, liquids were drunk or poured), the askos were included in the category of vessels intended for worship, being related to libations (ritual act that consisted of tasting and then pouring a cup of wine, milk, etc. as homage to the deity).

Virtual Tour


Publications Journal „Tyragetia"   vol. VI [XXI], nr. 1


The clay objects found in the settlements of the Noua-Sabatinovka type in the Carpathian-Dniester area
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

The clay objects found in the settlements of the Noua-Sabatinovka type in the Carpathian-Dniester area

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. VI [XXI], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică

In the settlements of the Noua-Sabatinovka type investigated in the Carpathian-Dniester area since 1950s to the present there have been found 255 objects made of clay. Most of these products, which were usually made of clay paste of poor quality, were toys or votive elements (balls, rings, wheels, zoomorphic and anthropomorphic figu- rines, flat cakes) and only two categories have been identified as working tools (spindle whorls, spoons for pouring molten metal). The vast number of votive objects indicates the developed spirituality of the communities of Noua- Sabatinovka type and the clay working tools present two of their basic crafts: metal working and weaving.This article presents the categories of clay objects, their technological process and attribution.

List of illustrations:

Fig. 1. Map of the monuments where the objects of clay were found.
Fig. 2. Balls made of baked clay: 1-3 - Petrușeni (after Левицкий 1985); 4, 5 - Magala (after Смирнова 1972); 6 - Cobâlnea (after Левицкий 1988); 7-9 - Căușeni (after Левинский 1986); 10, 11 - Odaia-Miciurin (after Sava, Kaiser 2004, 2006); 12 - Mologa (after Агульников, Малюкевич 2010).
Fig. 3. Spindle whorls: 1, 3 - Petrușeni (after Левицкий 1985); 2 - Cobâlnea (after Левицкий 1988); 4 - Gârbovăț (after Florescu 1991); 5 - Hansca (after Postică 1992); 6, 10, 12 - Odaia-Miciurin (after Sava, Kaiser 2004; Sava 2008); 7 - Tăvădărești (after Florescu 1991); 8 - Nicoleni (after Florescu 1991); 9 - Dorobanțu (after Florescu 1991); 11 - Bărboasa (after Florescu 1991).
Fig. 4. Zoomorphic figurines: 1-4 - Ghindești (after Мелюкова 1957).
Fig. 5. 1-5 - Zoomorphic figurines; 6-8 - anthropomorphic figurines. 1, 2 - Mereni (after Дергачев, Постикэ, Савва
1988); 3 - Odaia (after Сава, Кайзер 2011); 4 - Hansca (after Postică, Cavruc 1991); 5 - Lichitișeni (after Florescu 1991); 6, 7 - Nicoleni (after Florescu 1991); 8 - Mologa (after Агульников, Малюкевич 2010).
Fig. 6. 1-3 - Wheels; 4-10 - discs; 11-13 - spoons for pouring molten metal. 1 - Ulmu (after Florescu 1991); 2 - Ni- sporeni; 3, 13 - Simionești (after Florescu 1991); 4, 5 - Odaia-Miciurin (after Sava, Kaiser 2006; Sava, Kaiser 2007); 6, 7 - Cobâlnea (after Левицкий 1988); 8-12 - Gârbovăț (after Florescu 1991).
Fig. 7. 1-3 - Balls; 4 - flat cake; 5 - bead; 6-10 - clay objects of unknown purpose. 1 - Petrușeni
(after Левицкий1985); 2-4, 8, 10 - Odaia (after Sava, Kaiser 2004; Sava 2008); 5 - Căușeni (after Левинский 1986); 6, 9 - Bărboasa (after Florescu 1991); 8 - Ostrovec (after Балагури 1968).
Fig. 8. 1 - Spindle whorl; 2 - disc; 3 - ball; 4, 6 - wheels; 5, 10 - anthropomorphic figurines; 7-9 - zoomorphic figurines. 1-7 - Novokievka (after Gerškovič 1999); 8 - Stepovoe (after Археология 1985); 9 - Belogrudovskii Les (after Археология 1985); 10 - Babadag (after Jugănaru 2005).

Regina Uhl, Mariana Vasilache-Curoșu, Veaceslav Bicbaev, Mariana Sîrbu, Livia Sîrbu
Bericht über die archäologischen Arbeiten in Petreni, Republik Moldau
Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. X [XXV], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică
Vasile Diaconu, Mariana Sîrbu
Uncommon practice of re-use of Bronze Age stone axes
Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. XII [XXVII], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică
Mariana Sîrbu, Stanislav Țerna
Stolniceni II – a new settlement with “ash lenses” discovered in the northern zone of the Republic of Moldova
Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. XI [XXVI], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică
Mariana Sîrbu
Stone objects found in the settlements of Noua-Sabatinovka cultures in the Prut-Dniester area
Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. VII [XXII], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică
Mariana Sîrbu
Bronze objects found in the settlements of Noua-Sabatinovka type in the Prut-Dniester area
Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. VIII [XXIII], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică



 

 

Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age
  
  

Come to Museum! Discover the History!
  
Visit museum
Visit museum
Summer schedule: daily
10am – 6pm.

Winter schedule: daily
10am – 5pm.
Closed on Fridays.
Entrance fees:  adults - 10 MDL, pensioners, adults with moderate disabilities / disability of the 3rd degree, students - 5 MDL, school students - 2 MDL. Free access: enlisted men (...)

WiFi Free Wi-Fi Zone in the museum: In the courtyard of the National History Museum of Moldova there is Wi-Fi Internet access for visitors.


#Exhibit of the Month

The exposed object, an "askos" type ceramic vessel, comes from the tumulus necropolis near the village of Ciumai, Taraclia district. The vessel was discovered in 2015 in a cenotaph tomb attributed to the Jamnaja culture, dated to the early Bronze Age (ca. 3300-2600 BC)...

Read More >>

































The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

menu
The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC