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One of the great technical achievements that revolutionized the idea of time and space, opening a new era in the history of communication, is telegraphy. It is based on the transmission of electrical signals through a cable over long distances, allowing people to communicate instantly. The telegraph spread very quickly and a network of wires stretched around the world.

In 1837, the American painter and physicist Samuel Morse invented the first electromagnetic device for telegraphy, patented in 1840. To send messages by wire, Morse developed in 1838 a simple code of dots and dashes, which represented the letters of the alphabet, known as "Morse code ".

Both Morse code and the telegraph machine were improved over time, with the telegraph becoming the most widespread system of communication and information transmission for more than a century, until the advent of the Internet. The telegraph system consisted of a series of stations repeaters along the transmission line route. Each station had an operator who received and transmitted messages by telegraph. The Morse machine transmitted about 25 words per minute, which were recorded in code on a paper tape. The operator in charge of transmitting the message would decode it and write it on paper using a special typewriter.

In Bessarabia, the telegraph entered in 1860: on April 8, the Bender telegraph station began its activity, and on April 24, the one in Chisinau, following the construction of the first Odesa-Chisinau-Leova telegraph line. Currently, telegraph services have been discontinued. The only ones who still use coded communication are radio amateurs.

The Morse telegraph machine shown comes from the Osinoostrovsky electrotechnical plant, Soviet Union, and dates back to 1934. The exhibit was restored by Mihail Culașco.

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Publications Journal „Tyragetia"   vol. IV [XIX], nr. 2


Constantin F. Cazimir’s activity within the Bessarabian zemstva
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Constantin F. Cazimir’s activity within the Bessarabian zemstva

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. IV [XIX], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie

The article comes to fill in a page from the life and activity of C.F. Cazimir (1860-1910) – remarkable personality from the history of Bessarabia from the end of 19th century-beginning of 20th century, important patron of culture, man of bright intelligence, landowner and good householder. We attempt at elucidating, based on historical documents (the meetings of the zemstva’s Assembly) stored in the heritage of the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova, his activity within the zemstva – a body of local administration, introduced in Bessarabia in 1869.

C.F. Cazimir worked for more than two decades in the provincial and county zemstva (Hotin and Bălți), where he affirmed himself as a great promoter of education, medicine and agriculture. The catastrophic situation from Bessarabia (more than 50% from the number of boys and over 80% of girls were illiterate) could not be tolerated any more, the indifference of the clerks was overwhelming, made of this subject a constant in zemstva’s working agenda. At the meeting of Zemstva’s assembly, C. F. Cazimir had brought strong critics to its incapacity of solving the problem, especially, the decision to “bandy” the primary education to the county zemstva. He pleaded for well trained teachers and equipped schools where would study as many as possible children. He supported the idea of school libraries with a collection of books “to the benefit of pupils and teachers”, himself being the founder of the library from village Văscăuți.

Being a good specialist, C.F. Cazimir manifested a special interest for the agrarian schools where, along his personal investigations in the field, he had raisin this problem at the public institutions as well. He was the tutor of the
agrarian school from Grinăuți who became a forgery of personnel for agriculture. He had proven his civic attitude in medicine also. Besides the hundreds of scholarships granted, as adviser, to the future medical specialists, he was an adept of an active policy of combating epidemics. He had criticized the hygienic conditions from the psychiatric hospital from Costujeni, institution which enjoyed the most consistent subsidy from the provincial administration.

He was elected in 1901 a member of the commission for the construction of the driveway Chișinău-Criuleni, along with the mayor of Chișinău, K. Schmidt, advisers I. Sârbu, V. Varzari and engineer M. Şostovski.

Ana Grițco
Requisition as a way of sovietisation of Bessarabian peasants
Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. I [XVI], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie Chișinău, 2007
Ana Grițco
The First World War (1914-1918) in deltiology
Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. IX [XXIV], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie Chișinău, 2015
Ana Grițco
The Great War. Photographic documents (The exhibition dedicated to the centenary of the First World War
Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. IX [XXIV], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie Chișinău, 2015
Ana Grițco
A drugstore of old times Chișinău (end of 19th – beginning of 20th centuries)
Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. IV [XIX], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie
Ana Grițco
Scientific activity in Bessarabia as reflected in works of some figures (1812-1918). From the collections of the National Museum of History of Moldova
Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. XVII [XXXII], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie



 

 

Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age
  
  

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#Exhibit of the Month

One of the great technical achievements that revolutionized the idea of time and space, opening a new era in the history of communication, is telegraphy. It is based on the transmission of electrical signals through a cable over long distances, allowing people to communicate instantly...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC