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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations.

The oină or hoina game is considered a Romanian national sports game having a history of at least six centuries. The oina game is practiced continuously, according to the chronicles and deeds of the time at least from the 14th century, being mentioned for the first time in 1364, during the reign of Vlaicu Vodă. The game requires complex sports qualities (good running speed, fast reflexes in self-defense movements against the balls, accuracy in throwing and hitting the ball with a bat or stick). Oina is a sport that identifies us to the same extent as trânta, our national wrestling. The game becomes attractive among young people in the villages, enters the school curriculum through physical education lessons. Through the Education Reform of 1898, as well as through other ministerial decisions, Education Minister Spiru Haret introduces the compulsory oina lessons in all schools, as well as the annual oina competitions.

On May 9, 1899, in Bucharest, the first national oina championship was organized, the teams being made up of high school students. The winner was the team of Nicolae Bălcescu High School from Brăila.

In 1912, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society (Bucharest) was created, which consisted of 13 sports commissions including the oina commission.

After the Union of 1918, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society was reorganized in 1923, including the other oina sports commissions of Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia.

In 1932, the Romanian Oina Federation was founded.

 
National Museum of History of Moldova
 

Publications Journal „Tyragetia"

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. IV [XIX], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. IV [XIX], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie

Chișinău, 2010

I. Researches


Vasile Mărculeț
Quelques considerations sur les relations politiques entre la Moldavie et la Venise en 15e siècle et le début du 16e siècle

Dinu Poștarencu
The Bessarabian aristocrats Dicescu

Maria Danilov
Diffusion of imperial press in Bessarabia and censorship institutions

Elena Ploșnița
Some facts regarding memorial valorification of family house Lazo from Piatra, Orhei

II. Papers and surveys


Vlad D. Ghimpu
Romanian mentions in North-Western Russia in the 11th-16th centuries (preliminary research)

Silvia Barcari
Some historiographic aspects regarding the commercial activity of Genoese east of Carpathians and Danube mouth (end of 13th- first half of 14th centuries)

Ion Eremia
Some considerations related to the borders of the Principality of Moldavia in the second half of 14th century – Pocutsia and Colomeea

Ion Eremia
”One of forty sobols” – bag of sobols that included 40 sables?

Mihai Onilă
The population of Morozeni village, Orhei county (end of 15th - beginning of 19th century)

Lilia Zabolotnaia
Some notes about Branković dynasty

Adelaida Chiroșca
Medieval coins discovered at Soroca fortress

Ştefan Lupan
About the library of count Alexandru Sturdza

Valentin Tomuleț, Cristina Gherasim
Some considerations on factors that generated mentality shifts of the landlords in Bessarabia under tsarist domination (1812-1817)

Andrei Emilciuc
The role of grain exports in external commerce of Bessarabia (1812-1830)

Valentin Tomuleț
The establishment of special administration of city Ismail and its role in the evolution of commercial bourgeoisie (1830-1853)

Valentin Tomuleț, Alexandru Bordian
Priority directions in trade and customs policy of tsarism in Bessarabia in the first third of the 19th century

Alina Felea
Some data about the descendants of Manuc Bey (19th century - beginning of 20th century)

Tatiana Chicaroș
School of exact science activity in Chișinău in period of 1873-1918

Ana Grițco
A drugstore of old times Chișinău (end of 19th – beginning of 20th centuries)

Vera Serjant
Advertising factories, plants and warehouses in Bessarabian press (end of 19th - beginning of 20th centuries)

Andrei Emilciuc
The preoccupations of Bessarabia’s Zemstva regarding the commercial navigation on Dniester River (1869-1914)

Vera Serjant
The role of Bessarabian Zemstva in opening the school of viticulture and winemaking from Saharna

Ana Grițco
Constantin F. Cazimir’s activity within the Bessarabian zemstva

Diana Cașu
Sovietization of Bessarabia and policy toward women (1944-1945): the creation of Women’s Assemblies

Elena Postică
Lawsuits initiated against participants of resistance movement from postwar Moldova

Vera Stăvilă
The National Theater „Vasile Alecsandri” from Bălți: historical retrospective

Ольга Щипакина
Data about several biggest air crushes from the history of civil aviation

Liliana Condraticova
L’activité des orfévres de Moldova pendant les années ’70-’80 du XX-ém siécle (l’activité de la Fabrique de Bijoux de Chișinău)

Octavian Zelinski
L’impact de la transition dans l’agriculture sur la façon de vie et la perception des réalités sociales par la population rurale (les résultats d’une recherche effectuée dans le district Anenii Noi)

Gheorghe Postică, Iulia Postică
Considerations regarding the museum policies within the complex Orheiul Vechi and future perspectives

Lucia Marinescu-Tonu
Museum institution in the „globalization trap”

Iulia Postică
Rediscovering The Lost World of Old Europe

III. Paper and book review


Ion Eremia
Mihai Maxim, Noi documente turcești privind Ţările Române și Înalta Poartă (1526-1602), Brăila, Editura Istros, 2008, 341 p.

Maria Danilov
Ştefan Plugaru, Teodor Candu, Episcopia Hușilor și Basarabia (1598-1949). Editura PIM, Iași, 2009, 360 p.

Gheorghe Postică
Elena Ploșnița, Concepte muzeografice cu profil de istorie: retrospectivă și perspectivă. Biblioteca "Tyragetia", Chișinău, 2008, 248p.



 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations...

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