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#Exhibit of the Month

Pottery, especially fired clay vessels, is the most common archaeological material found at the sites of the Thracian-Getae-Dacian civilization.

Specific to the Getae ceramics is the hand-shaping of vessels, without a potter's wheel, unknown, by the way, to our most distant ancestors in the 6th-3rd centuries BC.

Getae potters used a porous clay body made of clay mixed with various ingredients like crushed shards and shells, crushed limestone, coarse sand, and so on to make their wares. When fired in special kiln, wares acquired different colors and shades: from black to gray or yellowish-red. The richest collection of Getae vessels on the territory of the Republic of Moldova comes from the Getae fortress of Butuceni, where for the first time in 1946 the Russian archaeologist G. Smirnov discovered the remains of the fortress with the remains of stone walls and earthen ramparts, which he called a Scythian fortress (sic!). The subsequent excavations for 20 years, with more or less lasting interruptions, revealed traces of intense habitation that lasted more than three centuries at a promontory near the village of Butuceni (The Old Orhei Cultural and Natural Reserve), of the largest Getae fortress on the territory of the Republic of Moldova.

Among the vessels discovered by archaeologists, there are some gigantic (analogues of these samples of Getae ceramic ware are currently not known). They are considered vessels for storing supplies, especially grain (it is known that the Getae, the sedentary people of these lands, were engaged in agriculture, cattle breeding and various crafts). Among the cereals grown by the Geto-Dacians, there were wheat, millet, barley, oats, and rye; such products, necessary for the local cuisine, had to be stored for a longer period under special conditions. For these purposes, large vessels (chiups) were used, placed in special places, usually in the cellars.

The chiup vessel from Butuceni is one of the oldest Getae ceramics in the present territory of the Republic of Moldova, discovered during the excavations of G. Smirnov in 1947. The vessel has an ovoid body with a long neck expanding towards the top and a large lip bent outward; it is equipped with four knobs located on the line of the maximum diameter of the body. The chiup is decorated with relief ornaments, different in shape and size, located in different parts of its body: "commas" (schematic rhytons (?)) and wavy lines in the shape of a horseshoe or omega. The color of the vessel varies from dark gray to yellowish; the surface is carefully polished.

Dimensions of the vessel: H - 680 mm; D max - 430 mm; D of the lip - 340x360 mm; H of the neck - 170 mm; D of the bottom - 170 mm.


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National Museum of History of Moldova
 

Publications Journal „Tyragetia"

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. IV [XIX], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. IV [XIX], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie

Chișinău, 2010

I. Researches


Vasile Mărculeț
Quelques considerations sur les relations politiques entre la Moldavie et la Venise en 15e siècle et le début du 16e siècle

Dinu Poștarencu
The Bessarabian aristocrats Dicescu

Maria Danilov
Diffusion of imperial press in Bessarabia and censorship institutions

Elena Ploșnița
Some facts regarding memorial valorification of family house Lazo from Piatra, Orhei

II. Papers and surveys


Vlad D. Ghimpu
Romanian mentions in North-Western Russia in the 11th-16th centuries (preliminary research)

Silvia Barcari
Some historiographic aspects regarding the commercial activity of Genoese east of Carpathians and Danube mouth (end of 13th- first half of 14th centuries)

Ion Eremia
Some considerations related to the borders of the Principality of Moldavia in the second half of 14th century – Pocutsia and Colomeea

Ion Eremia
”One of forty sobols” – bag of sobols that included 40 sables?

Mihai Onilă
The population of Morozeni village, Orhei county (end of 15th - beginning of 19th century)

Lilia Zabolotnaia
Some notes about Branković dynasty

Adelaida Chiroșca
Medieval coins discovered at Soroca fortress

Ştefan Lupan
About the library of count Alexandru Sturdza

Valentin Tomuleț, Cristina Gherasim
Some considerations on factors that generated mentality shifts of the landlords in Bessarabia under tsarist domination (1812-1817)

Andrei Emilciuc
The role of grain exports in external commerce of Bessarabia (1812-1830)

Valentin Tomuleț
The establishment of special administration of city Ismail and its role in the evolution of commercial bourgeoisie (1830-1853)

Valentin Tomuleț, Alexandru Bordian
Priority directions in trade and customs policy of tsarism in Bessarabia in the first third of the 19th century

Alina Felea
Some data about the descendants of Manuc Bey (19th century - beginning of 20th century)

Tatiana Chicaroș
School of exact science activity in Chișinău in period of 1873-1918

Ana Grițco
A drugstore of old times Chișinău (end of 19th – beginning of 20th centuries)

Vera Serjant
Advertising factories, plants and warehouses in Bessarabian press (end of 19th - beginning of 20th centuries)

Andrei Emilciuc
The preoccupations of Bessarabia’s Zemstva regarding the commercial navigation on Dniester River (1869-1914)

Vera Serjant
The role of Bessarabian Zemstva in opening the school of viticulture and winemaking from Saharna

Ana Grițco
Constantin F. Cazimir’s activity within the Bessarabian zemstva

Diana Cașu
Sovietization of Bessarabia and policy toward women (1944-1945): the creation of Women’s Assemblies

Elena Postică
Lawsuits initiated against participants of resistance movement from postwar Moldova

Vera Stăvilă
The National Theater „Vasile Alecsandri” from Bălți: historical retrospective

Ольга Щипакина
Data about several biggest air crushes from the history of civil aviation

Liliana Condraticova
L’activité des orfévres de Moldova pendant les années ’70-’80 du XX-ém siécle (l’activité de la Fabrique de Bijoux de Chișinău)

Octavian Zelinski
L’impact de la transition dans l’agriculture sur la façon de vie et la perception des réalités sociales par la population rurale (les résultats d’une recherche effectuée dans le district Anenii Noi)

Gheorghe Postică, Iulia Postică
Considerations regarding the museum policies within the complex Orheiul Vechi and future perspectives

Lucia Marinescu-Tonu
Museum institution in the „globalization trap”

Iulia Postică
Rediscovering The Lost World of Old Europe

III. Paper and book review


Ion Eremia
Mihai Maxim, Noi documente turcești privind Ţările Române și Înalta Poartă (1526-1602), Brăila, Editura Istros, 2008, 341 p.

Maria Danilov
Ştefan Plugaru, Teodor Candu, Episcopia Hușilor și Basarabia (1598-1949). Editura PIM, Iași, 2009, 360 p.

Gheorghe Postică
Elena Ploșnița, Concepte muzeografice cu profil de istorie: retrospectivă și perspectivă. Biblioteca "Tyragetia", Chișinău, 2008, 248p.



 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
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#Exhibit of the Month

Pottery, especially fired clay vessels, is the most common archaeological material found at the sites of the Thracian-Getae-Dacian civilization. Specific to the Getae ceramics is the hand-shaping of vessels, without a potter's wheel, unknown, by the way, to our most distant ancestors in the 6th-3rd centuries BC.Getae potters used a porous clay body made of clay mixed with various ingredients like crushed shards and shells, crushed limestone, coarse sand, and so on to make their wares. When fired in special kiln, wares acquired different colors and shades: from black to gray or yellowish-red. The richest collection of Getae vessels on the territory of the Republic of Moldova comes from the Getae fortress of Butuceni, where for the first time in 1946 the Russian archaeologist G. Smirnov discovered the remains of the fortress with the remains of stone walls and earthen ramparts, which he called a Scythian fortress (sic!)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2021 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2021 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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