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In 2024, it will be three decades since the passing away of Eufrosinia Kersnovski, the woman deported from Soroca, on the night of June 12-13, 1941 and subsequently sentenced by the Party-State to 20 years in prison for escaping from the GULAG. Succeeding in surviving the correctional work camps, Eufrosinia Kersnovski will assume the status of an eyewitness of the atrocities of the totalitarian-communist regime in the years to come, leaving to the next generations 12 notebooks of memories about the hell she went through, accompanied by about 700 color illustrations.

Published under the title "The price of a human being", under the coordination of the Academician Valeriu Pasat, the testimonies of Eufrosinia Kersnovski reveal the price of human life in the context of political repressions, capturing with heartbreaking honesty her experiences in the forced labor camps and her determination to survive and to tell the truth about the endured sufferings. In addition to the recounting of the events, the author of the narratives reflects deeply on human nature and on how the totalitarian regime degraded moral values and human dignity. The color illustrations inserted into the volume represent an invaluable historical value, providing authentic details of life in the GULAG and the impact of political repression on individuals and communities. The book "The price of a human being" is more than just a testimony of suffering; the publication is a powerful condemnation of totalitarianism and a celebration of the human spirit, bringing to the fore the voice of a woman who managed to transform personal trauma into a universal call for justice and truth.

This work documents a dark chapter of history and serves as a reminder of the power of human resilience and solidarity in trying times. The book urges museum visitors to reflect on the value of human life and the imperative to protect human freedom and dignity.

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Publications Journal „Tyragetia"   vol. IV [XIX], nr. 2


Some considerations on factors that generated mentality shifts of the landlords in Bessarabia under tsarist domination (1812-1817)
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Some considerations on factors that generated mentality shifts of the landlords in Bessarabia under tsarist domination (1812-1817)

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. IV [XIX], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie

In the given article is called into question the notion of mentality and several factors that have led to changes in the mentality of the nobility of Bessarabia after the annexation of the province in 1812 to the Russian Empire are examined.

As with the annexation of territory between the Prut and Dniester to the Russian Empire, the mentality of the natives, especially the Moldavian boyars, held a series of changes. One of the basic factors that influenced the evolution Bessarabian landlord’s mentality in the 19th century is linked to the new system of domination established in the province. Conditions of dominance include, in turn, a complex of mini-factors:

• After the annexation of Bessarabia to the Russian Empire the territory is torn from a particular socio-economic and political system and forcibly engaged in another system – the Russian, painful process that occurred and was felt by all social categories – including the boyars;

• People suffered extraordinary large losses from Russo-Turkish wars of the 19th century, passing through the country, but also the permanent stationing of Russian occupation army, aristocratic elite was destroyed, assimilated or marginalized.

• Gradually changes occur into the property system. Moldavian boyars had to strait, to sell some properties, to diminish its rights, to lose the privileges of another time, to limit their tastes, to obey and to recognize the new regime of domination;

• The affirmation of local boyars in the frame of Russian nobility (dvoreanstvo) happened quite difficult. They had to confirm not only the nobility, relatives, Boyar titles, but the right to land property they owned up to annexation; To preserve their rights and privileges the boyars had to learn Russian, to relate with new-comers, to make studies in educational institutions of Russia, to accept positions in county and regional institutions and, thus, to participate in promoting national-colonial policy of the Empire in newly annexed territory, which in from mental-emotional point of view influenced negatively the national spirit.

• Boyars lost former times economic control in the region, because the Russian imperial administration used all the revenue for own service and needs.

All these factors have brought to that after 1812 the nobility of Bessarabia was divided into two camps: Russophile less numerous, but strong with support from the Russian government and the Moldovan national conservative who opposed: did not learn Russian and respected the customs and old laws of the country. Namely the latter were those who kept the torch alight among Moldovans discontent, because in their hearts the more difficult was the suppression, the more progenitor blood throbbed, making a wall of resistance against the regime of Tsarist rule.

Valentin Tomuleț
The legal status of călărași in Bessarabia: from Moldovan traditions to the Russian imperial administrative system
Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. VII [XXII], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie
Cristina Gherasim
Aspects of influence of the tsarist legislation on the status of the Bessarabian nobility in the 1st half of the 19th century
Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. X [XXV], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie
Valentin Tomuleț
The establishment of special administration of city Ismail and its role in the evolution of commercial bourgeoisie (1830-1853)
Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. IV [XIX], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie
Valentin Tomuleț
Maria Danilov, Cenzura sinodală și cartea religioasă în Basarabia. 1812-1918 (între tradiție și politica țaristă), Biblioteca Tyragetia XIII. – Chișinău, 2007 (Tipogr. „Bons Offi ces”), 264 p.
Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. II [XVII], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie
Cristina Gherasim
Aspects of teaching children of the Bessarabian nobility within the educational system of the Russian Empire
Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. IX [XXIV], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie Chișinău, 2015



 

 

Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age
  
  

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#Exhibit of the Month

In 2024, it will be three decades since the passing away of Eufrosinia Kersnovski, the woman deported from Soroca, on the night of June 12-13, 1941 and subsequently sentenced by the Party-State to 20 years in prison for escaping from the GULAG...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC