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National Museum of History of Moldova

Publications Journal „Tyragetia"   vol. IX [XXIV], nr. 2

Literate mazili and ruptași in Bessarabia in the first half of the 19th century
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Literate mazili and ruptași in Bessarabia in the first half of the 19th century

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. IX [XXIV], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie Chișinău, 2015


Based on previously unpublished archival sources the author considers two privileged categories of the population of Bessarabia mazili and ruptași, attempting to show that some of them were literate and enjoyed respect and authority among the lower strata of the population. The number of literate mazili and ruptași possible, although quite difficult to identify by examination of the numerous petitions, complaints and claims addressed to county, regional and imperial institutions, especially in cases when after the fiscal censuses (1824, 1835, 1850, 1858) some of them for some reasons have not been identified in the social class of mazili or in the fiscal class of ruptași. An other similar situation was attested after the entry into force of the Law of 10 March 1847, under which mazili and ruptași from Bessarabia were reclassified to the Russian social category of odnodvortsy. Those, who for various reasons were not included in the list of the privileged classes of Bessarabia, had over the years to present documents proving that they belong to privileged social or fiscal categories. In addition to official documents signed by former rulers of Moldavia and the decisions of Provisional Committee of Bessarabia, mazili and ruptași were required to present testimonies of 24 persons from the category of ruptași and mazili, who could confirm under oath that the petitioners belong to mazili, ruptași or odnodvortsy. It is remarkable that the signatures on the testimonies argue that many of these ruptași and mazili were literate or at least were able to basically read and write. The signatures on these documents were made using Romanian Cyrillic alphabet, which means that after 1812 mazili and ruptași were taught to read and write at home.



Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age


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