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#Exhibit of the Month

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The exposed object, an "askos" type ceramic vessel, comes from the tumulus necropolis near the village of Ciumai, Taraclia district. The vessel was discovered in 2015 in a cenotaph tomb attributed to the Jamnaja culture, dated to the early Bronze Age (ca. 3300-2600 BC).

The vessel, with an obviously asymmetrical configuration, is hand-moulded from quality clay paste, having a smooth brown surface with gray spots. The body of the vessel is provided with a pronounced protrusion and a truncated neck with a wider opening towards the mouth. The vessel has a stem and is ornamented with three pairs of symmetrically placed relief appliqués. The height of the bowl is 15.5 cm, the diameter of the mouth is 11.4 cm, the diameter of the body is 15 cm and the diameter of the base is 7.5 cm. Such vessels in the archaeological literature are known as "askos" vessels, the respective term being of ancient Greek origin, denoting one of the primitive containers of the period - the bellows made of animal skin.

In prehistoric times, among some peoples, the bellows was transposed into ceramics, in these cases the basic features of the archaic leather vessel were preserved, acquiring a prominent convex shape with a stem and a flat bottom. From the original appearance of the bellows, the asymmetric mouth corresponding to the animal's neck has been preserved, and sometimes three or four legs, corresponding to the appendages of the flayed skin from the animal's legs. These vessels have lost their original zoomorphic character, entering as a new form in the inventory of Neo-Eneolithic ceramics. The first vessels of this type are attested in Greece, in the early Neolithic (ca. 5000-4500 BC) having the shape of cups or cups. In the Neo-Eneolithic Carpatho-Balkan cultures, the type of Aegean askos of short or tall form, with or without legs and with a handle, is found. Less often, they are provided with two mouths (one for filling and one for emptying) or they are off-center and provided with strangely shaped mouths. In the space between the Carpathians and the Dnieper, only tall forms of simple askos, without zoomorphic elements, are known. Askos-type vessels are present in various prehistoric cultures, especially in Southeast Europe and Anatolia.

Being often discovered in association with cult inventory, askos vessels could be an important indicator of use in religious ritual practices. Along with the zoomorphic, anthropomorphic and rhyton-type vessels (roughly conical container from which, in some ceremonies, liquids were drunk or poured), the askos were included in the category of vessels intended for worship, being related to libations (ritual act that consisted of tasting and then pouring a cup of wine, milk, etc. as homage to the deity).

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Publications Journal „Tyragetia"   vol. IX [XXIV], nr. 1


The spiritual life of the Noua-Sabatinovka-Coslogeni communities through the prism of the non-funerary items found in settlements
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

The spiritual life of the Noua-Sabatinovka-Coslogeni communities through the prism of the non-funerary items found in settlements

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. IX [XXIV], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică Chișinău, 2015

Abstract

This article presents and analyzes non-funeral objects of worship, which were found throughout the area of spreading of the complex of Noua-Sabatinovka-Coslogeni cultures. The spiritual aspect of life of these communities is well defi ned by places of worship (some parts of the “ashpits” and dwellings, ritual pits) and by the presence of votive objects made of clay, stone, bone and bronze (anthropomorphic and zoomorphic representations, small balls, miniature vessels and rollers, buttons, pendants, etc.) in the settlements. The present study aims to identify features of the Noua-Sabatinovka-Coslogeni communities’ spiritual life not related to burial rites based on archaeological data obtained as a result of excavations in the settlements throughout the spread of this complex of cultures.

List of illustrations: Fig. 1. Anthropomorphic representations: 1, 2 - Popeni (after Diaconu 2008, fi g. 2/1, 6); 3 - Trușești (after Florescu 1991, fi g. 154/1); 4 - Ibănești (after Diaconu 2008, fi g. 2/7); 5-7 - Novokievka (after Gerškovič 1999, Taf. 36/1, 9, 10); 8, 9 - Cobîlea (after Sava 2005, Abb. 11/1, 2); 10, 11 - Nicoleni (after Florescu 1991, fi g. 95/2, 3); 12 - Mologa (after Агульников, Малюкевичь 2010, рис. 4/5). 1-3 - bone; 4 - stone; 5-12 - baked clay. 1-4, 10-11 - without scale. Fig. 2. Zoomorphic representations made of baked clay: 1-4 - Ghindești (after Мелюкова 1961, рис. 7/1-4); 5, 11, 13 - Novokievka (after Gerškovič 1999, Taf. 18/4, 5; 36/13); 6 - Hansca (Никулицэ 1981, рис. 7/7); 7 - OdaiaMiciurin (after Сава, Кайзер 2011, рис. 91/23 ); 8, 10 - Mereni (after Sava 2002, fi g. 3/1, 2); 9 - Lichitișeni (after Florescu 1991, fi g. 95/1); 12 - Platonești (after Rența 2008, fi g. 13); 14 - Stepovoe (after Шарафутдинова 1985, рис. 134/12). 9, 12, 14 - without scale. Fig. 3. Miniature rollers: 1, 3 - Novokievka (after Gerškovic 1999, Taf. 38/5, 6); 2 - Simionești (after Florescu 1991, fi g. 97/2); 4 - Suruceni (after Никулицэ 1979, рис. 8); 5 - Nisporeni. Discs: 7-9 - Gârbovăț (after Florescu 1991, fi g. 96/11; 97/12, 13); 10 - Odaia-Miciurin (after Сава, Кайзер 2011, рис. 91/19); 11 - Cobîlea (after Левицкий 1988, рис. 17/4); 12 - Novokievka (after Gerškovič 1999, Taf. 18/2). Miniature vessels: 6 - Nisporeni; 13 - Olteni (after Buzea 2003, foto 159); 14, 16, 18 - Ostrivec (after Балагурi 1968, рис. 5/14, 21, 22); 15, 17 - Cobîlea (after Levitsckii, Sava 1993, des. 11/7; 13/9). 13-18 - without scale. Fig. 4. Objects of baked clay: 1-3, 13 - Petrușeni (after Левицкий 1985, рис. 15/19, 16/1, 3, 6); 4, 5 - Mahala (after Смирнова 1972, рис. 5/14, 15); 6 - Cobîlea (after Левицкий 1988, рис. 24/2); 7 - Giurcani (after Rotaru 1983, fi g. 6/6); 8 - Căușeni (after Левинский 1986, рис. 8/5); 9, 15, 16 - Odaia-Miciurin (after Сава, Кайзер 2011, рис. 91/1, 3, 5); 11, 12, 14 - Novokievka (after Gerškovič 1999, Taf. 18/1; 37/8; 38/2); 10 - Mologa (after Агульников, Малюкевичь 2010, рис. 4/6). Fig. 5. Bone buttons: 1 - Bărboasa (after Florescu 1991, fi g. 153/4); 2 - Cavadinești (Florecu 1991, fi g. 153/8); 3, 4 - Gârbovăț (after Florescu 1991, fi g. 153/3, 7); 5 - Andrieșeni (after Florescu 1991, fi g. 153/1); 6 - SloboziaŞireuți. Bone pendants: 7 - Zlatopol’ (after Gerškovič 1999, Taf. 10/4); 8 - Slobozia-Şireuți; 9 - Ghindești (after Мелюкова 1961, рис. 9/4); 10 - Novoselica (after Тощев, Черняков 1986, рис. 6/7); 11 - Petrușeni (after Levitsckii, Sava 1993, des. 3/11); 12 - Odaia-Miciurin (after Сава, Кайзер 2011, рис. 84/14). Pendants made of animal teeth: 13 - Ghindești (after Мелюкова 1961, рис. 11/6); 14-16 - Gîrbovăț (after Florescu 1991, fi g. 155/2, 5, 11); 17 - Cavadinești (after Florescu 1991, fi g. 155/10). Bronze pendants: 18 - Ostrivec (after Балагурi 1968, рис. 3/8); 19 - Mahala (after Смирнова 1968, рис. 7/I 21); 20, 26 - Ulmi-Liteni (after Diaconu 2012, fi g. 1/1, 11); 21 - Mălăiești (after Diaconu 2012, fi g. 2/3); 22, 25 - Ghindești (after Dergacev 2012, fi g. 8/23, 24); 23 - Belcești (after Diaconu 2012, fi g. 1/12); 24 - Odaia-Miciurin (after Сава, Кайзер 2011, рис. 72/26). 1-5, 10, 14-19 - without scale. Fig. 6. Oval stone objects: 1, 5, 6 - Čikalovka (after Шарафутдiнова 1964, рис. 7/2-6); 2 - Ghindești (after Мелюкова 1961, рис. 11/5); 3 - Odaia-Miciurin (after Сава, Кайзер 2011, рис. 87/10); 4 - Novokievka (after Gerškovič 1999, Taf. 35/9). Scepters: 7, 9 - Chiperceni (after Савва 1987, рис. 2/9; 3/9); 8 - Ghindești (after Мелюкова 1961, рис. 11/12); 10 - Čikalovka (after Шарафутдiнова 1964, рис. 7/1); 11 - Petreni (after Савва 1987, рис. 2/4); 12 - Voinești (after Florescu 1991, fi g. 158/6). Stone discs: 13 - Slobozia-Şireuți; 14 - Cuconești. Mortar: 15 - Basarabeasca (after Сава 1987, рис. 2/24). Fig. 7. Cobîlea. Human mandible found in the “ashpit” no. 1: 1 - drawing (after Levitsckii, Sava 1993, des. 11/9); 2, 3 - photos. Fig. 8. Tomai. Plan and section of the “ashpit” (after Щербакова 1984, табл. V). Fig. 9. Samurza. General plan of the excavation no. 1 (after Агульников 1984, рис. 2). Fig. 10. Căușeni: 1 - votive deposit of clay objects (after Левинский 1986, рис. 10/1 ); 2 - ritual pit? (after Левинский 1986, рис. 10/2). Fig. 11. Mologa: 32 - plan and section of the pit no. 21, 1-31 – fi ndings from the pit no. 21 (after Агульников, Малюкевичь 2010, рис. 2-4). Fig. 12. Novokievka. Dwelling no. 2. Votive objects of baked clay (after Gerškovič 1999, Taf. 18). Fig. 13. Novokievka. Dwelling no. 6, pit no. 1: 1 - plan and section of the pit no. 1; 2-12 - fi ndings from the pit no. 1 (after Gerškovič 1999, Taf. 37). Fig. 14. Čikalovka. Votive objects of baked clay found within the dwelling no. 3 (after Шарафутдiнова 1964, рис. 6/12-15). Fig. 15. Usovo-Ozero. Timber grave culture. Dwelling no. 5. Votive objects of baked clay (after Березанская 1990, рис. 23/2). Fig. 16. Novokievka. Votive objects found in the pits outside dwellings: 1-7, 9-13 - pit no. 18; 8 - pit no. 17 (after Gerškovič 1999, Taf. 36).

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Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. XIII [XXVIII], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică
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Bronze objects found in the settlements of Noua-Sabatinovka type in the Prut-Dniester area
Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. VIII [XXIII], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică
Regina Uhl, Mariana Vasilache-Curoșu, Veaceslav Bicbaev, Mariana Sîrbu, Livia Sîrbu
Bericht über die archäologischen Arbeiten in Petreni, Republik Moldau
Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. X [XXV], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică
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Manufacture of items of hard materials of animal origin during the Late Bronze Age (the Noua-Sabatinovka cultural complex)
Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. V [XX], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică



 

 

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#Exhibit of the Month

The exposed object, an "askos" type ceramic vessel, comes from the tumulus necropolis near the village of Ciumai, Taraclia district. The vessel was discovered in 2015 in a cenotaph tomb attributed to the Jamnaja culture, dated to the early Bronze Age (ca. 3300-2600 BC)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC