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National Museum of History of Moldova

Publications Journal „Tyragetia"   vol. II [XVII], nr. 1

Typology sources of Christian Iconography
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Typology sources of Christian Iconography

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. II [XVII], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică

The typology of the Christian iconography rests on the sources imparted by the Christian religion and its Holy Priests, but at the same time we can’t diminish the importance of pre-Christian and Pagan sources which were borrowed by the Christians and adapted to Christian dogma. Though the initial elements of the Christian typology can be examined from historical, artistic, critical, dogmatic and philosophical points of view, and induces the necessity of thorough analysis of this subject without neglecting any aspect in order to obtain truthful results.

The objective of the work is to effectuate a classification of the existing sources and determine the influence of each of them individually on the creation and development of the Christian typology. Classification of typology sources of Christian iconography:
• by provenance: 1. Christian, 2. pre-Christian, 3. Pagan;
• by dissemination: 1. written sources, 2. unwritten sources.
The Bible (The Old Testament and the New Testament), the Writings of the Holy Fathers and Concilium Eucumenic (Eucumenical Bishops Forum) are in particular worth mentioning among Christian sources.

We don’t aim to argue this subject from a deep theological point of view, for or against the icon. We aim to argue discussions, ideas and contradictions on this subject that in the course of centuries influenced and directed the Christian art.



Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age


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