The typology of the Christian iconography rests on the sources imparted by the Christian religion and its Holy Priests, but at the same time we can’t diminish the importance of pre-Christian and Pagan sources which were borrowed by the Christians and adapted to Christian dogma. Though the initial elements of the Christian typology can be examined from historical, artistic, critical, dogmatic and philosophical points of view, and induces the necessity of thorough analysis of this subject without neglecting any aspect in order to obtain truthful results.
The objective of the work is to effectuate a classiﬁcation of the existing sources and determine the inﬂuence of each of them individually on the creation and development of the Christian typology. Classiﬁcation of typology sources of Christian iconography:
• by provenance: 1. Christian, 2. pre-Christian, 3. Pagan;
• by dissemination: 1. written sources, 2. unwritten sources.
The Bible (The Old Testament and the New Testament), the Writings of the Holy Fathers and Concilium Eucumenic (Eucumenical Bishops Forum) are in particular worth mentioning among Christian sources.
We don’t aim to argue this subject from a deep theological point of view, for or against the icon. We aim to argue discussions, ideas and contradictions on this subject that in the course of centuries inﬂuenced and directed the Christian art.