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#Exhibit of the Month

Pottery, especially fired clay vessels, is the most common archaeological material found at the sites of the Thracian-Getae-Dacian civilization.

Specific to the Getae ceramics is the hand-shaping of vessels, without a potter's wheel, unknown, by the way, to our most distant ancestors in the 6th-3rd centuries BC.

Getae potters used a porous clay body made of clay mixed with various ingredients like crushed shards and shells, crushed limestone, coarse sand, and so on to make their wares. When fired in special kiln, wares acquired different colors and shades: from black to gray or yellowish-red. The richest collection of Getae vessels on the territory of the Republic of Moldova comes from the Getae fortress of Butuceni, where for the first time in 1946 the Russian archaeologist G. Smirnov discovered the remains of the fortress with the remains of stone walls and earthen ramparts, which he called a Scythian fortress (sic!). The subsequent excavations for 20 years, with more or less lasting interruptions, revealed traces of intense habitation that lasted more than three centuries at a promontory near the village of Butuceni (The Old Orhei Cultural and Natural Reserve), of the largest Getae fortress on the territory of the Republic of Moldova.

Among the vessels discovered by archaeologists, there are some gigantic (analogues of these samples of Getae ceramic ware are currently not known). They are considered vessels for storing supplies, especially grain (it is known that the Getae, the sedentary people of these lands, were engaged in agriculture, cattle breeding and various crafts). Among the cereals grown by the Geto-Dacians, there were wheat, millet, barley, oats, and rye; such products, necessary for the local cuisine, had to be stored for a longer period under special conditions. For these purposes, large vessels (chiups) were used, placed in special places, usually in the cellars.

The chiup vessel from Butuceni is one of the oldest Getae ceramics in the present territory of the Republic of Moldova, discovered during the excavations of G. Smirnov in 1947. The vessel has an ovoid body with a long neck expanding towards the top and a large lip bent outward; it is equipped with four knobs located on the line of the maximum diameter of the body. The chiup is decorated with relief ornaments, different in shape and size, located in different parts of its body: "commas" (schematic rhytons (?)) and wavy lines in the shape of a horseshoe or omega. The color of the vessel varies from dark gray to yellowish; the surface is carefully polished.

Dimensions of the vessel: H - 680 mm; D max - 430 mm; D of the lip - 340x360 mm; H of the neck - 170 mm; D of the bottom - 170 mm.


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National Museum of History of Moldova
 

Publications Journal „Tyragetia"

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. II [XVII], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. II [XVII], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică

Chișinău, 2008

I. Researches


Ilie Borziac, Vasile Chirica
The Upper Paleolithic from the region between Carpathians and Dniester: cronostratigraphic and culturogenetic aspects

Maja Kașuba
Materialien der Şoldănești-Kultur im Mitteldnestrgebiet – der vorläufige Überblick

Ion Niculiță, Aurel Zanoci, Tudor Arnăut
Surface structures from the settlements near by Saharna village

Valeriu Banaru
Zur Verzierung rotfiguriger Keramik aus dem Norden und Nordwesten des Pontos Euxeinos

Ion Eremia
The ancient nation – origins, essence and its importance

Gheorghe Postică
The early medieval spirituality in the Prut-Nistru space

Marius Alexianu, Olivier Weller, Robin Brigand, Roxana-Gabriela Curcă
Recherches ethnoarchéologiques sur les sources salées de la Moldavie précarpatique

II. Papers and surveys


Светлана И. Медяник
Vegetation of the late palaeolithic in Moldova by palynological data from archaelogical sites and grottos

Татьяна И. Демченко
Toward the definition of the Edinets archaeological group

Ion Niculiță, Andrei Nicic
Early Iron Age settlement of Saharna-Ţiglău. Preliminary research results

Alexandru Levinschi
Considerations regarding the Getian necropolis from Danceni

Jerzy Hatłas
The tracian tumulus at Opalchenetz – 80 years later (Some remarks on the question of rich female tombs in ancient Thrace)

Natalia Mateevici, Evgeniya Redina
The collection of Heraclian stamps from the site of Košary, Odessa region, Ukraine

Aurel Zanoci, Mihail Băț
Archeological researches conducted in 2007 at the Thracian-Getian settlement of Saharna „La Şanț”

Florea Costea, Lucia Savu, Angelica Bălos
Part of a Roman helmet discovered in the Dacian castle from Racoș-Piatra Detunată, Brașov county

Alexander Falileyev
Two more (possibly) Celtic names from Roman Dacia

Roxana-Gabriela Curcă
Les agnomina dans les inscriptions grecques de Tomi

Marek Żyromski
The army as an important factor of social mobility in Roman Empire

Nelu Zugravu
Nota sul vescovo „scito” partecipante al concilio di Nicaea (325)

Natalia Chișcă
Typology sources of Christian Iconography

Екатерина Абызова, Светлана Рябцева
Medieval belt and bag fitting finds from Echimauti site of ancient settlement

Иван Власенко
Late residential compounds of the early medieval settlement Rudi

Ion Tentiuc, Valeriu Bubulici, Serghei Agulnicov
The Giurgiulești earthen fortress. Preliminary research results

Ana Boldureanu
Numismatic chronicle (II)

Iulia Postică
Legislative aspects regarding the protection of the archaeological heritage in the Republic of Moldova (1945-2007)

Sergiu Musteață
Preservation of the historic heritage in USA

III. Paper and book review


Nikolaus Boroffka
Valentin Dergačev, Die äneolitischen und bronzezeitlichen Metallfunde aus Moldavien. Prähistorische Bronzefunde Abteilung XX, Band 9. Franz Steiner Verlag, Stuttgart 2002, 251 pagini, 134 planșe. ISBN 3-515-07665-4

Valeriu Banaru
Piese arheologice din colecțiile Muzeului Național de Arheologie și Istorie a Moldovei într-o expoziție din Republica Federală Germania. Attila und die Hunnen – Begleitbuch zur Ausstellung (Attila și hunii – ghidul expoziției). Hrsg. vom Historischen Museum der Pfalz, Speyer. Konrad Theiss Verlag: Stuttgart, 2007. 388 p. + 470 imagini color. ISBN 978-3-8062-2114-5

Ion Tentiuc
Sergiu Musteață, Populația spațiului pruto-nistrean în secolele VIII-IX. Editura Pontos, Chișinău 2005, 189 p., rezumat în limba engleză, indice, 10 tabele, 7 diagrame, 4 hărți, 78 planșe cu figuri, 12 foto, ISBN 9975-926-43-6

IV. In memoriam


Tudor Arnăut
In memoriam professoris Constantini Predae

 


 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
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#Exhibit of the Month

Pottery, especially fired clay vessels, is the most common archaeological material found at the sites of the Thracian-Getae-Dacian civilization. Specific to the Getae ceramics is the hand-shaping of vessels, without a potter's wheel, unknown, by the way, to our most distant ancestors in the 6th-3rd centuries BC.Getae potters used a porous clay body made of clay mixed with various ingredients like crushed shards and shells, crushed limestone, coarse sand, and so on to make their wares. When fired in special kiln, wares acquired different colors and shades: from black to gray or yellowish-red. The richest collection of Getae vessels on the territory of the Republic of Moldova comes from the Getae fortress of Butuceni, where for the first time in 1946 the Russian archaeologist G. Smirnov discovered the remains of the fortress with the remains of stone walls and earthen ramparts, which he called a Scythian fortress (sic!)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2021 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2021 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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