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#Exhibit of the Month

From the early days of Christianity, the cross meant not only an instrument of torture, but also a symbol of victory over death, a symbol of salvation. The object is made of silver, having the shape of a Byzantine cross with trapezoidal edges of the arms. The side arms and the one at the bottom seem to be turned inside a vessel (chalice (?)) with the trapezoidal "foot". The arms of the cross and of the "chalice" were ended with a decorative element in the shape of a sphere (drop). The cross has a decoration in relief, executed in the technique of filigree and granulation, consisting of drops, double and triple cords, circles with a drop in the center, and trefoils (?). In the center of the cross, at the intersection of the arms, there is a round mount with a cord-like edge, in which the pomegranate fruit is located. However, the main decorative element is the images of four peacocks turned to the right, with a snake in the beak, arranged on all the arms of the cross. The image of the peacocks is rendered in an artistic way, and their tails are stylized in the shape of a palmette.
The peacock, originated from India, due to its luxurious fan-shaped tail, was considered a symbol of the Sun. In ancient Greece, they were considered the sacred birds of the goddess Hera, and in ancient Rome they were considered the sacred birds of the goddess Juno. In Kievan Rus', the peacock (the Firebird) also symbolized the Sun. In the West, the peacock was considered a snake killer, and the iridescent colors of its tail were attributed to its ability to turn snake venom into solar substance. Since snakes in Iranian symbolism were considered enemies of the sun, it was believed that the peacock killed snakes, in order to create "eyes" from their saliva, iridescent with a bronze-green and gold-blue color on the feathers of its tail. Due to the bright splendor of the male peacock's tail, it has been compared with immortal gods and, therefore, with immortality. Peacocks are known as an emblem of greatness, royal authority, spiritual superiority, ideal creation.

In the early period of Christianity, the peacock was a symbol of love, resurrection, immortality, beauty, eternity of the soul, the all-seeing eye of the Church, and the peacock feather was the emblem of Saint Barbara. The image of peacocks with snakes in their beaks on the cross is not at all accidental; it symbolizes the victory of Christ over evil.

On the back side of the cross, traces of fixing are preserved, probably of a pin (missing), so the object served as a brooch (fibula), which was probably attached to the fabric. The piece is presumably dated back to the 9th-12th centuries.

The object has the following dimensions: height - 125 mm; width - 86 mm; weight - 47 g.


 
National Museum of History of Moldova
 

Publications Journal „Tyragetia"

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. II [XVII], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. II [XVII], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică

Chișinău, 2008

I. Researches


Ilie Borziac, Vasile Chirica
The Upper Paleolithic from the region between Carpathians and Dniester: cronostratigraphic and culturogenetic aspects

Maja Kașuba
Materialien der Şoldănești-Kultur im Mitteldnestrgebiet – der vorläufige Überblick

Ion Niculiță, Aurel Zanoci, Tudor Arnăut
Surface structures from the settlements near by Saharna village

Valeriu Banaru
Zur Verzierung rotfiguriger Keramik aus dem Norden und Nordwesten des Pontos Euxeinos

Ion Eremia
The ancient nation – origins, essence and its importance

Gheorghe Postică
The early medieval spirituality in the Prut-Nistru space

Marius Alexianu, Olivier Weller, Robin Brigand, Roxana-Gabriela Curcă
Recherches ethnoarchéologiques sur les sources salées de la Moldavie précarpatique

II. Papers and surveys


Светлана И. Медяник
Vegetation of the late palaeolithic in Moldova by palynological data from archaelogical sites and grottos

Татьяна И. Демченко
Toward the definition of the Edinets archaeological group

Ion Niculiță, Andrei Nicic
Early Iron Age settlement of Saharna-Ţiglău. Preliminary research results

Alexandru Levinschi
Considerations regarding the Getian necropolis from Danceni

Jerzy Hatłas
The tracian tumulus at Opalchenetz – 80 years later (Some remarks on the question of rich female tombs in ancient Thrace)

Natalia Mateevici, Evgeniya Redina
The collection of Heraclian stamps from the site of Košary, Odessa region, Ukraine

Aurel Zanoci, Mihail Băț
Archeological researches conducted in 2007 at the Thracian-Getian settlement of Saharna „La Şanț”

Florea Costea, Lucia Savu, Angelica Bălos
Part of a Roman helmet discovered in the Dacian castle from Racoș-Piatra Detunată, Brașov county

Alexander Falileyev
Two more (possibly) Celtic names from Roman Dacia

Roxana-Gabriela Curcă
Les agnomina dans les inscriptions grecques de Tomi

Marek Żyromski
The army as an important factor of social mobility in Roman Empire

Nelu Zugravu
Nota sul vescovo „scito” partecipante al concilio di Nicaea (325)

Natalia Chișcă
Typology sources of Christian Iconography

Екатерина Абызова, Светлана Рябцева
Medieval belt and bag fitting finds from Echimauti site of ancient settlement

Иван Власенко
Late residential compounds of the early medieval settlement Rudi

Ion Tentiuc, Valeriu Bubulici, Serghei Agulnicov
The Giurgiulești earthen fortress. Preliminary research results

Ana Boldureanu
Numismatic chronicle (II)

Iulia Postică
Legislative aspects regarding the protection of the archaeological heritage in the Republic of Moldova (1945-2007)

Sergiu Musteață
Preservation of the historic heritage in USA

III. Paper and book review


Nikolaus Boroffka
Valentin Dergačev, Die äneolitischen und bronzezeitlichen Metallfunde aus Moldavien. Prähistorische Bronzefunde Abteilung XX, Band 9. Franz Steiner Verlag, Stuttgart 2002, 251 pagini, 134 planșe. ISBN 3-515-07665-4

Valeriu Banaru
Piese arheologice din colecțiile Muzeului Național de Arheologie și Istorie a Moldovei într-o expoziție din Republica Federală Germania. Attila und die Hunnen – Begleitbuch zur Ausstellung (Attila și hunii – ghidul expoziției). Hrsg. vom Historischen Museum der Pfalz, Speyer. Konrad Theiss Verlag: Stuttgart, 2007. 388 p. + 470 imagini color. ISBN 978-3-8062-2114-5

Ion Tentiuc
Sergiu Musteață, Populația spațiului pruto-nistrean în secolele VIII-IX. Editura Pontos, Chișinău 2005, 189 p., rezumat în limba engleză, indice, 10 tabele, 7 diagrame, 4 hărți, 78 planșe cu figuri, 12 foto, ISBN 9975-926-43-6

IV. In memoriam


Tudor Arnăut
In memoriam professoris Constantini Predae

 


 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
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#Exhibit of the Month

From the early days of Christianity, the cross meant not only an instrument of torture, but also a symbol of victory over death, a symbol of salvation. The object is made of silver, having the shape of a Byzantine cross with trapezoidal edges of the arms. The side arms and the one at the bottom seem to be turned inside a vessel (chalice (?)) with the trapezoidal "foot". The arms of the cross and of the "chalice" were ended with a decorative element in the shape of a sphere (drop). The cross has a decoration in relief, executed in the technique of filigree and granulation, consisting of drops, double and triple cords, circles with a drop in the center, and trefoils (?). In the center of the cross, at the intersection of the arms, there is a round mount with a cord-like edge, in which the pomegranate fruit is located...

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