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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations.

The oină or hoina game is considered a Romanian national sports game having a history of at least six centuries. The oina game is practiced continuously, according to the chronicles and deeds of the time at least from the 14th century, being mentioned for the first time in 1364, during the reign of Vlaicu Vodă. The game requires complex sports qualities (good running speed, fast reflexes in self-defense movements against the balls, accuracy in throwing and hitting the ball with a bat or stick). Oina is a sport that identifies us to the same extent as trânta, our national wrestling. The game becomes attractive among young people in the villages, enters the school curriculum through physical education lessons. Through the Education Reform of 1898, as well as through other ministerial decisions, Education Minister Spiru Haret introduces the compulsory oina lessons in all schools, as well as the annual oina competitions.

On May 9, 1899, in Bucharest, the first national oina championship was organized, the teams being made up of high school students. The winner was the team of Nicolae Bălcescu High School from Brăila.

In 1912, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society (Bucharest) was created, which consisted of 13 sports commissions including the oina commission.

After the Union of 1918, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society was reorganized in 1923, including the other oina sports commissions of Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia.

In 1932, the Romanian Oina Federation was founded.

 
National Museum of History of Moldova
 

Publications Journal „Tyragetia"

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. II [XVII], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. II [XVII], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică

Chișinău, 2008

I. Researches


Ilie Borziac, Vasile Chirica
The Upper Paleolithic from the region between Carpathians and Dniester: cronostratigraphic and culturogenetic aspects

Maja Kașuba
Materialien der Şoldănești-Kultur im Mitteldnestrgebiet – der vorläufige Überblick

Ion Niculiță, Aurel Zanoci, Tudor Arnăut
Surface structures from the settlements near by Saharna village

Valeriu Banaru
Zur Verzierung rotfiguriger Keramik aus dem Norden und Nordwesten des Pontos Euxeinos

Ion Eremia
The ancient nation – origins, essence and its importance

Gheorghe Postică
The early medieval spirituality in the Prut-Nistru space

Marius Alexianu, Olivier Weller, Robin Brigand, Roxana-Gabriela Curcă
Recherches ethnoarchéologiques sur les sources salées de la Moldavie précarpatique

II. Papers and surveys


Светлана И. Медяник
Vegetation of the late palaeolithic in Moldova by palynological data from archaelogical sites and grottos

Татьяна И. Демченко
Toward the definition of the Edinets archaeological group

Ion Niculiță, Andrei Nicic
Early Iron Age settlement of Saharna-Ţiglău. Preliminary research results

Alexandru Levinschi
Considerations regarding the Getian necropolis from Danceni

Jerzy Hatłas
The tracian tumulus at Opalchenetz – 80 years later (Some remarks on the question of rich female tombs in ancient Thrace)

Natalia Mateevici, Evgeniya Redina
The collection of Heraclian stamps from the site of Košary, Odessa region, Ukraine

Aurel Zanoci, Mihail Băț
Archeological researches conducted in 2007 at the Thracian-Getian settlement of Saharna „La Şanț”

Florea Costea, Lucia Savu, Angelica Bălos
Part of a Roman helmet discovered in the Dacian castle from Racoș-Piatra Detunată, Brașov county

Alexander Falileyev
Two more (possibly) Celtic names from Roman Dacia

Roxana-Gabriela Curcă
Les agnomina dans les inscriptions grecques de Tomi

Marek Żyromski
The army as an important factor of social mobility in Roman Empire

Nelu Zugravu
Nota sul vescovo „scito” partecipante al concilio di Nicaea (325)

Natalia Chișcă
Typology sources of Christian Iconography

Екатерина Абызова, Светлана Рябцева
Medieval belt and bag fitting finds from Echimauti site of ancient settlement

Иван Власенко
Late residential compounds of the early medieval settlement Rudi

Ion Tentiuc, Valeriu Bubulici, Serghei Agulnicov
The Giurgiulești earthen fortress. Preliminary research results

Ana Boldureanu
Numismatic chronicle (II)

Iulia Postică
Legislative aspects regarding the protection of the archaeological heritage in the Republic of Moldova (1945-2007)

Sergiu Musteață
Preservation of the historic heritage in USA

III. Paper and book review


Nikolaus Boroffka
Valentin Dergačev, Die äneolitischen und bronzezeitlichen Metallfunde aus Moldavien. Prähistorische Bronzefunde Abteilung XX, Band 9. Franz Steiner Verlag, Stuttgart 2002, 251 pagini, 134 planșe. ISBN 3-515-07665-4

Valeriu Banaru
Piese arheologice din colecțiile Muzeului Național de Arheologie și Istorie a Moldovei într-o expoziție din Republica Federală Germania. Attila und die Hunnen – Begleitbuch zur Ausstellung (Attila și hunii – ghidul expoziției). Hrsg. vom Historischen Museum der Pfalz, Speyer. Konrad Theiss Verlag: Stuttgart, 2007. 388 p. + 470 imagini color. ISBN 978-3-8062-2114-5

Ion Tentiuc
Sergiu Musteață, Populația spațiului pruto-nistrean în secolele VIII-IX. Editura Pontos, Chișinău 2005, 189 p., rezumat în limba engleză, indice, 10 tabele, 7 diagrame, 4 hărți, 78 planșe cu figuri, 12 foto, ISBN 9975-926-43-6

IV. In memoriam


Tudor Arnăut
In memoriam professoris Constantini Predae

 


 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations...

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