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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations.

The oină or hoina game is considered a Romanian national sports game having a history of at least six centuries. The oina game is practiced continuously, according to the chronicles and deeds of the time at least from the 14th century, being mentioned for the first time in 1364, during the reign of Vlaicu Vodă. The game requires complex sports qualities (good running speed, fast reflexes in self-defense movements against the balls, accuracy in throwing and hitting the ball with a bat or stick). Oina is a sport that identifies us to the same extent as trânta, our national wrestling. The game becomes attractive among young people in the villages, enters the school curriculum through physical education lessons. Through the Education Reform of 1898, as well as through other ministerial decisions, Education Minister Spiru Haret introduces the compulsory oina lessons in all schools, as well as the annual oina competitions.

On May 9, 1899, in Bucharest, the first national oina championship was organized, the teams being made up of high school students. The winner was the team of Nicolae Bălcescu High School from Brăila.

In 1912, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society (Bucharest) was created, which consisted of 13 sports commissions including the oina commission.

After the Union of 1918, the Federation of the Romanian Sports Society was reorganized in 1923, including the other oina sports commissions of Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia.

In 1932, the Romanian Oina Federation was founded.

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Publications Journal „Tyragetia"   vol. VII [XXII], nr. 2

Movie posters from the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Movie posters from the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. VII [XXII], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie

The article presents the results of research of the collection of movie posters from the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova. It was found that the posters cover the period of 1960-80-ies and reflect the artistic work of the studio "Moldova-Film" and activity of filmmakers E. Loteanu, V. Jereghi, V. Ioviță, V. Brescanu, V. Gagiu, etc. In addition, the posters illustrate the filmography of actors S. Toma, Gr. Grigoriu, V. Soțchi-Voinicescu, Maria Sagaidac, M. Bădicheanu, V. Cupcea, S. Finiti, I. Arachelu, C. Târțău, I. Cucuruzac, C. Constantinov, and others.

Most posters in the collection were signed by painters from the USSR and were printed in the Moscow Publishing House „Reclamfilm", even movie posters on the studio "Moldova-Film" products. The largest circulation of movie posters was in the 1970s. The largest was the circulation of posters for feature films „Theft" (1970) and „Reserve Officer" (1971) - 170 000 copies, as well as for the film „The Gypsy Camp Vanishes into the Blue" (1976) - 147 000 copies.

List of Illustrations:

1. Poster of the mobile cinema "Illusion", Tiraspol, 1924.

2. Poster of the film "Red Glades", directed by E. Loteanu, production of the studio "Moldova-Film", 1966.

3. Poster of the film "This Moment", directed by E. Loteanu, production of the studio "Moldova-Film", 1968.

4. Poster of the film "Alone in Front of Love" based on the novel by A. Busuioc, directed by Gh. Vodă, production of the studio "Moldova-Film", 1969.

5. Poster of the film "The Bridges" based on the novel I. C. Ciobanu, directed by V. Pascaru, production of the studio "Moldova-Film", 1974.

6. The poster of the film "The Fiddlers" by E. Loteanu, production of the studio "Moldova-Film", 1971.

7. Poster of the film "Dimitrie Cantemir", directed by Vl. Ioviță and V. Kalashnikov, production of the studio "Moldova-Film", 1974.

8. Poster of the film "The Explosion Waiting to Happen" directed by V. Gagiu, production of the studio "Moldova- Film", 1970.

9. Poster of the film „Dissident", directed by V. Jereghi, production of the studio "Moldova-Film" in association with „Sovinfilm" (USSR), „Mafilm" (Hungary), and „Klinkard Film" (Austria), 1988.

10. Poster of the film "The Gypsy Camp Vanishes into the Blue", directed by E. Loteanu, production of the studio "Moldova-Film", 1976.

11. Poster of the film "The Gypsy Camp Vanishes into the Blue", directed by E. Loteanu, production of the studio "Moldova-Film", 1976 (for display abroad).

12. Poster of the actor V. Voinicescu-Soțchi's recital, 1977 (autographed).

13. Poster of the film "It Could Be Otherwise", directed by V. Jereghi, production of the studio "Moldova-Film", 1982.

14. Poster of the film "The Trap" by the script of A. Busuioc, directed by B. Konunov, production of the studio "Moldova-Film", 1989.


 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

It is a sports trophy obtained at an inter-school oina (a bat-and-ball game) competition in interwar Bessarabia. We don't know which schools participated in this competition, nor the venue, we only know that one of the winners received the second prize and that the event was held on May 13, 1934. In this way we learn about the existence of different sports competitions organized by schools, including the oina game. Oina is a beautiful and complex sports game that promotes the development of body and spirit, courage and the desire for self-improvement. Oina is a treasure of the Romanian people, which must be sacredly kept and passed on to future generations...

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